Articles

Found 10 Documents
Search

PHYSIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS RELATED TO CARBON SEQUESTRATION OF TREE SPECIES IN HIGHLAND FOREST ECOSYSTEM OF MOUNT HALIMUN-SALAK NATIONAL PARK Hidayati, Nuril; Mansur, M.; Juhaeti, Titi
Indonesian Journal of Forestry Research Vol 9, No 2 (2012): Journal of Forestry Research
Publisher : Secretariat of Forestry Research and Development Agency

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Biological diversity can have significant contribution to reduce the build-up of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. The trees in a forest stand form an essential part in the functioning of the terrestrial biosphere, especially in the carbon cycle. Yet tree photosynthesis is far less studied than crop photosynthesis for several reasons: the large number of species; difficulty in measuring photosynthesis of entire trees or of forest stands. This research aims to assess the contribution of biological diversity in carbon sequestration by analyzing the physiological characteristics (photosynthesis, transpiration, stomatal conductance, leaf chlorophyll content) of species native to tropical highland forest ecosystem of Mount Halimun-Salak National Park. The results showed that there was a wide range of variation of CO2 assimilation rate between tree species. The overall CO2 absorption rate ranged 1.1913 - 31.3875 µmolm-2 s-1, the highest rate was reached by Lithocarpus sp. (pasang parengpeng) (31.3875 µmolm-2 s-1)followed by Litsea noronhae(huru lumlum) (21.5750 µmolm-2 s-1), Saurauia nudiflora (kilebo) (11.8175 µmolm-2 s-1), Vernonia arborea (hamirung) (6.7125 µmolm-2 s-1) and Litsea.sp. (huru bodas) (6.2725 µmolm2 s-1). The rate of CO assimilation was affected by incident radiation and thus the photon flux (Q leaf). Correlation between CO assimilation and Q leaf under certain environmental condition was considerably high. Incident radiation and Q leaf also affected stomatal conductance and thus rate of transpiration.
VARIASI SERAPAN KARBONDIOKSIDA (CO2) JENIS-JENIS POHON DI “ECOPARK”, CIBINONG DAN KAITANNYA DENGAN POTENSI MITIGASI GAS RUMAH KACA Hidayati, Nuril; Mansur, M.; Juhaeti, Titi
Buletin Kebun Raya Vol 16, No 1 (2013): Buletin Kebun Raya Vol. 16 (1) Januari 2013
Publisher : Center for Plant Conservation Bogor Botanic Garden, Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

This research aims to assess the contribution of biological diversity in CO2 absorption by analyzing the physiological characteristics (CO2 absorption, transpiration, stomatal conductance, leaf chlorophyll content) of tree species in a conservation area of “Ecopark”, Cibinong. The results were meant to provide information on CO2 absorption of some tree species suitable for revegetation. The results showed that there was a wide range of variation of CO2 assimilation rate among tree species. The overall CO2 assimilation rate ranged from 2.86 to 16.45  µmolm-2s-1. The highest CO2 absorption was Pometia pinnata (16.45  molm-2s-1), followed by Garcinia xanthochymus (11.40 µmolm-2s-1), Syzygium polyanthum (10.99 µmolm-2s-1), Syzygium polycepaliodes (10.89 µmolm-2s-1), and Palaquium obtusifolium (10.41 µmolm-2s-1). Transpiration rate was recorded between  1.29 mmolm-2s-1 (Maniltoa grandiflora)  and 7.85 mmolm-2s-1 (Euphoria longan). The rate of CO2 assimilation was affected by solar radiation and thus the quantum leaf (Q leaf), stomatal conductance, as well as leaf chlorophyll content. Trees species that have characteristics of high CO2 absortion and efficient in maintaining water balance (low transpiration rate), are suitable for green house gas mitigation.  
IMPLEMENTATION OF FULL DAY SCHOOL BASED ON ISLAMIC CULTURE FOR STRENGTHENING THE RELIGIOUS CHARACTER OF STUDENTS IN MATSASURBA MALANG Sidrah, Nurul; Mansur, M.
Jurnal Civic Hukum Vol 4, No 2 (2019): November 2019
Publisher : Civic Education Department, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, University of Muham

