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Journal : Medical Journal of Indonesia

High protein and iron-folate crackers supplementation on the iron status of pregnant women Anwar, Faisal; Mudjajanto, Eddy S.; Martianto, Drajat; Hakimi, Hakimi
Medical Journal of Indonesia Vol 12, No 4 (2003): October-December
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (180.184 KB) | DOI: 10.13181/mji.v12i4.118

Abstract

Previous studies have revealed that several factors influenced the relatively low success of iron supplementation for pregnant women. The factors included poor distribution, low coverage and compliance, as well as low absorption. The aim of this study is to measure the iron status of pregnant women after consuming crackers containing fish powder and iron-folate. This study was carried out in the Purworejo district (Central Java) from February through October 2002. Using a randomized controlled trial (RCT) design, 70 pregnant women in their second-third month of pregnancy were recruited, and divided into two groups. Ten women dropped out during the study. The first group consisted of 28 women were given protein – iron enriched crackers (PIEC group), while the second group of 32 women were given iron–enriched crackers (IEC group) for a total of 12 weeks. The results showed that the hemoglobin (Hb) levels and serum transferrin receptors (sTfR) of both groups were increased. Serum ferritins (SF) of both groups were decreased. At the end of the study, the increase in Hb and sTfR levels between the two groups were significantly different, while the decrease in SF was not significantly different. Animal protein from fish powder tended to improve absorption of non-heme iron among pregnant women, resulting in improved Hb and sTfR levels. (Med J Indones 2003; 12: 243-6)Keywords: pregnant women, anemia, iron deficiency, high protein crackers
Co-Authors . Alfiasari . Hardinsyah . Rimbawan . Suryono Abdul Razak Thaha, Abdul Razak Abdul Salam Afifah Z. Agista, Afifah Z. Ahmad Sulaeman Aini Aqsa Arafah Ali Khomsan Anna Vipta Resti Mauludyani Aris Zaenal Muttaqin Arnati Wulansari Arundhana, Andi Imam Arya Hadi Dharmawan Ayu C. Wulan, Ayu C. Baba Barus Bambang Juanda Budi Indra Setiawan Budi Setiawan Busran Hamid Cesilia Meti Dwiriani Dadang Iskandar, Dadang Dadang Sukandar Daniar Yulianis Desty G. Pratiwi, Desty G. Dian Hani Ulfani Diffah Hanim Dini Anriany Dodik Briawan Dwi Fitriani Dwi Hastuti Eddy S. Mudjajanto Ekaningrum, Annisa Yuri Elita Oktorina Pasaribu, Elita Oktorina Evy Damayanthi Faisal Anwar Gema Noor Muhammad, Gema Noor Hadi Riyadi Hakimi Hakimi Handaru Tri Mulyono Hardinsyah Hardinsyah Iin Solihin Ikeu Tanziha Indah Yuliana Indra Gunawan Islami, Diajeng Rochma John Haluan Kukuh Murtilaksono Lestari, Dewi Aprilia Ajeng Lilik B. Prasetyo Lilik Kustiyah M. Yanuar J. Purwanto Mangalik, Gelora Mewa Ariani Mira Dewi Muhammad Aries Mustafril . Nadiyah Nadiyah Narita Kusumawardhani Naufal Muharam Nurdin Nita Yulianis Nurhidayati, Vieta Annisa Nuri Andarwulan Purnawati Hustina Rachman Purwiyatno Hariyadi Putranda, Yoga Renyoet, Brigitte Sarah Renyoet, Brigitte Sarah Renyoet, Brigitte Sarah Retnaningsih Retnaningsih Rimbawan Rimbawan Rizma Ariefiani Satrya Dharmawan, Satrya Sri Anna Marliyati Subangkit, Mawar Sugeng H. Wisudo Sugeng Hari Wisudo Suryana, Esty Asriyana Suryono Suryono Sutanti, Yeti Syartiwidya, Syartiwidya Tika Nurmalasari Tiurma Sinaga Tono, Tono Winiati P. Rahayu Yayuk Farida Baliwati