F. Madarisa
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Analisis Potensi Bahan Pakan Lokal Untuk Pengembangan Ternak Sapi Potong di Sumatera Barat Madarisa, F.; Iskandar, l.; Andelina, Deswita
Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Animal Science) Vol 12, No 3 (2007): Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

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Abstract

Using secondary data, a survey was conducted to assess the availability of potentially beef cattle feed in West Sumatra province. Two methods were applied to analye the collected data; 1) supporting capacity index (IDD) developed by Livestock Research Institute at Ciawi Bogor which also legally accepted as an instrument to determine regional capacity in supporting cattle feed. 2). Nell and Rollinson method which has been applied in Indonesia since 1974 supported by UNDP. Results showed that by the first method (IDD), West Sumatra has 1,888,032.77 ton and 459,041,026 ton potential feed from agriculture and agricultural by products respectively in 2007. The second Nell and Rollinson method confirmed that West Sumatra has 33,286,255,20 ton from grass production and 588,638.72 ton agricultural by products. Compared between the West Sumatra regional capacity to support beef cattle as 1,028,935.9 animal unit, and ruminants population as 446,072.7 animal unit, there is an additional capacity to keep ruminants as 562,863.2 animal unit. Based on the cattle contribution as 63 % to total population, West Sumatra could increase its support to cattle population by 355,110.6 animal unit. Nell and Rollinson showed an optimistic figure, namely 1,408,892 animal unit for cattle.
Kajian Inovasi Integrasi Tanaman – Ternak melalui Pemanfaatan Hasil Ikutan Tanaman Sawit untuk Meningkatkan Produksi Sapi Lokal Sumatera Barat Bamualim, A. M.; Madarisa, F.; Pendra, Y.; Mawardi, E.; Asmak, -
Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Animal Science) Vol 17, No 2 (2015): Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

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Abstract

Satu kajian telah dilakukan tentang inovasi integrasi tanaman-ternak melalui pemanfaatan hasil ikutan sawit untuk meningkatkan produksi sapi potong lokal Sumatera Barat tahun 2014. Tiga kategori data dikumpulkan, yaitu (1) aspek sosial ekonomi peternak, (2) pertambahan berat badan harian sapi dan (3) produksi kelapa sawit. Semua data diambil dari kelompok Sri Langgeng (13 responden) di Dharmasraya dan kelompok Tanjung Keramat (10 responden) di Pasaman Barat. Hasilnya menunjukan bahwa rataan umur peternak adalah 39 tahun, mempunyai kebun sawit seluas 2,2 ha dan 4,1 ha dengan 4,2 ekor dan 6,2 ekor sapi masing masing di Tanjung Keramat dan Sri Langgeng. Penerimaan bulanan mereka ialah Rp 1,63 juta dan seputar Rp 1,05 juta merupakan sumbangan dari ternak sapi di kedua kelompok. Pemberian pakan tambahan dengan hasil ikutan sawit menaikan berat badan sapi 0,14 dan 0,09 kg/ekor/hari, masing masing di Sri Langgeng dan Tanjung Keramat. Sebaliknya ternak kontrol justru berkurang beratnya sebesar -0,17 dan -0,11 kg/ekor/hari. Penggunaan pupuk organik dari kotoran sapi – diatas dari hasil pupuk buatan – menambah buah sawit sebesar 39,4 % dan 48,4 % di kedua kelompok. Kajian membuktikan bahwa ada peluang untuk mempercepat proses adopsi integrasi sapi dengan tanaman diarea perkebunan kelapa sawit Sumatera Barat.
Komputerisasi Pencatatan dan Evaluasi Pelaksanaan Inseminasi Buatan di Kabupaten 50 Kota Putra, F. E.; Hendri, Hendri; Madarisa, F.
Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Animal Science) Vol 13, No 3 (2011): Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

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Abstract

While it is not enough done in manual manner, recording is an important point to control the artificial insemination (AI) management. Then, there was an idea to carry out an arrangement of computerized AI recording and evaluation system. Its aim is to produce computer software in on-line system basis. Then it is useful in recording and evaluation of AI performance in 50 Kota district, West Sumatra as well as in decision support system. This survey and experiment combination methods used two questioners for two inseminators and four the Animal extension service officers. Secondary data were also collected from 50 Kota Animal extension services. Experiment used computers software of programming web (HTML and PHP) and database phpMyAdmin (MySQL). Variables consisted of several card, namely; (1) AI activity card, (2) pregnant inspection and infertility card, (3) Semen usage and liquid N2 stock card, (4) AI calving card which could be demonstrated by service/ conception (S/C), conception rate (CR) and calving rate indicators. The result showed that there was computer software in recording and evaluation of AI performance available for 50 Kota district. This system did recording of AI in a faster, valid, easy and qualified manner. After a local verification trial, a qualified system had been proved by using AI manual calculation comparison. Thus, this system will be more effective and efficient in AI recording and evaluation.
Identifikasi Permasalahan yang Dihadapi oleh Anggota Forum Silaturahmi Peternak Kambing di Sumatera Barat Intano, F. T.; Madarisa, F.
Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Animal Science) Vol 20, No 3 (2018): Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

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Abstract

Satu kajian awal telah dilakukan untuk mengidentifikasi permasalahan yang dihadapi oleh peternak anggota forum silaturahmi peternak kambing Sumatera Barat (FSPKSB). Data primer dikumpulkan memakai pendekatan partisipatif yang diambil dari konsep ‘proses belajar sosial’ untuk dua tujuan; (1) mendapatkan informasi mendalam tentang pemeliharaan ternak dan (2) upaya untuk memperbaiki kesadaran dikalangan 28 orang peternak anggota forum. Analisa data menggunakan kerangka logis dengan pengungkapan secara deskriptif rasional. Hasil kajian adalah peternak kambing menghadapi sejumlah masalah, terdiri dari; mutu bibit, penyediaan pakan, pencegahan penyakit, perluasan pasar untuk menambah produksi dan peningkatan kapasitas kelembagaan serta kebijakan pendukung. Transformasi untuk merevitalisasi pengelolaan agribisnis ternak kambing mestinya mewujudkan proses dan produk yang standar. Hal ini sesuai dengan aturan perundang-undangan dari lembaga berwenang.