Manfarizah Manfarizah
Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Pengaruh Berbagai Jenis Bokasi dan Dosis Terhadap Perubahan Status Hara Makro (N, P dan K) Tanah Salin dan Pertumbuhan Tanaman Jagung (Zea mays L) Manfarizah, Manfarizah
Jurnal Agrista Vol 10, No 1 (2006): Volume 10 Nomor 1 April 2006
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Effect of various Types of Bokasi and Dosages on the Change of Macro Nutrient (N, P and K) on Saline Soil and the Grewth of Maize (Zea mays L)ABSTRACT. The research was aimed to find out the effect of various types of bokasi and dosages on the change of macro nutrient (N, P and K) on saline soil and the growth of maize. The research method was a randomized complete block design factorial, consist of two factors. First factor was types of bokasi made from some organic matters decomposited using EM4 I,e. paddy hay, sawdust, and gamal. Second factor wa dosage I.e. 10 ton ha-1, 15 ton ha-1 and 20 ton ha-1. The experiment had three replications so that there were 27 experiment units. Observed variables were chemical soil properties (pH H2O, N total, P available, and K exchangeable at 60 days after incubation), plant growth (plant height at 30 and 60 days after planting, dry weight on top of plant and dry weight on the root at 60 days after planting. The result showed that application of various types of bokasi and dosage gave significant effect on al variable observed. Bokasi from gamal gave the biggest changes of all of observed variable, followed bay paddy hay and sawdust. The higher the bokasi dosage were given, the bigger the changes were occurred on all of observed variable. There were no significant interactions between bokasi types and dosage.
Aplikasi Beberapa Dosis Herbisida Glifosat dan Paraquat pada Sistem Tanpa Olah Tanah (TOT) serta Pengaruhnya Terhadap Sifat Kimia Tanah, Karakteristik Gulma dan Hasil Kedelai Adnan, Adnan; Hasanuddin, Hasanuddin; Manfarizah, Manfarizah
Jurnal Agrista Vol 16, No 3 (2012): Volume 16 Nomor 3 Desember 2012
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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ABSTRAK. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengkaji pengaruh dosis herbisida glifosat dan paraquat pada sistem TOT terhadap sifat kimia tanah, karakteristik gulma serta hasil tanaman kedelai. Rancangan yang  digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK) faktorial yang terdiri dari 2 (dua) faktor yaitu dosis dan herbisida dengan pengulangan sebanyak 3 (tiga) kali. Peubah yang diamati dalam penelitian ini adalah sifat kimia tanah, karakteristik gulma, dan komponen hasil dan hasil tanaman kedelai. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa semua dosis dan jenis herbisida memberikan peningkatan pH, N-total tanah, dosis 1,50 kg b.a. ha-1 memberikan nilai K-dd yang lebih baik dibandingkan dosis 0,75 dan 2,25 kg ha-1. Dosis 2,25 kg b.a. ha-1 meningkatkan persentase pengendalian gulma dan bobot kering gulma yang lebih rendah, meningkatkan komponen hasil dan hasil tanaman kedelai. Herbisida glifosat dan paraquat memiliki kemampuan yang sama dalam memperbaiki sifat kimia tanah, meningkatkan persentase pengendalian gulma dan menurunkan bobot kering gulma serta meningkatkan komponen hasil dan hasil tanaman kedelai. Interaksi antara dosis 2,25 kg b.a. ha-1 dan herbisida glifosat memberikan nilai persentase pengendalian gulma yang lebih tinggi dan bobot kering gulma yang lebih rendah.The Application of Several Dosage Herbicide Glyphosate and Paraquat in No-Tillage System and Its Influence on Soil Chemical Properties, Weed Characteristics, and Soybean YieldABSTRACT. This study aims