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PENERIMAAN DAN PREFERENSI RUMAH TANGGA DAN JASA BOGA TERHADAP MINYAK GORENG CURAH YANG DIFORTIFIKASI KAROTEN DARI RED PALM OIL (RPO) Marliyati, Sri Anna; Nurmalasari, Tika; Kustiyah, Lilik; Martianto, Drajat
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 7, No 3 (2012): November 2012
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ABSTRACTThe purpose of this research was to find out acceptance and preference of households and catering to non-branded cooking oil fortified with carotene from Red Palm Oil (RPO). The subjects in this study was 30 people respectively for each households and catering. Data was collected through interviews and discussions using questionnaires. Data of subjects acceptance and preference were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Friedman test. Average cooking oil used by household subjects was 0.185+0.070 kg/day and catering was 3.87+2.46 kg/day. Most households (73.3%) and catering (66.7%) could not accept cooking oil fortified with carotene from RPO due to its colour and aroma. Fortified cooking oil had orange colour and rotten aroma (of odor). More than half of households (66.7%) and catering (63.3%) could not accept the fried product using fortified cooking oil because of its yellow colour. Friedman test showed that there were differences in both subjects acceptance to nonfortified and fortified non-branded cooking oil (p
KAJIAN KEBIJAKAN ANGGARAN DALAM RANGKA MENDUKUNG PEMBANGUNAN KETAHANAN PANGAN DI KABUPATEN LAMPUNG BARAT Gunawan, Indra; Martianto, Drajat; Baliwati, Yayuk Farida
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 3, No 3 (2008): November 2008 (Edisi Suplemen Ketahanan Pangan)
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This research aims to analyze the local government budget policies in supporting food security dvelopment in Lampung Barat District. The design of this study is retrospective using seondary data from related institutions in Lampung Barat. To identify the share of credit and debit of local budget  or APBD, a Comparative Budget Statement (CBS) is used, and to identify the budget proportion for food security oriented programs/activities, the Content Analysis method is applied. From the CBS analysis result, it is revealed that the biggest share is from Dana Alokasi Umum (DAU) or General Alloctaion Fund, accounting for 66.25% and the smallest share is from Local Original Revenue or Pendapatan Asli Daerah (PAD), which is only around 1.60%. The share of Development Budget is approximately 57.58%, while the share of Routine Budget is 42.42%. It is also found that the Local Budget has increased constantly during the last 5 years with the average is Rp. 304 068 008 767.  From this amount, Rp24 286 406 768  or about 7.6% per annum has been allocated for food security development.  Keywords: budget policies, food security, Lampung Barat
ESTIMASI KERUGIAN EKONOMI AKIBAT STATUS GIZI BURUK DAN BIAYA PENANGGULANGANNYA PADA BALITA DI BERBAGAI PROVINSI DI INDONESIA Aries, Muhammad; Martianto, Drajat
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 1, No 2 (2006): November 2006
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The study was aimed to estimate  GDP lost due to Protein Energy Malnutrition (PEM) among under five children at various provinces in Indonesia. It was a descriptive study used secondary data.  Data analysis was conducted in Bogor, from January to March 2006. The data uses are prevalence of PEM among under five children in various provinces in 2003, Gross Regional Domestic Product (GRDP) of provinces in Indonesia by industrial origin 2000 - 2004, population by province, sex and age group 2003, composite Consumers Price Index (CPI) of 45 cities (2002 = 100). The study showed that the economic lost due to malnutrition (PEM) among under five children in Indonesia was ranged from 0.27% to 1.21% GDP. Keyword: economic lost, Protein Energy Malnutrition, cost of food supplementation.
