Articles

Phylogenetic Molecular Analysis Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Patients in Surabaya, East Java Nasronudin, Nasronudin; Lusida, Maria Inge; Handajani, Retno; Lindawati, Lindawati; Efendi, Ferry; Utsumi, Takako
Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association Vol. 60 No. 4 April 2010
Publisher : Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association

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Abstract

The Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) isolates are classified in three main groups: group M (main), group O (outlier) as well as group N (non-M/non-O). The HIV-1 M group, responsible for the majority of infections in the HIV-1 worldwide epidemic, can be further subdivided into 10 recognized phylogenetic subtypes or clades, A–D and F-K. HIV-1 phylogenetic classifications are currently based on nucleotide sequences derived from such as gag p17 region of the same isolates or on full-length genome sequence analysis. We do not know HIV subtype distribution in HIV suspected patients, in Surabaya, East Java. The aims of this study was to do molecular analysis HIV in patients with HIV infection, in Surabaya, East Java. Antibody to HIV were detected using 3 methods, paper and EIA (Acon) and ELISA (Axion) techniques from 51 plasma obtained from the patients suspected HIV infection, in Surabaya, Indonesia All of the samples were subjected to Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) using pairs of primers based on HIV gag p17 genes. The PCR positive samples were sequenced and analysed to identify the HIV subtype using Genetic Version 9 program. Fourty nine (96.08%) HIV antibody were detected from 51 patients suspected HIV infection and 57.14% (28/49) HIV RNA determination positives. All of 21 positives HIV DNA except one sample that have been analyzed was CRFs of HIV with mayority CRF01-AE subtype similar with HIV CRF01-AE subtype in Asia countries, e.g. Thailand, Japan, Malaysia, Cina and Hongkong. Those one sample has 18 nucleotides insertion look like a HIV new subtype but it is needed to confirm further. From gag p7 HIV gene in this study, one HIV has and CRF01-AE is majority HIV subtype in Surabaya, East Java which is located in the same branch with HIV common CRF01-AEHIV subtype in Asia.Keywords: HIV subtype, gag p17 gene, Surabaya, Indonesia
FUNGSI TUTUR KALIMAT TANYA BAHASA INDONESIA Lindawati, Lindawati
LITERA Vol 11, No 2: LITERA OKTOBER 2012
Publisher : Faculty of Languages and Arts, Yogyakarta State University

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Abstract

This study examines interrogative sentences in Indonesian by focusing on speechfunctions. The data were interrogative sentences in Indonesian nowadays used incommunication among ethnic groups. It employed the pragmatic approach stating thatwhen one is saying a sentence at the same time s/he is performing an action called aspeech act. An interrogative sentence, which is basically used to ask a question aboutsomething, can also be used to express a variety of speech acts. The findings show that there are four speech acts expressed by interrogative sentences, namely representative, directive, comissive, and expressive acts. Interrogative sentences are sometimes used to express indirect speech acts to maintain politeness (to soften the tone) or to express something firmly, rudely, and even impolitely.
EFEKTIVITAS HOME VISIT TERHADAP PERUBAHAN PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP, DAN KETERAMPILAN KLIEN TBC DI WILAYAH PUSKESMAS KECAMATAN PASAR MINGGU JAKARTA SELATAN Chairani, Rani; Nurhaeni, Heni; Widagdo, Wahyu; Saprudin, A. Eru; Rachmawati, Mumpuni Etsye; Lindawati, Lindawati; Solihah, Li
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan Vol 14, No 3 Jul (2011)
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan

