Articles

Found 8 Documents
Search

ETNOBOTANI TUMBUHAN SAYUR DI KECAMATAN GUGUK KABUPATEN 50 KOTA

EKSAKTA Vol 1 (2010)
Publisher : FMIPA UNP

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

ABSTRACT   The studies of ethnobotany of vegetable plant in kecamatan Guguk, 50 kota regency had been conducted. The goals of these studies are to determine of vegetable plant diversity (not for comercial). Data is taken by using survey method, at 3 region; Guguk, VII Koto Talago and Kubang, and for each region is applied in 2 jorong and each jorong takes 5 houses.  The result showed that 27 species of wild plant are used as vegetable. In general 7 species are used as mixed in Fish curry  {Borreria alata (Aub) D.C., Hibiscus surratensis L., Oxalis corniculata L., Hornstedtia leonurus (Koen.) Retz., Nothopanax spp., Centela asiatica (L.) Irb., and Laportea stimulan (L.f.) Gand.ex Mq.}, and 6 species are used as mixed in meat or chicken curry; {Clidemia hirta (L.), Eurya acuminata D.C., Ipomoea hardwickii Hemsl., Leea indica (Burm.f) Meir.}, Leea sundaica Miq., and Melastoma malabathricum Auct.non L.. Other species used as fresh vegetable consumed. Keyword: ethnobotany, vegetable plant, guguk 50 kota

ISOLASI JAMUR RHIZOSFER TANAMAN PISANG SEBAGAI AGENS HAYATI TERHADAP FUSARIUM OXYSPORUM F.SP. CUBENCE PENYEBAB PENYAKIT LAYU FUSARIUM TANAMAN PISANG

EKSAKTA Vol 1 (2013)
Publisher : FMIPA UNP

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (339.639 KB)

Abstract

Rhizosphere fungi is one group of microbes that can induce plant resistance against various diseases. Exploration rhizosphere fungi on plants can be used as an important alternative biological control (as biological agents). The research aims to determine the types of soil fungi in the rhizosphere of plants as biological agents buai banana against Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubence (Foc) causes Fusarium wilt disease in vitro banana plants. The study was conducted from February to May 2011 in the Laboratory of Microbiology Faculty UNP. Type of research is a descriptive study. The data obtained in the form of qualitative data, presented descriptively and images of species of fungi were identified and antagonistic fungi against Foc. The results obtained 17 isolates of soil fungi that can be isolated and identified, which consists of 6 genera: Aspergillus, Penicillium, Trichoderma, Beauveria, Madurella, and Calcarisporium. In vitro testing showed the mechanism of soil fungal isolates of Beauveria sp., Aspergillus sp.1, Aspergillus sp.3, Aspergillus sp.4, Penicillium sp.1, and Penicillium sp.2 in controlling Foc is antibiosis. Madurella sp., Trichoderma sp., Calcarisporium sp., Aspergillus sp.1, Aspergillus sp.2, Aspergillus sp.3, Aspergillus sp.4, Penicillium sp.3, and Penicillium sp.4 in controlling Foc is competition.   Keyword : Rhizosfer ,  Agens Hayati, Fusarium Oxysporum

KOMPOSISI TUMBUHAN PAKU DI HUTAN KAMPUNG PASIA LAWEH KECAMATAN LENGAYANG KABUPATEN PESISIR SELATAN

EKSAKTA Vol 2 (2011)
Publisher : FMIPA UNP

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (92.976 KB)

Abstract

Fern plant is one of basic vegetation which has high species variety, and more of them are found at Pasia Laweh  Forest. Human activities around Pasia Laweh forest increase everyday. So it disturbs plant community in the forest. Because of that, the research had done which has purpose to know the composition and variety of fern plant there. This research had been doing from July until August 2007 with transek method. The identification was done in Botany Laboratorium Biology department in Mathematic and Science Faculty, Padang State University. The result from this research is the composition of fern plant consist of 18 species and 11 family. There are 15 fern terestrial plant species and 3 epifit fern species. High relative density was found at Nephrolepis falcata  species (21,404%), and the lowest is found Thelypteris sp 1 (2,074%). The highest relative frequency was Lygodium sp (9,670%) and the lowset was Thelypteris sp 1 (2,260%). Meanwhile, epifit fern plant has the highest relative density in Drynaria quersifolia species (3,180%) and the lowest is Lycopodium phlegmania (1,815%) with highest relative frequency Drynaria quersifolia (10,666%) and the lowest Lycopodium phlegmania (5,670%).   Keyword: Composition, fern, basic vegetation, species variety, forest