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22219/jch.v4i2.9187

Abstract

ABSTRACTThe purpose of this research is to find out and describe (1) the concept and implementation of full day school based on Islamic culture for strengthening religious character of students at the Islamic Junior High School Surya Buana Malang (2) the inhibiting and supporting factors, (3) the solutions to deal with the inhibiting factors that emerging. This research method uses descriptive research with a qualitative approach, collecting data through observation, interviews, and documentation. Data were analyzed qualitatively, through stages of data collection, data reduction, data presentation, and data verification, along with data validity techniques using triangulation techniques. The result of this study showed that (1) the concept of full day school that applied is islamic full day school by focusing on strengthening the religious character of students. The implementationof full day school based on Islamic culture aims to make to make students have good character through the habituation that is carried out since students enter school until after school. (2) the inhibiting factors consist of diverse inputs, location and school regulations. Supporting factors consist of internal and external support. (3) the solutions to deal with the inhibiting factors that emerging is to provide special guidance, increase religious activities, comunnication and cooperation with parents of students.
VARIASI SERAPAN KARBONDIOKSIDA (CO2) JENIS-JENIS POHON DI “ECOPARK”, CIBINONG DAN KAITANNYA DENGAN POTENSI MITIGASI GAS RUMAH KACA Hidayati, Nuril; Mansur, M.; Juhaeti, Titi
Buletin Kebun Raya Vol 16, No 1 (2013): Buletin Kebun Raya Vol. 16 (1) January 2013
Publisher : Center for Plant Conservation Bogor Botanic Garden, Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

This research aims to assess the contribution of biological diversity in CO2 absorption by analyzing the physiological characteristics (CO2 absorption, transpiration, stomatal conductance, leaf chlorophyll content) of tree species in a conservation area of “Ecopark”, Cibinong. The results were meant to provide information on CO2 absorption of some tree species suitable for revegetation. The results showed that there was a wide range of variation of CO2 assimilation rate among tree species. The overall CO2 assimilation rate ranged from 2.86 to 16.45  µmolm-2s-1. The highest CO2 absorption was Pometia pinnata (16.45  molm-2s-1), followed by Garcinia xanthochymus (11.40 µmolm-2s-1), Syzygium polyanthum (10.99 µmolm-2s-1), Syzygium polycepaliodes (10.89 µmolm-2s-1), and Palaquium obtusifolium (10.41 µmolm-2s-1). Transpiration rate was recorded between  1.29 mmolm-2s-1 (Maniltoa grandiflora)  and 7.85 mmolm-2s-1 (Euphoria longan). The rate of CO2 assimilation was affected by solar radiation and thus the quantum leaf (Q leaf), stomatal conductance, as well as leaf chlorophyll content. Trees species that have characteristics of high CO2 absortion and efficient in maintaining water balance (low transpiration rate), are suitable for green house gas mitigation.  
PHYSIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS RELATED TO CARBON SEQUESTRATION OF TREE SPECIES IN HIGHLAND FOREST ECOSYSTEM OF MOUNT HALIMUN-SALAK NATIONAL PARK Hidayati, Nuril; Mansur, M.; Juhaeti, Titi
Indonesian Journal of Forestry Research Vol 9, No 2 (2012): Journal of Forestry Research
Publisher : Secretariat of Forestry Research and Development Agency

