Ainun Marliah
Program Studi Agroteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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PENGARUH JENIS MULSA DAN KONSENTRASI PUPUK ORGANIK CAIR SUPER BIONIK TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN DAN HASIL BAWANG MERAH (Allium ascalonicum L.) Marliah, Ainun; Nurhayati, Nurhayati; Tarmizi, Tarmizi
Jurnal Floratek Vol 7, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (312.781 KB) | DOI: 10.24815/floratek.v7i2.531

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The study was aimed at determining effect of mulch type and concentration of liquid organic fertilizer Super Bionic on growth and yield of onion.  The experiment used a randomized complete block design (RCBD) 3x3 with 3 replications. There were 2 factors investigated, 1) type of mulch consisting of 3 levels: straw, burned husk, and water hyacinth and 2) concentration of organic liquid fertilizer Super Bionic consisting of 3 levels: 2 cc/L of water, 4 cc/L of water and 6 cc/L of water. The results showed that the type of mulch significantly affected the number of tubers per hill, but did not exert significant effects on plant height and number of tillers at ages 15, 30 and 45 days after planting (DAP), wet weight of tuber per hill and dry weight of tubers per hill and potential yield.  Growth and yield of onion tended to be better at water hyacinth mulch. Concentration of  liquid organic fertilizer Super Bionic significantly affected the number of tillers at age 15, 30 and 45 DAP and dry weight of tuber per hill, but did not exert significant effects on plant height at age 15, 30 and 45 DAP, the number of tubers per hill, wet weight of tuber per hill and potential yield. Better growth and yield were obtained at concentrations 2 cc/L of water. There was no significant interaction between type of mulch and concentration of liquid organic fertilizer Super Bionic.
Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Tanaman Mentimun (Cucumis sativus L.) Akibat Perbedaan Jarak Tanam dan Jumlah Benih per Lubang Tanam Abdurrazak, Abdurrazak; Hatta, Muhammad; Marliah, Ainun
Jurnal Agrista Vol 17, No 2 (2013): Volume 17 Nomor 2 Agustus 2013
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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ABSTRAK. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui jarak tanam dan jumlah benih per lubang yang tepat terhadap pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman mentimun serta untuk mengetahui interaksi antara kedua faktor tersebut.  Penelitian dilakukan di Kebun Percobaan Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Syiah Kuala Darussalam Banda Aceh dari bulan Oktober sampai Desember 2009. Rancangan yang digunakan adalah Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK) pola faktorial 3 x 3 dengan 3 ulangan. Faktor yang diteliti yaitu jarak tanam (20 cm x 60 cm, 30 cm x 60 cm dan 40 cm x 60 cm) dan jumlah benih per lubang  (1, 2,dan 3 benih per lubang). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa jarak tanam berpengaruh sangat nyata terhadap berat buah per tanaman, serta berpengaruh nyata terhadap panjang buah.  Buah per tanaman terberat dan terpanjang diperoleh pada jarak tanam 40 cm x 60 cm. Jumlah benih per lubang berpengaruh sangat nyata terhadap diameter buah dan berat buah per tanaman, serta berpengaruh nyata terhadap panjang batang utama umur 15 HST dan jumlah buah per tanaman. Diameter buah terbesar dan buah per tanaman terberat dijumpai pada penggunaan 1 benih per lubang,  sedangkan   jumlah buah per tanaman terbanyak diperoleh pada penggunaan 3 benih per lubang. Terdapat interaksi yang tidak nyata antara jarak tanam dan jumlah benih per lubang terhadap pertumbuhan dan hasil mentimun. Plant Growth and Yield of Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) in Response to Different Spacing and Seed Numbers per HoleABSTRACT. The study was aimed at determining the right spacing and seed numbers per hole on growth and yield of cucumber plants and investigating interactions between the two factors. The study was conducted at the Experiment Station of Agriculture Faculty of Syiah Kuala University, Darussalam, Banda Aceh from October to December 2009. Experiment was arranged in a factorial randomized complete block design (RCBD) 3 x 3 with three replications. Factors studied were plant spacing (20 cm x 60 cm, 30 cm x60 cm, and 40 cm x 60 cm) and seed numbers per hole (1, 2, and 3 seeds per hole). Results showed that plant spacing exerted a highly significant effect on fruit weight per plant and a significant effect on fruit length. The best fruit weight and length were obtained at a spacing of  40 cm x 60 cm. Seed numbers exerted highly significant effects on fruit diameter and fruit weight per plant and significant effects on main stem length at age 15 days after planting and fruit numbers per plant. The best fruit diameter and fruit weight per plant were found at 1 seed  per hole, while the best fruit numbers per plant was obtained at 3 seeds per hole. There was no significant interaction between plant spacing and seed numbers per hole on growth and yield of cucumber. 
