W. Manalu
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Bogor Agricultural University, Jl. Agatis, Darmaga Campus, Bogor 16680

Published : 23 Documents
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Journal : Journal of the Indonesian Tropical Animal Agriculture

Impact of curcumin supplementation in monochromatic light on lipid serum profile of sexually mature female Magelang ducks Kasiyati, K.; Sumiati, S.; Ekastuti, D. R.; Manalu, W.
Journal of the Indonesian Tropical Animal Agriculture Vol 43, No 1 (2018): March
Publisher : Diponegoro University

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Abstract

An experiment was conducted to study the effect of curcumin supplementation inexpose monochromatic light on serum lipid concentrations of sexually mature female magelang duck. One hundred and ninety two female magelang ducks were assigned into a completely randomized design with a 4×4 factorial arrangement and each experimental unit was repeated 3 times, each with 4 female magelang ducks. The first factor was dose of curcumin supplementation consisted of 4 levels i.e., 0, 9, 18, and 36 mg/duck/day. The second factor was the color of monochromatic light consisted of 4 levels i.e., white, red, green, and blue colors. The data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA. The result showed that serum concentrations of triglyceride, cholesterol, very low density lipoprotein (VLDL), and low density lipoprotein (LDL) were lower (P<0.05) while high density lipoprotein (HDL) were higher (P<0.05) in experimental ducks supplemented with a curcumin dose of 36 mg/duck/day in variety of monochromatic light colors compared to control experimental ducks without curcumin supplementation. The curcumin doses of 18 or 36 mg/duck/day within red, green, or blue light had the potential to modulate lipid metabolism, as indicated by the increased serum concentration of HDL and the decreased serum concentrations of triglyceride, cholesterol, VLDL, and LDL of the experimental female magelang ducks. 
THE ROLE OF TURMERIC POWDER IN LIPID METABOLISM AND ITS EFFECT ON QUALITY OF THE FIRST QUAIL’S EGG Saraswati, T.R.; Manalu, W.; Ekastuti, D.R.; Kusumorini, N.
Journal of the Indonesian Tropical Animal Agriculture Vol 38, No 2 (2013): (June)
Publisher : Diponegoro University

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Abstract

This experiment was conducted to determine the role of turmeric powder in lipid metabolism andits influence on the quality of the first quail’s egg. Sixty female quails were assigned into a completelyrandomized design with four treatments (levels of turmeric powder i.e., 0; 13.5; 27; and 54mg/quail/day) and each treatment used 15 quails. The treatment was conducted for 60 days. Parametersmeasured were proximate analysis and the quality of the first layed eggs. At the end of the experiment,serum cholesterol and triglyceride concentrations, abdominal and pectoral fat weights, and feedconsumption were measured. Chemical analysis showed that turmeric powder contained 7.97%curcumin. Supplementation of turmeric powder lowered serum cholesterol and triglycerideconcentrations, egg fat and protein contents, haugh unit and yolk index, but did not affect feed intake,abdominal and pectoral fat weights, egg weight, eggshell weight, eggshell thickness, and egg shellindex. However, quails supplemented with turmeric powder showed a variation in egg laying delayranging from 1 to 16 days. Quails supplemented with 54 mg/d turmeric powder had the highest follicleshierarchy. It was concluded that supplementation of turmeric powder with the level of 54 mg/quail/daydecreased lipid content of the egg and improved the other egg quality parameters.
EFFICACY OF CURCUMIN AND MONOCHROMATIC LIGHT IN IMPROVING LIVER FUNCTIONS OF SEXUALLY MATURE MAGELANG DUCKS Kasiyati, K.; Manalu, W.; Sumiati, S.; Ekastuti, D. R.
Journal of the Indonesian Tropical Animal Agriculture Vol 41, No 3 (2016): September
Publisher : Diponegoro University

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Abstract

The liver of female poultry has a vital role as an organ for biosynthesis of the yolk precursor and has a greater chance of experiencing cellular damages. This experiment was designed to study the uses of curcumin and monochromatic light in suppressing liver destruction during the period of yolk biosynthesis in Magelang ducks. One hundred and ninety two female Magelang ducks were assigned into a completely randomized design with a 4x4 factorial arrangement.  The first factor was dose of curcumin supplementation consisted of 4 levels i.e., 0, 9, 18, and 36 mg.  The second factor was the color of monochromatic light consisted of 4 levels i.e., white, red, green, and blue. The results showed that hydropic and fat degenerations in the livers of Magelang ducks entering laying phase were still in a normal range. There was an interaction effect between curcumin and monochromatic light on the serum SGPT/GOT and liver MDA concentrations (P<0.05). Serum lipid concentrations positively correlated with the increased serum SGPT/GOT and liver MDA concentrations as indicators of liver damages. Supplementation of curcumin and the use of monochromatic light could reduce and suppress liver destruction and damage during laying period.