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Model Pengendalian Aset Nirwujud dalam Manajemen Sistem Irigasi Waskitho, Nugroho Tri; Arif, Sigit Supadmo; Maksum, Mochammad; Susanto, Sahid
Agritech Vol 32, No 4 (2012)
Publisher : Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/agritech.9589

Abstract

The research aimed at developing model of controlling intangible assets in irrigation system management. The research method consisted of two stages. The first stage was building the model of controlling intangible assets in irrigation system management using neuro-fuzzy. The model had three submodels: (i) knowledge management, (ii) intangible assets, and (iii) performance of irrigation system. The second stage was evaluating the model in Sapon irrigation system in Kulon Progo, Yogyakarta. Data collecting was done by questionnaire and interview on nine Water Use Associations. Data analysis was done by Adaptive Neuro Fuzzy Inference System. The model had been evaluated by correlation coefficient, Mean Absolute Percentage Error and Root Mean Square Error. The research result indicated that the model of controlling intangible assets in irrigation system management could predict intangible assets and performance of irrigation system well. The model linked knowledge management, intangible assets and performance of irrigation system.  Knowledge management felt into four main components: (i) learning organization, (ii) principle of organization, (iii) policy and strategy of organization, and (iv) information and communication technology which controlling intangible assets in irrigation system. Intangible assets consisted of moral intelligence, emotional intelligence, creativity attitude, institutional culture, and farmer participation which  controlling effectiveness of irrigation system.ABSTRAKTujuan penelitian adalah mengembangkan model pengendalian aset nirwujud dalam manajemen sistem irigasi. Metode penelitian terdiri dari dua tahap. Tahap pertama adalah pembangunan model pengendalian aset nirwujud dalam manajemen sistem irigasi dengan prinsip neuro-fuzzy. Model mempunyai tiga sub model yaitu manajemen pengetahuan, aset nirwujud dan kinerja sistem irigasi. Tahap kedua adalah pengujian model di Daerah  Irigasi Sapon di kabupaten Kulon Progo, propinsi Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. Pengunpulan data dilakukan dengan kuesioner dan wawancara dengan sembilan Perkumpulan Petani Pemakai Air. Analisa data dilakukan dengan   Adaptive Neuro Fuzzy Inference System. Model dievaluasi dengan koefisien korelasi, Mean Absolute Percentage Error dan Root Mean Square Error. Penelitian menghasilkan bahwa model pengendalian aset nirwujud dalam manajemen sistem irigasi yang menggunakan prinsip neuro-fuzzy dapat memprediksi aset nirwujud dan efektivitas sistem irigasi dengan baik. Model menghubungan manajemen pengetahuan, aset nirwujud dan kinerja sistem irigasi.  Manajemen pengetahuan yang terdiri dari organisasi pembelajar, prinsip organisasi, kebijakan dan strategi organisasi, teknologi informasi dan komunikasi mempengaruhi aset nirwujud sistem irigasi. Aset nirwujud yang terdiri dari kecerdasan moral, kecerdasan emosional, sikap kreatif, budaya lembaga, dan partisipasi petani mempengaruhi efektivitas sistem irigasi.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR SOSIAL EKONOMI YANG MEMPENGARUHI KUANTITAS PADI YANG DIJUAL PETANI DI KECAMATAN IMOGIRI KABUPATEN BANTUL Nuryanti, S; Maksum, Mochammad; Masyhuri, Masyhuri
Agro Ekonomi Vol 8, No 1 (2001): JUNI 2001
Publisher : Department of Agricultural Socio-Economics Faculty of Agriculture Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/agroekonomi.16827

Abstract

The aim of this research is to know socioeconomic factors that influence paddy quantity sold by farmer when floor price policy for paddy grain and rice were implemented. Farmer respondents have been chosen in the development area of paddy in Imogiri Subdistrict of Bantul Regency as representative respondents.Cobb Douglas Production Function is transformed to natural logarithm to analyze model of paddy quantity sold by farmer function. Estimation method was run using ordinary least square of multiple regression analysis to know significant level of each socioeconomic factor variable to paddy quantity sold by farmer variable.This research shows that paddy quantity sold by farmer is influenced by such factors, paddy price, price of urea fertilizer, quantity of urea fertilizer, farmers need of cash money, member and composition of farmer, irrigation quality, as well as land cultivation method
Keberadaan Industri Gula di Jawa dan Dukungan Sistem Usahatani Tebu Sebagai Bahan Baku Industri Sesudah Perubahan KebijakanPergulaan Tahun 1998 =The Existence Of Sugar Industry In Java And The Support Of Sugarcane Supply Ismoyowati, Dyah; Maksum, Mochammad; Widodo, Sri; Hartono, Slamet
Agro Ekonomi Vol 10, No 2 (2003): DESEMBER 2003
Publisher : Department of Agricultural Socio-Economics Faculty of Agriculture Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/agroekonomi.16778