Pengaruh Pemberian Pupuk Organik Nasa dan Zat Pengatur Tumbuh Atonik terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Kacang Tanah (Arachis hypogaea L.) Marliah, Ainun; Nurhayati, Nurhayati; Mutia, Herita
Jurnal Agrista Vol 14, No 3 (2010): Volume 14 Nomor 3 Desember 2010
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Effect of Concentration Nasa Organic Liquid Fertilizer and Growth Regulator Atonic and Plant Growth and Yield and Yield Ground PeanutABSTRACT. The aim of this research was to study effect on Nasa organic fertilizer concentration and atonik growth regulator on growth and yield ground peanut. The experimental design was completely block randomized design with two factor and three replications. The two factor investigated were Nasa liquid organic fertilizer concentration (1 ml/l, 2 ml/l, 3 ml/l of water) and Atonik growth regulator concentration (1 ml/l, 2 ml/l, 3 ml/l of water). Result showed that Nasa organic liquid fertilizer concentration highly significant different affected on plant height 45 and 60 days after planting and significant different on dry seed weight per plot netto and 100 g dry seed. The best result of Nasa liquid organic fertilizer concentration was 3 ml/l. Atonik growth regulator concentration showed highly significant different effect on plant height 60 DAP and significant effect on plant height 45 DAP. The best Atonik concentration was 3 ml/l. There was a correlation between Nasa organic fertilizer concentration and Atonik growth regulator on plant height 45 DAP.
Pengaruh Varietas dan Dosis Pupuk SP-36 Terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Tanaman Kacang Tanah (Arachis hypogaea L. ) Hayati, Mardhiah; Marliah, Ainun; Fajri, Hidayatul
Jurnal Agrista Vol 16, No 1 (2012): Volume 16 Nomor 1 April 2012
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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ABSTRAK. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan varietas yang baik dan dosis pupuk SP-36 yang tepat serta interaksi keduanya  terhadap pertumbuhan dan hasil kacang tanah.  Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di Desa Darussalam Banda Aceh  sejak Agustus sampai November 2009. Rancangan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah Rancangan Acak Kelompok Faktorial 3 x 3 yang diulang sebanyak 3 kali.  Faktor varietas terdiri dari: Gajah, Kuala batee dan Kelinci, sedangkan dosis pupuk  SP-36 adalah: 100, 150, dan 200 kg ha-1). Peubah yang diamati dalam penelitian ini adalah: tinggi tanaman, jumlah cabang,  jumlah polong per tanaman, jumlah polong hampa per tanaman, jumlah polong per tanaman, bobot polong per tanaman, bobot  100 butir kering, bobot biji kering per petak, dan hasil biji kering per hektar.  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa varietas berpengaruh terhadap tinggi tanaman, jumlah polong per tanaman, jumlah polong per tanaman, dan bobot 100 biji kering. Pertumbuhan terbaik didapatkan pada varietas Gajah. Dosis pupuk SP-36 berpengaruh terhadap tinggi tanaman. Hasil terbaik untuk peubah tersebut adalah pada 150 kg ha-1.The Effect of Varieties and Dosage of SP-36 Fertilizer on Growth and Yield of Peanuts (Arachis Hypogaea L.)ABSTRACT. This study aimed at finding the best varieties and the right dosage of SP-36 fertilizer and the interaction of both factors on the growth and yield of peanut crops. The research was conducted in the village of Darussalam-Banda Aceh, from August to November, 2009. Experimental design was used in this study with Randomized Block Design patterns of 3 x 3 factorial with three replications. Two factors investigated were varieties (Gajah, Kuala Batee, dan Kelinci), and applied dosages of SP 36 fertilizer (100, 150 and 200kg ha-1). Variables observed in the study were plant height and number of branches per plant, the number of pods per plant, the number of empty pods per plant, total number of pods per plant, weight of pods per plant, dry weight of 100 seeds, dry seed weight per plot and the net weight of dried beans per hectare. The results showed that the varieties have a effect on plant height, pods number per plant, number of pods per plant and the total weight of 100 dry seeds. Best growth and results were found in varieties of gajah. Dose of fertilizer has a real effect on plant height. A better result was found in SP-36 of 150 kg ha-1.
