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PRODUKSI HASIL TANGKAPAN SEBAGAI BAHAN BAKU INDUSTRI PENGOLAHAN: KASUS PELABUHAN PERIKANAN PANTAI MUNCAR KABUPATEN BANYUWANGI (Catches production as raw materials of processing industry: case of Muncar coastal fishing port district Banyuwangi) Lubis, Ernani; Nugroho, Thomas; Witry, Septanty Diah Bayu
Buletin PSP Vol 21, No 1 (2013): Buletin PSP
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Sebagian besar hasil tangkapan di  Pelabuhan Perikanan Pantai (PPP) Muncar dijadikan bahan baku olahan baik di Muncar maupun di luar Muncar. Perkembangan sektor industri olahan tersebut menghendaki adanya ketersediaan bahan baku secara kontinyu dan kualitasnya terjamin. Penelitian ditujukan untuk mendapatkan informasi tentang produksi hasil tangkapan yang didaratkan dan besaran proyeksi tahun 2011-2020 serta pendistribusiannya sebagai kebutuhan bahan baku utama industri pengolahan ikan.  Penelitian menggunakan metode kasus terhadap aspek produksi hasil tangkapan di PPP Muncar sebagai bahan baku industri.  Volume dan nilai produksi hasil tangkapan yang didaratkan di PPP Muncar cenderung meningkat masing-masing sebesar 43,86% dan 33,62% pada periode 1999-2008, namun indeks relatif nilai produksinya < 1 atau kualitas pemasarannya kurang baik. Jenis ikan yang paling banyak dibutuhkan oleh industri pengolahan ikan di Muncar adalah lemuru, layang, dan tongkol. Bahan baku industri pengolahan di wilayah Muncar 89% berasal dari PPP Muncar. Pendistribusian hasil tangkapan langsung ditujukan ke industri pengolahan ikan dan ke konsumen wilayah Muncar serta ke daerah lain di Pulau Jawa dan Bali. Hasil proyeksi volume produksi ikan lemuru dan layang menunjukkan peningkatan pada periode 2011-2020, sedangkan ikan tongkol menunjukkan penurunan sehingga perlu didatangkan dari luar daerah seperti Bali dan Jawa Timur untuk mencukupi kebutuhan industri. Kata kunci: bahan baku, hasil tangkapan, industri pengolahan, PPP Muncar
PEMASARAN HASIL TANGKAPAN DAN KEBIJAKAN PUMP DI PPN PALABUHANRATU (Fish marketing and PUMP policy at Palabuhanratu Fishing Port) Muninggar, Retno; Lubis, Ernani; Pane, Anwar Bey
Buletin PSP Vol 21, No 1 (2013): Buletin PSP
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Permasalahan pemasaran ikan di Pelabuhan Perikanan Nusantara Palabuhanratu (PPNP) terjadi pada saluran pemasaran yang melibatkan pemilik modal yang berperan sebagai bakul atau pedagang besar. Nelayan berharap dominasi bakul/tengkulak bisa dikurangi salah satunya melalui kebijakan pemberian modal nelayan agar ketergantungan pada bakul bisa terputus dan tidak ada lagi kecurangan dalam sistem lelang di PPNP. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengkaji permasalahan pemasaran yang ada di PPNP dan menganalisis efektifitas dari kebijakan Pemberdayaan Usaha Mina Perdesaan (PUMP). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan margin pemasaran yang dinikmati bakul sangat besar yaitu Rp  9000/kg untuk Tuna dan Rp 7000/kg untuk Cakalang. Fisherman share pemasaran ikan Tuna adalah 51,5% sedangkan Ikan Cakalang hanya 40%. Pelaksanaan kebijakan PUMP di PPNP menunjukkan bahwa masih banyak tengkulak yang mengkoordinir nelayan untuk menjadi kelompok usaha agar mendapat bantuan dimana tengkulak menjadi ketuanya. Hasil analisis kebijakan menunjukkan bahwa Program PUMP akan bisa berjalan dengan baik jika memperhatikan beberapa faktor: pertama, dilakukan melalui pendekatan kultural untuk menciptakan community relationship dan kesejahteraan nelayan, kedua: Bantuan Langsung Masyarakat harus rutin diaudit agar tidak ada penyalahgunaan dana dan modal benar-benar bisa sampai ke nelayan. ketiga : evaluasi dan keberlanjutan program harus dilakukan meski ada perubahan kepemimpinan, keempat : harus diikuti oleh mekanisme pengawasan dan penegakan hukum. Kata kunci: Pemasaran Ikan, Palabuhanratu, Kebijakan, Pemberdayaan Usaha Mina Perdesaan
AN OPTIMUM MODEL OF FISH AUCTION IN INDONESIAN FISHING PORTS IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CHARACTERISTICS OF FISHERMAN Lubis, Ernani; Pane, Anwar Bey
JOURNAL OF COASTAL DEVELOPMENT Vol 15, No 3 (2012): Volume 15, Number 3, Year 2012
Publisher : JOURNAL OF COASTAL DEVELOPMENT

