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PENGARUH PENGGUNAAN UNIT SALURAN AIR BERTANGGA DAN SARINGAN PASIR CEPAT TERHADAP PENURUNAN KADAR BESI DALAM AIR

Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan Vol 16, No 1 Mar (1988)
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan

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One of the reasons why the use of handpump wells is not popular in rural areas of Indonesia is that the smell and taste of iron. The iron content can be reduced through aeration by cascades and filtration. An experiment was carried out in the first week of November 1986. The water sample was taken from a handpump and the iron content varies from 0,950-2,850 mg/l. A significant reduction was obtained by letting the water cascade one time and there was further reduction with successive cascades. Aeration with one cascade continued with rapid sandfilter reduced the iron content to 0,160 mg/l or 91,06% of the original. The greatest reduction was obtained after 3 cascades and filtration.

Hubungan Kepadatan Hunian dan Kualitas Fisik Rumah Desa Penda Asam Barito Selatan

JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN: Jurnal dan Aplikasi Teknik Kesehatan Lingkungan Vol 12, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Volume 12 No. 1 Januari 2015
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Kesehatan Lingkungan Banjarbaru

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Abstract: Residential density and housis physical quality in the Penda Asam Village of district South Barito 2014. A house that doesn’t meet the physical requirements can cause immune deficiencies so that the diseases so easily affected. This research aims to know the physical quality’s house and residential density in the Penda Asam’s village of South hamlet subdistrict South Barito regency 2014. This research design was cross sectional with  observation method, and measurement. The research population is 195 head of family with 51 houses sample. Data analysis was based on Kepmenkes RI No.829/Menkes/SK/VII/1999 about health housing requirements. The research result showed physical quality’s house: the kind of zinc roof as many as 35 houses 68,6% and 11,8% multiroof. The lighting eligible as 74,5%; ineligible as 25,5%, the temperature eligible as 7,8%; ineligible as 92,2%, the humidity eligible as 17,6%; ineligible as 82,4%, the residential density not solid’s category as 45%; solid’s category as 55%. The effort to overcome the problem: open the window in the morning, keep the ventilation system so that air circulation can be fluently, do reforestation around the house so that the environment condition becomes cool. Keywords:  Residential Density, House Physical (the kind of roof; lighting; temperature;   humidity)

Tingkat Kebisingan Di Kawasan Permukiman Sekitar PLTD Muara Teweh

JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN: Jurnal dan Aplikasi Teknik Kesehatan Lingkungan Vol 13, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Volume 13 No. 1, Januari 2016
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Kesehatan Lingkungan Banjarbaru

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Abstract: Level of Noise in the residential around muara teweh’s PLTD. Muara Teweh’s PLTD was one of the regional companied responsible for the provision of electricity serviced. The impact of the operation of the PLTD is the emergence of noise caused by the PLTD engine so that it appeared on public complainted, especially communication disordered, disordered of physiological and psychological disordered. This study aims to determine the noise level and subjective complainted felt in residential areas around Muara Teweh’s PLTD. This research was a descriptive observational describe the noise level in residential areas Muara Teweh’s PLTD. This study include cross-sectional design that aims to determine the noise until at residential areas around Muara Teweh’s PLTD and connect with public complainted in residential areas around Muara Teweh’s PLTD. The measurement resulted show noise levels in residential areas around Muara Teweh’s PLTD exceeded the NAV according KEPMEN / LH / 48/1996, which is 62.9 dBA in the North, 70.4 dBA in the Northeast, 69.3 dBA in the East , 69.4 dBA in the direction of the Southeast, 72.3 dBA in the south, 72.2 dBA in the direction of the Southwest, 78.2 in the West and 75.5 dBA in the northwest. Subjective complainted of the most widely felt in residential areas Muara Teweh’s PLTD form (45.9%), headache (56.8%), discomfort (91.9%), insomnia (83.8%) fast and emotions (40.5%). Efforts should be madeto controlnoise levelsand complaintsaregiving them the toolsnoise suppressioninengine room, thickenthe barrier, put upcurtainsat thewindows of the houseanddo notoftenopen thedoor. Keywords         :           Noisy environment, residential noise

Merubah Ancaman Bahaya Limbah Cair Industri Tahu Menjadi Peluang Ekonomi

JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN: Jurnal dan Aplikasi Teknik Kesehatan Lingkungan Vol 11, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Volume 11 No. 2 Juli 2014
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Kesehatan Lingkungan Banjarbaru