to assess the effect of dose of herbicide glyphosate and paraquat on the NT system to soil chemical properties, weeds characteristics of soybean yield. The design used is a randomized completely block design (RBD) factorials consisting of 2 (two) factors herbicide and dose with 3 (three)  replication times. The variables properties of chemical, characteristics of weed, components and yield of soybean. The study results showed that all doses and types of herbicides provided increased pH, total soil-N, 1.50 kg dose ba ha-1 gave the value of K-dd are better than the doses of 0.75 and 2.25 kg ha-1. 2.25 kg dose b.a. ha-1 increased the percentage of weed control and dry weight weed is lower, improving yield and yield components of soybean. Herbicide glyphosate and paraquat have the same ability in improving soil chemical properties, improve weed control and reduce the percentage of dry weight of weeds and increase yield and components and yield of soybean. Interaction between 2.25 kg dose b.a. ha-1 and the herbicide glyphosate give a percentage higher weed control and dry weight weed is lower
Karakteristik Sifat Kimia Tanah di University Farm Stasiun Bener Meriah Manfarizah, Manfarizah; Syamaun, Syamaun; Nurhaliza, Siti
Jurnal Agrista Vol 15, No 1 (2011): Volume 15 Nomor 1 April 2011
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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The Characteristics of Soil Physical Properties at the University Farm Station Bener MeriahABSTRACT. The University Farm Bener Meriah located in Tunyang village, Timang Gajah sub-district, Bener Meriah district, has the area of 76.37 ha. The site is allocated as the Bener Meriah Campus of Syiah Kuala University. The University Farm Station has functional as research centre, education and training for farmers, practice field for student, and training for farmers about organically managed of highland commodities. The aim of study are to characterize of soil physical properties and in the area of the University Farm Station Bener Meriah. The descriptive method was use in this research, by means of soil survey and direct observation in the field. The soil survey was carried out by a systematic method (grid system). Based on the research results, field observation, and the analysis of soil physical properties in laboratory, soil physical properties of the area of the University Farm Station were soil texture consisted of sandy loam, loam, and sit loam, soil aggregate stability index ranged from less stable (46.46 – 46.56) to stable (65.40 – 73.90), soil permeability comprised of moderate (2.16 – 4.50 cm h-1), moderately rapid (6.25 – 7.19 cm h-1), and rapid (13.33 cm h-1), soil water content ranged from 31.02 to 37.82%, soil bulk density ranged from 0.82 to 1.16 g cm-3, and soil porosity ranged from 52.56 to 75.34%.
Bahaya Erosi dan Upaya Konservasi Padang Pengembalaan Sapi di Aceh Besar Rinaldi, Romi; Basri, Hairul; Manfarizah, Manfarizah
Jurnal Manajemen Sumberdaya Lahan Vol 1, No 2 (2012): Volume 1, Nomor 2, Desember 2012
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Konservasi Sumberdaya Lahan, Pascasarjana, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Erosion Hazard Rate and Conservation Effort of Rifle Range at Aceh Besar Abstract: The objectives of the study were to predict levels of erosion hazard and to determine appropriate conservation efforts at pasture of Superior Livestock Breeding Centers (SLBC) of Aceh Cow in Indrapuri, Aceh Besar District. The study used a descriptive survey method. Erosion hazard rate (EHR) was analyzed using USLE formula. Result showed that potential erosion hazard rates in the