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Home Visit represent materialization of nurse caring to problems of health faced by client in society, including  the problem of tuberkulosis. DKI Jakarta is one of the province having tuberkulosis prevalensi above national prevalensi that is 1,26%. Through visit home nurse of community get information about growth of health of client of tuberkulosis, running effort off is make-up of health, watching growth of run by medication of client, and also assist tired family and client of its independence level. This research aim to obtain; get picture about visit home efektivitas to make-up of knowledge, attitude, and is skilled of client of tuberkulosis in the effort operation  of failure of medication. Design this research is experiment kuasi with approach of pre-post  test with group control and intervention  group. lntervence in this research is to conduct to visit home counted 4 times visit conducted activity during visit home. Activity during visit home is continuation giving of education of health which have been given by Puskesmas, giving conseling, care direct, family entangling and society. This Research sampel is adult client of Positive BTA or client of BTA negative of positive thorax photo (old and new case) which get medication of tuberkulosis during 6-8 months in the year 2009, comparison between group intervence and control 1:1 (33 group people intervence and 33 control group people), so that totalize sampel is 66 people. Result of test of t-paired prove there is difference which is very have a meaning of at knowledge, attitude, and is skilled of client about treatment and medication of tuberkulosis after done with 4 times visit home compared to previously. Result of test of t-pooled prove there is difference  which is very have a meaning  of  at knowledge, attitude, and is skilled of client about treatment and medication of tuberkulosis between group intervence  after conducted four times visit home with control group which do not be conducted by visit home. Conclude result of research is effective by visit home improve knowledge, attitude, and is skilled of family and client to preventive effort of failure of medication of tuberkulosis. Recommend result of this study can be made one of the model service of treatment of correct family to client requiring service of continuation at home  Key words: Independence, health promotion, service of treatment of community
ASPEK-ASPEK YANG PERLU DIPERHATIKAN UNTUK MELATIH DIRI AGAR TERAMPIL MENULIS Lindawati, Lindawati
TEKNIKA Vol 14, No 1 (2004): Jurnal Teknika
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Sriwijaya

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Abstract

ASPEK-ASPEK YANG PERLU DIPERHATIKAN UNTUK MELATIH DIRI AGAR TERAMPIL MENULIS
DATA MINING DENGAN TEKNIK CLUSTERING DALAM PENGKLASIFIKASIAN DATA MAHASISWA STUDI KASUS PREDIKSI LAMA STUDI MAHASISWA UNIVERSITAS BINA NUSANTARA Lindawati, Lindawati
Seminar Nasional Informatika (SEMNASIF) Vol 1, No 5 (2008): Information System And Application
Publisher : Jurusan Teknik Informatika

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Abstract

Penggunaan teknik Data Mining (DM) clustering berbeda dengan teknik-teknik DM yang lainnya, seperti association rule mining dan classification yang memerlukan tahapan training dan evaluasi. Teknik ini menggunakan metode unsupervised learning yang berarti DM tidak perlu melakukan training terlebih dahulu tapi bisa langsung menggunakannya untuk pengelompokan. Teknik ini masih jarang digunakan dibanding dengan teknik-teknik DM yang lain. Oleh karena itu, artikel ini berfokus pada pengembangan aplikasi DM dengan teknik clustering pada penelitian untuk mengklasifikasikan data prediksi lama studi masiswa di Universitas Bina Nusantara dengan menggunakan algoritma Self Organizing Maps dan pengujian keakuratan aplikasi DM dengan teknik clustering. Tahapan yang dilakukan dibagi menjadi tahapan analisa, perancangan, pengembangan dan pangujian aplikasi DM. Pada tahapan analisa dilakukan beberapa percobaan dalam mengklasifikasikan prediksi lama studi mahasiswa berdasarkan delapan atribut yang digunakan, yaitu: rata-rata Indeks Prestasi Kumulatif (rIpk), simpangan rata-rata Indeks Prestasi Kumulatif (srIpk), rata-rata jumlah SKS per Semester (rSksem), rata-rata jumlah SKS yang tidak lulus per semester (rSksemTL), jumlah SKS Kumulatif (skKum), jumlah SKS yang akan diambil pada semester keempat (sksYad),  jumlah SKS yang wajib diambil (sksMin) dan hak SKS yang dapat diambil pada semester lima dst (hakSks). Hasil dari tahapan analisa ini digunakan sebagai acuan pada tahapan perancangan dan pengembangan aplikasi DM. Selanjutnya dilakukan pengujian terhadap aplikasi DM yang telah dibuat untuk mengetahui keakuratan pengklasifikasian dari aplikasi DM tersebut. Evaluasi dilakukan melalui beberapa variasi pengujian dengan menggunakan paramter-parameter jumlah data, jumlah iterasi, learning rate, radius, neighbourhood function dan urutan data. Dari pengujian-pengujian yang dilakukan dapat diketahui bahwa rata-rata kesalahan hasil klasifikasi prediksi lama studi yang diperoleh relatif kecil, kurang dari atau maksimal 5%.
Comparison between Palpation and Superficial Marking Techniques in Determining Infraorbital Foramen in Chinese Women Lindawati, Lindawati; Soenggono, Arifin; Siswo, Hardi
Althea Medical Journal Vol 2, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