Pengaruh Jarak Tanam Antar Barisan pada Sistem Tumpangsari Beberapa Varietas Jagung Manis dengan Kacang Merah Terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Marliah, Ainun; Jumini, Jumini; Jamilah, Jamilah
Jurnal Agrista Vol 14, No 1 (2010): Volume 14 Nomor 1 April 2010
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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The Effect of Spacing Between Rows of Several Varieties of Sweet Corn and Kidney Beans Growth and Yield for Intercropping SystemABSTRACT. The research was to find the effect of  planting distance and some varieties on intercropping system of sweet corn and kidney beans to improve growth and   yield.  The experimental design was Complete Block Randomized with two factors and two replications. The first factor was planting distance between rows of sweet corn intercropping system (J1=60cmx30cm; J2=80cmx30cm; J3=100cmx30cm).  Then the second factor was variety (V1= Kumala F1; V2= King Sweet F1; V3=Super Bee). The results indicated that the best planting distance on intercropping some varieties of sweet corn and kidney bean was 100cmx30cm for sweet corn and 80cmx30cm and 100cmx30cm for kidney bean. The varieties treatment showed that the best variety of sweet corn was Super Bee and kidney bean was King Sweet F1. There was significantly different interaction between planting distance and varieties on intercropping system of sweet and kidney bean on the corn husk weight of sweet corn.
Pengaruh Masa Kadaluarsa dan Penggunaan Berbagai Ekstrak Bahan Organik Terhadap Viabilitas dan Vigor Benih Semangka (Citrullus vulgaris Schard.) Marliah, Ainun; Nasution, Mariani; Azmi, Syaiful
Jurnal Agrista Vol 14, No 2 (2010): Volume 14 Nomor 2 Agustus 2010
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Effect of Expired Time and Use if Various Organic Matter Extract on Viability and Vigor Water Melon SeedABSTRACT. The experiment was conducted to study the effect of expired time and use of various organic matter extract on viability and vigor water melon seed. The experiment was conducted in completely randomized design with two factors and three replication. Factors of expired time: 3, 6 and 9 months. Factor of organic matter extract: coconut extract, mature tomato extract, juvenile corn extract, and mature banana extract. The results indicated that expired time was significantly different on viability and vigor water melon seed. The best expired time treatment for viability and vigor water melon seed 3 months. Organic matter extract was significantly different on viability and vigor water melon seed. The best organic matter extract treatment for viability and vigor water melon seed was mature tomato extract. There was significantly different interaction between expired time and use of various organic matter extract on growth potency.