pasture of the SLBC for each map units of land (MUL) from the largest to the smallest were MUL 2 (456,35 ton ha-1 year-1), MUL 6 (351,52 ton ha-1 year-1), MUL 1 (208,96 ton ha-1 year-1), MUL 3 (160,47 ton ha-1 year-1), MUL 4 (66,63 ton ha-1 year-1), and MUL 5 (6,52 ton ha-1 year-1). There were three classifications of potential EHR, i.e. heavy in MUL 1, 2 and 6; medium in MUL 3 and 4; and very lighting MUL 5. Actual EHR from the biggest to the smallest were MUL 6 (175,76 ton ha-1 year-1), MUL 2 (132,34 ton ha-1 year-1), MUL 1 (60,60 ton ha-1 year-1), MUL 5 (3,26 ton ha-1 year-1), MUL 3 (3,21 ton ha-1 tahun-1), and MUL 4 (1,33 ton ha-1 tahun-1). There were two actual HER i.e. medium in MUL 1, 2 and 6 and very lighting MUL 3, 4, and 5. Direction of appropriate land use in the pasture of SLBC of Aceh Cow in Indrapuri was to apply a vegetative conservation method by planting and propagating urinam grass (Brachiaria decumbens), bladygrass (Imperatacy lindrica) and elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum).Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memprediksi tingkat bahaya erosi yang terjadi  dan menentukan upaya konservasi yang tepat pada padang penggembalaan di Balai Pembibitan Ternak Unggul (BPTU) Sapi Aceh Kecamatan Indrapuri Aceh Besar. Metode yang digunakan adalah metode survey. Analisis Tingkat Bahaya Erosi (TBE) dihitung dengan menggunakan rumus USLE. Tingkat Bahaya Erosi potensial yang terjadi pada padang penggembalaan di BPTU Sapi Aceh Indrapuri berkisar antara 456,35- 6,52 ton ha-1 th-1. Terdapat tiga klasifikasi TBE potensial yaitu berat, sedang,dan  sangat ringan . Sedangkan Tingkat Bahaya Erosi aktual adalah 175,76-1,33 ton ha-1 th-1. Terdapat dua klasifikasi TBE aktual yaitu sedang dan sangat ringan. Arahan penggunaan lahan yang tepat pada padang penggembalaan di BPTU Sapi Aceh Indrapuri adalah menerapkan tindakan konservasi metode vegetatif dengan cara menanam dan memperbanyak rumput Brachiaria decumbens, rumput alang-alang (Imperata cylindrica) dan rumput gajah (Pennisetum purpureum). 
INTERSEPSI AIR HUJAN PADA TANAMAN KOPI RAKYAT DI DESA KEBET, KECAMATAN BEBESEN, KABUPATEN ACEH TENGAH Basri, Hairul Basri; Manfarizah, Manfarizah; Salasa, Andi
Jurnal Floratek Vol 7, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

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The purpose of the study was to determine the amount of rainfall interception on coffee plants, and obtain a relationship between rainfall and interception of coffee plant. The research was conducted in a coffee plantation in Kebet Village, Bebesen Sub-District, Central Aceh District. The experiment was carried out from February to March 2011. The method used in this research was a descriptive method, using direct measurements in the field. The samples of coffee plants were 4 years and 15 years old. The results showed that rainfall interception of 4 years-coffee-crop was 56.87% of the total rainfall of 82.50 mm  and  that of 15-year-old coffee plants was 72.12%, of total rainfall of 133.50 mm. The greater the rainfall was, the greater the interception would be, as well as the older age of the coffee plant was, the greater the percentage of interception was recorded. The average proportion of rainfall as the water passes (throughfall) was greater than the proportion of rainfall that becomes stream stems (stemflow), due to high density of leaves covering the stem. Relationship between rainfall and interception on coffee plants was a natural logarithm equation: (1) for 4 years coffee crop,  I = 3.440 ln (Pg) + 0.650 and R2 = 0.56; (2) for 15 years old coffee crop, I = 2.992 ln (Pg) + 2.371 and R2 = 0.69.
