Articles

Found 36 Documents
Search

Effects Of pH, Temperature And Salinity In Growth And Organic Acid Production Of Lactic Acid Bacteria Isolated From Penaeid Shrimp Intestine

ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 20, No 4 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Bakteri asam laktat telah lama dikembangkan sebagai probiotik. Penentuan kondisi lingkungan yang optimum untuk pertumbuhan sel serta asam organik memberikan gambaran aktivitas optimum untuk kinerja probiotik baik dalam sistem fisiologi inang maupun dalam sistem bioproses untuk produksi sel dan metabolit. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh faktor lingkungan (pH, suhu dan salinitas) terhadap pertumbuhan dan produksi total asam organik tiga isolat bakteri asam laktat yang telah diseleksi dari intestinum udang penaeid. Eksperimen menggunakan  medium deMan, Rogosa and Sharpe (MRS) cair. Perlakuan pH awal meliputi  nilai pH 4, 5 dan 6. Perlakuan suhu meliputi suhu 25, 30 dan 35OC serta perlakuan salinitas  meliputi salinitas 0,75 %, 1,5 % dan 3 %.  Setiap interval 6 jam dilakukan pengambilan sampel kultur bakteri dan penghitungan pertumbuhan berdasarkan perubahan optical density (pada panjang gelombang 600 nm) sedangkan produksi asam laktat dianalisis dengan metode titrimetrik menggunakan NaOH 1 N sebagai larutan titrasinya. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian disimpulkan bahwa suhu, pH awal dan salinitas berpengaruh terhadap pertumbuhan dan produksi asam organik. Nilai kondisi lingkungan terbaik untuk pertumbuhan dapat berbeda dengan nilai terbaik untuk produksi asam organic. Hal ini ditunjukan oleh nilai laju pertumbuhan dan produksi asam laktat tertinggi dari tiga isolat uji terjadi pada suhu, pH awal dan salinitas yang berbeda.  Isolat L12 tumbuh optimum pada suhu 30oC, pH awal 6 dan salinitas 0,75%. Isolat L14 tumbuh optimum pada suhu 30oC, pH awal 6 dan salinitas 1.5%. Isolat L 21 tumbuh optimum pada suhu 30 oC, pH awal 6 dan salinitas 1.5%. Kata kunci: bakteri asam laktat, suhu, pH, salinitas, asamorganik, pertumbuhan, Lactic acid bacteria are widely distributed in intestinal tracts of various animals where they live as normal flora.Strains of lactic acid bacteria are the most common microbes employed as probiotics, The optimum condition for growth are important to mass production and to determined parameters most suitable for growth. The effects of  temperature, pH and salinity on the growth and production of lactic acid from the three shrimp intestinal lactic acid bacteria isolates were conducted using bacth culture in a flask. These variables for growth were determined based on the growth curves and lactic acid production. Data from the flask batch experiment demonstrated that the best initial pH and temperature  for growth of isolat L12 ,L14 and L21 were found to be pH 6 and 30 OC.  Salinity (NaCl concentration) 0,75% were the best for growth of isolat L12. Salnity  1,5 % were best for growth of isolat L14 and L21. Key words : growth, temperature, pH, salinity, lactic aid bacteria

Kemampuan Kitinase Streptomyces RKt5 sebagai Antijamur terhadap Patogen Fusarium oxysporum

Jurnal Natur Indonesia Vol 14, No 01 (2011)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (272.537 KB)

Abstract

The purpose of the reasearch is to determine of antifungal activity from chitinase from Streptomyces RKt5 to inhibite growth of Fusariumoxysporum. The chitinase of Streptomyces RKt5 produced in liquid chitin medium with optimum conditions (inoculum concentration, pHand incubation time) and then partially purified with ammonium sulphate. The enzyme products were tested the antifungal activity againstF.oxysporum. The results showed that mycelial growth of F.oxysporum can be inhibited by Streptomyces RKt 5 in dual culture test. Thepartial purified chitinase enzyme couldn’t inhibit the fungal growth. But if the mycellium fragmented, the enzyme could degrade the fungalcell wall in incubation time. The frequency of fungal cell wall lysis and levels of N-acetylglucosamine released that have been increasingalong with the length of incubation time.

