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ADVERSE HEALTH IMPACTS OF PESTICIDE USE ON INDONESIAN RICE PRODUCTION: AN ECONOMIC ANALYSIS SUSWATI, ENNY; AGUSTIN, NUR K.; MARIYONO, JOKO
SOCA: Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Vol. 6, No. 2 Juli 2006
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana Jalan PB.Sudirman Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Telp: (0361) 223544 Email: soca@unud.ac.id

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Pestisida bak pisau bermata dua. Di satu sisi, pestisida memberikan manfaat bagi pengguna,dan di sisi lain pada waktu yang bersamaan pestisida mempunyai efek yang merusak. Olehkarena itu pelarangan penggunaan secara total tidak efisien, dan menentukan penggunaanpestisida yang optimal sangatlah diperlukan, dengan cara mempertimbangkan dampakkesehatan. Tujuan kajian ini adalah menentukan penggunaan pestisida yang optimal denganmempertimbangkan dampak kesehatan, dan mengestimasi nilai moneter kehilanganproduktivitas petani. Manfaat penggunaan pestisida dicari dengan fungsi produksi, sedangkandampak kesehatan dicari dengan fungsi biaya kesehatan. Data produksi padi selama kurunwaktu 1974-2000 digunakan untuk mencari fungsi produksi. Fungsi biaya kesehatan diperolehdari kajian sebelumnya yang telah dilakukan oleh peneliti pendahulu. Hasil kajian inimenunjukkan bahwa penggunaan pestisida yang optimal sangat rendah dan nilai ekonomikehilangan produktivitas sangat tinggi. Hal ini karena adanya perbedaan yang besar antarapenggunaan pestisida yang optimal dengan penggunaan pestisida yang aktual selama kurunwaktu tersebut. Faktor penting yang menyebabkan besarnya perbedaan tersebut adalahelastisitas produksi dari pestisida sangat rendah. Saran yang dapat disampaikan adalah petanimenggunakan pestisida secara efisient, yaitu mendekati tingkat penggunaan yang optimal.
KETIMPANGAN JENDER DALAM AKSES PELAYANAN KESEHATAN RUMAH TANGGA PETANI PEDESAAN: KASUS DUA DESA DI KABUPATEN TEGAL, JAWA TENGAH MARIYONO, JOKO; KUNTARININGSIH, APRI; SUSWATI, ENNY
SOCA: Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Vol. 8, No. 2 Juli 2008
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana Jalan PB.Sudirman Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Telp: (0361) 223544 Email: soca@unud.ac.id

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Abstract

The role of woman in rural and agricultural development is very important because more thana half of work in agriculture and rural areas is carried out by woman labors. Consequently, thewomen ought to have equity in right with men to get health services. But, there is a stronghypothesis that women have less access to health services than men because of social andcultural factors in rural areas. This study aims to examine the gender disparity anddiscrimination of health. The disparity is measured using concentration curve andconcentration index, whereas the discrimination is approached using microeconomic theory ofconsumption. The results of indicate that there is a small difference in health disparitybetween women and men; even women get more portion than men. This is because womenhave specific characteristics in terms of health problem, in which men do not have.
DETERMINANTS OF CUSTOMERS IN SELECTING SHARIA BANKING SYSTEM FOR SAVING IN EAST JAVA - INDONESIA Mariyono, Joko
Journal of Economics, Business, and Accountancy | Ventura Vol 16, No 3 (2013): Desember 2013
Publisher : STIE Perbanas Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14414/jebav.v16i3.225

Abstract

Sharia banks have been developing in many countries since the evidence that the banks were more resistant to financial shocks. In Indonesia, Sharia banks have a good environment because majority of Indonesian people is Muslim. During recent years, Shariabanking inIndonesia shows a dramatic growth. This paper is to examine internal factors affecting customers’ decision to choose Sharia banking systemas a place of saving. Logit regression was used to estimate a model of customers’ decision. Cross-sectional data, consisting of101 Sharia customers and 110 conventional customers, were randomly drawn from database of a multinational bank that provides both Sharia and conventional schemes. The results show that age, gender and religion led to customers more likely to invest their money in Sharia scheme. In contrast, income, entrepreneur and student led to customers less likely to choose Sharia scheme as a place of investment. Highest positive impact came from religion, and highest negative impact came from student. Even though the majorityof Indonesian people are Muslim, the total possibility of people to select Sharia scheme was low.
DETERMINANTS OF CUSTOMERS IN SELECTING SHARIA BANKING SYSTEM FOR SAVING IN EAST JAVA - INDONESIA Mariyono, Joko
Journal of Economics, Business & Accountancy Ventura Vol 16, No 3 (2013): December 2013
Publisher : STIE Perbanas Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14414/jebav.v16i3.225

