Indra Maipita
Faculty of Economic State University of Medan

Published : 16 Documents
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THE EFFECT OF DIRECT CASH AID (BLT) DISTRIBUTION TOWARD INCOME AND POVERTY LEVEL IN INDONESIA

Jurnal Ilmiah Ekonomi Bisnis Vol 16, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Universitas Gunadarma

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Abstract

This study is purposed to analyze the impact of fuel subsidy reduction policy followed by the award of compensation in the form of BLT to the poor on income distribution and poverty. Computable General Equilibrium (CGE), Foster-Greer-Thorbecke (FGT index) and betha density distribution function model analysis was used to achieve the goal. The results showed that the reduction in fuel subsidies, followed by the compensation of direct cash aid (BLT) to the poor households have an impact on increasing poverty, income inequality and poverty severity. In other words, the impact of direct cash aid (BLT) to the poor households is unable to offset the impact caused by the reduction in fuel subsidies.   Keywords: Subsidies, Direct Cash Aid (BLT), Income and Poverty

DAMPAK KEBIJAKAN FISKAL TERHADAP KINERJA EKONOMI DAN ANGKA KEMISKINAN DI INDONESIA

Buletin Ekonomi Moneter dan Perbankan Vol 12 No 4 (2010): APRIL 2010
Publisher : Bank Indonesia

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Abstract

Pemerintah secara berkelanjutan merancang kebijakan-kebijakan untuk mempercepat pertumbuhan ekonomi dan menurunkan angka kemiskinan. Tapi, pemerintah menghadapi beberapa kendala seperti meningkatnya defisit yang berpotensial memberikan dampak pada penentuan skala prioritas sebagaimana pro dan kontra yang terjadi di dalamnya. Berdasarkan pertimbangan tersebut, kebijakan ekonomi haruslah direvisi dan didesain ulang untuk memenuhi tuntutan pro pertumbuhan, pro lowongan kerja, dan pro kemiskinan. Secara umum, penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji dampak perluasan dan kontraksi kebijakan fiskal pada kinerja ekonomi di Indonesia. Untuk mencapai tujuan dari penelitian ini, perubahan indikator makroekonomi, kinerja sektor ekonomi, dan perubahan angka kemiskinan dan distribusi pendapatan dikaji dengan menggunakan model Computable General Equilibrium (CGE). Untuk mengevaluasi kesenjangan distribusi pendapatan, fungsi distribusi beta yang digunakan diadopsi dari Decaluwe, et al. (1999). Studi ini menggunakan metode Foster, Greer, dan Thorbecke (F-G-T) dan Cockburn (2001) untuk mengevaluasi angka kemiskinan di setiap kelompok rumah tangga. Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukkan dampak dari meningkatnya subsidi lebih baik daripada dua kebijakan fiskal sebelumnya. Walaupun kebijakan transfer pendapatan memberikan dampak positif untuk meningkatkan pendapatan rumah tangga di pedesaan dan menurunkan angka kemiskinan, di sisi lain kebijakan ini memiliki dampak negatif dalam mengurangi GDP.JEL Classification: 132, E62.Kata Kunci: Kebijakan Fiskal, kemiskinan, distribusi pendapatan.

SIMULASI DAMPAK KENAIKAN UPAH MINIMUM TERHADAP TINGKAT PENDAPATAN DAN KEMISKINAN

EKUITAS (Jurnal Ekonomi dan Keuangan) Vol 17, No 3 (2013)
Publisher : Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Ekonomi Indonesia (STIESIA) Surabaya(STIESIA) Surabaya

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis dampak kenaikan upah minimum terhadap indikator ekonomi makro, tingkat pendapatan, dan kemiskinan. Untuk mencapai tujuan tersebut digunakan analisis model Computable General Equilibrium sedangkan untuk melihat perubahan kemiskinan digunakan Foster-Greer-Thorbecke index. Simulasi kebijakan dilakukan dengan ex ante forecasting, berupa simulasi yang didasarkan pada kebijakan historis dengan mengubah nilai variabel kebijakan. Simulasi dilakukan dengan menaikkan Upah Minimum Regional (UMR) riil sebesar 6,61 persen (simulasi-1) dan 9,33 persen (simulasi-2). Hasil simulasi menunjukkan bahwa kenaikan upah minimum berdampak terhadap meningkatnya pendapatan kelompok buruh dan pekerja serta menurunkan angka kemiskinan pada kemlompok tersebut. Namun, secara umum dalam jangka pendek menurunkan kinerja ekonomi makro, menaikkan tingkat harga, menurunkan tingkat konsumsi, ekspor, output sektoral serta menambah jumlah rumah tangga miskin secara total meskipun relatif kecil. Dengan kata lain, dampak kenaikan pendapatan para pekerja akibat kebijakan menaikkan upah minimum, secara total tidak dapat mengimbangi dampak negatif dari kebijakan tersebut, berupa penurunan tingkat pendapatan dari kelompok rumah tangga lainnya. 