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20886/ijfr.2012.9.2.49-61

Abstract

Biological diversity can have significant contribution to reduce the build-up of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. The trees in a forest stand form an essential part in the functioning of the terrestrial biosphere, especially in the carbon cycle. Yet tree photosynthesis is far less studied than crop photosynthesis for several reasons: the large number of species; difficulty in measuring photosynthesis of entire trees or of forest stands. This research aims to assess the contribution of biological diversity in carbon sequestration by analyzing the physiological characteristics (photosynthesis, transpiration, stomatal conductance, leaf chlorophyll content) of species native to tropical highland forest ecosystem of Mount Halimun-Salak National Park. The results showed that there was a wide range of variation of CO2 assimilation rate between tree species. The overall CO2 absorption rate ranged 1.1913 - 31.3875 µmolm-2 s-1, the highest rate was reached by Lithocarpus sp. (pasang parengpeng) (31.3875 µmolm-2 s-1)followed by Litsea noronhae(huru lumlum) (21.5750 µmolm-2 s-1), Saurauia nudiflora (kilebo) (11.8175 µmolm-2 s-1), Vernonia arborea (hamirung) (6.7125 µmolm-2 s-1) and Litsea.sp. (huru bodas) (6.2725 µmolm2 s-1). The rate of CO assimilation was affected by incident radiation and thus the photon flux (Q leaf). Correlation between CO assimilation and Q leaf under certain environmental condition was considerably high. Incident radiation and Q leaf also affected stomatal conductance and thus rate of transpiration.
ANALISIS PENERAPAN PENDIDIKAN MULTIKULTURAL DALAM MENCIPTAKAN TOLERANSI ANTAR UMAT BERAGAMA DI SMP IMMANUEL BATU Adawiyah, Rubiyatul; Mansur, M.; Handayani, Trisakti
Jurnal Civic Hukum Vol 4, No 1 (2019): Mei 2019
Publisher : Civic Education Department, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, University of Muham

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22219/jch.v4i1.9166

Abstract

ABSTRAK             Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis (1) penerapan pendidikan multikultural di SMP Immanuel Batu; (2) toleransi antar umat beragama di SMP Immanuel Batu; (3) faktor pendukung dan penghambat penerapan sikap toleransi atar umat beragama di SMP Immanuel Batu. Rumusan masalah dalam penelitian ini antara lain:(1) bagaimana penerapan pendidikan multikultural di SMP Immanuel Batu; (2) bagaimana toleransi antar umat beragama di SMP Immanuel Batu; (3) apa faktor pendukung dan penghambat dalam penerapan sikap toleransi antar umat beragama di SMP Immanuel Batu. Metode penelitian menggunakan jenis penelitian kualitatif dengan pendekatan fenomenologi. Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui observasi, wawancara dan dokumentasi. Analisis data meliputi pengumpulan data, reduksi data, penyajian data dan penarikan kesimpulan. Hasil penelitian: (1) penerapan pendidikan multikultural diterapkan dalam setiap proses pembelajaran baik di dalam kelas di luar kelas ataupun di dalam sekolah dan di luar sekolah, bentuk diterapkannya pendidikan multikultural yakni diadakannya even-even, keagamaan, hari kartini, dan bulan bahasa. (2) Bentuk toleransi antar umat beragama yakni adanya kebebasan dalam menjalankan syariat agama yang dianut oleh masing-masing siswa, strategi agar toleransi beragama selalu diterapkan yakni dengan adanya kasih dan pembiasan. (3) Fator pendukung penerapan toleransi beragama di SMP Immanuel Batu yakni adanya fasilitas pendukung untuk beribadah, faktor pengambat sering muncul dari guru dan peserta didik itu sendiri.
Genetic Diversity of Bali Cattle in Barru Regency Based on Phenotype Characteristics and Microsatelite DNA Identifier Mansur, M.; Mahmud, A. T. B. Astuti; Dagong, M. I. A.; Rahim, L.; Bugiwati, Rr. S.R. A.; Baco, S.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 4, No 3 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Sapi Bali is one of Indonesia germplasm, which has great potential to be developed as a national meat suppliers. Barru regency, South Sulawesi province is one of the purification center of Bali cattle in Indonesia. This study aimed to determine the genetic characteristics of Bali cattle in Barru regency based on identification of phenotype qualitative (horn shape and color of feathers) and quantitative traits (body size), as well as the identifier of microsatellite DNA diversity, in particular HEL9 and INRA035loci. Bali cattle phenotype characterization was done by identifying the typical qualitative properties owned by Bali cattle, as well as a quantitative trait such as body weight, body length, chest circumference and height. Blood samples were collected from about 80 heads of Bali cattle (35 males and 45 females). Extraction of genomic DNA using a DNA extraction kit (GeneJet Genomic DNA Extraction). PCR technique was then used to amplify DNA in microsatellite HEL9 and INRA035loci. Genetic diversity was calculated based on the frequency of alleles and genotypes, observed heterozygosity (Ho), expectated heterozygosity (He) and the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The results showed that the predominant form of horns in males were silak bajeg while the females were silak manggulgangsa, while the percentage of normal color pattern (typical of Bali cattle) was 92.5% and the color pattern deviates ie. 7.5%. In HEL9 locus, alleles found were A and B with only AB genotype(100%). While at the INRA035 locus,were found three alleles ie. A (0.4813), B (0.50) and C (0.0187), with the most common genotype were AB (0.96). Based on shape horn and feather color, the phenotype characteristic  of Bali cattle in the Barru regency were quite diverse, but the genetic diversity of DNA microsatellite observed quite low with only found two alleles (A and B) at HEL9 and 3 alleles (A, B and C ) at the INRA035 locus.
PHYSIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS RELATED TO CARBON SEQUESTRATION OF TREE SPECIES IN HIGHLAND FOREST ECOSYSTEM OF MOUNT HALIMUN-SALAK NATIONAL PARK Hidayati, Nuril; Mansur, M.; Juhaeti, Titi
Indonesian Journal of Forestry Research Vol 9, No 2 (2012): Journal of Forestry Research
Publisher : Secretariat of Forestry Research and Development Agency