Purification and Characterization of ?-1,3-Glucanase from the Antagonistic Fungus Trichoderma reesei

HAYATI Journal of Biosciences Vol 16, No 3 (2009): September 2009
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (111.886 KB)

Abstract

Trichoderma enzymes that inhibit fungal cell walls have been suggested to play an important role in mycoparasitic action against fungal root rot pathogen Ganoderma philippii. This experiment was aimed to purify and characterize the ?-1,3-glucanase of T. reesei. Extracellular ?-1,3-glucanase was produced by growing mycoparasite T. reesei isolate T13 in colloidal chitin and sucrose as carbon sources. The enzyme was then purified to its homogeneity by precipitation with ammonium sulfate, followed by gel filtration chromatography and chromatofocusing. Sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) 12% was used to confirm the purity of enzyme at each stage of preparation and to characterize purified protein. The results showed that T. reesei produced at least three extracellular ?-1,3-glucanases. Estimation of molecular weight based on SDS-PAGE 12% have three isoform of ?-1,3-glucanase were 90 kDa for ?-1,3-glucanase-I, 75 kDa for ?-1,3-glucanase-II, and 64 kDa for ?-1,3-glucanase-III. Their optimum pH and temperature were 5 and 50 oC, respectively. Key words: ?-1,3-glucanase, Trichoderma reesei, Ganoderma philippii

Isolasi Dan Karakterisasi Bakteri Asam Laktat Dari Usus Udang Penghasil Bakteriosin Sebagai Agen Antibakteria Pada Produk-Produk Hasil Perikanan

SAINTEK PERIKANAN Vol 8, No 1 (2012): Jurnal Saintek Perikanan
Publisher : SAINTEK PERIKANAN

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (117.614 KB)

Abstract

Lactid Acid bacteria are capable of fermenting sugars or carbohydrates to produce lactic acid in large numbers. The characteristics of lactic acid bacteria in general are cells reacted positively to the Gram  stain, catalase react negatively and do not form spores. And fermentation of glucose would result Iaktat acid. Isolation of lactic acid bacteria carried in the intestines of three species of shrimp that Tiger Shrimp (Penaeus monodon), shrimp Seker (Metapenaopsis sp.), Guts White shrimp (Penaeus merguensis). Selection of bacteriocin -producing lactic acid bacteria were in a qualitative and semi-quantitative (pitting) in MRS medium. Selected isolates were identified by morphological characteristics, biochemical, physiological, A number of 209 isolates were isolated from three species of shrimp. The results of the qualitative selection there were 54 isolates produced bacteriocins. The results of the quantitative selection of 54 isolates produced 24 fine isolates.  From the 24 isolates there are 2 isolates seed SFE-7 (33) and P12A (25). Characteristics of seed isolates had morphological characteristics of spherical shape, cell arrangement tetrad, gram positive, negative motility. While the results of the biochemical approach to gram-negative, catalase negative,  homofermentative (no gas in the fermentation of glucose), can ferment D-Galactose, D-Glucose, D-mannose, D-lactose. Physiological approaches to isolate growth SFE-7 (33) and P12A (25) can be generated that both isolates able to live in the range of 4 ° C to 50 ° C, in the range of pH between 4-10, and able to grow at levels of 5-10% NaCl . Based on these characteristics can be inferred featured isolates was Pediococcus acidilactici   Key words: Lactid Acid Bacteria, intestine of shrimp, Pediococcus acidilactici

A Study on Production of Poly-β-Hydroxybutyrate Bioplastic from Sago Starch by Indigenous Amylolytic Bacteria

Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology Vol 18, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Bacillus sp. PSA10 and Bacillus sp. PPK5 were two indigenous strain amylolytic bacteria from SoutheastSulawesi that have ability to produce bioplastic poly-β-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) from sago starch. The study wasattempted to determine the mechanism of PHB production by bacteria amylolytic was grown on sago starchcontainingmedia. Two amylolytic bacteria i.e. Bacillus sp. PSA10 and Bacillus sp. PPK5 was grown for 168 hin a mineral salts medium with sago starch as carbon source. Growth of amylolytic bacteria was monitoredby cell dry weight. Extraction of PHB was done by N-hexane acetone-diethyl ether method and PHB contentwas quantifi ed with UV spectrophotometer at 235 nm. Glucose level was determined by using kit of glucoseGOD 10” and was quantifi ed with spectrophotometer at 500 nm. Sago starch concentration was determinedby phenol method using specthrophotometer at 490 nm. The result of the study showed that Bacillus sp.PSA10 was produced PHB up to 66,81 % (g PHB/g cell dry weight) at 48 h and Bacillus sp. PPK5 up to 24,83% (g PHB/g cell dry weight) at 84 h. Bacillus sp. PSA10 has ability to converse sago starch to be PHB directlywithout glucose accumulation in the media, whereas Bacillus sp. PPK5 have to accumulate glucose as productof sago starch hydrolysis to produce of PHB. PHB synthesis by Bacillus sp. PHB production on sago starchof the Bacillus sp. PSA10 was found to be growth-associated whereas Bacillus sp. PPK5 was found to be nongrowth-associated. Therefore, two indigenous amylolytic bacteria were having of difference in biosynthesismechanism of PHB in sago starch medium and their characteristics of PHB synthesis should be consideredin developing cultivation methods for the effi cient production of PHB.Keywords : Production, PHB, Amylolytic bacteria, Sago starch.