Abstract

Sharia banks have been developing in many countries since the evidence that the banks weremore resistant to financial shocks. In Indonesia, Sharia banks have a good environment becausemajority of Indonesian people is Muslim. During recent years, Shariabanking inIndonesiashows a dramatic growth. This paper is to examine internal factors affecting customers decisionto choose Sharia banking systemas a place of saving. Logit regression was used to estimate amodel of customers decision. Cross-sectional data, consisting of101 Sharia customers and 110conventional customers, were randomly drawn from database of a multinational bank that provides both Sharia and conventional schemes. The results show that age, gender and religion ledto customers more likely to invest their money in Sharia scheme. In contrast, income, entrepreneur and student led to customers less likely to choose Sharia scheme as a place of investment.Highest positive impact came from religion, and highest negative impact came from student.Even though the majorityof Indonesian people are Muslim, the total possibility of people to select Sharia scheme was low.
STOCHASTIC OPTIMISATION OF COFFEE AND DAIRY PRODUCTIONS IN INTEGRATED FARMING SYSTEM IN YOGYAKARTA Sudantoko, Djoko; Mariyono, Joko
PRESTASI Vol 7, No 02 (2011): Juni Prestasi
Publisher : PRESTASI

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Abstract

STIE Bank BPD JatengAbstractRisk of profit loss in farming system is inevitable since there is a fluctuation in prices of agricultural products. Diversification is, therefore, the appropriate way to reduce the risk associated with the fluctuation. However, the right combination of production in integrated farming system is very important to consider because it will lead to the high revenue. The objective of this analysis is to assess the levels of production in dairy and coffee farming on whether or not the combination of the productions is optimal. This analysis is based on a study undertaken in Sleman, Yogyakarta, where the integrated farming system exists. The theory of economies of scope is employed in this study, and the combination of productions is tested stochastically. Data are obtained by interviewing 35 producers running dairy and coffee farming simultaneously. The result of this study indicates that the integrated farming system has an advantage in terms of economies of scope, but the combination of products is not optimal. The best alternative to enhance the revenue is to transfer the Robusta coffee production into the fresh milk production, by transferring the resources used in the coffee farming into the dairy farming. Keywords: integrated farming system, stochastic optimisation, product transformation curve
DAMPAK PELATIHAN PETANI TERHADAP KINERJA USAHATANI KEDELAI DI JAWA TIMUR Kuntariningsih, Apri; Mariyono, Joko
Sosiohumaniora Vol 15, No 2 (2013): SOSIOHUMANIORA, JULI 2013
Publisher : Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (332.742 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/sosiohumaniora.v15i2.5739

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Penelitian ini menganalisis kinerja usahatani kedelai di Jawa Timur, dengan penekananpada dampak pelatihan petani. Dampak dari pelatihan ini diharapkan dapat meningkatkan kinerjausahatani kedelai, yang diukur dengan peningkatan produksi dan keuntungan. Fungsi produksi dan fungsikeuntungan yang sederhana digunakan dalam penelitian ini. Data dikumpulkan dengan wawancarapribadi, yang dipandu dengan kuesioner semiterstruktur. Tiga kabupaten: Jember, Nganjuk dan NgawiJawa Timur terpilih sebagai lokasi penelitian. Lokasi ini adalah daerah produksi kedelai di Jawa Timur.Usahatani yang dijalankan selama 2010 terpilih sebagai objek kajian ini. Pendekatan regresi-bergandadigunakan untuk memperkirakan fungsi produksi dan keuntungan yang dibangun. Hasil menunjukkanbahwa pelatihan telah berdampak positif terhadap produksi dan keuntungan dari usaha tani kedelai,demikian juga tingkat pendidikan dan pengalaman. Petani yang menjalankan usahataniinya di lahansewa menunjukkan tingkat produksi dan keuntungan yang lebih rendah. Pada akhirnya, kenaikanpendapatan petani setelah mengikuti pelatihan diharapkan meningkatkan kesejahteraan keluarga petani.
ADOPSI TEKNOLOGI PERTANIAN UNTUK PEMBANGUNAN PEDESAAN: SEBUAH KAJIAN SOSIOLOGIS Kuntariningsih, Apri; Mariyono, Joko
Agriekonomika Vol 3, No 2: Oktober 2014
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Trunojoyo Madura.

