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FAKTOR-FAKTOR SOSIAL EKONOMI KELUARGA YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KEJADIAN GONDOK PADA MURID SD Madanijah, Siti; Hirmawan, Ageng Basuki
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 2, No 1 (2007): Maret 2007
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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The objective of this study is to identify the factors that affect the high prevalence of goiter among elementary school students in goiter endemic area.  The specific objective are to identify the socio-economic characteristics of the sample family, to analyze food consump­tion related to goiter, to identify the variety of food contains of goitrogenic sub­stances, to measure the iodium salt concentration, to analyze the correlation between mother knowledge about IDD, food consumption and the quality of salt with the goiter status. This research was designed with cross sectional study with purposive method.  This research was conducted at Kabupaten Tasikmalaya, West Java from April to May 2005. The respon­dent consisted of 60 elementary school students, which 30 of them classified as normal group and the rest of them belong to the goiter group. The two sample groups were analyzing by the t-test and Mann Whitney test. The correlation variables were analyzed by the Spearman test. There were significant difference between the income on the normal group and the goiter group; the normal group had higher income than the rest. There were significant difference between the adequacy level of energy on the normal group (73.5%) and the goiter group (55.8%) and the average of the variety of goitrogenic food consumption. The Mann Whitney test showed there were also significant differences for the quality of salt. There were significant correlations between mother knowledge about IDD with the adequacy of iodium, and between the cases of goiter with the quality of salt consumed by the family. Intensive nutrition education of IDD is needed to improve the nutrition knowledge of the mothers, as well as the availability of the accessible iodized salt. Keywords: goiter, iodium, mother knowledge
INTERVENSI PENGAYAAN PENGETAHUAN PANGAN DAN GIZI PADA MUATAN LOKAL UNTUK SEKOLAH MENENGAH PERTAMA DI KABUPATEN LAMPUNG BARAT Sungkowo, .; Setiawan, Budi; Madanijah, Siti
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 3, No 3 (2008): November 2008 (Edisi Suplemen Ketahanan Pangan)
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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The problem in education especially in junior high school is low quality of education, caused by several factors such as social and economic situations. The purpose of the research was to study: 1) food and nutrition knowledge of the students; 2) food habit of the students; 3) ability to prepare traditional food of West Lampung; 4) nutritional status of students; 5) process of teaching and learning; and 6) Parent’s support. The research was conducted at junior high school in Sukau in West Lampung Regency. The research used cluster random sampling technique, one class (VIII A) was chosen as control group and another (VIII C) as treatment group. There were significant differences between control and treatment class respectively: 1) the score of food and nutrition knowledge 12.89 and 15.03; 2) the score of food habit 30.65 and 37.74;  3) the level of preparing traditional food 24.03 and 27.56; 4) the process of teaching learning 34.39 and 38.90; and 5) parent’s support 78.16 and 97.61. Keywords: intervention, nutrition knowledge, food habit.
KEANEKARAGAMAN HAYATI HUTAN KEMASYARAKATAN UNTUK MENDUKUNG PEMENUHAN KEBUTUHAN GIZI RUMAH TANGGA DI KABUPATEN LAMPUNG BARAT Susilawati, Kelana Indah; Baliwati, Yayuk Farida; Madanijah, Siti
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 3, No 3 (2008): November 2008 (Edisi Suplemen Ketahanan Pangan)
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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Abstract

The Government of West Lampung District issued Social Forestry Program to address forest degradation problem that caused by illegal logging. Therefore, nutritional carrying capacity of Social Forestry was important to be analyzed to understand the advantage of Social Forestry for farmer. The objectives of this research were to 1) analyze the characteristics of farmer household, 2) analyze the commodity diversity of Social Forestry, 3) analyze nutritional carrying capacity of Social Forestry. The sample was 90 Social Forestry’s farmer households chosen by using purposive sampling method.  The result of the research shows that almost all samples are small family which has elementary school-education-level and are Sundanese and Javanese. The average size of land organizing of Social Forestry each household is 1.3 ha ranged 0.25-4 ha.  The commodity diversity organized by the farmer household (52.2%) is included in low category with ≤12 commodities. The average nutritional carrying capacity of Social Forestry is 2 754 kcal/cap/day. More than half (67.8%) of the sample has reach nutritional carrying capacity ≥ 90% of ideal nutritional requirement. Keywords: biodiversity, nutritional carrying capacity, social forestry.