Production of Poly--hydroxybutyrate (PHB) from Sago Starch by The Native Isolate Bacillus megaterium PSA10

Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology Vol 14, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

A new bacterial strain that produces amylase and poly-a-hidroxybutyrate (PHB) using sago starch as carbon source was characterized and identified to be member of the Bacillus megaterium group based on phenotypic characteristics  and 16S rDNA gene sequences. Amylase activity was determined spectrophotometrically on the basis of substrate concentration reduction. PHB production was quantified with UV spectrophotometer. The polymer produced by B. megaterium PSA10 was identified by  Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The result of the study showed that the amylase specific activity B. megaterium PSA10 was 593,61 DUN/mg protein and PHB production from sago starch was 52,28 % of cell dry weight (CDW). FTIR analysis of the polymer indicated that the strain B.megaterium PSA10 was a potent PHB producer.

Purifi cation and Characterization of Protease From Bacillus sp. TBRSN- 1

Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology Vol 18, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Potato Cyst Nematode (PCN), Globodera rostochiensis, is one of the important potato’s pests and causedeconomic looses up to 70% in the several centrals of potato plantations in Indonesia. PCN’s shell componentof egg shell containing chitin (inner layer) and viteline/ protein (outer layer). The purpose of this researchwas to purify of protease Bacillus sp. TBRSN-1, isolate from tomato’s rhizosfer in Yogyakarta province. Thepurifi ed protease could be used for cutting the life cycle of PCN. Results showed that Bacillus sp. TBRSN-1could produce extracellular protease and purifi cation using DEAE-cellulose ion-exchange chromatographyand Sephacryl S-300 gel fi ltration chromatography resulted in specifi c activity 4.31 fold and 1.68% recovery.Analysing using SDS-PAGE 12.5% and molecular weight 48.1 kDa. Km and Vmax values of the protease forcasein substrate were 7.83 mg/ml and 4.03 μg/h, respectively. The optimum activity at the temperature30oC and pH 7.0.Keywords : protease, purifi cation, indigenous Bacillus sp. TBRSN-1

Isolation and Purifi cation of Chitinase Bacillus sp. D2 Isolated from Potato Rhizosfer

Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology Vol 17, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Potato Cyst Nematodes (Globodera rostochiensis) is one of the important potato’s pests and caused economic looses up to 70% in the several centrals of potato plantations in Indonesia. Potato Cyst Nematodes (PCN) shell component of egg shell containing chitin (inner layer) and vitelline/protein (outer layer), so the purpose of research was to fi nd out of chitin degrading bacteria for controlling of egg’s PCN by cutting of their life cycle. The results showed that Bacillus sp. D2 isolated from potato rhizosphere could produce extra cellular chitinase in the medium containing of 0.20% colloidal chitin and fermented for 72 hours. Result of chitinase purifi cation using ammonium sulphate precipitation and DEAE-Cellulose ion-exchange chromatography showed a specifi c activity 2691,052 U/mg and analyzing using SDS-PAGE 12.5% resulted in molecular weight 30 kDa. The apparent Km and Vmax of chitinase towards colloidal chitin were 2 mg/ml and 2.2 μg/h, respectively.  

Purification and Characterization of Streptomyces sp. IK Chitinase

Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology Vol 15, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Streptomyces sp. IK isolated from compost inoculants, could produce extra cellular chitinase in a medium containing 0.2% (w/v) colloidal chitin, fermented for 96 hours at 30oC. The enzyme was purified by a combination of ammonium sulphate precipitation and DEAE-Cellulose anion-exchange chromatography. On SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis analysis, the purified enzyme showed a mass of 71 kDa. Chitinase was optimally active at pH of 6.7 and at 37oC. Km value and Vmax of the protein for colloidal chitin were 2.92 mg/ml and 4.26 ìg/h, respectively.Key words : chitinase, Streptomyces, purification, characterization

Poly-β-Hydroxybutyrate (PHB) Production By Amylolytic Micrococcus sp. PG1 Isolated From Soil Polluted Arrowroot Starch Waste

Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology Vol 19, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Poly-β-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) production from amylolytic Micrococcus sp. PG1. Poly-β-hydroxybutyrate(PHB) is an organic polymer, which synthesized by many bacteria and serves as internal energy. PHB ispotential as future bioplastic but its price is very expensive due to glucose usage in PHB industry. Thedevelopment of PHB production using starch as an alternative carbon source has been conducted to reducethe dependence of glucose in PHB production. In this study, amylolytic bacteria from arrowroot processingsite were screened quantitavely based on amylase specifi c activity and PHB producing ability. The result of thestudy showed that among of 24 amylolytic isolates, 12 isolates of them were able to accumulate PHB rangedfrom 0,68-11,65% (g PHB/g cdw). The highest PHB production from substrate arrowroot starch was PG1 andafter optimization resulted in increasing of PHB production up to 16,8% (g PHB/g cdw) 40 hours incubationtime. Based on morphological, biochemical and physiological characters, the PG1 isolate was identifi ed asMicrococcus sp. PG1. Result of the FTIR analysis of produced polymer by Micrococcus sp. PG1 was indicatedas poly-β- hydroxybutyrate (PHB)