Luthfi Djauhari Mahfudz
Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Diponegoro

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PENGARUH PENAMBAHAN ECENG GONDOK (Eichornia crassipes) FERMENTASI DALAM RANSUM TERHADAP PRODUKSI TELUR ITIK TEGAL Nugraha, Deni; Atmomarsono, Umiyati; Mahfudz, Luthfi Djauhari
Animal Agricultural Journal Vol 1, No 1 (2012): Volume 1, Nomor 1, Tahun 2012
Publisher : Animal Agricultural Journal

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Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui pengaruh penambahan eceng gondok fermentasi dalam ransum terhadap produksi telur itik Tegal. Materi yang digunakan adalah 100 ekor itik betina umur 24 minggu dimasukkan dalam kandang sebanyak 20 masing-masing berisi 5 ekor itik. Rancangan penelitian yang digunakan adalah Rancangan Acak Lengkap terdiri dari 5 perlakuan dengan 4 ulangan. Perlakuan yang diberikan adalah adalah T1 (2,5% eceng gondok tanpa fermentasi), T2 (2,5% eceng gondok fermentasi), T3 (5% eceng gondok fermentasi), T4 (7,5% eceng gondok fermentasi), T5 (10% eceng gondok fermentasi). Parameter yang diamati meliputi konsumsi ransum, produksi telur, berat telur dan konversi ransum. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penambahan eceng gondok fermentasi dalam ransum berpengaruh terhadap konsumsi ransum, tetapi tidak berpengaruh terhadap produksi telur, berat telur dan konversi ransum. Konsumsi ransum untuk T1, T2, T3, T4 dan T5 berturut turut adalah 131,12; 132,68; 133,05; 138,01 dan 140,13 g. Produksi telur 6,70; 4,78; 6,63; 7,27 dan 9,06 %. Berat telur adalah 53,85; 51,87; 59,33; 55,99 dan 56,72 g. Konversi ransum 5,02; 9,51; 5,60; 5,18 dan 5,60. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah tepung eceng gondok fermentasi dapat digunakan dalam ransum itik tegal sampai taraf 10%.Kata kunci : Eceng Gondok Fermentasi, Produksi Telur, Itik Tegal
PENGARUH PENAMBAHAN TEPUNG JAHE MERAH (Zingiber officinale var. Rubrum) DALAM RANSUM TERHADAP LAJU BOBOT BADAN DAN PRODUKSI TELUR AYAM KAMPUNG PERIODE LAYER Siahaan, Nicodemus Bonardo; Suprijatna, Edjeng; Mahfudz, Luthfi Djauhari
Animal Agricultural Journal Vol 2, No 1 (2013): Volume 2, Nomor 1, Tahun 2013
Publisher : Animal Agricultural Journal

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ABSTRAKPenelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui taraf penambahan dari tepung jahe merah pada ayam kampung periode layer terhadap laju bobot badan dan produksi telur yang dipelihara selama 6 minggu. Sebanyak 100 ekor ayam kampung umur 24 minggu dengan bobot badan 1532,25 + 175,92 g ditempatkan dalam kandang battrey dibagi menjadi 20 unit percobaan dan diisi 5 ekor ayam broiler per unit. Bahan pakan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah jagung giling, bekatul, tepung ikan, tepung jahe merah, white pollard, bungkil kedelai dan premix. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan acak kelompok (RAK) dengan 5 perlakuan dan 4 kelompok yaitu T0 (kontrol) = ransum perlakuan tanpa tepung jahe merah; T1 = ransum perlakuan dengan penggunaan 0,25% tepung jahe merah; T2 = ransum perlakuan dengan penggunaan 0,5% tepung jahe merah; T3 = ransum perlakuan dengan penggunaan 0,75% tepung jahe merah, T4 = ransum perlakuan dengan penggunaan 1% tepung jahe merah. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis menggunakan prosedur analisis ragam dengan uji F pada taraf 5 %. Hasil penelitian nenunjukkan bahwa penggunaan tepung jahe merah tidak menunjukkan adanya perbedaan yang nyata (P>0,05) terhadap laju bobot badan dan produksi telur. KataKunci : Ayam Kampung, jahe merah, laju bobot badan, produksi telur.ABSTRACT This study was aimed to determined effect of red ginger meal in kampung chicken’s diet on body weight and egg production maintained 6 weeks. Around 100 of kampung chicken at 24 weeks old with average weight 1532,25 + 175,92 g was placed in battrey cage were divide into 20 units and each unit consist of five kampung chickens. Feedstuffs used in this study were corn, rice bran, fishmeal, red ginger, white pollard, soybean meal and premix. Experimantal design used randomized block design (RBD) withh 5 treatments and 4 group: T0 (control) = ration treatment without red ginger; T1 = ration treatment with red ginger 0,25%; T2 = ration treatment with red ginger 0,5%; T3 = ration treatment with red ginger 0,75%, T4 = ration treatment with red ginger 1%. The data obtained were analyzed using various analytical procedures F-test with level 5%. The result showed that treatment with red ginger in diet not significantly (P>0,05) againts weight rate and egg production.Key word: Kampung chickens, red ginger , body weight rate, egg production.
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN PAKAN BEBAS PILIH TERHADAP KECERNAAN PROTEIN BURUNG PUYUH Irawan, Isna; Sunarti, Dwi; Mahfudz, Luthfi Djauhari
Animal Agricultural Journal Vol 1, No 2 (2012): Volume 1, Nomor 2, Tahun 2012
Publisher : Animal Agricultural Journal