HUBUNGAN ANTARA STATUS GIZI MASA LALU ANAK DAN PARTISIPASI IBU DI POSYANDU DENGAN KEJADIAN TUBERKULOSIS PADA MURID TAMAN KANAK-KANAK Madanijah, Siti; Triana, Nina
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 2, No 1 (2007): Maret 2007
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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Abstract

The Tuberculosis (TB) was detected on kindergarten students is triggered by the poor past nutritional status. The best way to maintain health and nutritional status can be accomplished at posyandu. The objective of this study is to analyze the correlation between children past nutritional status and mother’s participation at posyandu with TB case on kindergarten students. The research was designed by cross sectional study with purposive method. This research had been conducted at Kecamatan Paseh, Kabupaten Sumedang, West Java from January to May 2006. The samples consisted of 30 kindergarten students suffered from TB and 30 healthy students that were selected randomly. The differences between the two groups were analyzed with the t-test and Mann Whitney test. The influenced variables were analyzed with multiple regression tests.  Related with past nutritional status, on the TB group, 16.6% of the samples had moderate and severe malnutrition, while severe malnutrition was not found on the other group. The participation of mothers were less categories on the TB group, as much as 56.7%, compared to the group with no TB (26.7%). There were significant correlation between children past nutritional status and mothers’ participation at posyandu with the TB case. Keywords: tuberculosis, nutritional status, Posyandu
PENGETAHUAN GIZI DAN KESEHATAN, PERILAKU HIDUP SEHAT, SERTA KARAKTERISTIK LINGKUNGAN FISIK RUMAH HUBUNGANNYA DENGAN KELUHAN KESEHATAN SOPIR ANGKOT Rizkiana, Arina; Madanijah, Siti; Effendi, Yekti Hartati
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 5, No 1 (2010): Maret 2010
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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The objective of this study was to know the correlation between nutrition and health knowledge, behavior of healthy life, and physical characteristic of the house towards health sighs of public transportation driver. Design of this study was a cross sectional study. The criterions of sample were (1) driver of Kampus Dalam and Leuwiliang route; (2) man; (3) age more than 30 years old; (4) had been worked as public transportation driver more than 2 years; (5) can communicate and ready for having an interview. The amount of sample is 60 respondents. The type of data was primary and secondary data. The primary data (individual and family characteristic, nutrition and health knowledge, life style, pattern of food consumption, behavior of healthy life, physical characteristic of the house, and health sighs of the driver) was collected by structural questionnaire interview. The body weight and height data were collected by direct measurement on the study sites. The secondary data had been obtained from “Dinas Perhubungan” of Bogor District. This study showed that nutrition and health knowledge, behavior of healthy life, and physical characteristic of the house did not correlate to health sighs of the public transportation driver. The correlation was analyzed by Spearman’s correlation. Key words: nutrition, healthy life, physical characteristic of house.
PERILAKU PENJAJA PANGAN JAJANAN ANAK SEKOLAH TERKAIT GIZI DAN KEAMANAN PANGAN DI JAKARTA DAN SUKABUMI Yasmin, Ghaida; Madanijah, Siti
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 5, No 3 (2010): November 2010
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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Abstract

The purposes of this research were to identify and to analyze behaviour of school-food vendor related to nutrition and food safety in Jakarta and Sukabumi. This research used secondary data from Survey “National Monitoring and Verification Food Safety of Elementary Student Street-food 2008” by SEAFAST and BPOM RI. The subjects of this research are 79 school-food vendors in Jakarta and 29 school-food vendors in Sukabumi. Descriptive statistical method is used to process all the data. Most of the subjects were elementary school graduated (46.3%) and used handcart as tool for sale of street-foods (31.5%). Only 35.2% had attended a food safety education/training program. As the result of it, 48.1% of the subjects had sufficient nutrition and food safety knowledge. There were significant differentiation of nutrition and food safety knowledge between the subjects which had been classified by vendor group, level of education, and participation in food safety education/ training program. As many as 74.1% of the subjects lack of food safety practices. There were significant differentiation of food safety practices between the subjects which had been classified by vendor group, region, and level of education. Spearman’s correlative test shows that there a positive correlation between level of education with nutrition and food safety knowledge, level of education with food safety practices. Pearson correlative test shows that there was no significant correlation between nutrition and food safety knowledge with food safety practices. Key words: Behaviour, school-food Vendor, food safety.