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20886/ijfr.2012.9.2.49-61

Abstract

Biological diversity can have significant contribution to reduce the build-up of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. The trees in a forest stand form an essential part in the functioning of the terrestrial biosphere, especially in the carbon cycle. Yet tree photosynthesis is far less studied than crop photosynthesis for several reasons: the large number of species; difficulty in measuring photosynthesis of entire trees or of forest stands. This research aims to assess the contribution of biological diversity in carbon sequestration by analyzing the physiological characteristics (photosynthesis, transpiration, stomatal conductance, leaf chlorophyll content) of species native to tropical highland forest ecosystem of Mount Halimun-Salak National Park. The results showed that there was a wide range of variation of CO2 assimilation rate between tree species. The overall CO2 absorption rate ranged 1.1913 - 31.3875 µmolm-2 s-1, the highest rate was reached by Lithocarpus sp. (pasang parengpeng) (31.3875 µmolm-2 s-1)followed by Litsea noronhae(huru lumlum) (21.5750 µmolm-2 s-1), Saurauia nudiflora (kilebo) (11.8175 µmolm-2 s-1), Vernonia arborea (hamirung) (6.7125 µmolm-2 s-1) and Litsea.sp. (huru bodas) (6.2725 µmolm2 s-1). The rate of CO assimilation was affected by incident radiation and thus the photon flux (Q leaf). Correlation between CO assimilation and Q leaf under certain environmental condition was considerably high. Incident radiation and Q leaf also affected stomatal conductance and thus rate of transpiration.
Ibn ‘Arabi’s View on Love Mansur, M.
Jurnal Hikmatuna Vol 3 No 1 (2017): HIKMATUNA: Journal for Integrative Islamic Studies, June 2017
Publisher : Postgraduate Program Islamic State Institute of Pekalongan for Islamic Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.28918/hikmatuna.v3i1.1054

