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Journal : Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi

Relationship Between Knowledge, Physical Activity with Body Mass Index of Woman Employass at the Nutrition Instalation Dr.Soetomo Hospital Jaminah, Jaminah; Mahmudiono, Trias
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 6, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (26.515 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/jbe.V6I12018.13-24

Abstract

ABSTRAKObesitas merupakan penyakit kronis yang ditandai dengan peningkatan simpanan lemak, serta peningkatan IMT. ≥27. Perempuan usia 40-50 tahun lebih rentan mengalami obesitas karena penurunan kadar hormon estrogen. Prevalensi obesitas di Indonesia meningkat dari tahun 2007 hingga tahun 2013. Pengetahuan gizi menjadi salah satu faktor yang mempengaruhi kejadian obesitas. Berdasarkan hasil baseline data pada bulan Mei 2016, dari 102 orang karyawan perempuan di Instalasi Gizi RSUD Dr. Soetomo menunjukkan bahwa persentase overweight/obesitas sebesar 65%. Tujuan penelitian yaitu untuk menganalisis hubungan pengetahuan gizi dan aktivitas fisik dengan IMT pada karyawan perempuan di Instalasi Gizi RSUD Dr. Soetomo Surabaya. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian deskriptif analitik dengan rancang bangun cross sectional. Besar sampel 57 responden. Pemilihan sampel menggunakan teknik simple random sampling. Pengumpulan data dengan kuesioner, pengukuran antropometri, dan food recall. Hasil penelitian diperoleh status gizi  obesitas sebesar 75,4%. Pengetahuan gizi terbanyak kategori kurang 90%, aktivitas fisik terbanyak kategori sedang 76%. Ada hubungan antara pengetahuan gizi (p = 0,027) dan aktivitas fisik (p = 0,033) dengan IMT, sedangkan asupan energi, protein, lemak, karbohidrat (p > 0,372) yang berarti tidak ada hubungan dengan IMT. Kesimpulan penelitian, ada hubungan antara pengetahuan dan aktivitas fisik pada karyawan perempuan di Instalasi Gizi RSUD Dr. Soetomo terdapat IMT. Saran penelitian, perlu adanya edukasi gizi dan penambahan intensitas aktivitas fisik.Kata Kunci: aktivitas fisik, asupan zat gizi makro, indeks massa tubuh, pengetahuan gizi ABSTRACTObesity is a chronic disease that indicated by increasing fat store and Body Mass Index is more than or equal to 30. Women in the age of 40-50 years old are more susceptible to obesity due to decreased of estrogen hormone. The prevalence of obesity in Indonesia increased from 2007 to 2013. Nutrition knowledge is one of factors that can influence the obesity incidence. Preliminary data in May 2016 showed that among 102 female employees at the instalation of Nutrition Dr.Soetomo Regional Public Hospital, 65% were overweight/obese. The purpose of this study was to analyze the correlation between nutritional knowledge and physical activity with BMI on female employees at Installation of Nutrition Dr.Soetomo Regional Public Hospital Surabaya. This research was a cross sectional design with descriptive analytical method. Fifty seven respondents involved in this research and selected using simple random sampling technique were data collected using questionnaire, anthropometric measurements and food recall. The results showed that 75,4% respondents were obese. Most nutrition knowledge catagories less is 90%, physical activity of the most moderate activity categories is 76%. In conclution, it showed that a significant correlation between nutritional knowledge (p = 0,027) and physical activity (p = 0.033) to BMI. There was no significant correlation between energy, protein, fat, and carbohydrate intake (p >0,372).  It is suggested to conduct regular nutritional education and physical exercise in the hospital.Keywords: physical activity, macro nutrient intake, body mass index, nutritional knowledge
Snacking At School Increased The Risk Of Overweight/Obesity In Children Nisak, Aulia Jauharun; Mahmudiono, Trias
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 5, No 3 (2017): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (536.588 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/jbe.V5I32017.311-324

Abstract

ABSTRACTChildhood obesity is one of the most serious public health problems in the 21st century. Unhealthy eating habits are believed to be the cause of overweight/obesity in children. This study aimed to analyze the relationship between the consumption patterns of snack foods and the incidence of overweight/obesity. This research was conducted at the SDN Ploso I-172, Tambaksari Surabaya in May-July 2017 with a case control study design. Data were obtained from interview and anthropometric measurement. The samples size was 112 respondents with 56 case samples, and 56 control samples. Data were analyzed using linear regression test and logistic regression. The results showed that snack foods consumed by schoolchildren were fruit syrup, perisa beverage, chocolate, papeda, fried foods, fishcake and sausages, pentol, syrup, sauce, and toppings. There was a significant correlation between daily consumption of food snack, including fruit syrup (p = 0.004; OR = 8.000), perisa beverage (p = 0.02; OR = 13.412), chocolate (p = 0.013; OR = 6.333), fried food (p = 0.015; OR = 14.786), fishcake and sausages (p = 0.004; OR = 8.750), pentol (p = 0.039; OR = 4.044), syrup, sauce, and topping (p = 0.023; OR = 4.643) with overweight/obesity incidence. In conclusion this research revealed correlation between the pattern of snacking and overweight/obesity incidence among school children. It is suggested to the parents and schools to be more vigilant ensuring the healthy snack consumption to prevent overweight dan obesity among school children. Keywords: overweight, snack food, obesity, consumption pattern
The Relationship between Knowledge and Physical Activity with Obesity in The Female Worker Jaminah, Jaminah; Mahmudiono, Trias
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 6, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (447.093 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/jbe.V6I12018.9-17

Abstract

Background: The prevalence of obesity in Indonesia had been reported as 14,80% in 2007, which found in female aged above 18 years old. This increased to 32,90% in 2013. Moreover, there were 102 female workers in the nutritional division of the public hospital Dr. Soetomo Surabaya in May 2016 reported being obese. Purpose: This study aimed to analyze the relationship between knowledge and physical activity with obesity in the female worker in nutritional division of RSUD Dr. Soetomo Surabaya. Methods: This analytical descriptive study design was cross sectional. There were 57 respondents selected through random sampling. Data were collected through questionnaire, anthropometrical measurement, and food recall. Data were analyzed through bivariate and multivariate tests. The relationship between the dependent and independent variable was investigated through cross tabulation and linear regression test. Results: Obesity nutritional status was 75,40%, poor nutritional knowledge was 90%, and moderate physical activity was 76%. There was a relationship between nutritional knowledge (p = 0,03) and physical activity (p = 0,03) with obesity. Meanwhile, the energy supply, protein, fat, and carbohydrate showed no correlation with the obesity (p > 0,37). Conclusion: There was a relationship between knowledge and physical activity on female workers of the nutritional division of RSUD Dr. Soetomo with obesity.