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Abstrak : Changing the Threat of tofu Wastewater Hazardous to be Economical Oppurtunities. Wastewater from Tahu industry known as “whey” are offensive and be able to cause negative impact to the environment. This problem is caused by the characteristic of whey which is hot, acid, and containing much organic material. Because of this characteristic, their dissolve oxygen is also zero ppm. Measurement of tahu and tempe wastewater in Semanan, Jakarta Barat showed that the whey contains 1.324 mg/l of BOD5, 6.698 mg/l of COD, 84,4 mg/l of NH4, 1,76 mg/l of nitrate and 0,17 mg/l of nitrite 1). The potential hazard of whey to aquatic life can be measured by counting the concentration of whey’s parameter which be able to cause the death of tilapia (LC50), that is from 3,80% up to 11,5% at 24 hours exposure; 3,67% up to 14,30% at 72 hours exposure; and 3,38% up to 12,10% at 72 hours exposure 2). On the other hand, Acetobacter can change sugar to be vinegar, with byproduct is film coat “nata” floating. Factors influencing Acetobacter growth are sources of Carbon and Nitrogen. Appropriate nutrient content will produce “rendemen nata” (de coco) maximum, that is up to 93,3% 3). This study aims to know does the whey which is added by Acetobacter xylinum can produce nata de soya?. The result gave information that if into the whey added the Acetobacter (made from ripe pineapple) as a starter, and urea in acidic condition, would produce rendemen nata approximately 30%–40%. 4). Keywords: wastewater of tahu industry; nata de soya of whey

Pemanasan Sebagai Katalisator Bahan Koagulan Tawas dan Kapur dalam Pengolahan Air Sungai di Desa Penjaratan Kecamatan Pelaihari Kabupaten Tanah Laut Tahun 2016

JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN: Jurnal dan Aplikasi Teknik Kesehatan Lingkungan Vol 14, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Volume 14 No. 1, Januari 2017
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Kesehatan Lingkungan Banjarbaru

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Abstract: Heating As The Catalyst Of Alum And Lime Coagulant Materials In The River Water Processing In Penjaratan Village Pelaihari District Tanah Laut Regency In 2016. Water is a basic need in the human’s life. Therefore, water must be available in adequate quantity and quality such physical quality especially the turbidity at river water in. This study aims to find out the heat value as the catalyst of alum and lime coagulant materials in reducing the river water turbidity. The research method used is jar test, quasi- eksperiment designs in nature. Dependent variables in this study are turbidity and pH, independent variables are alum and lime doses and heating solution temperature. Data analysis is using Two-Way Anova statistical test.The study result in April 2016 shows there is a difference between catalyst without heating with early turbidity heating is 65.7 NTU and turbidity with processing without heating at settling time variation 5 minutes 20.7 NTU, 10 minutes 18.32 NTU and 15 minutes 17.45 NTU while with heating at settling time variation 5 minutes 14.27 NTU, 10 minutes 13.6 NTU and 15 minutes 13.1 NTU. The statistical test result shows the p-value in the catalyst is < 0.05 (there is a significant difference), while in the time and catalyst with time p-value > 0.05 (there is no significant difference). Keyword: Catalyst; Alum; Lime; Turbidity.

Analisis Hubungan Dukungan Pengawas Minum Obat TB-Paru dengan Kesembuhan Melalui Studi Epidemiologi Bersifat Analitik

JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN: Jurnal dan Aplikasi Teknik Kesehatan Lingkungan Vol 12, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Volume 12 No. 1 Januari 2015
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Kesehatan Lingkungan Banjarbaru

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Abstract : Analysis Of Relationship Between Supporting The Observer Of  Pulmonary Tb Treatment With Cured By Analitycal Epidemiological Studies. Pulmonary Tuberculosis is a communicable disease which are virulent and lethal. One of ten latent infections (hidden) will develop into active disease, which if not treated properly will be fatal for the patient. Most of TB patients can be recovered, if they meet the applicable provisions of the treatment. Epidemiological studies about relationship between supporting the observer of  pulmonary tb treatment with cured in Puskesmas Purwodadi I Kabupaten Grobogan, prove not associated statistically. While in Puskesmas Mangkang Semarang Barat, shows there is significantly association between supporting the observer of  pulmonary tb treatment with cured. The problem is which one of the finding be able to be the base of decision making in management of pulmonary TB program nationally. The purpose of this study was getting explanation and base of decision making, whether the finding in 2 puskesmas which produce different finding be able to be base of general decision making (inferensial). The epidemiological study used systematic review methods. Source of research data was from the literature, obtained through the Internet, relevant research, especially research in Puskesmas Purwodadi I Kabupaten Grobogan dan di Puskesmas Mangkang Semarang Barat. The result showed that epidemiological study in both Puskesmas Purwodadi I and Puskesmas Mangkang had some similiarity that were analytical, used chi–square test, and in the method of sampling (Non Probability).  While in other study method was different, both in study design, number of sample, and the respondents age criteria. Finding of epidemiological study in both Puskesmas Purwodadi I and Puskesmas Mangkang is inferential, so that only are specific site and does not apply to other population. Keywords : analitycal epidemiology, pulmonary-tb