Analysis of rice fields change and utilization area based on spatial in Krueng Barona Jaya district regency of Aceh Besar akmal, chairil; Sugianto, Sugianto; Manfarizah, Manfarizah
Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Pertanian Vol 1, No 1 (2016): November 2016
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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This study attempts to: ( 1 ) To know change rice fields and area utilization based on spatial in Krueng Barona Jaya district regency of Aceh Besar, ( 2 ) To know how the use of rice fields with the existing spatial in Krueng Barona Jaya district regency of Aceh Besar , ( 3 ) To find the factors that effecting amendment rice fields into land non farming based on spatial in Krueng Barona Jaya district regency of Aceh Besar. Study was conducted from may 2015 to May 2016 in Krueng Barona Jaya district regency of Aceh Besar and in the Laboratory Sensing Far and Cartography Faculty Agriculture Syiah Kuala University. Methods used in research is method of surveying descriptive. The result showed that any change over the function rice fields of 112,23 ha (16,11 %) change over the function the land, rice fields changing function settlement to land at 93,97 ha (13,49 %), and rice fields changed their function to of farmland dry equal to 18,26 ha (2,62 %). The results of the study also found land use there are no resemblance to 2013-2032 master of 1,14 ha a month 0,16 %. In general factors affect over the function of rice fields in Krueng Barona Jaya district their needs, demand for high land, land conditions, the urge to  the conversion and the distances to the city center and near to the sub district.
Sifat Fisika Andisol dan Produksi Rumput Gajah Akibat Jenis dan Dosis Pupuk Organik di Kecamatan Pegasing Kabupaten Aceh Tengah Nikmah, Askura; Alibasyah, M. Rusli; Manfarizah, Manfarizah
Jurnal Manajemen Sumberdaya Lahan Vol 3, No 2 (2014): Volume 3, Nomor 2, Oktober 2014
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Konservasi Sumberdaya Lahan, Pascasarjana, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstract: Physical properties of soils are strongly influenced by bulkdensity, porosity, permeability, aggregatestability index, and moisture content of soils. The research was aimed to study the change of some physical properties of soil, growth and production of elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum L.) due to thedosage of organic fertilizer treatment in Pegasing Central Aceh. The factorial randomized block design method was used in the experiment, consisted of two factors, the first factor wastype of organic fertilizer, namely;compost, coffee bean skin compost and manure and the second factor was the dosages organic fertilizer, namely;0, 5, 10 and 15 t ha-1. The type and dosage of organic fertilizer significantly influenced the height of elephant grass at the first, the second and the third harvest. The significant interaction effect was found on the weight of elephant grass at the second and the third harvest. The highest total weight of elephant grass was found on the dosages: (a) 24.90 t ha-1of compost with elephant grass yield 72,10 kg plot-1, (b) 16,36 ts ha-1 of coffee bean skin compost with elephant grass yield37,15 kg plot-1, and (c) 12,74 t ha-1 of manure with elephant grass yield 27,97 kg plot-1. Abstrak: Sifat fisika tanah terdiri dari berat volume, porositas, permeabilitas, indeks stabilitas agregrat, dan kadar air tanah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perubahan beberapa sifat fisika tanah serta pertumbuhan dan produksi rumput gajah (Pennisetum purpureum L.) akibat pemberian jenis dan dosis pupuk organik di Kecamatan Pegasing Kabupaten Aceh Tengah. Penelitian menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK), terdiri  dari dua faktor, yaitu faktor jenis pupuk organik terdiri dari tiga taraf yaitu kompos, kompos gelondong kopi dan pupuk kandang serta dosis pupuk organik terdiri dari empat taraf yaitu 0, 5, 10 dan 15 t ha-1. Jenis dan dosis pupuk organik secara faktor tunggal berpengaruh sangat nyata dan nyata terhadap tinggi rumput gajah pada pemotogan I, II dan III. Jenis dan dosis pupuk organik secara interaksi berpengaruh sangat nyata terhadap berat rumput gajah pemotongan II danke III. Berat tertinggi dijumpai pada dosis :(a) 24,90t ha-1pada jenis pupuk organik kompos dengan hasil rumput gajah 72,10kg plot-1, (b) 16,36 t ha-1pada pupuk organik jenis gelondong kopi dengan hasil rumput gajah 37,15 kg plot-1, dan (c) 12,74 t ha-1pada jenis pupuk kandang dengan hasil rumput gajah sebesar 27,97 kg plot-1.