Pengaruh Varietas dan Jarak Tanam Terhadap Pertumbuhan Kedelai [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] Marliah, Ainun; Hidayat, Taufan; Husna, Nasliyah
Jurnal Agrista Vol 16, No 1 (2012): Volume 16 Nomor 1 April 2012
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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ABSTRAK. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh beberapa varietas dan jarak tanam serta interaksinya terhadap pertumbuhan  dan hasil kedelai. Penelitian ini menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK) pola faktorial 3x3 dengan 3 ulangan. Faktor yang diteliti adalah varietas, yaitu: Anjosmoro, Grobogan, dan Kipas Merah, sedangkan faktor jarak tanam  terdiri dari: 20 cm x 30 cm, 20 cm x 40 cm, dan 40 cm x 40 cm. Peubah yang diamati adalah: tinggi tanaman kedelai  umur 15, 30 dan 45 HST, jumlah polong per tanaman, jumlah polong bernas per tanaman, dan berat biji per tanaman. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa varietas berpengaruh terhadap tinggi tanaman umur 15 dan 30 HST. Tanaman kedelai lebih tinggi diperoleh pada varietas Grobogan dan Anjasmoro. Jarak tanam hanya berpengaruh nyata pada tinggi tanaman  umur 45 HST, tanaman tertinggi diperoleh pada penggunaan jarak tanam 20 cm x30 cm. Terdapat interaksi yang nyata antara varietas dan jarak tanam terhadap jumlah polong per tanaman, jumlah polong bernas per tanaman dan berat biji per tanaman.  Hasil terbaik diperoleh pada varietas Anjasmoro dengan jarak tanam 40 cm x 40 cm.The Effect of Some Varieties and Spacing on Growth of Soybean (Glycine Max (L.) Merrill)ABSTRACT.  The aims of this study were to determine the effect of varieties and spacing and its interaction on growth and yield of soybeans. Randomized Completely Block Design  (RCBD)  3x3 factorial with three replications was applied. Factors studied were varieties: Anjosmoro, Grobogan, and Kipas Merah, and spacing factor of 20 cm x 30 cm, 20 cm x 40 cm, and 40 cm x 40 cm. Variables observed were soybean plant height age of 15, 30 and 45 DAP, the number of pods per plant, number of pods per plant and weight seeds per plant. The results showed varieties effected plant height on 15 and 30 DAP significantly, which higher than Grobogan and Anjosmoro. Meanwhile spacing simply effect plant height on 45 DAP significantly. The highest plant found on 20 cm x 20 cm spacing. There were interaction significantly between varieties and spacing on the number of pods per plant and weight dry seed per plant. The best result were obtained on a variety Anjosmoro with spacing of 40 cm x 40 cm. 
Pemanfaatan Pupuk Organik Cair Terhadap Pertumbuhan Dan Hasil Beberapa Varietas Tomat (Lycopersicum esculentum L.) Marliah, Ainun; Hayati, Mardhiah; Muliansyah, Indra
Jurnal Agrista Vol 16, No 3 (2012): Volume 16 Nomor 3 Desember 2012
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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ABSTRAK. Suatu penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui varietas dan konsentrasi pupuk organik cair Enviro Plus yang tepat terhadap pertumbuhan dan hasil tomat, serta untuk mengetahui interaksi kedua faktor tersebut. Penelitian menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK) pola faktorial 3x3 dengan 3 ulangan. Ada 2 faktor yang diteliti yaitu varietas (Permata, Montero dan Niki) dan pupuk organik cair (0,5; 1,5; dan 2,5 cc L-1 air. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa varietas berpengaruh sangat nyata terhadap  tinggi tanaman umur 15, 30 dan 45 HST, jumlah bunga per tandan umur 37 HST, jumlah buah per tanaman umur  57 HST dan total bobot buah per tanaman. Pertumbuhan dan hasil terbaik diperoleh  pada varietas Niki. Konsentrasi pupuk organik cair Enviro Plus berpengaruh nyata terhadap diameter batang umur 15 HST dan total bobot buah per tanaman. Pertumbuhan dan hasil  terbaik diperoleh pada penggunaan pupuk organik cair Enviro Plus 0,5 cc L-1 air. Tidak terdapat interaksi yang nyata antara varietas dan  konsentrasi pupuk organik cair Enviro Plus terhadap pertumbuhan dan hasil tomat.The Using of Liquid Organic Fertilizers on Growth and Yield of Three Varieties of Tomato (Lycopersicum Esculentum L.)ABSTRACT. The study was  to determine the variety and concentration of Enviro Plus (liquid organic fertilizer) that have best  growth and yield of tomatoes, and as well as  interaction of both factors. Randomized Block  Design was used with pattern 3x3 factorial with three replications. There were two factors, varieties (Permata, Montero and Niki) and concentration of  Enviro Plus (0.5, 1.5, and 2.5 cc L-1) of water. The results showed that the varieties  had significant  effect on plant height umur 15, 30 and 45 day after planting (DAP) , the number of flowers per stalk at age  37 DAP, the number of fruits per plant age 57 DAP and a total weight of fruit per plant. The best growth and yield found on Niki varieties. Concentration of  Enviro Plus that have significantly affect on stem diameter and the at age  15 DAP, total weight of fruit per plant. The best growth and yield found at concentration of Enviro Plus  0.5 cc L-1 of water). There were no significant  interaction effect between variety and concentration of Enviro Plus   on growth and yield of tomato.
