Masrizal Dt Mangguang
Program Studi Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Andalas Padang
Articles
3
Documents
Analisis Epidemologi Penyakit Demam Berdarah Dengue melalui Pendekatan Spasial Temporal dan Hubungannya degan Faktor Iklim di Kota Padang Tahun 2008-2010

FIKI 2013 No 1 (2013): FIKI 2013
Publisher : FIKI 2013

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Latar Belakang: Penyakit DBD (Demam Berdarah Dengue) merupakan penyakitmenular yang masih menjadi masalah nasional di bidang kesehatan masyarakatyang cenderung meningkat dan semakin luas penyebarannya. Fenomenapemanasan global dan perubahan iklim diperkirakan akan meningkatkan jumlahkasus DBD di Kota Padang. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui gambaranspasial dan temporal kejadian penyakit DBD serta mengetahui hubungan faktoriklim dengan kejadian DBD di Kota Padang.Metode: Desain penelitian ini adalah studi ekologi dengan jenis Times SeriesStudy. Data yang digunakan berupa data sekunder kasus DBD dan data faktoriklim yang meliputi suhu, kecepatan angin, kelembaban, dan curah hujan di KotaPadang.Hasil: Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa, secara umum semua kecamatan diKota Padang tergolong daerah yang endemis DBD.Kasus DBD di Kota Padangtahun 2008 – 2010 senantiasa mengalami fluktuasi. Kekuatan hubungan suhudengan kejadian DBD sedang (r = 0,471), berpola negatif, dan tidak terdapathubungan yang signifikan (p = 0,122). Kekuatan hubungan kecepatan angindengan kejadian DBD lemah (r = 0,236), berpola negatif, dan tidak terdapathubungan yang signifikan (p = 0,460). Kekuatan hubungan kelembaban udaradengan kejadian DBD sedang (r = 0,498), berpola negatif, dan tidak adahubungan yang signifikan (p = 0,100). Kekuatan hubungan curah hujan dengankejadian DBD sedang (r = 0,430), berpola negatif, dan tidak terdapat hubunganyang signifikan (p = 0,163).Disimpulkan bahwa tidak ada hubungan yang signifikan antara faktor iklimdengan kejadian DBD. Hal ini mungkin disebabkan karena kurang lamanyadurasi data yang diambil, kurang lengkapnya data iklim yang didapat, danadanya pengaruh dari faktor-faktor lain yang lebih dominan. Diharapkan adanyapeningkatan kesadaran masyarakat dalam melakukan perilaku hidup bersih dansehat untuk mencegah terjadinya peningkatan dan penyebaran kasus DBD sertapeningkatan health promotion seperti penyuluhan yang berkaitan denganpenyakit DBD kepada masyarakat oleh instansi terkait

FAKTOR RISIKO KEJADIAN ASMA PADA ANAK DI KOTA PADANG

ARCHIVE OF COMMUNITY HEALTH Vol 3, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : ARCHIVE OF COMMUNITY HEALTH

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Asthma is a chronic disease that is often found in children. Based on the National Health Survey  (RISKESDAS) in Indonesia, the prevalence of asthma in the Province of West Sumatra was 3,6%, this is relatively high compared to other provinces. The incidence of asthma among children(1-14 years old)  in the Public Health Center (PHC) of Pauh was 6% higher compared to other PHCs. This study aimed to identify risk factors associated with the incidence of asthma among children in Pauh Public Health Center. This study used a case-control study and included 1-14 year old children with asthma who visited PHC of Pauh  as case and 1-14 year old children without asthma who visited PHC of Pauh as control. The number of samples in the case group were 32 and control group were 64. Data analysis included univariate, bivariate with the chi-square test and multivariate analysis with multiple logistic regression methods. The risk factors that independently associated with asthma were male (OR=5.2; 95%CI: 1.5-17.9), not exclusive breastfeeding (OR=4.2; 95%CI: 1.2-14.7), family history of asthma (OR=10.8; 95%CI: 3.3-35.1), and contact with pets (OR=8.5; 95% CI: 1.3-54.9). Boys with a family history of asthma need more attention because of their higher risk. Prevention is advised to  start since birth through early lactation initiation and followed by exclusive breastfeeding. Family participation in the prevention of asthma is warranted since they have a big role in minimizing their child’s contact with animals.

FACTORS RELATED TO THE PREVENTION OF FILARIASIS IN PASAMAN BARAT

JOURNAL OF HEALTHCARE TECHNOLOGY AND MEDICINE Vol 1, No 1 (2015): April 2015
Publisher : Universitas Ubudiyah Indonesia

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to know the factors that relate to the prevention of filariasis in West Pasaman 2014. This research uses a cross sectional design. The sample size in this study is based on a minimum provision of finger blood survey study of 500 samples. Processing data using univariate, bivariate and mulivariat with statistical test Chi-Square. The factors associated with the prevention of filariasis, jobs at risk (PR = 1.280, 95% CI: 1.034 - 1.585) health education (PR = 1,545, CI 95% : 1,153-2,070) , socio-economic level (PR = 1.275, 95% CI: 1.049 - 1.550) and the factors that are not related, which is the level of education (PR = 1.107, 95% CI: 0.830 - 1.477), the level of knowledge (PR = 1.026, 95% CI: 0.048 - 1.240), attitude (PR = 0.962, 95% CI: 0.797 - 1.162), as well as the role of the community leaders (PR = 0.908, 95% CI: 0.746 - 1.105). Health education is the most dominant factor in the prevention of filariasis. That health promotion programs should be carried out regularly by health workers by improving communication, information, education and providing health education with the goal to improve disease prevention measures filariasis.Key Words: Filariasis, factors, prevention