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Abstract

Fishing Port as the economic center of fisheries is an important component  in  fishing catch system  that  needs to be organized and managed, especially for fish marketing activities.  Indonesian fisherman income which is still low, due to the fish marketing system in the fishing port is unfavorable for the fisherman. The purpose of this study is to formulate an optimum model of the fish auction in the fishing port in order to increase the income of fisherman. Aspects which were studied comprises the major aspects such as the management aspects, socio-economic of fishing and fishing port and following by additional aspects of biotechnic of fishimg port.  It has been obtained the optimum model of the fish auction that is Integrated Model and Modern Fish Auction Model. The model has 2 (two) submodel. Submodel-1 : Integrated Fish auction that is a gradually and directionally implementation model of fish auction in the Fish Landing Base with due respect to the readiness of the auction and the integration courtier/skipper’s (punggawa) role. This model also consider the readiness to the auction minimum and effective standards to ensure the quality of fish and sanitation in fish auction place and rearrangement the role of courtier/skipper. This model can be applied to Pontap Fish Landing Base.  Submodel-2 : Modern and Continuous Fish Auction Model, that is a gradually and directionally implementation model of the fish auction with due respect to improving modernization of actual fish auction standards. This model can be applied to Palabuhanratu Territorial Fishing Port.
MODEL PEMILIHAN PELABUHAN PERIKANAN SEBAGAI TEMPAT PENDARATAN IKAN DI WILAYAH PESISIR SUKABUMI Lubis, Ernani; Muninggar, Retno; Ilyas, Haidir
Buletin PSP Vol 21, No 2 (2013): Buletin PSP
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Wilayah Pesisir Sukabumi memiliki tujuh pelabuhan perikanan (PP), enam diantaranya adalah pangkalan pendaratan ikan (PPI) dan satu pelabuhan perikanan nusantara (PPN). Nelayan wilayah tersebut memiliki banyak alternatif untuk mendaratkan hasil tangkapannya ke salah satu PP. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui peubah-peubah dalam menentukan pilihan tempat pendaratan ikan, mengetahui kelaikan formulasi model yang dibuat di setiap PP serta menentukan perbandingan nilai proporsi pemilihan tempat pendaratan ikan di PP wilayah Pesisir Sukabumi dengan metode survei dan analisis model kualitatif logistik. Peubah-peubah yang digunakan dalam model ini adalah jarak pemukiman (JP), tingkat kesejahteraan nelayan (TKN), dan kenyamanan aktivitas pelabuhan (KAP). Ketiga peubah ini dianalisis menggunakan perangkat lunak MINITAB ver. 14. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa peubah jarak pemukiman (JP) berpengaruh terhadap pemilihan tempat pendaratan ikan di PPN Palabuhanratu, PPI Cisolok, dan PPI Cibangban. Peubah ukuran kapal tidak berpengaruh  terhadap model logistik pendaratan ikan di seluruh PP yang ada. Peubah KAP berpengaruh di PPN Palabuhanratu, PPI Ujunggenteng, dan PPI Ciwaru. Model yang terbentuk sudah memenuhi kelaikan model dengan nilai P-value kurang dari 0,05 (P<0,05) pada setiap PP. Proporsi pilihan terbesar sebagai tempat pendaratan ikan adalah di PPN Palabuhanratu (34%), diikuti PPI Cisolok (22%), PPI Ujunggenteng (14%), PPI Ciwaru (11%), PPI Cibangban (9%), PPI Loji (7%) dan PPI Minajaya (3%).
System Design of Tuna Fisheries Development in South Java Region Nurani, Tri Wiji; Haluan, John; Saad, Sudirman; Lubis, Ernani
Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol 31, No 2 (2008): Forum Pascasarjana
Publisher : Forum Pasca Sarjana