Risiko Kontaminasi Bakteriologis Pada Sarana Air Bersih Di Desa Baruh Tabing Kecamatan Banjang

JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN: Jurnal dan Aplikasi Teknik Kesehatan Lingkungan Vol 12, No 2 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Volume 12 No. 2 Juli 2015
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Kesehatan Lingkungan Banjarbaru

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Abstract: The bacteriological contamination risk of clean water facilities in Desa Baruh Tabing, Banjang Sub district. The Indonesian government as part of the population of the world is committed to achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDG), particularly in the field of Water Supply and Sanitation (WSS) which lowers the number of people who do not have access to drinking water and basic sanitation by 50% in 2015. However, drinking water coverage in 2010 amounted to 48.8% for the physical. This study aims to determined differences in the bacteriological quality of water is based on the type of water supply system in the Desa Baruh Tabing at  Banjang’s Puskesmas working area. Using a cross sectional study design. A sample of 9 pieces of SAB with the sampling method performed Saturation Sampling. The sampling period was done three (3) times in one month on each of clean water facilities to be checked, so the total number of water samples of 27 samples. Analysis used ANOVA test. The results showed no significant difference between the numbers of clean water facilities with p = 0.010 at α = 0.05; bacteriological quality (number of coliform) the highest number is 1,898, while the lowest is zero. For the average value of the highest coliform number 1,898 on Dug wells. While the risk of coliform contamination in water supply facilities in the high category as much as 44.4% and 11.1% very high category. To keep the risk of coliform contamination of the water supply facilities, monitoring is done periodically by the authorities. Keywords: the risk of contamination; bacteriological; clean water facilities

Korelasi Iklim Kerja Dengan Kecelakaan Kerja Di PT. Japfa Comfeed Indonesia TBK Bati-Bati Kalimantan Selatan

JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN: Jurnal dan Aplikasi Teknik Kesehatan Lingkungan Vol 13, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Volume 13 No. 2, Juli 2016
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Kesehatan Lingkungan Banjarbaru

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Abstract: Correlation of Work Climate With Occupational Accidents At PT Japfa Comfeed Indonesia Tbk Bati-Bati South Kalimantan. One of the working conditions that can cause health problems for workers is exposure to heat. Climate improper work may cause health problems and lead to impaired concentration of labor that resulted in accidents. This study aim to determine the relationship work climate with occupational accidents in animal feed production process unit in PT Japfa Comfeed Indonesia Tbk Bati-bati on Jl. A. Yani Km 35,5 Desa Nusa Indah Bati-Bati, Tanah Laut, South Kalimantan. Cross sectional study design with a total population of 30 labors and samples selected by total sampling were analyzed using Chi-Square test. The results showed that the working environment at the 1st floor 28,69oC , on the 2nd floor 28,90oC and 3rd floor 30,50oC which means that the working climate on the 3rd floor exceeds NAB. Occupational accidents occurred on the 1st floor of  25% , the 2nd floor of 14,3 % and 3rd floor of to 63,6 %. From the results of the bivariate analysis using Chi-square test proved to be statistically significant relationship between work climate with the accident in unit production PT Japfa Comfeed Indonesia Tbk Bati-Bati. Efforts should be made to address the working environment exceeds the NAB is with improved ventilation and the provision of drinking water that meets the needs of labor and provision of clothes that absorb sweat like cotton. Keywords: Work Climate; Occupational Accidents; PT Japfa Comfeed Indonesia Tbk 

Perbedaan Risiko Lingkungan Pekerjaan Di Kawasan Hutan Terhadap Kejadian Malaria Diantara Pasien Puskesmas Binuang

JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN: Jurnal dan Aplikasi Teknik Kesehatan Lingkungan Vol 14, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Volume 14 No. 2, Juli 2017
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Kesehatan Lingkungan Banjarbaru

