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PEMUKIMAN KUMUH SEBELUM DAN SETELAH BERDIRINYA TPST BANTAR GEBANG Septiani, Aninda; Marwasta, Djaka
Jurnal Bumi Indonesia Volume 1, Nomor 3, Tahun 2012
Publisher : Fakultas Geografi UGM

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Abstract

Pertambahan penduduk di kota terjadi karena pertumbuhan penduduk alami dan migrasi. TPSTBantar Gebang yang terletak di Kota Bekasi telah memberikan kesempatan kerja bagi pendatang.Sebagian besar pendatang berpendidikan rendah dan tidak memiliki keterampilan sehingga bekerja disektor informal.Daerah penelitian terletak di Kelurahan Cikiwul, Kelurahan Ciketing Udik, dan KelurahanSumur Batu. Penentuan responden dengan metode proportional sampling diperoleh 91 responden.Pengambilan sampel dengan teknik sampling acak sederhana. Pengumpulan data melalui wawancara.Analisis data dengan tabulasi silang dan tabel distribusi frekuensi relatif.Hasil dari penelitian ini yaitu alasan penduduk asli bermukim di sekitar TPST adalah mengikutikeluarga dan alasan pendatang bermukim di sekitar TPST adalah mencari pekerjaan. Proses bermukimpenduduk sebelum dan setelah berdirinya TPST atas inisiatif sendiri. Terdapat perbedaan jumlahpendatang dan jumlah permukiman kumuh sebelum dan setelah berdirinya TPST di tiap kelurahan.Kata Kunci : Pendatang, Pemukiman, Permukiman Kumuh,TPST Bantar Gebang
TIPOLOGI RUMAH TANGGA BERDASARKAN DIFERENSIASI PENGHUNI AKIBAT BANJIR LAHAR DINGIN (Studi Kasus: Bantaran Code Penggal Sardjito – Jalan Abu Bakar Ali) Putri, Izza Damar; Marwasta, Djaka
Jurnal Bumi Indonesia Volume 1, Nomor 3, Tahun 2012
Publisher : Fakultas Geografi UGM

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Abstract

Letusan Gunung Merapi yang ada di perbatasan provinsi Jawa Tengah dengan Yogyakarta pada bulan Oktober-November 2010 membawa dampak yang sangat besar bagi kehidupan masyarakat sekitar Merapi. Banjir lahar dingin menjadi ancaman utama bagi masyarakat yang tinggal di permukiman bantaran Code. Penelitian ini bertujuan (1) mengetahui tipologi rumah tangga terkena banjir lahar dingin. (2) Mengetahui pola perilaku masyarakat dalam menghadapi bencana banjir lahar dingin. (3) Mengetahui alasan masyarakat tetap tinggal di Bantaran Code setelah banjir lahar. Penelitian ini difokuskan pada bantaran Code penggal Sardjito-Jalan Abu Bakar Ali. Metode yang digunakan ialah metode snowball. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa banyak warga bantaran yang tidak bersedia relokasi. Terdapat 3 macam tipologi rumah tangga di Bantaran Code penggal Sardjito-Jalan Abu Bakar Ali yaitu rumah tangga bertahan, rumah tangga bertahan namun rentan dampak banjir, dan rumah tangga tidak bertahan. Dua aspek penting mengenai alasan warga bantaran Code tidak berpindah ialah aspek ekonomi dan aspek historical.Kata kunci: tipologi rumah tangga, banjir lahar dingin, Sungai Code
STRATEGI ADAPTASI MASYARAKAT DALAM MENGHADAPI BANJIR DI KECAMATAN TEBET, KOTA JAKARTA SELATAN (Studi Kasus Daerah Bantaran Sungai Ciliwung) Triuri, Zelina; Marwasta, Djaka
Jurnal Bumi Indonesia Volume 1, Nomor 3, Tahun 2012
Publisher : Fakultas Geografi UGM