POLA KONSUMSI PANGAN DAN ASUPAN ENERGI DAN ZAT GIZI ANAK STUNTING DAN TIDAK STUNTING 0—23 BULAN Hayati, Aslis Wirda; Hardinsyah, .; Jalal, Fasli; Madanijah, Siti; Briawan, Dodik
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 7, No 2 (2012): Juli 2012
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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ABSTRACTThe objective of this study was to analyze food consumption, energy, and nutrients intake patterns between stunting and non-stunting in young children of 0—23 months old, using the data from BHR (Basic Health Research)2010. The data sub-set from BHR 2010 was obtained into e-files form. From 6 634 under-two children 3 539 were screened out due to incompleteness, outlier, and unusual food consumption during data collect-ion. Nutritional status data were processed using the WHO AnthroPlus 2007, while the other data/statistics were processed using the Excel and SPSS for windows. The different on food consumption pattern was performedwith Man-Whitney U test. Food consumption, energy and nutrients intake patterns which measured were type number of food consumption, group number of food consumption, frequency of food consumption, nutrient adequacy, nutrient quality, and nutrients density. The results of study showed that analyze food consumption, and energy and nutrients intake patterns were different between stunting and non-stunting YC according to their age group; the higher the age, the higher their difference. There was no difference in food consumption, and energy and nutrients intake patterns between stunting and non-stunting children 0—5 months. Meanwhile, there was difference in children 6—11 and 12—23 months. The average of protein adequacy and protein density was difference between stunting and non-stunting children 6—11 months. In children 12—23 months, the differences not only in the average of protein adequacy and protein density but also in average of energy and calcium adequacy and calcium density, phosphor, vitamin A, and C adequacy, nutrient quality, and type number of food. Implications for Indonesia that is necessary to study the efficacy of nutritional interventions to achieving optimal linear growth in young children.Key words: children 0—23 months old, food pattern, stuntingABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis pola konsumsi pangan dan asupan energi dan gizi anak stunting dan tidak stunting 0—23 bulan menggunakan data Riskesdas 2010. Sub-set data Riskesdas 2010 diperoleh dalam bentuk e-files. Dari 6 634 data anak baduta dalam e-files Riskesdas 2010, sejumlah 3 539 data anak dikeluarkankarena data tidak lengkap, pencilan, konsumsi pangan saat kondisi tidak biasa. Status gizi diolah menggunakan WHO AntroPlus 2007, pengolahan data lainnya menggunakan program Microsoft Excel 2007 dan SPSS for windows. Uji beda pola konsumsi pangan menerapkan Mann-Whitney U test. Pola konsumsi pangan dan asupan energi dan zat gizi yang diukur berupa jumlah jenis konsumsi pangan, jumlah kelompok konsumsi pangan, frekuensi konsumsi pangan, tingkat kecukupan zat gizi, mutu gizi asupan pangan, dan densitas asupan zat gizi. Hasil kajian menunjukkan pola konsumsi pangan dan asupan energi dan zat gizi anak stunting dan tidak stunting 0—23 bulan berbeda menurut kelompok umur; semakin bertambah umur semakin meningkat perbedaannya. Pada anak 0—5 bulan tidak ada perbedaan pola konsumsi pangan dan asupan energi dan gizi anak stunting dan tidak stunting; sebaliknya pada anak 6—11 dan 12—23 bulan. Pada anak 6—11 bulan, rata-rata tingkat kecukupan protein anak stunting dan tidak stunting berbeda, demikian pula densitas asupan protein.Pada anak 12—23 bulan, tidak hanya rata-rata tingkat kecukupan protein dan densitas asupan protein, tetapi rata-rata tingkat kecukupan energi, tingkat kecukupan kalsium dan densitas asupan kalsium, tingkat kecukupan fosfor, tingkat kecukupan vitamin A, tingkat kecukupan vitamin C, mutu gizi makanan, dan bahkan jenis pangan juga berbeda. Implikasi untuk Indonesia yaitu perlu dilakukan penelitian efikasi intervensi zat gizi tersebut untuk pencapaian pertumbuhan linier optimal anak.Kata kunci: anak usia 0—23 bulan, pola konsumsi pangan, stunting
HUBUNGAN ASUPAN SERAT MAKANAN DAN AIR DENGAN POLA DEFEKASI ANAK SEKOLAH DASAR DI KOTA BOGOR Ambarita, Elyzzabeth Mayorga; Madanijah, Siti; Nurdin, Naufal Muharam