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Abstract

 Background: Difficulties in determining infraorbital foramen were often found in anesthesia procedures, reconstruction surgery, acupuncture, and botox insertion. The most common technique used is palpation technique. However, there are some  disadvantages in this technique.The aim of this study was to  establish a new superficial marking technique to determine the position of infraorbital foramen by making a horizontal imaginary line from the top part of nose wings.Methods: This study was an analytical cross-sectional study conducted at the Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran in Jatinangor-Sumedang during the period of April to November 2012. A total of thirty Chinese female students were assessed to measure the mean distance between the inferior orbital margin to the infra orbital foramen and inferior orbital margin to horizontal imaginary line from the top part of nose wings. The differences were then checked using paired t-test.Results: There was a significance difference between the mean distance of the inferior orbital margin to the infra orbital foramen and the inferior orbital margin to the horizontal imaginary line from the top part of the nose wings on the right and left face of Chinese women with p<0.05 (p=0.000).Conclusion: Infra orbital foramen cannot be determined by using superficial marking technique in Chinese women.Keywords: Infra orbital foramen, palpation technique, superfacial marking techniqueDOI: 10.15850/amj.v2n1.427  
PENGAMAN RUMAH DENGAN SISTEM FACE RECOGNITION SECARA REAL TIME MENGGUNAKAN METODE PRINCIPAL COMPONENT ANALYSIS Monika, Sinar; Rakhman, Abdul; Lindawati, Lindawati
Prosiding SNATIF 2017: Prosiding Seminar Nasional Teknologi dan informatika (BUKU 1)
Publisher : Prosiding SNATIF

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 AbstrakRumah pada hakikatnya merupakan tempat kita berlindung sekaligus menjadi tempat untuk menyimpan barang-barang berharga terutama nyawa. Pengaman rumah yang lebih canggih sangat diperlukan agar tidak terjadi tindak kejahatan yang tidak kita inginkan. Di implementasikan pada pengaman pintu dengan sistem Face Recognition atau pengenalan wajah, karena wajah adalah salah satu bentuk fisiologis yang paling mudah digunakan untuk membedakan  identitas antar individu. Di proses dengan memasukkan citra yang sesuai dari 6 orang penghuni rumah untuk setiap satu orang memiliki 30 database citra yang diambil melalui kamera webcam dari sisi depan wajah tanpa menggunakan aksesoris. Dari database wajah tersebut lalu dilakukan pengujian yang berbasis real time objek masukannya berupa objek 3D yang diambil menggunakan kamera webcam karena mempunyai variabel yang sangat besar untuk melakukan transformasi dilakukan reduksi dimensi supaya menghasilkan variabel yang lebih rendah dan mudah untuk diobsevasi dengan menggunakan metode Principal Component Analysis yang juga dikenal dengan metode eigenfaces yang telah dikembangkan dengan menggunakan Software Visual Studio 2015 agar mendapatkan hasil yang sesuai dengan database secara realtime. Persentase keberhasilan dalam percobaan ini mencapai nilai akurasi lebih dari 88%. Persentase keberhasilan tergantung dengan pencahayaan, serta faktor gambar yang dilakukan saat proses pengolahan citra, ekspresi dari wajah, dan sudut pengambilan gambar.  Kata Kunci: Eigenface, Face Recognition, PCA, Visual Studio 2015
OPTIMALISASI LOAD BALANCING DUA ISP UNTUK MANAJEMEN BANDWIDTH BERBASIS MIKROTIK Utami, Futri; Lindawati, Lindawati; Zefi, Suzan
Prosiding SNATIF 2017: Prosiding Seminar Nasional Teknologi dan informatika (BUKU 1)
Publisher : Prosiding SNATIF