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh free choice feeding dan keragaman sumber protein terhadap kecernaan protein pada burung puyuh jepang (Coturnix–coturnix japonica). Penelitian menggunakan burung puyuh betina usia 3 minggu sebanyak 216 ekor dengan bobot badan rata-rata 56,01 ± 1,61 g. Pemeliharaan puyuh dilakukan pada kandang baterai. Penelitian menggunakan bahan pakan berupa jagung, bekatul, bungkil kedelai, tepung ikan, bungkil kelapa, dan poultry meat meal (PMM). Rancangan percobaan yang digunakan adalah rancangan acak lengkap (RAL) dengan 3 perlakuan dan 9 ulangan. Setiap ulangan terdiri dari 8 ekor puyuh. T1 = 2 sumber energi (bekatul, jagung) dan 2 sumber protein (tepung ikan, bungkil kedelai); T2 = 2 sumber energi (bekatul, jagung) dan 3 sumber protein tepung ikan, bungkil kedelai, bungkil kelapa); T3 = 2 sumber energi (bekatul, jagung) dan 4 sumber protein (tepung ikan, bungkil kedelai, bungkil kelapa, PMM). Data yang diperoleh dianalisis ragam menggunakan uji F pada taraf 5%, dilanjutkan uji Duncan jika ada pengaruh perlakuan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa free choice feeding menyebabkan pengaruh yang tidak nyata (P>0,05) terhadap parameter konsumsi pakan, laju pakan dan kecernaan protein, sedangkan pada parameter konsumsi protein menunjukan pengaruh yang nyata (P<0,05). Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah puyuh memiliki tingkat kesukaan berbeda terhadap bahan pakan dan free choice feeding dapat membuat puyuh memenuhi kebutuhan fisiologis sesuai kebutuhannya tanpa mempengaruhi laju konsumsi pakan serta kecernaan proteinnya.Kata kunci : bebas pilih, kecernaan protein, burung puyuh.ABSTRACT This experiment was conducted to study the effect of free choice feeding and variety of protein sources on protein digestibility of Japanese Quail (Coturnix - coturnix japonica). Experiment used 216 japanese quail females, 3 weeks of age with average body weight 56,01 ± 1,61 g. They were kept in battery cages. Feedstuffs used in this study are corn, rice bran, soybean meal, fish meal, coconut meal, Poultry Meat Meal (PMM). Experimental design used was completely randomized design (CRD) with 3 replications and 9 treatments. Each replication consists of 8 heads of quail. T1 = 2 energy sources (rice bran, corn) and 2 protein sources (fish meal, soybean meal), T2 = 2 energy sources (rice bran, corn) and 3 sources of protein fish meal, soybean meal, coconut cake), T3 = 2 energy sources (rice bran, corn) and 4 protein sources (fish meal, soybean meal, coconut cake, PMM). Data were analyzed using a variety of test F at the level of 5%, followed by Duncan test if there is significant effect of the treatment. Results showed that the treatment of free choice feeding do not influence significantly (P> 0,05) on feed intake, feed rate, and protein digestibility parameters, but on the protein intake parameter showed that the treatment influence significantly (P< 0,05). The conclusion of experiment is quail has a different level of preference on the variety of feed and free choice feeding can make the quail meet the physiological needs according to their needs without affecting the rate of feed intake and digestibility of the protein.Key words : free choice feeding ; protein digestibility; quail.
PENGARUH PENGGUNAAN TEPUNG JAHE (Zingiber offinale) DALAM RANSUM TERHADAP PERLEMAKAN DAN TRIGLISERIDA AYAM KAMPUNG Pratama, Alvin Yunika; Atmomarsono, Umiyati; Mahfudz, Luthfi Djauhari
Animal Agricultural Journal Vol 1, No 1 (2012): Volume 1, Nomor 1, Tahun 2012
Publisher : Animal Agricultural Journal