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Abstract

Banjir yang sering melanda Provinsi DKI Jakarta tidak mengurangi minat para pendatang untuk tinggal di lokasi penelitian. Penelitian ini memiliki beberapa tujuan yaitu : (1) untuk mengetahui karakteristik sosial, ekonomi, struktur fisik bangunan, dan persepsi masyarakat. (2) Mengetahui hubungan antara tingkat pendidikan dengan keinginan untuk berpindah, kemudian mengetahui hubungan antara besarnya kerusakan dengan keinginan untuk berpindah, dan mengetahui hubungan antara status perubahan fisik bangunan dengan keinginan untuk berpindah. (3) Mengkaji strategi adaptasi masyarakat dan mengidentifikasi antisipasi penanggulangan banjir yang dilakukan pemerintah. Penelitian ini dilakukan di bantaran Sungai Ciliwung Kecamatan Tebet, Kota Jakarta Selatan. Hasil penelitian membuktikan bahwa mayoritas masyarakat memiliki strategi adaptasi dengan kategori tinggi. Masyarakat yang cenderung memilih untuk tidak berpindah banyak melakukan strategi adaptasi secara teknis, seperti membuat tanggul, menyimpan barang-barang di tempat tinggi, meninggikan rumah.Kata Kunci : Banjir 5 Tahunan, Bantaran Sungai Ciliwung, Strategi Adaptasi Banjir
Modeling Hot Spot Motor Vehicle Theft Crime in Relation to Landuse and Settlement Patterns Marwasta, Djaka; Suharsono, Suharsono
Forum Geografi Vol 17, No 2 (2003)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1211.555 KB) | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v17i2.533

Abstract

The crowd of Yogyakarta urban has impacted its surrounding area, including Depok sub district, which is indicated by the rising of physical development, for example education facilities and settlements. The progress does not only bring positive impact, but also negative impact for instance the rising of crime number i.e. motor vehicle robbery. The aims of this research are 1) mapping motor vehicle robbery data as the distribution map and identifying motor vehicle robbery hot spot base on distrbution map; and 2) studying the correlation of motor vehicle robbery hot spot with physical environment phenomena, i.e. land use type and settlement pattern. The research method consists of two parts; they are motor vehicle robbery cluster analysis and the relation of motor vehicle robbery and physical environment analysis. Motor vehicle robbery cluster analysis is using distribution data, which analyzes the distribution into motor vehicle robbery hot spot with nearest neighbor tehnique. Contingency coefficient and frequency distribution analysis is used to analyze the correlation of motor vehicle robbery hot spot and physical environment. Contingency coefficient is used to study the relation of motor vehicle robbery hot spot polygon with physical environment condition, whereas frequency distribution is used to study the distribution of motor vehicle robbery in the hot spot with physical environment condition. Physical environment which consists of land use type, housing density, house regularity pattern, and the average of building size, are obtained from interpretation of black and white panchromatic aerial photograph year 2000, in the scale 1 : 20.000. the most motor vehicle robbery hot spot is found on the settlement area, 68,3% from 378 motor vehicle robbery cases in the hot spot. The seond level is found on the education area (16.4%). The most motor vehicle hot spot in the settlement is found on the hight density and irregular settlement, which have big size buildings. The calculation of contingency coefficient shows that there was a significant correlation between motor vehicle robbery hot spot with land use type and settlement pattern, but it has low correlation value. It means that land use type and settlement pattern have weak influence to the hot spot existence.
Study of Spatial Distribution of Urban Amenities and Utilities and Its Effect on Settlement Patterns in Surakarta Marwasta, Djaka
Forum Geografi Vol 18, No 1 (2004)
Publisher : Forum Geografi

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Abstract

A study of spatial disttribution of urban failities and its impact on settlement pattern had been conducted. Southern part of Surakarta Municipality is chosen as study area. The aim was to study the correlation between spatial distribution of urban public facilities and settlement pattern. To obtain the settlement pattern and urban facilities distribution, manual photo interpretation and field survey method were used. The data were analyzed using geographi information system and statistical analysis tools. Map overlay module in the P Ar/ Info was used in order to join each variables of this research. To know the correlation between spatial distribution of urban facilities and settlement pattern, the multiple regression technique was used. The result shows that there was a positive signifiant relationship between urban public facilities distribution and settlement pattern. It means that the more distributed of urban publi facilities the better of settlement pattern (dense – uniform – large size building). Finally, condition of settlement pattern depends on how the goverment was able to manage the distribution of urban failities.
Modeling Hot Spot Motor Vehicle Theft Crime in Relation to Landuse and Settlement Patterns Marwasta, Djaka; Suharsono, Suharsono
Forum Geografi Vol 17, No 2 (2003)
Publisher : Forum Geografi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1211.555 KB)