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Abstract

Although tuna fisheries have significant role on Indonesian fisheries, concept for integrated tuna fisheries development in South Java Waters have not been implemented yet.  This study was aimed to design model for tuna fisheries development in South Java Waters.  Because of fisheries is a complex system, therefore the system approach was applied in this study.  The system design, named SIMPENA model, consist of three submodels, there are (1) fisheries business (USAHA), (2) fishing port requirement: functionality and accessibility (PELABUHAN), and (3) policy and institution (LEMBAGA).  The result of this study indicated that the tuna business is a very high risk business.  Government policies which contribute a little support to the business cause a big impact for the business continuity.  There is only a few number of fishing port that could support the tuna business in this region, namely PPS Cilacap and PPN Palabuhanratu.  The development strategic analysis by using interpretative structural modeling technique resulted seven elements which playing an important role for succeeded the system.   Key words: system design, development, fisheries, tuna, South Java Waters
PENGEMBANGAN INDUSTRI PENGOLAHAN IKAN DITINJAU DARI PRODUKSI HASIL TANGKAPAN DI PPN PALABUHANRATU Lubis, Ernani; Sumiati, Sumiati
Jurnal Marine Fisheries Vol 2, No 1 (2011): Marine Fisheries
Publisher : Jurnal Marine Fisheries

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Abstract

In fact, fish processing industry is very importance to support development a fishing port. It is the same with the case of territorial fishing port (PPN) of Palabuhanratu. So that a research to determine the condition of fish catch production that was able to support the development of fish processing industry, need to be done. A case study on the underdeveloped of fish processing industry in PPN Palabuhanratu was done. Data analysis using descriptive numerical projection of the catch by estimating the need for the development of fish processing industry. Processing type that exist in PPN Palabuhanratu and nowadays are the processing on fish freezing, fish boiling, fish salting, crisp chips, meatball fish and abon fish. Based on the result of projection, the best fish production prospective as raw material for fish processing industry are skipjack tunas, eastern little tuna, tunas, hairtails, shark, ponyfish, ray, Indo-Pacific marlin, scads and wolf herring. A preceding ten year period of 2008-2017, the production of skipjack tunas, eastern little tuna, tunas, ponyfish, Indo-Pacific marlin, scads and wolf herring tend to increase, while the others will decrease. The development of other types of processing industries can be done for freezing, canning, fillet, loin, surimi and nuggets fish.
INTEGRASI PASAR KOMODITAS UNGGULAN MINAPOLITAN DI PALABUHANRATU (Market Integration for Major Minapolitan Commodities in Palabuhanratu) Ardani, Ardani; Nurani, Tri Wiji; Lubis, Ernani
Jurnal Marine Fisheries Vol 4, No 1 (2013): Marine Fisheries
Publisher : Jurnal Marine Fisheries