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ABSTRAKTeknologi pertanian diharapkan dapat membantu petani untuk meningkatkan kesejahteraan. Berbagai teknologi pertanian telah diperkenalkan dan disebarluaskan kepada petani, tetapi sebagian besar petani pedesaan masih dianggap tertinggal dari masyarakat lain. Kajian ini bertujuan  mempelajari kegagalan penyebaran teknologi pertanian dalam mengentaskan kemiskinan di daerah pedesaan. Berdasar kajian ini nantinya diharapkan mampu merumuskan strategi dari asepk sosiologis terkait penyebaran teknologi pertanian. Hasil kajian ini menunjukkan bahwa faktor sosial, ekonomi dan kelembagaan perlu mendapat perhatian lebih dari pembuat kebijakan baik di tingkat nasional dan lokal dalam rangka untuk meningkatkan dampak diseminasi teknologi pertanian dalam peningkatan kesejahteraan petani di daerah pedesaan.Kata kunci: Adopsi Teknologi Pertanian, Pendekatan Sosiologis, Pembagunan Pedesaan.ABSTRACTAgricultural technology is expected to help farmers to improve welfare. Various agricultural technologies have been introduced and disseminated to farmers, but to some extents, peasants are still considered lag behind other communities. This paper is conducted investigate the failure of agricultural technologies dissemination in alleviating poverty in rural areas. This strudy showssocial, economic and institutional factors that need more attention from policy makers both at national and local levels in orde to improve impact of agricultural technology dissemination in escalating farmers’ welfare in rural areas.Keywords: Agricultural Technology Adoption, Sociological Approach, Rural Development
ENVIRONMENTALLY ADJUSTED PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH OF INDONESIAN RICE PRODUCTION Mariyono, Joko
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 28, No 1 (2013): January
Publisher : Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business

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Productivity of Indonesian rice agriculture needs to grow substantially to ensure national food security. However, the environmental cost should be taken into account. Thisstudy aims to analyse productivity growth of rice by decomposing it into technological change, scale effects, allocative efficiency and technical efficiency. Environmental cost associated with the use of environmentally detrimental inputs is internalised to obtain environmentally adjusted productivity growth. The result indicates that total factorproductivity growth is driven by technological change and social efficiency effects.Environmentally adjusted productivity growth is less than conventional productivity growth. Some policies to increase the environmentally adjusted productivity growth areproposed.Keywords: internalizing environmental cost, total factor productivity, rice production, scale effect, efficiency.
Exemption of Fiscal Exit Tax: Its Impact on International Flights and Tax Revenue Mariyono, Joko
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan: Kajian Masalah Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Vol 16, No 1 (2015): JEP Juni 2015
Publisher : Universitas Muhammdaiyah Surakarta

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Fiscal tariff is considered as personal income tax, collected in advance when adult people who have been staying in Indonesia for more than 183 days go overseas. The magnitude of tariff was sometime much greater than the airfare itself, particularly for international flight to ASEAN member countries. This study aims to measure the impact of elimination of fiscal tariff applied to international flight passenger departing from Indonesia. Potential loss in government revenue from income tax and number of international passengers were analyzed. This study used descriptive and econometric methods. Annual and monthly time series data were collected for publication of the Indonesian Statistical Agency and Central Bank of Indonesia during the periods 2008-2012. The results show that the elimination of fiscal tariff did not affect the government revenue resulting from personal income tax. The impact of tariff elimination was to increase the rate in number of passengers going overseas.
USAHA MENURUNKAN PENGGUNAAN PESTISIDA KIMIA DENGAN PROGRAM PENGENDALIAN HAMA TERPADU Mariyono, Joko; Irham, Irham
Jurnal Manusia dan Lingkungan (Journal of People and Environment) Vol 8, No 1 (2001)
Publisher : Pusat Studi Lingkungan Hidup Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Pestisida kimia merupakan bahan beracun yang menyebabkan pencemaran lingkungan dan berbahaya bagi kesehatan manusia. Penggunaannya yang berlebihan telah menimbulkan biaya eksternal yang sangat tinggi. Sejak tahun 1989 Pemerintah Indonesia telah berusaha mengurangi penggunaan pestisida kimia melalui program Pengendalian Hama Terpadu (PHT) Untuk mengetahui dampak program PHT, digunakan fungsi permintaan pestisida kimia. Analisis ini menggunakan data sekunder selama sembilan tahun yang diambil dari empat kabupaten wilayah Yogyakarta. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa  dampak program PHT telah berhasil mengurangi penggunaan pestisida kimia pada padi dan kedelai. Penurunan penggunaan pestisida kimia disebabkan oleh kenaikan harga dan penyebaran teknologi PHT. Turunnya penggunaan pestisida kimia ini akan meningkatkan kualitas lingkungan dan kesehatan manusia karena tersedia bahan pangan yang residu pestisida kimianya rendah.