JENIS-JENIS ARACEAE DI KAWASAN CAGAR ALAM LEMBAH ANAI KABUPATEN TANAH DATAR SUMATERA BARAT

Pendidikan Biologi Vol 2, No 2 (2013): Jurnal Mahasiswa Pendidikan Biologi Genap 2013-2014
Publisher : STKIP PGRI Sumbar

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

ABSTRACT Aracea is the latex herba that has spatha flower and spadik flower.  Generally, it lives wet area and most protect, there are some species of the plant live in dry area and exposed. Lembah anai preserve is some of nature conservation in West Sumatera. There is not researcher or reporter find out species of Aracea in Lembah anai preserve. The purpose of the research is to get information and description about species of Aracea   that find out in Lembah anai preserve regency Tanah Datar west Sumatera. This research starts in March until June 2013 by using direct survey method in the field, acquired data based on descriptive analysis. Based on this research got the result 34 species of Aracea that include 14 genus in lembah anai preserve kabupaten Tanah Datar west sumatera. The example of genus are Alocesia (1 spacies), Amydrium (1 species), Amorphophallus (1 species), Anadendrum (2 species ), Apobalis (1 species ), Arisaema (1 species), Caladium (2 species), Colocasia (1 species), Dieffenbanchia (1 species), Homalomena (2 species), Rhaphidophora (6 species), Schismatoglottis (4 species), Scindapsus (9 species) and Syngonium (1 species).   

KEANEKARAGAMAN LICHENES (LUMUT KERAK) DI SEKITAR PERKEBUNAN TEH PTP NUSANTARA VI DANAU KEMBAR KECAMATAN GUNUNG TALANG KABUPATEN SOLOK

Pendidikan Biologi Vol 2, No 2 (2013): Jurnal Mahasiswa Pendidikan Biologi Genap 2013-2014
Publisher : STKIP PGRI Sumbar

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

ABSTRACT Many people ascription that rural area of its environment of cleanness and free from pollution, opinion like that not yet of course can be made by reference for interpreting about situation of environment of rural. This matter earn us see from more and more him consumer of motor vehicle and industrial factories able to generate problems which serious enough so that can bother flora productivity residing in around factory area. This research aim to to know types of lichenes ( crust moss) got in Nagari Batang Barus District Of Gunung Talang Sub Province of Solok. This Research type is descriptive research by using method of survey. Gathering of sampel and Record Keeping of type of lichenes ( crust moss) conducted by direct field. Result of obtained research in Jorong Kayu Jao Kenagarian Batang Barus District Of Gunung Talang Sub Province of Solok in finding 32 crust moss species namely 11 species with morphology type of foliose, 8  species  with  morphology type of  fruticosa,  13  species  with  morphology type  of crustuse. Of conducted research hence concluded that air around plantation of tea of PTP Nusantara VI Danau Kembar and of Jorong Kayu Jao Kenagarian Batang Barus District Of Gunung Talang Sub Province of Solok still cleanness, because of to the number of types of lichenes ( crust moss) found. 

STUDI MORFOLOGI SERBUK SARI PADA BEBERAPA VARIETAS Coleus scutellarioides L.

Jurnal Sains dan Teknologi Vol 5, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Jurnal Sains dan Teknologi