Abstract

The crowd of Yogyakarta urban has impacted its surrounding area, including Depok sub district, which is indicated by the rising of physical development, for example education facilities and settlements. The progress does not only bring positive impact, but also negative impact for instance the rising of crime number i.e. motor vehicle robbery. The aims of this research are 1) mapping motor vehicle robbery data as the distribution map and identifying motor vehicle robbery hot spot base on distrbution map; and 2) studying the correlation of motor vehicle robbery hot spot with physical environment phenomena, i.e. land use type and settlement pattern. The research method consists of two parts; they are motor vehicle robbery cluster analysis and the relation of motor vehicle robbery and physical environment analysis. Motor vehicle robbery cluster analysis is using distribution data, which analyzes the distribution into motor vehicle robbery hot spot with nearest neighbor tehnique. Contingency coefficient and frequency distribution analysis is used to analyze the correlation of motor vehicle robbery hot spot and physical environment. Contingency coefficient is used to study the relation of motor vehicle robbery hot spot polygon with physical environment condition, whereas frequency distribution is used to study the distribution of motor vehicle robbery in the hot spot with physical environment condition. Physical environment which consists of land use type, housing density, house regularity pattern, and the average of building size, are obtained from interpretation of black and white panchromatic aerial photograph year 2000, in the scale 1 : 20.000. the most motor vehicle robbery hot spot is found on the settlement area, 68,3% from 378 motor vehicle robbery cases in the hot spot. The seond level is found on the education area (16.4%). The most motor vehicle hot spot in the settlement is found on the hight density and irregular settlement, which have big size buildings. The calculation of contingency coefficient shows that there was a significant correlation between motor vehicle robbery hot spot with land use type and settlement pattern, but it has low correlation value. It means that land use type and settlement pattern have weak influence to the hot spot existence.
Slum, Development in Yogyakarta City 1970-2000 Marwasta, Djaka
Forum Geografi Vol 15, No 1 (2001): July 2001
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1891.759 KB) | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v15i1.4665

Abstract

Slum, a dwelling that is statutorily unfit for human habitation, is still the big problem in, especially, cities of developing countries. This article highlights the development of slums in Yogyakarta City along 1970-2000, and it’s merely focused on spatial and socio-ecological development. The aims of the study is to analyze the distribution and development process of slum dwellings. Distribution of slum area is taken from interpretation of time-series aerial photos. The change of extent and distribution of slum is analyzed using Geographic Information System. To obtain the socio-economic characteristics of slum dwellers, the survey method is chosen. The respondent are selected randomly among head of household that represent each settlement units. Quality of settlement are determined by total score of 15 selected variables. The result shows that the first category of slum was increased 74.4 hectares from year 1970 to 2000, the second category was increased 47.6 hectares, and the third was 131.1 hectares. Nevertheless, the process of slum development in Yogyakarta City includes in "continuous" type, which slowly and long period of creation. Densification and aging process is two of the main causes of slum expansion. Distribution of slum unit were driven by rivers that next to city center. According to this research, it’s found out that the slum dwellers are characterized by the new migrant who had low income and education, working in the informal sector, and renting the house.
Analisis Karakteristik Permukiman Desa-Desa Pesisir di Kabupaten Kulonprogo Marwasta, Djaka; Priyono, Kuswaji Dwi
Forum Geografi Vol 21, No 1 (2007): July 2007
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