KAJIAN KINERJA PEMBANGUNAN KETAHANAN PANGAN PADA BERBAGAI INSTITUSI TERKAIT DI KABUPATEN LAMPUNG BARAT Hamid, Busran; Martianto, Drajat; Damayanthi, Evy
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 3, No 3 (2008): November 2008 (Edisi Suplemen Ketahanan Pangan)
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The limitation in both human and natural resources lead the Local Government of West Lampung to make a priority in budget allocation. The study was aimed to: 1) identify the policy, programs, and activities related to food security at each government institution, 2) evaluate the performance among related institution in food security program and activities implementation, and 3) to develop recommendation for food security program and activities improvement. Secondary data were used to address the mentioned objectives. Role of each institution in food security improvement have been defined including the budget allocation. Content analysis from the regional strategic plan shows that there were programs and activities for each sector directed to improve food and nutrition security. However parts of the written plan haven’t been implemented yet. Performance analysis from those which have been implemented indicates that most of the program and activities were achieving the target. Rice production exceeded the target, infrastructure improved, and food prices stable. Intake of animal food and tubers are lower than nutrition norms of desirable dietary pattern (PPH). The prevalence of under-nutrition was considered low. Keywords: food security, performance, government Institutions
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN SUSU TERHADAP INDEKS MASSA TUBUH DAN KEPADATAN TULANG PUNGGUNG REMAJA PRIA Suryono, .; Khomsan, Ali; Setiawan, Budi; Martianto, Drajat; Sukandar, Dadang
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 2, No 1 (2007): Maret 2007
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Milk is the best source of calcium and many studies suggest that adolescence who drink milk or eat other dairy foods have stronger bones and better nutritional status. The objectives of this study were to determine effect of high calcium and fresh milk on nutritional status and bone density. Variables measured in this study were body mass index and bone density of trunk. Samples were 55 adolescent boys aged 17 to 19 years old (students of TPB IPB). The study was conducted at TPB IPB dormitory during four months. The design of this study was nested randomized design with two factors. Two kinds of milk (fresh milk and high calcium milk) and 3 levels of volume (250 ml, 500 ml, and 750 ml) were used. Results of the study indicated that high calcium milk consumption was able to increase body mass index and bone density of trunk. It was found that high calcium consumption showed very highly significant effect (P
POLA KONSUMSI DAN PERMINTAAN PANGAN POKOK BERDASARKAN ANALISIS DATA SUSENAS 2005 Mauludyani, Anna Vipta Resti; Martianto, Drajat; Baliwati, Yayuk Farida
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 3, No 2 (2008): Juli 2008
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Food demand can be found dynamic, altering by the change in price and income. How great the influence of those changes to food consumption is the important information as the basic consideration for government in creating policy related to food consumption. The objective of the research, which has survey design, was to analyze staple food consumption and demand pattern in household in Indonesia. The research was conducted in Bogor, from March to June 2008 by using secondary data Susenas year 2005 with 64.709 households as the samples. The staple food analyzed were rice, corn, cassava, sweet potato, wheat flour and its derived product (instant noodle, noodle). Data was processed by SAS program version 6.12 and Double-Log Regression econometrical model. Then, it was analyzed descriptively. Result shows that rice has the biggest expenditure proportion among staple food. Almost all staple food is obtained by purchasing, except in corn, cassava, and sweet potatoes. Energy contribution from rice reaches half of total energy consumption. The consumption of rice, corn, cassava, sweet potatoes, wheat flour and its derived product, instant noodle, and wheat noodle per capita per year are 100.52 kg, 3.36 kg, 11.67 kg, 4.10 kg, 5.09 kg, 3.39 kg, and 0.22 kg. Staple food which has consumption participation level almost 100% is rice. The own price elasticity of staple foods are not elastic, except in corn, wheat flour and its derived product. The income elasticity of all staple foods is not elastic in all category of region and income stratification. The demand elasticity of staple food give some implications on consumption and food consumption improvement, they are: 1) raising price of staple food can decrease consumption, thus, price stability is very important, 2) almost all staple foods has not elastic income elasticity, so that food consumption improvement needs great stimulus of increasing income, 3) poor household is greatly influenced by the increasing of price, thus, food consumption improvement for them must be conducted by doing many relevant efforts, 4) target of decreasing rice consumption is still cannot be reached, so that staple food diversification must be continuously developed, 5) in order to develop local food consumption, like corn, cassava, and sweet potato, the development of agro industry based on local food and Communication Information Education (CIE) about food consumption diversification are essential to be conducted. Keywords: consumption and demand pattern, staple food, Susenas
PERCEPATAN DIVERSIFIKASI KONSUMSI PANGAN BERBASIS PANGAN LOKAL : PERSPEKTIF PEJABAT DAERAH DAN STRATEGI PENCAPAIANNYA Martianto, Drajat; Briawan, Dodik; Ariani, Mewa; Yulianis, Nita