Sifat Fisika dan Hasil Kedelai (Glycine max L) pada Tanah Terkompaksi Akibat Cacing Tanah dan Bahan Organik Marzuki, Marzuki; Sufardi, Sufardi; Manfarizah, Manfarizah
Jurnal Manajemen Sumberdaya Lahan Vol 1, No 1 (2012): Volume 1, Nomor 1, Juni 2012
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Konservasi Sumberdaya Lahan, Pascasarjana, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstrak. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji perubahan sifat fisika dan kimia tanah, serta pertumbuhan dan hasil kedelai akibat pemberian cacing tanah dan bahan organik berbeda jenis pada tanah terkompaksi. Penelitian menggunakan rancangan acak kelompok yang terdiri  atas 2 faktor  yaitu takaran cacing tanah dan jenis bahan organik. Parameter yang diamati meliputi: (1) sifat fisika Tanah, (2) sifat kimia tanah, (3) pertumbuhan, dan (4) hasil kedelai. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Interaksi takaran cacing tanah pada berbagai jenis bahan organik berpengaruh nyata terhadap peningkatan permeabilitas tanah, indeks stabilitas agregat tanah, dan terhadap penurunan berat volume tanah, peningkatan total porositas tanah, dan kadar air tanah pada pF 2,54. Interaksi takaran pemberian cacing tanah pada berbagai jenis bahan organik berpengaruh sangat nyata terhadap peningkatan pH H2O tanah, P-tersedia tanah, dan berpengaruh nyata terhadap peningkatan pH KCl tanah, C-organik tanah, N-total tanah, Ca-dd tanah, dan tidak berpengaruh nyata terhadap peningkatan K-dd tanah, Mg-dd tanah, dan KTK tanah. Nilai terbaik terhadap perubahan sifat fisika dan kimia tanah dijumpai pada takaran pemberian cacing tanah 20 g per plot di jenis bahan organik jerami padi. Interaksi takaran pemberian cacing tanah pada berbagai jenis bahan organik berpengaruh sangat nyata terhadap jumlah polong berisi, berat biji per plot, dan berpengaruh nyata terhadap tinggi tanaman 15 HST, jumlah cabang produktif, jumlah polong hampa, dan berat 100 biji, akan tetapi tidak berpengaruh nyata terhadap tinggi tanaman 30 dan 45 HST. Nilai terbaik berat biji per plot kedelai dijumpai pada takaran cacing tanah 27,65 g per plot pada jenis bahan organik jerami padi.Soil Physical Properties and Yield of Soybean (Glycine max L) in Compacted Soil Due to Provision of Earthworm and Organic MatterAbstract. This study was aimed at assessment of changes in soil chemical and physical properties, as well as growth and yield of soybean due to provision of earthworm and organic matter on compacted soil. The experiment used a randomized complete block design, consisting of two factors, i.e. dosage of earthworm and type of organic matter.  Variables observed included three aspects: (1) Soil physical properties, (2) soil chemical properties, and (3) growth and yield of soybean. The results showed that  interactions between dosage of earthworms and type of organic matter were highly significant on soil permeability, soil aggregate stability index, and only significant on soil volume weight, total soil porosity and soil water content at pF 2.54 , but not significant on soil water content at pF 4.2. Similarly, interactions between dosage of earthworm and type of organic matter were also highly significant on soil pH H2O, P-available, and just significant on soil pH KCl, C organic, total N, Ca-exchangeable, and not significant on K- exchangeable, Mg-exchangeable, and soil CEC.  The best value of changes in soil physical and chemical properties was found at dosage of 20 g earthworm per plot in a type of organic rice straw.  Interactions between dosage of earthworm and type of organic matter were highly significant on number of pods, seed weight per plot, and just significant on plant height 15 day after planting (DAP), number of productive branches, number of empty pods, and 100 seed weight, but not significant on plant height of 30 and 45 DAP.   The best weight of soybean seeds per plot was found at dosage of earthworms 27.65 g per plot and a type of organic rice straw.