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh penggunaan tepung jahe dalam ransum terhadap perlemakan dan trigliserida ayam kampung. Materi yang digunakan dalam penelitian adalah 180 ekor ayam kampung jantan dan betina berumur 4 minggu. Ransum dibagi menjadi dua, yaitu ransun tanpa jahe dengan protein 17% EM 2.900 kkal dan ransum dengan menggunakan jahe dengan protein 17% EM 2.900 kkal. Penelitian dilaksanakan menggunakan metode Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) pola split plot dengan 2 petak utama, 3 sebagai anak petak dan 5 ulangan, sehingga ada 30 unit percobaan. Tiap unit percobaan terdiri dari 6 ekor ayam kampung, sehingga ayam yang dibutuhkan adalah 180 ekor. Ransum diberikan ad libitum sampai umur 4 minggu. Setelah umur 5 minggu dan diketahui jantan betina dilakukan pemberian ransum perlakuan dengan penggunaan tepung jahe 1%, 2%, 3% dan ransum kontrol tanpa penggunaan tepung jahe. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan rata-rata lemak abdominal (jantan 0,51% dan betina 1,25%), lemak hati (jantan 2,21% dan betina 2,83%), trigliserida tidak berbeda nyata (P>0.05). Kesimpulan hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa penggunaan tepung jahe dalam ransum tidak berpengaruh nyata (P>0,05) terhadap interaksi jenis kelamin dan perlakuan level jahe, namun berpengaruh nyata (P<0,05) terhadap lemak abdominal dan lemak hati yang menunjukkan jantan lebih kecil dari pada betina.Kata Kunci : tepung jahe, ayam kampung, perlemakan, trigliseridaABSTRACT This study aimed to determine the effect of the use of ginger powder in the diet of native chicken on performans of fatty acid and triglyceride. The material used in the study were 180 native chickens males and females aged 4 weeks. Diet was divided into two, first was diet without ginger contains 17% protein and EM 2.900 kcal diet using ginger contains 17% protein kcal EM 2.900. The experiment was conducted using the completely randomized design (CRD) split plot pattern with two main plots, 3 as subplots and 5 replicates, so that there are 30 experimental units. Each experimental unit consisted of 6 chicken heads, so the chicken is needed is 180 birds. Diet given ad libitum until the age of 4 weeks. After the age of 5 weeks and sexing was performed, rationing treatment with the use of ginger powder 1%, 2%, 3% and diet without using ginger powder. The results showed an average abdominal fat (0.51% on male and 1.25% on female), fatty liver (2.21 % on male and 2.83 % on female), triglyceride were not significantly different (P>0.05). The Conclusion is the use of ginger powder in the ration had no significant effect (P>0.05) for the interaction of sex and treatment level of ginger, but significantly (P<0.05) on abdominal fat and liver fat which is show smaller size on males than the females.Keywords: ginger powder, chicken, fatty, triglyceride
Inclution of Combination Double Step Down Feed And Citric Acid to Increased Efficiency in Broiler Livestock Saputra, Wirawan Yudha; Suthama, Nyoman; Mahfudz, Luthfi Djauhari
Buletin Nutrisi dan Makanan Ternak Vol 10, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Universitas Hasanuddin

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The aims of  research is to assess and evaluate the application of a combination double step-down ( DSD ) diet and citric acid ( CA ) in improving the efficiency of broiler business . Research arranged in a completely randomized design ( CRD ) . A total of 168 broilers strains MB 202, 7 days old with average body weight of 186.23 ± 0.68 g were divided into 7 treatments and 4 replication     ( @ 6 broiler ). Treatments were : T0 ( control diet without a step-down and the CA) , T1 ( DSD diet without the CA ) , T2 ( DSD diet + 0.8 % CA of lime) , T3 ( DSD diet + 0.4 % CA synthetic ) , T4 ( DSD diet + 0.8 % of CA synthetic ) , T5 ( DSD diet + 1.2 % of CA synthetic ) and T6 ( DSD diet + 1.6 % of CA synthetic ) . The parameters measured in the present research were carcass weight , feed costs and income over feed cost ( IOFC ). ). The data were subjected to analysis of variance by F test followed Duncan test ( P < 0.05 ) and orthogonal polynomials ( PO ) to determine the optimal level of the CA. The results showed that the carcass weight did not differ ( P > 0.05 ) due to treatment . The treatment combination of DSD and the CA synthetic diet from 0.4% to 1.2 % ( T3 - T5 ) significantly ( P < 0.05 ) reduced diet costs and increase IOFC compared to control ( T0 ) . Based on the calculation of PO , the CA determined the optimal level of 0.96 % . Research conclusion that the application of a combination of double step-down diet and 0.8-1.2 % citric acid can be used as an alternative to increased efficiency in broiler production .
Pengaruh Pemberian Pakan dengan Sumber Protein Berbeda terhadap Efisiensi Penggunaan Protein Ayam Lokal Persilangan Varianti, Nunik Ita; Atmomarsono, Umiyati; Mahfudz, Luthfi Djauhari
Jurnal Agripet Vol 17, No 1 (2017): Volume 17, No. 1, April 2017
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

