Ida Bagoes Mantra
Dosen Fakultas Geografi dan Staf PPK UGM

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Population and environment in Indonesia

Indonesian Journal of Geography Vol 21, No 61 (1991): Indonesian Journal of Geography
Publisher : Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

The present environmental situation is not compatible with our expectations. Pollution, erosion, floods and droughts have hit many parts of the world, and these disasters give us reflections on how serious are the environmental problems that befalls this planet of ours. In meeting its needs, mankind has exploited the environment to the utmost without caring about environmental conservation. Moreover, with the population explosion after the 1950s and the dependency of life upon the natural processes, the cultivated land to be inherited by future generations has gradually become increasingly barren and fertile.Efforts are absolutely necessary to check increasing population growth rates, to raise the standard of living for all people and to arouse and awareness of sustainable development policies so that a compability between development activities and environment can be achieved.

STRATEGI RUMAH TANGGA TRANSMIGRAN DALAM MEMENUHI KEBUTUHAN DASAR DI PROVINSI SUMATERA SELATAN (TRANSMIGRANT HOUSEHOLD STRATEGY IN ORDER TO FULFIL THE BASIC NEED IN SOUTH SUMATERA PROVINCE)

Agro Ekonomi Vol 9, No 2 (2002): DESEMBER 2002
Publisher : Department of Agricultural Socio-Economics Faculty of Agriculture Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

The objective of this research is to know the household strategy in order to fulfill the household the basic need. The research is done in South Sumatra Province with on settlement unit sample there are taken purposively based on the up land and low land, the new (maximum for seven years) and old settlement (more then seven years). The samples of households are taken randomly from each unit at about 15% from the population.The method of analysis are using regression OLS, and using coefficient variation.Permanent consumption is on the primary food level while temporary consumption consist of clothes, education, furniture, er cetera. In old settlement, permanent income in up land comes from the farm and off farm, while in low land comes only from the farm. The short-term strategy is that because of the limitation (Oransmigrans income, they postpone or sacrifice the other necessities. The longterm strategy will change due to the growing age of the settlement from only specializing on food crop to cash crop. However, the age of settlement studied is not enough to grow perennial cash crop.

MOBILITAS PENDUDUK DI PROPINSI BALI SEBELUM DAN SEMASA KRISIS MONETER BESERTA DAMPAKNYA

Populasi Vol 9, No 2 (1998): Desember
Publisher : Pusat Studi Kependudukan dan Kebijakan, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

The relatively low negative impact of the Indonesian economic crisis on the province of Bali is due to the ability of the agriculture and tourist industry in the province to sustain this impact. The price of non food crop production such as cloves, coffee, cocoa, and cashew nuts is very high, and this is partially as a result of the stable peace and security enjoyed by the province. The high trend of foreign and national tourist to Bali which had declined drastically because of the demonstrations and chaos in some cities on the Java Island, has no once again picked up momentum.The prevailing peace and stability in the Island of Bali is utilised by the Indonesian Chinese have taken asylum in this province as their houses and property in the other provinces were burnt and destroyed in the previous upheavals. The exodus of Chinese to Bali during that crisis led to a Bali during that crisis led to a negative impact on the population, economic, and cultural sector of the province.

PROFIL PENDUDUK INDONESIA MENJELANG ERA TINGGAL LANDAS

Populasi Vol 2, No 1 (1991): Juni
Publisher : Pusat Studi Kependudukan dan Kebijakan, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

The most important factor of population development during the Second Long-Term Development (PJP 77) is the development of human resources, which is, in  turn, one of the most essential element of development next to natural resources and technology. Before the development of human resources is carried out, the conditions of the human resources themselves should be first detected and indentified.Taking notes of the 1990 population data, it has been concluded that the profile of the population of Indonesia has improved substantially. The population structure of the younger age group has been gradually left behind in accordance with the decline of the population growth rate. Bothbirth and mortality rates have dropped as the result of the significant improvement of the family planning and community - health programs. Spontaneous migration among regions of Indonesia has also increased inaccordance with the development progress,the transport infrastructure, and the populationmobility from rural to urban areas. The value of human quality, even though has experienced some increase, is still considered lowso far.The characteristics of population demography need serioues considerations to be able to improve the efforts to promote the humanwuality of the country.

PERUBAHAN STRUKTUR PENDUDUK AKIBAT PEMBANGIUNAN INDUSTRI PARIWISATA DI PROPINSI BALI

Populasi Vol 4, No 1 (1993): Juni
Publisher : Pusat Studi Kependudukan dan Kebijakan, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Tourism industry in the Province of Bali has rapidly developed lately. This has consequently led to the increase of the number of both foreign and domestic tourist who come to visit Bali.The rapid development of tourist industry in Bali has certain impact on the existing demograpgic structure. As an example, the populatuin growth in the tourist areas has increased considerably caused by the number of migrants who came to the region. Most of these people are non-permanent migrants of which the exact number is never known. If prior to the 1970s the population were clustered in the fertile regions, the population distribution has now changed to following the distribution of tourist industry.Tourist industry may stimulate the people of the rural areas to utilize the present existing economic opportunities. Development both in phusycal an non-physycal aspect in the rural areas is followed by the improvement of transport facilities. These close relations have positively influenced the slight demographic structural difference between urban and rural.

DAMPAK INDUSTRI PARIWISATA TERHADAP KEHIDUPAN SOSIAL BUDAYA DI UBUD BALI

Populasi Vol 1, No 2 (1990): Desember
Publisher : Pusat Studi Kependudukan dan Kebijakan, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Sesuai dengan naskah aslinya, tulisan belum dilengkapi dengan abstraksi.

REALITAS KEKERASAN PEKERJA PEREMPUAN DAN KONSEKUENSI PERLINDUNGAN HUKUM

Populasi Vol 12, No 2 (2001): Desember
Publisher : Pusat Studi Kependudukan dan Kebijakan, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

This study deals with Indonesian female workers migration especially on the case of workers security and workers violence. The study is carried out at Cilacap Regency with the research samples in Donan, Jojog and Kuta Waru Vilage in the area of Central Cilacap sub-district. This study is design to explore the phenomena of international female workers migration regarding the security and violence issues in the whole of migration process. The value of this research is desired to be raw material, which is, can be a positive requirement in formulating the role of international migration policy. The facts shows that the program of international labor sending since 1980s was lacked of security that can be protecting migrant workers, especially female migrants. This condition causes that Indonesian (female) migrants tend to be marginal workers in destination countries.

POLA DAN ARAH MIGRASI PENDUDUK ANTAR PROPINSI DI INDONESIA TAHUN 1990

Populasi Vol 3, No 2 (1992): Desember
Publisher : Pusat Studi Kependudukan dan Kebijakan, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Inter provincial migration in Indonesia has long been known. The 1990 Population Census of Indonesia reveals that throughout the provincies of Indonesia the birth place of most of the inhabitants was not the province where they now live. The number of these migrants kept increasing, and had reached 14.8 million by the year 1990.The size of the flow of migrants to a certainprovince is very much influenced by the upsand downs of the development of the province since their reasons to migrate are mostly due to economic matters. Since most of the development of Indonesia has been intensified in the northern and eastern parts of the country, it has been observed that since 1990 there has been an increasing flow of migrants heading to these areas.On the whole, migrants preferred to go to the cities rather than to the rural areas. Nevertheless, in the provinces out side Jawa and Bali most people preferred to migrate to the rural areas.