Karakteristik Tanah Inceptisol yang Disawahkan di Kecamatan Indrapuri Kabupaten Aceh Besar Arabia, Teti; Manfarizah, Manfarizah; Syakur, Syakur; Irawan, Bambang
Jurnal Floratek Vol 13, No 1 (2018): April 2018
Publisher : Program Studi Agroteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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ABSTRACT This study aims to determine the soil characteristics of the Inceptisols which has been converted to paddy soils in Indrapuri Subdistrict, Aceh Besar District, using quantitative descriptive survey method. The results showed the morphological properties of rainfed rice fields and irrigated rice fields characterized by mottles Fe and Mn, in pedon BI1 found in all horizons (Ap, Bdg, Bg, Cg), in BI2 found in the horizon of Bdg, Bg, and BCg, while in the mixed garden (BI3) mottles is found only on the BCx horizon. In the plow pan layer (Bdg) rainfed rice fields and irrigated rice fields have a firm moist consistency, the wet is very sticky, while in the mixed garden is loose and rather sticky. The physical properties of soil at BI1, BI2 are characterized by the highest bulk density in the plow pan layer/Bdg (1.34 and 1.24 g.cm-3), slow and rather slow permeability (0.40 and 1.02 cm.jam-1), with lower porosity (38.01 and 42.15%) than BI3 horizon Bw1 (52.22%). Whereas at BI3 in the Bw1 horizon the lowest bulk density (1.18 g.cm-3), with moderate permeability (4.17 cm.hour-1). Soil chemical properties in BI1, BI2, and BI3 are classified as fertile with pH on Ap horizon 6.33 - 6.89 rather acid - neutral), Al dd is not measurable (very low), and CEC 24 - 36 cmol (+) kg-1 (medium - high). Keywords: soil characteristics, Inceptisols, irrigated paddy soils, paddy soils, mixed garden
Sebaran Spasial Permeabilitas Tanah di Kecamatan Kota Jantho Kabupaten Aceh Besar Hakim, Maulana Abdul; Manfarizah, Manfarizah; Rusdi, Muhammad
Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Pertanian Vol 3, No 2 (2018): Mei 2018
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstrak. Tanah, air, udara merupakan sumber daya alam utama yang sangat penting dalam kehidupan terutama dibidang pertanian. Oleh karena itu keadaan tanah harus selalu dijaga dan dilestarikan agar dapat dimanfaatkan sesuai dengan fungsinya begitu juga dengan air dan udara yang berpengaruh terhadap pembentukan tanah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui tingkat permeabilitas tanah terhadap erosi di Kecamatan Kota Jantho Kabupaten Aceh Besar. Metode penelitian menggunakan metode survei yang didasarkan pada hasil pengamatan di lapangan  dan analisis tanah di laboratorium, sedangkan analisis spasial menggunakan SIG dengan konsep Interpolasi. Hasil pengamatan di wilayah kajian didapatkan 4 kriteria tingkat permeabilitas yaitu sangat lambat, agak lambat, lambat, dan sedang.Spatial Distribution Of Land Permeability at Kota Jantho Sub-distrik Aceh BesarAbstract. Land, water, air are the most important natural resources in life, especially in agriculture. Therefore the condition of the soil should always be maintained and preserved in order to be utilized in accordance with its function as well as water and air that affect the formation of soil. This study aims to determine the level of soil permeability to erosion in Kecamatan Kota Jantho Kabupaten Aceh Besar. The research method used survey method based on field observation and soil analysis in laboratory, while spatial analysis using GIS with Interpolation concept. The result of observation in the study area found 4 criteria of permeability level that is very slow, somewhat slow, slow, and medium.