Abstract

Policies change in 1998 influenced Java sugar industrys existence because there was no more obligation to plant sugarcane. This study aims to identify (1) existing sugarcane procurement by the industry, (2) the profitability, in private as well as social prices, of sugarcane farming system as the industrys supplier, and (3) sensitivity analysis on relevant sugar dynamics.The study was conducted on five industry samples spread over Java. The primary data for profitability analysis covered 300 units originated from 185 farmers and 115 industrys plantation units in a proportional spreading.The finding exhibits three alternatives of procurement: (1) partnership with farmers based on minimum return on land, (2) partnership with farmers as the industry provides assistance, and (3) purchasing sugar from free farmers. Using data in 2002, only two samples were financially profitable,-those were east part and west part of Java, while the only region gained social profit was the east part. In spite of that, if social price of sugar using relevant foreign production costs instead of CIE Java has its comparativeadvantage. Sensitivity analysis resulted in Java will achieve financial profit if sugar price rises by 10 percent, or productivity rises by 15 percent, or tariff of 50 percent imposes.
Pengendalian Aset Nirwujud dalam Manajemen Sistem Irigasi: Konsep dan Pengembangan Model Waskitho, Nugroho Tri; Arif, Sigit Supadmo; Maksum, Mochammad; Susanto, Sahid
Agritech Vol 33, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/agritech.9573