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Abstract

Pelabuhan Perikanan Nusantara Palabuhanratu telah ditetapkan sebagai lokasi proyek minapolitan perikanan tangkap. Pemerintah daerah menetapkan tuna dan layur sebagai komoditas unggulan minapolitan. Salah satu aspek penting yang harus diperhatikan dalam pengembangan komoditas unggulan adalah  integrasi pasar. Dalam integrasi pasar, harga suatu komoditas sangat responsif terhadap perubahan harga produk yang memiliki kualitas yang sama di pasar lainnya. Hubungan harga spasial dapat menunjukkan kinerja pasar secara keseluruhan. Kinerja pasar yang efisien dapat digunakan sebagai salah satu daya saing komoditas unggulan minapolitan di Palabuhanratu. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis integrasi pasar tuna dan layur di kawasan minapolitan perikanan tangkap Palabuhanratu. Model Ravallion digunakan untuk menganalisis integrasi pasar tuna dan layur antara pasar lokal dan  pasar ekspor. Metode Index of Market Connection digunakan untuk menghitung derajat integrasi di antara kedua pasar. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa pasar bigeye tuna segar dan layur di Palabuhanratu terintegrasi baik untuk jenis pasar lokal maupun pasar ekspor. Kata kunci: perikanan tangkap, integrasi pasar, minapolitan, Palabuhanratu
PENGEMBANGAN INDUSTRI PENGOLAHAN IKAN DITINJAU DARI PRODUKSI HASIL TANGKAPAN DI PPN PALABUHANRATU Lubis, Ernani; Sumiati, Sumiati
Marine Fisheries : Journal of Marine Fisheries Technology and Management Vol 2, No 1 (2011): Marine Fisheries - Mei 2011
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/jmf.2.1.39-49

Abstract

In fact, fish processing industry is very importance to support development a fishing port. It is the same with the case of territorial fishing port (PPN) of Palabuhanratu. So that a research to determine the condition of fish catch production that was able to support the development of fish processing industry, need to be done. A case study on the underdeveloped of fish processing industry in PPN Palabuhanratu was done. Data analysis using descriptive numerical projection of the catch by estimating the need for the development of fish processing industry. Processing type that exist in PPN Palabuhanratu and nowadays are the processing on fish freezing, fish boiling, fish salting, crisp chips, meatball fish and abon fish. Based on the result of projection, the best fish production prospective as raw material for fish processing industry are skipjack tunas, eastern little tuna, tunas, hairtails, shark, ponyfish, ray, Indo-Pacific marlin, scads and wolf herring. A preceding ten year period of 2008-2017, the production of skipjack tunas, eastern little tuna, tunas, ponyfish, Indo-Pacific marlin, scads and wolf herring tend to increase, while the others will decrease. The development of other types of processing industries can be done for freezing, canning, fillet, loin, surimi and nuggets fish.
THE DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY STUDY OF FISH PROCESSING INDUSTRY IN PALOPO CITY SOUTH SULAWESI PROVINCE Marwan, Ummi Maksum; Wiryawan, Budy; Lubis, Ernani
JURNAL TEKNOLOGI PERIKANAN DAN KELAUTAN Vol 4, No 2 (2013): November 2013
Publisher : Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

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Abstract

The fishing industry is one of industry that has the potential to be developed. Specifically Indonesian fisheries potential quite large and can be an opportunity to build fish processing industry. Palopo town has a structure that embodies the policy center that strengthen agro industry activities, trade and services as well as tourism and other municipal activities optimally. In addition, the fisheries subsector is featured subsector in Palopo. Therefore, the study of fish processing industry development in Palopo done, it aims to determine the appropriate strategy for Palopo conditions. The analytical method used are qualitative descriptive and SWOT. Results by using SWOT analysis concluded that the strategies that can be offered were 1) strengthening and developing an integrated fish processing group from local coastal community; 2) utilizing and maintaining the cold storage, ice factory, and fish processing building; 3) expanding the market especially processed fish products; and 4) easy administration access for local fish industry.
OPERATIONAL PERFORMANCE OF TUAL ARCHIPELAGIC FISHING PORT Ngamel, Yuliana Anastasia; Lubis, Ernani; Pane, Anwar Bey; Solihin, Iin
JURNAL TEKNOLOGI PERIKANAN DAN KELAUTAN Vol 4, No 2 (2013): November 2013
Publisher : Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

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Abstract

Tual Archipelagic Fishing Port (PPN Tual) is located near the Banda Sea (WPP-NRI 714) and the Arafura Sea (WPP-NRI 718) which is also an area of fishing ground. The potential of fishing ground, it should be operational performance in PPN Tual can well and growing. In fact PPN Tual has not been operating optimally based on the standards of the fishing port type B. The purpose of the research are to get the value of performance and strategy to increase of operational performance PPN Tual. The research was conducted using the case study method of operational performance in PPN Tual that analyzed using is scoring method. The results showed that the value operational performance of PPN Tual is 21.61% and it was said that the PPN Tual operational performance is bad.