KETERKAITAN INSTRUMEN KEBIJAKAN MONETER DENGAN NERACA PEMBAYARAN DI INDONESIA

QE JOURNAL Vol 3, No 01 (2014): QE Journal Edisi Maret 2014
Publisher : Fakultas Ekonomi Unimed

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Abstract

AbstractThis study aims to determine the monetary policy variable linkages withIndonesias balance of payments. Using svar and IRF analysis found that the level of α = 0.05, variable monetary policy instruments such as open market operation(OPT), the minimum reserve requirement (GWM), and the discount rate (rDisk) has a significant relationship with the variable balance of payments (BOP) . In fact,all the macroeconomic variables also significantly affect the balance of paymentsvariables, except the variable domestic interest rates. This means that there is aclose link between monetary policy instruments with the balance of payments inIndonesia in the period of the study.Keywords: Instruments of Monetary policy, Balance of payment, SVAR, IRF

THE IMPACT OF FREE TRADE BETWEEN ASEAN AND CHINA ON THE INDONESIAN HOUSEHOLDS

QE JOURNAL Vol 3, No 02 (2014): QE Journal Edisi Juni 2014
Publisher : Fakultas Ekonomi Unimed

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Abstract

Free trade agreement between ASEAN and China was executed in early2010. Various types of trade tariffs have been removed or lowered to support the agreement which may lead to changes in the welfare of Indonesian households. This research tries to find out the impact of ASEAN-China free trade agreement on the welfare of households in Indonesia. The model used for this analysis is AGEFIS model, a Computable General Equilibrium model of Indonesian economy. The findings of this research show that the free trade between ASEAN and China increases the level of economic activity. Various macroeconomic indicators such as output and exports increase relative to the output prior to the free trade agreement. Income of urban households rise but rural households are adversely affected. Skilled-workers benefits more than unskilled ones.Keywords : ASEAN-CHINA Free Trade Area, AGEFIS, Shock, SAM

Income Distribution and Inequality in Indonesia: Study on Middle Class Household

Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan: Kajian Masalah Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Vol 18, No 1 (2017): JEP 2017
Publisher : Universitas Muhammdaiyah Surakarta

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Abstract

The current positive trend of Indonesia’s economic growth has demonstrated that increasing income per capita is one of the economic prosperity indicators. One pillar of the increase in the income per capita of middle class is its surge to 56.5% in 2010 compared to that of in 2000 which only reached 20%, and it has brought Indonesia to be qualified as a middle-income country. It is believed that, one of the ways to reduce inequality in society is by encouraging economic growth and development of middle-class society. This study aims to analyze the profile of middle class household and its contribution on decreasing inequality in Indonesia using the data of National Survey of Social Economy (Susenas) from 2004 to 2012. By using Keynesian Consumption model and Lorenz Curve, the results showed that middle-class grouping by using the 20th and 80th percentile of income has a higher growth than that of the USD or portion average income approach. However, due to the relatively small contribution of middle class income growth in Indonesia to the economic growth, the changes on Indonesian middle class income is inelastic to the changes on national output.

Comparative Analysis on The Market Share of Indonesian Export Commodities: Opportunities and Challenges

Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan: Kajian Masalah Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Vol 19, No 2 (2018): JEP 2018
Publisher : Muhammadiyah University Press

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Abstract

Indonesia is one of the largest exporting countries, mainly of food products and chemicals. However, its import-export data show that the high export value on chemical commodities and food product is followed by relatively high import value on those commodities. This study examines the comparative advantage of Indonesian export commodities. The analysis is conducted by mapping and analyzing the condition and the potential of Indonesian export market in various trading partner countries. In addition, this study identifies the potential, opportunities, and challenges that Indonesia will face to improve the market of its export commodities. The testing of comparative advantage is carried out using chemical commodities. RCA is a method that is used to analyze the competitiveness of Indonesian export commodities. The results of this study indicate that chemicals have a comparative advantage with the value of greater that 1 during 2012-2016, but the import of chemical raw materials also tends to be higher. Featured commodities are inseparable from challenges and obstacles, such as dependence on main export destination countries, economic crises, and relatively high import value of raw materials. However, the opportunity of Indonesia to increase the contribution of the export to national income is still wide open. Maximizing the potential of market diversification strategy that is implemented by Indonesian government is expected to increase the export of Indonesian commodities.

Factors Affecting the Domestic Price of Rice in Indonesia

JEJAK: Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Vol 10, No 1 (2017): March 2017
Publisher : Semarang State University

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Abstract

This study aims to determine the factors that have dominant influence to domestic prices of rice. Ordinary Least Square is used to run model with time series data from BPS. The results of the study we found that domestic rice production and the exchange rate have negative effect on domestic rice prices, in contrast the international rice price and the level of income per capita. Domestic production of rice and international prices of rice do not significantly affect domestic prices of rice, while the exchange rate and per capita income significantly affect domestic prices of rice respectively at the alpha level of 10 and 1 percent. Per capita income is a the greatest influence on the formation of domestic prices of rice by the estimated coefficient of 3.5985. This condition also describe the level of societys dependence on rice consumption. The high of difference of domestic price of rice with the international rice prices can be detrimental to the community while providing a strong emphasis on increasing imports of rice as well as trigger the illegal market.