Abstract

Irrigation was an important component of the agricultural development in Indonesia, but it had many problems. Irrigation management was inefficient, irrigation networks were damaged and farmers participation were poor. These problems were caused by poor of intangible assets. The research aimed at developing the concept and the model of controlling intangible assets in irrigation system management. The research method consisted of two stages. The first stage was developing the concept. The concept of controlling intangible assets in irrigation system management was developed based on principles of knowledge management. The concept stated that intangible assets in irrigation system can be controlled using knowledge management. The second stage was developing the model which consisted of model building and sensivity analysis. Model of controlling intangible assets in irrigation system management was build using neuro-fuzzy. The model had three submodels: knowledge management, intangible assets and performance of irrigation system. Evaluating the model was done in Sapon irrigation system in Kulon Progo, Yogyakarta. Data collecting was done using questionnaire on nine Water Use Associations. Data analysis was done using Adaptive Neuro Fuzzy Inference System. The model had been evaluated using correlation coefficient, Mean Absolute Percentage Error and Root Mean Square Error. Result of the study indicated that the concept of controlling intangible assets in irrigation system management had developed based on knowledge management. The concept stated that irrigation system management had to balance between tangible assets and intangible assets. Intangible assets which had amortization need be controlled. Controlling intangible assets can be done by knowledge management. The model of controlling intangible assets in irrigation system management could predict intangible assets and performance of irrigation system well. The model linked knowledge management, intangible assets and performance of irrigation system.  Knowledge management felt into four main components: learning organization, principle of organization, policy and strategy of organization and information and communication technology which controlling intangible assets in irrigation system. Intangible assets consisted of moral intelligence, emotional intelligence, creative attitude, institutional culture, and farmer participation which  controlling effectiveness of irrigation system. Learning organization was the most sensitive parameter in influencing moral intelligence and creative attitute.  Policy and strategy were the most sensitive parameter in influencing emotional intelligence, institutional cultura and farmer participation. Farmer participation was the most sensitive parameter in influencing effectiveness of irrigation system.ABSTRAKIrigasi merupakan komponen penting dalam pembangunan sektor pertanian di Indonesia namun masih mempunyai banyak permasalahan. Manajemen irigasi belum efisien, partisipasi petani yang menurun, jaringan irigasi yang rusak sehingga menurunkan kinerja sistem irigasi. Permasalahan tersebut disebabkan rendahnya kualitas aset nirwujud sistem irigasi. Tujuan penelitian adalah mengembangkan konsep dan model pengendalian aset nirwujud dalam manajemen sistem irigasi. Metode penelitian terdiri dari dua tahap. Tahap pertama adalah pengembangan konsep. Konsep pengendalian aset nirwujud dalam manajemen sistem irigasi dikembangkan dari prinsip manajemen pengetahuan. Tahap kedua adalah pengembangkan model yang terdiri dari pembangunan model dan analisis sensitivitas. Pembangunan model pengendalian aset nirwujud dalam manajemen sistem irigasi berbasis manajemen pengetahuan dengan prinsip neuro-fuzzy. Model mempunyai tiga submodel yaitu manajemen pengetahuan, aset nirwujud dan kinerja sistem irigasi. Pengujian model dilakukan di Daerah  Irigasi Sapon di Kabupaten Kulon Progo, Propinsi Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan kuesioner terhadap sembilan Perkumpulan Petani Pemakai Air. Analisa data dilakukan dengan   Adaptive Neuro Fuzzy Inference System. Model dievaluasi dengan koefisien korelasi, Mean Absolute Percentage Error dan Root Mean Square Error. Penelitian menghasilkan bahwa konsep pengendalian aset nirwujud dalam manajemen sistem irigasi telah tersusun berbasis manajemen pengetahuan. Konsep menekankan bahwa manajemen sistem irigasi harus menyeimbangkan antara aset wujud dengan aset nirwujud. Aset nirwujud yang selama ini kurang diperhatikan mengalami penyusutan sehingga perlu dikendalikan. Upaya pengendalian aset nirwujud dilakukan dengan manajemen pengetahuan. Model pengendalian aset nirwujud dalam manajemen sistem irigasi yang menggunakan prinsip neuro-fuzzy dapat memprediksi aset nirwujud dan efektivitas sistem irigasi dengan cukup memadai. Model menghubungkan manajemen pengetahuan, aset nirwujud dan kinerja sistem irigasi.  Manajemen pengetahuan yang terdiri dari organisasi pembelajar, prinsip organisasi, kebijakan dan strategi organisasi, teknologi informasi dan komunikasi mempengaruhi aset nirwujud sistem irigasi. Aset nirwujud yang terdiri dari kecerdasan moral, kecerdasan emosional, sikap kreatif, budaya lembaga, dan partisipasi petani mempengaruhi efektivitas sistem irigasi. Organisasi pembelajar merupakan parameter yang paling sensitif dalam mempengaruhi kecerdasan moral dan sikap kreatif.  Kebijakan dan strategi merupakan parameter yang paling sensitif dalam mempengaruhi kecerdasan emosional, budaya lembaga dan partisipasi petani. Partisipasi petani merupakan parameter yang paling sensitif dalam mempengaruhi efektivitas sistem irigasi.
Intervensi Strategis Peningkatan Ketahanan Pangan Pedesaan Propinsi Jawa Tengah (Strategic Intervention in Promoting Village-Level Food Security in Central Java) Maksum, Mochammad
Agritech Vol 26, No 2 (2006)
Publisher : Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/agritech.9478

Abstract

The emergence of the food deficient phenomena in many localities proved that aggregative progress in food security does not necessarily guarantee the attainment of local food security in every village of the country. Anticipating that fact, therefore, this research was conducted to identify possible intervention strategies for intervening local social capacity in self-strengthening local food security system at village level based on selected typological character of village samples in Central Java. Four poor villages representing village typology were selected purposively to represent both the food-exporting and food-importing areas. Based on human right based approach, this comparative research found out a set of significantly different strategies in developing local capacity in food security through both demand and supply management. Supply capacity of exporting village must be strengthened through effective supply and storage system, whereas demand-based importing village capacity must be strengthened through income protection and management to improve purchasing power in meeting daily need for imported food. In addition, local empowerment centralized on institutional capacity building is hereby recommended for both the food exporting and importing villages to enable local institution to be skillful in resource mapping, effective in advocating people participation, and powerfill in facilitating participative decision making.
Pengaruh etika Kerja dan Komitmen pada Organisasi terhadap Kepuasan Kerja Maksum, Mochammad; Purwanto, Wahyu; Chotidjah, G. S.
Agritech Vol 26, No 2 (2006)
Publisher : Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/agritech.9479