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Abstract

Settlement is the most important area in the activity of disaster mitigation. The Biggest detriment caused by disaster is generally placed at the settlement or residential area. Thereby, the identification of the settlement characteristics is required to be able to recognize the disaster risk. This research aim to identify the characteristics of the rural settlement on the coastal area in the District of Kulonprogo. This area is chosen based on the consideration of coastal morphological characters. This area have slopeslightly coastal zone which face to Indonesian Ocean. In this situation, hence in the event of tidal wave, there will be wide spread overflowing run up water. Two approaches is used in this research, they are; (1) Morphological Approach, and (2) Behaviour Approach. Both of the approaches is conducted with comparative perspective. The existance of the settlement which have been filtered through settlement and coastal tipology are compared. The data are collected and analyzed through: (1) Mapping and GIS tools; (2) survey method; (3) Indepth interview; and (4) statistical analysis. Thirty household are selected proportionally to setlement unit as a respondent in indepth interview. In order to analyze the data, descriptive analysis (frequency tables) and crossed tables are used. This research indicate that rural settlements on the coastal area in the District of Kulonprogo are spatialy distributed as a ribbon pattern. This pattern are coincident with the shape of the coast and the linearity of the road as well. Most of the buildings are in good condition, and they characterized by moderate housing density. In the term of coastal morphology, the research area is dominated by sandy coast with slopeslightly relief. Generally, the socio economic condition of the peoples living there are low to medium economic level, low education, and rarely medium income. Related to tidal flood vulnerability, this research area is the second level (moderate) hazardeous zone.
Pendampingan Masyarakat Desa Parangtritis dalam Pengelolaan Kawasan Gumuk Pasir melalui kegiatan Diversifikasi Usaha Berbasis Sumberdaya Pesisir Marwasta, Djaka
Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat (Indonesian Journal of Community Engagement) Vol 2, No 2 (2017): Maret
Publisher : Direktorat Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jpkm.26508

Abstract

Barchan types of sand dune region (barchanoid dunes) is a geographic landmark that is formed by the activity of wind that precipitated to form resembles a crescent moon. In general, sandbanks formed in the desert area, however, but uniquely, it is formed in Indonesia wich is tropical zone and has high rainfall. Therefore, the formation of sand dunes in the Parangtritis village is the only one in Indonesia, and even in Southeast Asia. The purpose of community service program are (1) improve the understanding of the community and the partners on sustainable development through the implementation of Community Services; (2) promote knowledge-based Conservation of sand dunes to local partnerships, cooperation, society, government, and other stakeholders.The methods in the implementation of community service programs include: (1) the initial observation, (2) mapping the problems, (3) dissemination, (4) FGD by involving sand dunes users, (5) assistance program to the public, i.e advocacy on “rembug warga” to determine the programs that will be organized in order to use sand dunes wisely (6) workshop on the conservation of sand dunes and creative economic activity, and (7) the documentation and exploration.Output of this community service programs are: (1) increasing the capacity of institutions and stakeholders; (2) increasing the involvement and range of universities in community service programs; (3) the increased adoption of expediency results of research activities and community service for the wider community; and (4) dissemination of activity results in the form of products publication. Outcome obtained from this activity is a collective commitment to develop Desa Parangtritis in order to realize the vision of "Among Tani Dagang Layar".
Pendampingan Pengelolaan Wilayah Perbatasan di Indonesia: Lesson Learned dari KKN-PPM UGM di Kawasan Perbatasan Marwasta, Djaka
Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat (Indonesian Journal of Community Engagement) Vol 1, No 2 (2016): Maret
Publisher : Direktorat Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jpkm.10607

Abstract

The State of Republic of Indonesia is an archipelagic Country which has 17,508 islands (large and small), and has a very long perimeter border adjacently to neighboring countries, either in the land and sea. One of Municipality which is directly adjacent to the mainland of other countries is Merauke at Papua province. As a border region, Merauke has several functions, namely legal functions, control functions, and fiscal functions. At that time, these three functions are not going well in Merauke, even face many obstacles andto be an isolated regions. Some problems occurred in Merauke, among others: (1) has abundant natural resources (wet tropical forests, mineral wealth of gold, and abundant water resources), but has poor public accessibility; (2) socio-economic conditions are still low, particularly in accessing the basic needs (education, health); (3) unstable security of peoples; and (4) development policy (local, regional, national) were not in favor of local communities. This article is a summary of the several previous activities has be done, i.e. action research and the implementation of the KKN PPM UGM programs. The method used in these activities are observation and field surveys, focus group discussions, and the implementation of the KKN. Based on the several activities as mention before, the results that have been carried out are the general profile of border region and the typology of border region problems. To overcome these problems, it may take a very serious political will from the central and local governments, due torealized Merauke not just a backyard of the Indoensian Country.