Syamsuar Manyullei
Bagian Kesehatan Lingkungan FKM Universitas Hasanudin, Makasar

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GAMBARAN FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PENDERITA KUSTA DI KECAMATAN TAMALATE KOTA MAKASSAR Manyullei, Syamsuar; Utama, Deddy Alif; Birawida, Agus Bintara
ARCHIVE OF COMMUNITY HEALTH Vol 1, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : ARCHIVE OF COMMUNITY HEALTH

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Abstract

Leprosy is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae. Based on data from PemerintahKota Makassar (2007), Tamalate sub district is an area in which new cases detection are quitehigh every year (Makassar as many as 15 cases per year). This research aims to explore the factorsassociated with lepers in the Tamalate District of Makassar. Determinants of lepers are knowledge,age, gender, physical contact and personal hygiene.This research is driven by observational study with descriptive approach. Study populationincludes all lepers living in Tamalate District and registered since January 2008 - December2011 from four health centers in the district. The sample is lepers currently on treatment or have completed treatment (RFT) aged ? 15 years. Thus, sampling method uses exhaustive samplingwith a sample size of 51 people and the data are analysed with univariate dan bivariate analysis.These results indicate that, 66.7% lepers have su?  cient knowledge about leprosy, 78.4% leperswere 15 years old or older when they began to be diagnosed as lepers, 60.8% lepers are male,84.3% lepers are at high risk of infected leprosy regarding to physical contact, and 49% lepershave good personal hygiene.Lepers have su?  cient of knowledge about leprosy, lepers were 15 years old or older when theybegan to be diagnosed as lepers. Most of lepers are male, lepers have good personal hygiene.Thus, this research recommends to increase health promotion on leprosy, minimize physicalcontact with lepers, and improve personal hygiene such as maintaining to wash hands.
PERBANDINGAN EFEKTIVITAS AIR PERASAN KULIT JERUK MANIS DAN TEMEPHOS TERHADAP KEMATIAN LARVA AEDES AEGYPTI Manyullei, Syamsuar; Ishak, Hasanuddin; Ekasari, Ranti
Media Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia Vol 11, No 1 (2015): MKMI MARET 2015
Publisher : Media Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia

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Abstract

Penggunaan larvasida merupakan salah satu cara untuk mengurangi jumlah larva Aedes aegypti yang dapat berkembang menjadi vektor penular penyakit DBD.Larvasida kimia yang paling sering digunakan adalah temephos,selain itu adapula larvasida alami yang dapat digunakan,yaitu air perasan kulit jeruk manis.Penelitian ini bertujuan membandingkan efektivitas larvasida kimia,yaitu temephos dan air perasan kulit jeruk manis.Jenis penelitian yang dilakukan adalah penelitian eksperimentalmurni dengan rancangan penelitian post-test only with control group design. Jumlah sampel yang digunakan sebesar 1450 larva Aedes aegypti instar III-IV. Replikasi dilakukan sebanyak 10 kali menggunakan analisis probit diawalidengan uji pendahuluan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa air perasan kulit jeruk manis dengan konsentrasi 2,81% (LC) dapat membunuh 84,4% larva dengan LT 9595 sebesar 1568,54 menit. Namun, temephos dapat membunuh larva sebesar 91,6% dengan dosis 0,69 mg/L (LD95) serta nilai LT dari temephos adalah 1379,23 menit. Ada hubungan yang signifikan (p=0,000) antara pemberian kedua jenis larvasida dalam mematikan larva Aedes aegypti. Tidak terdapat perbedaan efektivitas yangsignifikan antara air perasan kulit jeruk manis dan temephos untuk mematikan larva Aedes aegypti baik dari segi rata-rata kematian (p=0,075) maupun dari segi rata-rata lama waktu kematian larva (p=0,161).Kata kunci : Aedes aegypti, air perasan kulit jeruk manis, temephos 95
Hubungan Pola Asuh Dalam Perspektif Islam Terhadap Kejadian Kecacingan Pada Anak Sekolah Dasar Islam Terpadu (SDIT) Wihdatul Ummah Kota Makassar Kamariah, Siti; Manyullei, Syamsuar; Bujawati, Emmi
HIGIENE: Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Vol 2, No 2 (2016): Kesehatan Lingkungan
Publisher : UIN Alauddin Makassar