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Abstract

ABSTRAK. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji pengaruh pemberian pakan dengan sumber protein berbeda terhadap efisiensi penggunaan protein ayam lokal persilangan. Materi penelitian adalah 126 ekor ayam lokal persilangan (unsexed) umur 2 minggu, bobot badan 129,02 ± 6,34 g. Penelitian menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap (RAL), dengan 3 perlakuan, serta 7 ulangan, dan setiap unit percobaan terdiri dari 6 ekor ayam. Perlakuannya antara lain T1: 2 sumber protein (bungkil kedelai, tepung ikan); T2: 3 sumber protein (bungkil kedelai, tepung ikan, MBM (Meat Bone Meal)); T3: 4 sumber protein (bungkil kedelai, tepung ikan, Meat Bone Meal (MBM), Poultry Meat Meal (PMM)). Pakan sumber energi (jagung dan bekatul), pakan sumber mineral CaCo3. Pakan diberikan secara bebas memilih, ad libitum dan dalam benruk mash. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis menggunakan ANOVA (Analysis of Variance) dengan uji F taraf 5%, dan dilanjutkan dengan uji Duncan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pemberian pakan dengan sumber protein berpengaruh nyata (p<0,05) meningkatkan konsumsi protein (T1: 7,65c; T2: 9,57b; T3: 11,40a) g/ekor/hari, menurunkan rasio efisiensi protein (T1: 1,65a; T2: 1,42b; T3: 1,40b), dan meningkatkan asupan protein (T1: 5,82c; T2: 7,30b; T3: 8,82a) g/ekor/hari. Disimpulkan bahwa pemberian pakan dengan sumber protein (bungkil kedelai dan tepung ikan) dapat meningkatkan efisiensi protein ayam lokal persilangan. (The influence of different protein source on efficiency protein of crossbred local chicken) ABSTRACT. This research was aimed to determine the influence of different protein source on protein utilization of Crossbred Local Chicken. Using 126 Crossbred Local Chicken unsexed 2 weeks old with the average body weight 129,02 ± 6,34 g. Completely randomized design with 3 treatments and 7 replication applied, each experimental unit consistent of 6 chickens. The treatment are T1: 2 protein source (soybean meal, fish meal); T2: 3 protein source (soybean meal, fish meal, meat bone meal); T3: 4 protein source (soybean meal, fish meal, meat bone meal. poultry meat meal). Feed energy source (corn and rice bran) and mineral source (CaCo3). Feed given with method free choice feeding, ad libitum, mash. The data obtained were analyzed using Analysis of Variance F-test with level 5% and Duncan test. The research showed that different protein source significantly (P<0,05), increase protein consumption (T1: 7,65c; T2: 9,57b; T3: 11,40a) g/day, descreased ratio protein efficiency (T1: 1,65a; T2: 1,42b; T3: 1,40b) and increase protein intake (T1: 5,82c; T2: 7,30b; T3: 8,82a) g/day. As a cconclusion that feeding with soybean meal and fish meal as protein source able to improve protein efficiency of crossbred local chicken.
PEMBERIAN KOMBINASI PAKAN DOUBLE STEP DOWN DAN ASAM SITRAT SEBAGAI UPAYA PENINGKATAN EFISIENSI USAHA PETERNAKAN BROILER Saputra, Wirawan Yudha; Suthama, Nyoman; Mahfudz, Luthfi Djauhari
Buletin Nutrisi dan Makanan Ternak Vol 10, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Buletin Nutrisi dan Makanan Ternak