REDUCING POVERTY THROUGH SUBSIDIES: SIMULATION OF FUEL SUBSIDY DIVERSION TO NON-FOOD CROPS

Buletin Ekonomi Moneter dan Perbankan Vol 14 No 4 (2012): APRIL 2012
Publisher : Bank Indonesia

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Abstract

This paper analyzes the impact of fuel subsidy diversion to Non-Food Crops sector on income levels, using AGEFIS; a Computable General Equilibrium model. Then we proceed to apply the Foster-Greer-Thorbecke (FGT) index to measure the indicators of poverty (head count index, poverty gap index and poverty severity index). The simulation result shows the fuel subsidy diversion to Non-Food Crops sector provides a positive impact on increasing household incomes and poverty reduction. Furthermore, the fuel subsidy diversion to Non-Food Crops sector reduces the poverty of rural household, larger than the urban households.

PENINGKATAN KOMPETENSI GURU BERBASIS LESSON STUDY DI SUB RAYON SMKN 7 MEDAN

JURNAL PENGABDIAN KEPADA MASYARAKAT Vol 23, No 4 (2017): OKTOBER - DESEMBER
Publisher : LPM Unimed

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Abstract

AbstrakTerjadinya pergeseran paradigma pembelajaran dari “teacher centered” ke “student centered“ menjadikan peran guru di kelas berubah, dari peran yang hanya penyampai informasi kepada peran sebagai perantara.Kurangnya kompetensi guru dalam perencanaan, pelakasanaan dan evaluasi pembelajaran kurikulum 2013 menjadi masalah utama dalam pengabdian ini. Untuk mengatasi hal-hal tersebut guru perlu melakukan Lesson study dalam mengembangkan pembelajaran, mengaktifkan siswa belajar sehingga guru dapat melakukan review terhadap kinerjanya, dapat digunakan sebagai masukan untuk memperbaiki kinerjanya sehingga termotivasi untuk selalu berinovasi menjadi guru yang profesional. Tujuan kegiatan pengabdian masyarkat ini adalah membantu guru-guru mata diklat produktif di sub rayon SMK N 7 Medan dalam mengatasi beberapa masalah yang sedang dihadapi. Selain beberapa masalah tersebut, permasalahan khusus yang dihadapi oleh guru adalah kurangnya keterampilan guru dalam merancang dan menerapkan inovasi pembelajaran yang efektif dan menyenangkan. Target khusus dari kegiatan pengabdian dihasilkannya ; 1) RKBM yang sudah terstandar; 2) Tersedianya bahan ajar berbasis IT; 3) model-model pembelajaran berbasis Audiovisual; dan 4) Adanya dokumentasi pelaksanaan Open Class dengan menerapkan berbagai model pembelajara Rencana kegiatan pengabdian yang akan dilakukan antara lain ; 1) Pendampingan Penyusunan RKBM Berbasis Kurikulum 2013; 2) Pendampingan Pembuatan media pembelajaranberbasis IT; 3) Pendampingan penyusunan model-modelpPembelajaran berbasis Audiovisual; dan 4) Open Class.Kegiatan ini dilaksanakan di SMKN 7 Medsan. Pemilihan lokasi kegiatan ini didasarkan atas sarana dan prasarana yang sangat mendukung yang dimiliki oleh SMKN 7 Medan untuk melakukan pendampingan.Kata kunci : Kompetensi guru, lesson study, sub rayon SMKN 7AbstractThe shift of learning paradigm from "Teacher centered" to "student centered" makes the role of teacher in the class has changed, from a role that is merely a transmitter of information to an intermediary role. The lack of teacher competence in planning, implementing and evaluating the learning of the 2013 curriculum becomes a major problem in this devotion. To overcome these things teachers need to do Lesson study in developing activate student learning so that teachers can do a review of its performance so it can be used as an input to improve its performance and motivated to always innovate to be a professional teacher. The purpose of this community service is to help teachers productive eye training in sub rayon SMK N 7 Medan in overcoming some of the problems being faced. Besides, the specific problem faced by teachers is the lack of teacher skills in designing and implementing effective and enjoyable learning innovations. Special targets of devotion activities resulted; 1) standardized RKBM; 2) Availability of IT-based teaching materials; 3) Audiovisual based learning models; and 4) Existence of Open Class implementation documentation by applying various model of learning Plan of activity of dedication to be done, among others; 1) Assistance for the Formulation of RKBM Based on Curriculum 2013; 2) Mentoring The making of IT-based learning media; 3) Assistance in the preparation of Audiovisual based learning models; and 4) Open Class.This activity was implemented in SMKN 7 Medan. The Selection of the location is based on facilities and infrastructure that is very supportive of SMKN 7 Medan to provide the assistance.Keywords: Teacher competency, lesson study, sub rayon SMKN 7