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Helminthiasis is one of the public health problems in Indonesia because its prevalence nature is still quite high, as it is found that children under five and children in primary school (SD) have higher prevalence. Personal hygiene is one of an important factor of the transmission of this disease. This research aims to know the relationship between parenting in Islamic perspective (habit to cut their nails, wash their hands, to use footwear and bowel habits) and the intestinal worms in SDIT Wihdatul Ummah Makassar City. This research is observational analytic study with cross-sectional design. The number of samples as many as 89 people. This samplesare chosen by using purposive sampling technique. The results of the study showed that 3.4 percent of respondents, intestinal worms. The results of research also showed that is no significant relationship between the parenting in Islam perspective of helminthiasis in children at SDIT Wihdatul Ummah Makassar City. However, there is a significant relationship between wearing any footwear (p = 0.005) and the intestinal worms in children at SDIT Wihdatul Ummah Makassar City. It is suggested that the need for guidance and providing information media urge people to always wear footwear outside the room. This habit shows a significant relationship toward intestinal worms. Keywords : helminthiasis, parenting in Islamic perspective, elementary school student 
Kesehatan Lingkungan Udara Ruang Rawat Inap Rumah Sakit Syekh Yusuf Kabupaten Gowa Jayanti, Lisa; Manyullei, Syamsuar; Bujawati, Emmi
HIGIENE: Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Vol 2, No 1 (2016): Kesehatan Lingkungan
Publisher : UIN Alauddin Makassar

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Abstract

The hospital is a place where ill people are treated and placed in a very close distance. In this place patients receive therapy and treatment to recover. Hospital is not only a place to get recovered but also a depot for various diseases that come from the patient or from a visitor who is a carrier. Germs can live and thrive in hospital environment covering the whole area, like air, water, flooring, food and both medical and non medical. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors that influence the quality object of inpatient room sanitation of District General Hospital with an exposure Sheikh Yusuf room temperature, humidity, inspection and measurement number of bacteria PM2,5 and PM10 dust particles. This is a descriptive research with 5 types room of population and two rooms of sample in Syekh Yusuf regional hospital. The result of the exposure/lighting measurement both treatment room I and II are not eligible and the humadity is not either as well germs measurement. The measurements of dust particle PM2,5 and PM10 in both treatment room I and II is eligble based on the decree of health ministry of RI number 1204/Menkes/SK/2004 regarding with condition of hospitasl environment health. Therefore, it is to advisible that hospital does room cleaning process on a regular basis in inpatient room.Keywords : lighting, room temperature, room humidity, Figures Germs, dust and PM10 PM2,5 
PERBANDINGAN EFEKTIVITAS AIR PERASAN KULIT JERUK MANIS DAN TEMEPHOS TERHADAP KEMATIAN LARVA AEDES AEGYPTI Manyullei, Syamsuar; Ishak, Hasanuddin; Ekasari, Ranti
Media Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia Vol 11, No 1: MARET 2015
Publisher : Faculty Of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30597/mkmi.v11i1.512

Abstract

Penggunaan larvasida merupakan salah satu cara untuk mengurangi jumlah larva Aedes aegypti yang dapat berkembang menjadi vektor penular penyakit DBD. Larvasida kimia yang paling sering digunakan adalah temephos, selain itu adapula larvasida alami yang dapat digunakan, yaitu air perasan kulit jeruk manis. Penelitian ini bertujuan membandingkan efektivitas larvasida kimia, yaitu temephos dan air perasan kulit jeruk manis. Jenis penelitian yang dilakukan adalah penelitian eksperimental murni dengan rancangan penelitian post-test only with control group design. Jumlah sampel yang digunakan sebesar 1450 larva Aedes aegypti instar III-IV. Replikasi dilakukan sebanyak 10 kali menggunakan analisis probit diawali dengan uji pendahuluan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa air perasan kulit jeruk manis dengan konsentrasi 2,81% (LC95) dapat membunuh 84,4% larva dengan LT95 sebesar 1568,54 menit. Namun, temephos dapat membunuh larva sebesar 91,6% dengan dosis 0,69 mg/L (LD95) serta nilai LT95 dari temephos adalah 1379,23 menit. Ada hubungan yang signifikan (p=0,000) antara pemberian kedua jenis larvasida dalam mematikan larva Aedes aegypti. Tidak terdapat perbedaan efektivitas yang signifikan antara air perasan kulit jeruk manis dan temephos untuk mematikan larva Aedes aegypti baik dari segi rata-rata kematian (p=0,075) maupun dari segi rata-rata lama waktu kematian larva (p=0,161).