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Abstract

Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengkaji dan mengevaluasi penerapan kombinasi pakan double step down (DSD) dan asam sitrat (AS) dalam meningkatkan efisiensi usaha peternakan broiler. Penelitian disusun dalam rancangan acak lengkap (RAL). Sebanyak 168 ekor broiler strain MB 202 umur 7 hari dengan bobot badan rata-rata 186,23±0,68 g dibagi dalam 7 perlakuan dan 4 ulangan (@ 6 ekor broiler). Perlakuan sebagai berikut: T0 (pakan kontrol tanpa step down dan AS), T1 (pakan DSD tanpa AS), T2 (pakan DSD + 0,8% AS jeruk nipis), T3 (pakan DSD + 0,4% AS sintetik), T4 (pakan DSD + 0,8% AS sintetik), T5 (pakan DSD + 1,2% AS sintetik) dan T6 (pakan DSD + 1,6% AS sintetik). Parameter yang diamati meliputi bobot karkas, biaya pakan serta income over diet cost (IOFC). Data dianalisis dengan uji F dilanjutkan uji Duncan (P<0,05) dan polinomial ortogonal (PO) untuk menentukan level optimal AS. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa bobot karkas tidak berbeda (P>0,05) akibat perlakuan. Perlakuan kombinasi pakan DSD dan AS sintetik 0,4-1,2% (T3-T5) nyata (P<0,05) menurunkan biaya pakan dan meningkatkan IOFC dibanding kontrol (T0). Berdasarkan perhitungan PO, dapat ditentukan level optimal AS sebesar 0,96%. Kesimpulan penelitian bahwa penerapan kombinasi pakan double step down dan asam sitrat 0,8-1,2% dapat digunakan sebagai alternatif peningkatan efisiensi produksi pada broiler. Kata kunci: pakan step down, asam sitrat, efisiensi produksi, broiler
Interval Waktu Penambahan Ampas Mengkudu (Morinda citrifolia L.) dalam Ransum terhadap Performans Ayam Broiler Primandini, Yuni; Mahfudz, Luthfi Djauhari; Sukamto, Bambang
Jurnal Agripet Vol 12, No 1 (2012): Volume 12, No. 1, April 2012
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

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Time interval of supplementation of Morinda citrifolia L. by product on the performance broiler chicken ABSTRACT. The research using Completely Randomized Design with 3x2 factorial arrangement and 4 replicated. Dose of Morinda citrifolia by product (T) that is 0 g/kg ( T0); 0.50 g/kg ( T1); 0.75 g/kg ( T2) and 1.00 g/kg (T3) as first factor and time interval that is continue (A1) and 1 week interval (A2) as second factor. The performance parameters observed were : feed intake, body weight and small intestine measure. The result showed that no significant effect of time interval and interaction between time interval with Morinda citrifolia by product dose (p>0.05) on feed intake and small intestine measure. The addition dose of Morinda citrifolia by product increased (p<0.05) body weight, there was interaction (p<0.05) between time interval and Morinda citrifolia by product dose on body weight.
PENGARUH PENGGUNAAN TEPUNG LIMBAH PERTANIAN UMBI WORTEL (Daucus carrota. L) DALAM RANSUM TERHADAP KECERNAAN PROTEIN PADA AYAM BROILER Sejati, Pramudyah; Mahfudz, Luthfi Djauhari; Yunianto, Vitus Dwi
MEDIAGRO Vol 13, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : MEDIAGRO

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This research aims to assess the effect of using agricultural waste carrot root of the digestibility of protein in the ration of broiler chickens. The material used is broiler strain Lohmann age of 7 days with a body weight of 181.40 ? 11.31 grams of 144 birds. Material feed used consisting of yellow corn, rice bran, Meat Bone Meal, Poultry Meat Meal, soybean meal, mineral mix and flour carrots. Carrot flour used in the diet for 4 weeks. The tools used for data retrieval protein digestibility is a tray container excreta, hand sprayer, scales and laboratory equipment analysis of dietary protein and excreta. The research used a completely randomized design with 4 treatments and 6 replications, each unit consisting of six broiler chickens. Treatment applied is T0 (without flour carrots), T1 (diet with 2% flour carrots), T2 (diet with 4% flour carrots) and T3 (diet with 6% flour carrots). The measured parameters which include feed consumption, the consumption of protein, and protein digestibility. The data were processed using analysis of variance. The results showed that the use of agricultural waste flour carrot root no significant effect (P> 0.05) on feed consumption, the consumption of protein, and the protein digestibility of broiler chickens. The use of carrot flour is still low due to beta-carotene as provitamin A activity 1/6 of vitamin A.?Keywords: broiler chicken, carrot flour, consumption of protein, digestible protein.