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Januar Wibawa Martha
Faculty of Medicine, Padjadjaran University, Bandung
Articles
2
Documents
Left Ventricle Diastolic Function in Patients Underwent Chemotherapy with Doxorubicin

Jurnal Kardiologi Indonesia VOL. 28 NO. 4 September 2007
Publisher : Indonesian Heart Association

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Abstract

Background. Doxorubicin is one of the first-line chemoterapy against many form of neoplasm but the use is hampered by its cardiotoxic potentia lwith the end result of congestive  heart failure. It is imperative that specific monitoring scheme is applied to detect as early as possible the cardiac damage due to doxorubicin. There is large body of evidence that left ventricular diastolic dysfunction precede systolic dysfunction. Therefore, diastolic function may serve as am early monitoring parameter in patients receiving doxorubicin. This study is aimed to delineate the prevalence of diastolic dysfunction among patients receiving doxorubicin, to define the lowest cumulative dosage of doxorubicin that already cause diastolic dysfunction, and to describe the association between cumulative dosage of doxorubicin with grade of diastolic dysfunction.Methods. This study utilizes cross sectional design, conducted in Department of Cardiology and Vascular Medicine to 38 cancer patients receiving doxorubicin in Subdivision of Hematology-Oncology Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Padjadjaran University. The study commenced from September 2006 until January 2007.Results. The prevalence of diastolic dysfunction among patients who received doxorubicin is 86,8%. The actual lowest cumulative dose of doxorubicin that already had diastolic dysfunction is 112 mg/m2 but the crossing point between correlation line and the occurrence of E/A ratio and Em/Am ratio of less than 1 is between 110-130 mg/m2. There is negative correlation between cumulative dose of doxorubicin and E/A ratio (r = -0,62) and Em/Am ratio (r = -0,69). Cumulative dose of doxorubicin among normal diastolic function, grade 1 diastolic dysfunction and grade 2 diastolic dysfunction are 101,4 + 3,9 mg/m2, 168,3 + 7,6 mg/m2 and 237,1 + 11 mg/m2, respectively (p < 0,01). There is positive correlation between cumulative dose of doxorubicin with grade of diastolic dysfunction (r = 0,7)Conclusions. The prevalence of diastolic dysfunction among patients who received doxorubicin is 86,8%. The lowest cumulative dose of doxorubicin that already had diastolic dysfunction is between 110-130 mg/m2. There is a strong positive correlation between cumulative dose of doxorubicin with grade of diastolic dysfunction.

Drug Induced Long QT

Jurnal Kardiologi Indonesia Vol 29 No 1, Jan-April 2008
Publisher : Indonesian Heart Association

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Abstract

A 54 years old cattle-farm owner was found unconscious by his daughter at his living room. After she repeatedly shook his body, he regained consciousness without any impairment. He told his daughter that before collapse he suddenly felt weakness all over his body, a bit lightheaded and a brief period of palpitation. On the next day he experienced the same symptom, and this time he fainted at the farm. He was rushed to 24-hour infirmary, but he recovered before reaching the clinic. He afterwards was seen by a doctor and was told to have a mild stroke. He was referred to emergency department at a nearby hospital where he passed out for the third time; but this time was witnessed by his daughter. She noted that before he fell down, he was having a short period of seizure. A neurologist was among the first physician who saw him and noticed that the patient had a very slow pulse. He accordingly consulted the patient to cardiologist due to bradycardia.