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 9, No 1 (2014): MARET 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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ABSTRACTThe study aimed to analyze correlation between dietary fiber and water intake with defecation pattern among elementary school students. A Cross-sectional design was used in this study. Subjects were 527 students of V and VI grades. The results showed that the mean of fiber and water intake of students was categorized as low. The average dietary fiber intake was 12.4 g/d. The average water intake was 1 086 ml. The average frequency of bowel movements was six times/week with the consistency of the stool according to Bristol Stools Chart categories was normal (type 4). Based on correlation test, there was significant correlation between fiber intake with stool frequency and consistency of stool (p<0.05). However, there was no significant correlation between fiber intake with painfulness during defecation, water intake with stool frequency, consistency of stool, painfulness during defecation, and constipation (p>0.05).Keywords: constipation, defecation pattern, fiber intake, stool frequency, water intakeABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis hubungan antara asupan serat makanan dan air dengan pola defekasi pada siswa sekolah dasar di Kota Bogor. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain cross sectional. Subjek dalam penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas V dan VI sebanyak 527 siswa. Hasil menunjukkan rata-rata asupan serat dan air subjek masih kurang. Rata-rata asupan serat subjek yaitu 12.4 g/hari. Rata-rata asupan air subjek adalah 1 086 ml/hari. Rata-rata frekuensi BAB sebanyak 6 kali/minggu dengan mayoritas konsistensi feses menurut Bristol Stool Chart termasuk kategori normal (tipe 4). Terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara asupan serat dengan frekuensi BAB dan konsistensi feses (p<0.05). Tetapi, tidak terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara asupan serat dengan rasa nyeri ketika BAB dan keluhan konstipasi, asupan air dengan frekuensi BAB, konsistensi feses, rasa nyeri ketika BAB dan keluhan konstipasi (p>0.05).Kata kunci: asupan air, asupan serat, frekuensi BAB, konstipasi, pola defekasi*
TINGKAT KECUKUPAN DAN BIOAVAILABILITAS ASUPAN ZAT BESI PADA IBU HAMIL DI KOTA TANGERANG Fitri, Yuni Pradilla; Briawan, Dodik; Tanziha, Ikeu; Madanijah, Siti
Media Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia Vol 12, No 3 (2016): MKMI SEPTEMBER 2016
Publisher : Media Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia

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Anemia merupakan masalah kesehatan masyarakat yang masih umum dijumpai. Sebagian besar anemia pada ibu hamil disebabkan oleh defisiensi zat besi. Penelitian ini secara umum bertujuan menganalisis kecukupan dan bioavailabilitas asupan zat besi pada ibu hamil di Kota Tangerang. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain cross-sectional. Wawancara mengenai konsumsi pangan dilakukan kepada 91 orang ibu hamil pada bulan Februari sampai Juni 2015 menggunakan food frequency questionnaire semi-kuantitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa 97,8% ibu hamil memiliki tingkat kecukupanzat besi yang berada dalam kategori kurang. Seluruh ibu hamil memilikibioavailabilitas besi dalam kategori rendah. Terdapat hubungan signifikan antara frekuensi konsumsi nasi (p=0,000), kacang-kacangan (p=0,000), dan lauk hewani (p=0,028) dengan tingkat kecukupan zat besi ibu hamil. Frekuensi konsumsi lauk hewani (p=0,006), sayuran dan buah-buahan (p=0,004) secara signifikan berhubungan positif dengan bioavailabilitas besi ibu hamil, frekuensi konsumsi nasi (p=0,000) dan kacang-kacangan (p=0,000) secara signifikan berhubungan negatif dengan bioavailabilitas besi. Penelitian ini menunjukkan pentingnya pendidikan gizi tentang konsumsi gizi seimbang selama kehamilan dan perlunya suplementasi besi sebagai bagian dari program pencegahan anemia defisiensi besi pada ibu hamil.Kata kunci: Kecukupan,bioavailabilitas besi, ibu hamil
GAYA HIDUP DAN STATUS GIZI SERTA HUBUNGANNYA DENGAN DIABETES MELITUS PADA WANITA DEWASA DI DKI JAKARTA Nuryati, Siti; Madanijah, Siti; ., Atmarita; ., Hardinsyah
GIZI INDONESIA Vol 32, No 2 (2009): September 2009
Publisher : PERSATUAN AHLI GIZI INDONESIA

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Abstract

LIFE STYLE AND NUTRITIONAL STATUS AND THEIR ASSOCIATION WITH DIABETES MELLITUS ON WOMEN IN JAKARTAThere is an increasing trend in the prevalence of diabetes mellitus in both developing countriesincluding Indonesia. The research aimed to analyze the relationships between life style, nutritionalstatus, and socio-economic and demographic factors with diabetes mellitus. Data used for thestudy are secondary data from the Basic Health Research (Riskesdas 2007), which applied across-sectional study design. The number of samples obtained 5702 adult women with inclusioncriteria aged >20 years and not pregnant. The results show, the risk factors for diabetes mellitusare age >45 years on women with obesity (OR=13.0); age >45 years on women without obesity(OR=9.3). and sugary food consumption. The results imply the important of managing diet inpreventing diabetes mellitus for women in Jakarta.Keywords: life style, nutritional status, diabetes mellitus, obesity