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Coleus scutellarioides is Labiatae. It have much varieties based on the leave shapes and colors. In the identification is not enough based on morpho-logical organ characters, but it can also based on the pollen morphology. The purpose of this study to determine the pollen morphology of seven varieties of Coleus scutellarioides. The research was conducted in the laboratory of Botany Department of Biology, State University of Padang, in April-May 2012. Seven varieties of Coleus used came from Padang Panjang and Lintau Buo. Pollen taken from bloomed flowers and it made be slides used acetolisis methods and 1% safranin staining method. Data were analyzed descriptively included pollen unit, polarity, symmetrically, size, shape, aperture, and the shape of pollen surface. The seven Coleus pollen varieties have similirity of the type of monad pollen unit, polarity isopolar type, radial symmetry, type colpate with 6 aperture located in the equatorial (Stephano), and reticulate surface-shaped pollen. Prolate spheroid shapes found in var. Eleanor, subprolate forms in var. Batique Fetish, var. Fack, var. Apricot, var. Burgundy Giant, var. Eleanor, and var. Flambe. Whereas prolate shapes found in var. Batique Fetish, var. Fack, and var. Va Va Boom. Pollen morphology of seven varieties of Coleus scutellarioides have different shape and the author have found 3 shape of pollen as the prolate spheroidal, subprolate and prolate.Key words: pollen, Coleus scutellarioides, identification

Inventory of Drug Plant In Estuary Village Siberut District Siberut Southregency of Mentawai Islands

Bioscience Vol 1, No 2 (2017): Biology
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS NEGERI PADANG

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (373.894 KB)

Abstract

Traditional treatment is something that can not be separated from the life of the Mentawai people, especially the village of Muara Siberut South Siberut District since been entrenched in people's lives. The shift in value to knowledge about medicinal plants is beginning to be felt increasingly minimal, especially in the younger generation. This study aims to inventory medicinal plants as well as properties and how to use them, in the hamlet of Puro and Peigu hamlet, village of Muara Siberut District of South Siberut.  The research was conducted by using Survey method and interview. The results of the study found 95 species of medicinal plants from 37 families are used to treat 39 kinds of diseases. The most common species found in the Zingiberaceae family are 12 species, F. Euphorbiaceae 9 species, F.Graminae and F.Compositae 8 species, F.Araceae, F.Acanthaceae, F.Orchidaceae, F.Piperaceae, and F.Rubiaceae respectively. each 4 species. For other families each 3 types, 2 types and 1 type. Of the 95 species of plants are 23 species have been cultivated in the yard of houses, and 72 species found wild in the yard and in the forest. In its use 65 species are used in singular form and 30 species are used in the form of herbs. It can be concluded that medicinal plants in Puro and Peigu hamlets are dominated by familia Zingiberaceae, familia Euphorbiaceae, familia Graminae and familia Compositae.Keywords: Inventory, Medicinal plants, Puro hamlet, Peigu hamlet, South Siberut 

Dimensions of Fiber and Jabon Wood Fiber Derivative Value (Anthocephalus cadamba [Roxb] Miq.) in Sialang Dharmasraya and Tabing Padang Regions

Bioscience Vol 3, No 1 (2019): Biology
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS NEGERI PADANG

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (569.223 KB)

Abstract

Jabon (Anthocephalus cadamba [Roxb] Miq.) Is a type of wood that is fast growing and has adaptability in various habitat types. Anatomical characteristics of wood are strongly influenced by environmental factors. This study looked at the dimensions of fiber and the derivative value of jabon wood fiber from the Sialang Dharmasraya and Tabing Padang regions. This research is a descriptive research. Observation of fiber dimensions using wood maceration techniques following the Forest Products Laboratory Method. The results showed that the value of wood fiber dimensions from the Sialang area was higher than those from the Tabing area. In Sialang it has wood fiber length of 603.82-1061.23µm, fiber diameter of 12.37-21.22µm, lumen diameter of 3.81-12.97µm, and wall thickness of 2.75-7.49µm. Whereas, in the Tabing area it has wood fiber length of 592.91-844.38µm, fiber diameter 11.80-20.35µm, lumen diameter 6.14-14.35m, and wall thickness of 1.91-4.54µm. The derivative value of jabon Tabing wood fiber is higher (runkel ratio 0.63-0.62, felting power 41.49-50.25, flexibility ratio 0.70-0.52, coefficient of rigidity 0.22-0.16 and mulsteph ratio 50.27-72.92%) compared to Sialang area (runkel ratio 1.15-1.44, felting power 50.01-48.81, flexibility ratio 0.61-0.30, coefficient of rigidity 0.35-0.22, and mulsteph ratio 62.64 to 90.51%). The quality value of jabon wood fiber at Tabing is better than Sialang. The results of this study can be used as information in jabon wood cultivation.