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Abstract: Environmental Risk Differences Occupations In Forest Areas Against Malaria Incidence Among Binuang Puskesmas Patient. Tapin district in South Kalimantan also has forest areas and is malaria endemic. Binuang District is an area with the most malaria cases. In 2012 clinical malaria was found in 364 cases with 197 positive cases. The objective of this research is to know the difference of work environment risk in the historic area against malaria incidence. The study material was the medical record of all patients at Binuang Public Health Center of Tapin District, in the first tier of year 2016. The results showed that not every exposure with vector habitat (forest area) acted as risk factor to malaria disease status. Through Chi Square test, it is not proven that the type of forest encroachment work is related to malaria incidence, X2 count value is 1.875 smaller than X2 table (= 3,841), is at the acceptance of H0. However, gold miners (in forest areas) have a risk of contracting malaria by 29.13 times greater than non-gold counterparts. The calculation result of X2 is 41,76 bigger than X2 table (= 3,841), reject H0. For gold pending workers it is advisable to use insect repellent (repelent) and other mosquito-bitten protective gear while inside the gold repeating area. Keywords: Malaria risk; Gold pending; Malaria forest area.

Efektivitas bakteri acetobacter sp. Dalam mereduksi biological oxygen demand limbah cair industri tahu

Jurnal Skala Kesehatan Vol 7 No 2 (2016): JURNAL SKALA KESEHATAN
Publisher : Politeknik Kementerian Kesehatan Banjarmasin

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Limbah cair industri tahu bersifat ofensif dan mampu memberikan akibat buruk pada lingkungan ambiennya. Dalam waktu singkat lingkungan penerima limbah ini akan menjadi septik dan berbau. Hal itu dikarenakan limbah cair ini bersifat asam, mempunyai temperatur dan bahan organik yang tinggi, serta kandungan oksigen terlarut nol ppm.  Hampir semua zat organik yang masuk ke dalam badan air akan segera diuraikan oleh bakteri dekomposer. Zat organik tersebut dapat berupa karbohidrat, lemak, ataupun protein. Di antara senyawa-senyawa tersebut, protein dan lemaklah yang jumlahnya paling besar (Nurhasan dan Pramudyanto, 1987), yang mencapai 40% - 60% protein, 25 - 50% karbohidrat, dan 10% lemak (Sugiharto, 1987). Acetobacter adalah genus dari bakteri asam asetat yang ditandai dengan kemampuan untuk mengubah etanol menjadi asam asetat dengan adanya oksigen (an aerob fakultative). Pada penelitian eksperimen semu ini dilakukan perlakuan terhadap whey dengan menambahkan Acetobacter xy.dalam dosis 4% dan 8% dari volume whey, pengaturan pH, serta fermentasi dalam suasana an aerob fakultative selama 5 hari dan 7 hari. Kemudian dihitung efektivitas Acetobacter xy. dalam menurunkan parameter BOD limbah cair tahu (whey). Pada Corrected model pengaruh semua variable independen baik dosis, waktu fermentasi, dan Dosis*waktu fermentasi secara bersama-sama terhadap variable dependen (BOD5) adalah significan berarti model adalah valid. Nilai intercept menunjukan tanpa perlu dipengaruhi keberadaan variable independen maka variable dependen (BOD) dapat berubah. Dosis (P=0,002), waktu fermentasi (P=0,000) dan interaksi keduanya (P-0,000) (dosis*waktu fermentasi) juga signifikan mempengaruhi nilai BOD, walaupun untuk efektivitas di lapangan harus juga melihat atau membandingkan dengan standar  BOD yang bisa dibuang kelingkungan. Dengan R Squared = .831 (Adjusted R Squared = .751) menunjukan korelasi yang kuat karena mendekati 1. Perlakuan dan pengaturan berbagai faktor diatas menghasilkan efektivitas Acetobacter xy. yang terbaik adalah pada perlakuan dosis Acetobacter xy. 8% dan lama fermentasi selama 5 hari, yaitu mereduksi BOD sebesar 32%. Efektivitas sebesar ini tidak sebaik penurunan BOD secara alami di alam terbuka, yaitu sebesar 75% selama 5 hari. Hal itu diperkirakan karena Acetobacter xy. hanya efektive menguraikan kandungan karbohidrat dan bukan pada kandungan protein dan lemak dalam limbah cair tahu (whey) melalui proses an-aerob (fakultative). Sedangkan proses penurunan BOD di alam bebas terjadi secara aerobic dan an-aerob untuk semua unsur bahan organik. Disarankan pemanfaatan Acetobacter xy. untuk mereduksi BOD dikombinasikan dengan metode lain yang efektive mengurai protein dan lemak. Pemanfaatan Acetobacter xy dalam pengolahan limbah cair tahu (whey) masih dapat dipilih apabila tujuannya untuk mendapatkan produk sampingan berupa lapisan nata de soya