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 4, No 3 (2009): November 2009
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Until the year of 2008, Indonesia’s food consumption quality has not met its ideal pattern yet as shown by DDP (Desirable Dietary Pattern) Score 81.9 and the domination of rice consumption up to 64.1%. The government of Indonesia’s effort to accelerate food consumption diversification requires coordination and good preparation of all related stakeholders. Therefore the aims of this study were to assess the perceptions of the key persons at the local government regarding the food consumption diversification program and to analyze the strategy priority in achieving the acceleration program. This research was carried out in March to December 2008 and used a cross sectional study. Survey was done in three provinces which represent the differences of food consumption pattern. In each province, twenty head officers at the local government purposively selected were assessed about their perception. The perception data was measured by Likert scale and analyzed by the trends using percents and mode score. The strategy priority was measured by AHP (Analytical Hierarchy Process) method. This research shows that there are variations among stakeholders in the three provinces ranging “from poor to good” in perceiving the concept and application of food consumption diversification program. Nevertheless, local food is mainly defined as should be locally produced. Increasing the commitment and participation within all stakeholders (29. 3%) are the strategy priority besides promoting local food business through capital and marketing support (25.1%). Key words: perception, stakeholders, food consumption diversification, local food
KONSUMSI, KEBUTUHAN DAN KECUKUPAN BERAS NASIONAL TAHUN 2002 – 2007 Muttaqin, Aris Zaenal; Martianto, Drajat
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 4, No 3 (2009): November 2009
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The study aimed to estimate national rice consumption, total rice demand, and national rice adequacy in 2002-2007. Secondary data such as household rice consumption in 2002-2007 based on SUSENAS data, government rice consumption (distribution of raskin in 2002-2007), and national rice availability in 2002-2007 based on food balance sheet in 2002-2007. National rice consumption, based on estimation,  was 28,317,272 tons or 134.4 Kg/cap (in 2002), 28,135,078 tons or 128.4 Kg/cap (in 2005), and 27,050,183 tons or 120.2 Kg/cap (in 2007). National rice requirement, based on estimation, was 31,900,529 tons or 151.5 Kg/cap (in 2002), 31,760,865 tons or 144.9 Kg/cap (in 2005), and 30,618,665 tons or 136.0 Kg/cap (in 2007). Rice availability coming from domestic production (without import) was deficit in 2002 and 2005. Domestic rice availability was surplus in 2007 (5.9 %). Keywords: rice consumption, rice demand, national rice adequacy
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI STATUS GIZI ANAK BALITA DI KABUPATEN TIMOR TENGAH UTARA, PROVINSI NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR Riyadi, Hadi; Martianto, Drajat; Hastuti, Dwi; Damayanthi, Evy; Murtilaksono, Kukuh
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 6, No 1 (2011): Maret 2011
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This research aims to analyze underlying factors affecting child malnutrition at Timor Tengah Utara district, NTT. The design was a cross-sectional study. Sample of this study was household that have underfive years old children residing in the areas of Plan International. Data was collected by using structured questionnaire, focus group discussion and in-depth interview. Nutritional status was measured using anthropometric measurement with weight and height indicators and child consumption was recorded using 24 hours food’s recall. Result showed that in three villages prevalence of malnourished children was high, which were 6.0% classified as severe underweight, 15.3% severe stunting and 0.7% severe wasting. There was no significant difference in term of nutritional status. Child malnutrition was influenced by low access to nutrition and health information, low nutrition knowledge and practices, and low family income. Key words: underfive children, nutritional status, Timor Tengah Utara
POLA ASUH MAKAN PADA RUMAH TANGGA YANG TAHAN DAN TIDAK TAHAN PANGAN SERTA KAITANNYA DENGAN STATUS GIZI ANAK BALITA DI KABUPATEN BANJARNEGARA Martianto, Drajat; Riyadi, Hadi; Ariefiani, Rizma
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 6, No 1 (2011): Maret 2011
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This study aimed to analyze the impacts of feeding practices on underfive children’s nutritional status in different level of household food security. The study design was a cross-sectional study. Data on feeding practices were collected through personal interviews used questionnaire and nutritional status was calculated by using WHO-NCHS z-score. The average scores of feeding practices among samples were categorized as low (54.4%) and children of group very food-insecure had the lowest score of feeding practices. There was a significantly difference among the groups in the scores of sample’s feeding practices. The study showed that about 86 percent of children were categorized as normal (BB/TB indicator), but there were 11.6 percent categorized as wasting, while 32.0 percent and 54.3 percent categorized as underweight and stunting, respectively. Statistical analyses showed significant difference in term of nutritional status. There was a significant correlation between child’s nutritional status (BB/U, TB/U and BB/TB) and household food security. The study showed that child’s nutritional status (BB/TB) was influenced by energy’s adequacy level.   Keywords: underfive children, feeding practices, nutritional status, household food security