PENGARUH VARIETAS DAN KONSENTRASI PUPUK MAJEMUK TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN DAN HASIL TANAMAN KUBIS BUNGA (Brassica oleracea L.) Marliah, Ainun; Nurhayati, Nurhayati; Riana, Risma
Jurnal Floratek Vol 8, No 2 (2013): Oktober 2013
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (239.209 KB) | DOI: 10.24815/floratek.v8i2.872

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ABSTRACT The research was aimed at determining suitable varieties and concentrations of compound fertilizer RapidGro 01 on growth and yield of cauliflower. Experiment was arranged in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) 3x3 with 3 replications. There were two factors studied, i.e. 1) varieties consisted of 3 levels (PM 126 F1, White Shot and Cauliflower Tropica 45 Days) and 2) concentration of compound fertilizer RapidGro 01 consisted of 3 levels (2, 4, and 6 gL-1of water). Results showed that varieties significantly affected plant height at 30 days after planting, leaf numbers at 45 days after transplanting (DAT) and wet weight of flowers per plant, but did not significantly affect plant height at 15 and 45 DAT, leaf numbers at 15 and 30 DAT, root length and wet weight. The best variety was AM 126 F1. Concentrations of compound fertilizer RapidGro 01 did not significantly affect plant height and leaf numbers at 15, 30, and 45 DAT, root length, fresh weight per plant and wet weight per plant. There was no significant interaction between varieties and concentrations of compound fertilizer RapidaGro 01 on all variables of growth and yield of cauliflower.
RESPONS BIBIT JARAK PAGAR PADA BERBAGAI KOMPOSISI MEDIA TANAM DAN KONSENTRASI PUPUK DAUN NOVELGRO Marliah, Ainun
Jurnal Floratek Vol 5, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (129.607 KB) | DOI: 10.24815/floratek.v5i1.386

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The ojectives of this research were to study effect of media composition and  foliar fertilizer of NOVELGRO concentration on growth Jatropha curcas.  Experimental design used was a factorial 3x4 with three replications. Factors investigated were growth media composition with a ratio of 1:1:1 (soil, compost, sand), (soil, compost, and rice husk), (soil, compost, saw dust), and Novelgro concentration of 0, 1, 2 and 3 cc/L of water.  Results showed that there was a significant effect of growth media composition on plant growth and leaf number  at  35, 45 and 55 day after planting (DAP), stem diameter at 45 and 55 DAP, fresh weight, dry weight and dry weight of root, but the media composition did not show significant  effect on plant growth and leaf number at 25 DAP and stem diameter at 25, 35 DAP. The best growth was found at media composition of soil, compost and sand with a ratio of 1:1:1.  Fertilizer concentration significantly affected stem diameter at 25 DAP but did not show a significant affect on plant growth and leaf number at 25, 35, 45, and 55 DAP, stem diameter at 35, 45, and 55 DAP, fresh weight, dry weight and dry weight of root. Plant growth was best at a fertilizer concentration of 2cc/L of water. There was no significant interaction between growth media composition and fertilizer concentration on all variables observed.