Abstract

Scholars seem to have been interested in the world of Sufism since long time ago. Some of them have begun to study about Sufism deeply, and the results are different; some of them have gotten objective one but unfortunately, some have been mistaken. Ibn ‘Arabi is one of the prominent Sufis whom they put as the object study. He is indeed controversial for his statements. However many Sufis entitled him as the great master, “Syaikh Al-Akbar”, the title which never been given to any Sufis after him and before him. Recently his thought has been regarded carrying on it the idea of pantheism, transcendentalism, and even pluralism. Some scholars use his oft-quoted ode which contains that he followed “religion of love”, “…Adinu Bidin Al Hub Anna Tawajjahat Rakayibuhu Fal Hubbu Dini Wa Imani…”, to back up their concept. According to them no matter what religion it is, as long as it stands on love, those religions lead to the same summit. And this would have to be revised for Ibn ‘Arabi never meant that. Based on the case mentioned above, the writer tries to study Ibn ‘Arabi’s thought especially about his view on love to find out whether that accusation on him true or false. To get better result in his study, the writer collects some data which are related to this study which consist of Ibn ‘Arabi’s works and some other commentaries on him written by some scholars. Later, those data will be analyzed using integrated methods i.e.; descriptive method, analytical method, and critical method.                                                                                                  The writer concludes some important points which have to be noticed well. That Ibn ‘Arabi’s entire concepts are based on his wahdatul wujud includes his concept of love. As well as his wahdatul wujud, his view on love doesn’t stand for any idea of pantheist nor transcendentalist, nor even pluralist. According to him, Allah SWT is the source of all love which evokes another love that he divided into four divisions. And then he discussed that love is such fitrah of poverty (al iftiqar) toward Allah SWT which exists in the deepest of human soul, and it is beauty which make people love Allah SWT because He Almighty is beautiful. Further, Ibn ‘Arabi stated emphatically that he followed “religion of love” which refers to religion (al din) based on love brought by Muhammad SAW for Allah SWT loves Him SAW. Finally, the writer comes to a conclusion that to love Allah SWT is to love His Almighty Messenger, Muhammad SAW, because it is the essence of loving Him Almighty. And to love Muhammad SAW is to follow his orders and to stay away from his prohibitions which are written in his laws (syari’at) which determined by Allah SWT. Thus, what Ibn ‘Arabi and other Sufis as such Al Ghazali suggested in their works.
Genetic Diversity of Bali Cattle in Barru Regency Based on Phenotype Characteristics and Microsatelite DNA Identifier Mansur, M.; Mahmud, A. T. B. Astuti; Dagong, M. I. A.; Rahim, L.; Bugiwati, Rr. S.R. A.; Baco, S.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 4, No 3 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Sapi Bali is one of Indonesia germplasm, which has great potential to be developed as a national meat suppliers. Barru regency, South Sulawesi province is one of the purification center of Bali cattle in Indonesia. This study aimed to determine the genetic characteristics of Bali cattle in Barru regency based on identification of phenotype qualitative (horn shape and color of feathers) and quantitative traits (body size), as well as the identifier of microsatellite DNA diversity, in particular HEL9 and INRA035loci. Bali cattle phenotype characterization was done by identifying the typical qualitative properties owned by Bali cattle, as well as a quantitative trait such as body weight, body length, chest circumference and height. Blood samples were collected from about 80 heads of Bali cattle (35 males and 45 females). Extraction of genomic DNA using a DNA extraction kit (GeneJet Genomic DNA Extraction). PCR technique was then used to amplify DNA in microsatellite HEL9 and INRA035loci. Genetic diversity was calculated based on the frequency of alleles and genotypes, observed heterozygosity (Ho), expectated heterozygosity (He) and the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The results showed that the predominant form of horns in males were silak bajeg while the females were silak manggulgangsa, while the percentage of normal color pattern (typical of Bali cattle) was 92.5% and the color pattern deviates ie. 7.5%. In HEL9 locus, alleles found were A and B with only AB genotype(100%). While at the INRA035 locus,were found three alleles ie. A (0.4813), B (0.50) and C (0.0187), with the most common genotype were AB (0.96). Based on shape horn and feather color, the phenotype characteristic  of Bali cattle in the Barru regency were quite diverse, but the genetic diversity of DNA microsatellite observed quite low with only found two alleles (A and B) at HEL9 and 3 alleles (A, B and C ) at the INRA035 locus.