Abstract

Work ethic have strategic role beyond company because its have many implication. One of theories which explain about work ethic is Webers Theory. Webers Theory tries to make a connection between success in business world and religious belief Weber s Theory can be applied into various religious beliefs and do not focus only in one belief. Unfortunately, most researches about work ethic tend to using work ethic in Protestant Work Ethic framework, this framework may be fit to use in western countries. There is little research which tries to scrutinize Islamic work ethic. On the contrary, in eastern countries such as Indonesia which Islam was became major religion of its citizens, Islamic Work Ethic concept was more appropriate to used rather than Protestant Work Ethic. This research studied the impact of lslamic Works Ethic and organizational commitment toward job satisfaction and life satisfaction of PT BPR SKA Divisi Agrodana employees. Population in this research is 72 employees of PT BPR SKA Divisi Agrodana employees. All populations member were became respondent in this research. Questionnaire method used in this research to collect the data. Structural Equation Modeling was used as data analysis technique. To simplify its computation, AMOS 4.01 computer program were used. The result show that Islamic Work Ethic and organizational commitment have positive and significant impact toward job satisfaction, further more job satisfaction have positive and significant impact toward life satisfaction. Model proposed in this study was met the goodness of fit criterions, thus this model were fit both theoretically and empirically.
Peran Makanan Tradisional Berbahan Baku Ubi Kayu terhadap Sistem Ketahanan Pangan Ditinjau dari Perspektif Ekonomi Rumah Tangga Lestari, Andriyani Sekar Puji; Maksum, Mochammad; Widodo, Kuncoro Harto
Agritech Vol 27, No 1 (2007)
Publisher : Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/agritech.9491

Abstract

This study was aimed to find out the household economic condition, to compare food budget according to each consumption pattern of main food so that margin value can be known, to find out influence between rice and traditional food consumption toward food budget and influence of household income toward traditional food consumption, and to analyze the role of traditional food toward food security contemplated of household economical perspective. The measurement of income, budget and food consumption pattern was carried out using questinnaire distributed to household through structured interview technique. The comparison of food consumption pattern was carried out by grouping the main food sonsumption pattern based on type difference and consumption number and then converted in rupiah value. The result showed that traditional food consumption pattern can be a complement of the main food except rice, that were able to provide economical accessibility to enough food and have a low price, so real income of household can be increased. Traditional food in the food security could have a role as survival strategy for poor people that have limited income so they could built up the capacity to help their self and their family in providing cheapest main food.ABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahii kondisi ekonomi rumah tangga masyarakat, membandingkan pengeluaran pangan pada tiap pola konsumsi makanan pokok sehingga diketahui nilai margin yang dapat diperoleh, mengetahui pengaruh konsumsi makanan tradisional dan beras terhadap pengeluaran pangan serta pengaruh pendapatan rumah tangga dan konsumsi beras terhadap konsumsi makanan tradisional serta menganalisa peran makanan tradisional terhadap ketahanan pangan ditinjaui dari perspektif ekonomi rumah tangga. Pngukuran pendapatan, pengeluaran dan pola konsumsi pangan masyarakat dilakukan dengan menggunakan kuisioner kepada rumah tangga melalui teknik wawancara terstruktur. Perbandingan pengeluaran pangan pada tiap pola konsumsi makanan pokok dilakukan dengan mengelompojjan pola konsumsi makanan pokok berdasarkan perbedaan jenis dan jumlah konsumsi, kemudian dikonversi dalam nilai rupiah. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pola konsumsi makanan tradisional dapat menjadi pelengkap makanan pokok selain beras, yang pada sisi lain dapat memberikan kemudahan ekonomis terhadap kecukupan pangan dan dengan harga rendah, sehingga pendapatan riil rumah tangga bisa meningkat. Makanan tradisional di dalam ketahanan pangan dapat berperan sebagai suatu survival strategy untuk orang miskin dengan pendapatan terbatas sehingga mampu membangun kapasitas dan kemandirian untuk menolong diri sendiri dan keluarganya dalam memenuhi kebutuhan makanan pokom termurah.