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Abstract

AbstrakDengan munculnya berbagai macam merk penyedia jasa layanan internet atau biasa kita kenal dengan ISP (Internet Service Provider), memberikan keleluasaan pengguna jasa internet dalam memilih ISP yang diinginkan. Kadang beberapa ISP memiliki masalah dengan koneksi, mulai dari dikarenakan perbaikan perangkat jaringan ataupun sedang adanya bencana. Untuk pengguna ataupun perusahaan yang selalu membutuhkan akses internet, hal ini pasti mengganggu kinerja. Sehingga muncul ide untuk menggunakan lebih dari satu ISP. Terdapat istilah yang dinamakan Load Balancing untuk pengguna ISP lebih dari satu. Salah satu metode optimalisasi pada jaringan adalah dengan cara melakukan manajemen bandwidth menggunakan Metode load balancing. Metode load balancing adalah sebuah konsep yang berfungsi untuk menyeimbangkan beban bandwidth dari dua ISP atau lebih sehingga koneksi internet dimanfaatkan secara maksimal. Salah satu perangkat yang mendukung konsep load balancing adalah router mikrotik. Router mikrotik merupakan sistem operasi yang dikhususkan untuk menangani routing pada jaringan komputer. Oleh karena itu timbul solusi untuk menggunakan dua ISP dan menjadikan mikrotik tersebut sebagai load balancer. Dan diharapkan juga Mikrotik dapat mengoptimalkan pembagian bandwidth pada setiap client yang ingin mengakses internet. Mekanismenya yaitu mikrotik akan menandai paket yang ingin mengakses internet, lalu menyetarakan beban pada kedua ISP dan akan memilih jalur ISP mana yang akan dilewatinya. Kata kunci:  Bandwidth, ISP, Load balancing dan Router . 
Peranan Kantor Perpustakaan, Arsip dan Dokumentasi dalam Peningkatan Pelayanan bagi Masyarakat Lindawati, Lindawati; Lubis, Adelita
JPPUMA: Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan dan Sosial Politik Universitas Medan Area Vol 4, No 1 (2016): JPPUMA JUNI
Publisher : Universitas Medan Area

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Abstract

This research was conducted at the office of the Library, Archives and Documentation Deli Serdang regency, which is located at Jalan Mawar office complex Regent of Deli Serdang. The choice of location or object of research is done deliberately with some specific considerations. One consideration is the location chosen was because of the lack of services provided personnel (employees) in the Office of Libraries, Archives and Documentation Deli Serdang that concern for the public interest is reduced. Issues raised in this research are: (1) Lack of library services resulted in low interest of the public to visit the Library, Archives and Documentation Deli Serdang, (2) lack of understanding of library employees, Archives and Documentation Deli Serdang on excellent service, (3) Not a good implementation of the excellent service at the office of the Library, Archives and Documentation Deli Serdang. This study used a qualitative research method, which is used in a study to obtain a qualitatively and will be largely dominated by the words, sentences and descriptions as well as rarely using numerical data, although did not rule out the display tables or graphs to support the completeness of the data. 
Model Penerimaan Teknologi E-Commerce UMKM Kain Tenun Songket Kota Palembang Salamah, Irma; Aryanti, Aryanti; Lindawati, Lindawati; Asriyadi, Asriyadi
Annual Research Seminar (ARS) Vol 3, No 1 (2017): ARS 2017
Publisher : Annual Research Seminar (ARS)

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Abstract

E-commerce merupakan kesatuan teknologi, aplikasi, dan proses bisnis yang menghubungkan perusahaan, konsumen, dan komunitas tertentu melalui transaksi elektronik dan perdagangan barang, pelayanan, dan informasi yang dilakukan secara elektronik. Meskipun manfaat E-commerce bagi UKM sangat besar, saat ini hanya sedikit UKM yang telah mengadopsi Ecommerce. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisa bagaimana penerimaan teknologi e-commerce pada UMKM kain tenun songket Kota Palembang dengan menggunakan model TAM dan menambahkan variabel social influence. Data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah data kualitatif yang dikumpulkan dengan menggunakan kuesioner dan wawancara pada 25 UMKM kain tenun songket yang telah menerapkan e-commerce pada proses bisnisnya. Data yang diperoleh dianalisa menggunakan regresi linier berganda (multiple linier regression) dan diperoleh hasil perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, dan social influence berpengaruh terhadap intention to use e-commerce technology.
Co-Authors A. Eru Saprudin Abdul Rakhman Ade Silvia Handayani, Ade Silvia Adeliana, Adeliana Adelita Lubis, Adelita Afdhal Afdhal Ahmad Syai Alvionita, Gusni Am, Zakiati Andila, Tria Arifin Soenggono, Arifin ARMEN ZULHAM Aryanti Aryanti Asmaul Husna Asriyadi Asriyadi Bahren Bahren Chairunnisaak, Mariam Damiati, Tri Enda Kartika Sari, Enda Kartika Fadhilah, N. Fauzi, Teuku Febriani, Dina Ferry Efendi Fitri, Aida Fitriadi, Nuzuli FITRIYANTI, RAMADHINA Hadir Hudiyanto, Hadir Hardi Siswo, Hardi Heni Nurhaeni Herry Nur Hidayat Herwanda, Herwanda Ibrahim, Husaini Irma Salamah Irma Suryani Ironia Vivie Susanti, Ironia Vivie Ismawan Ismawan, Ismawan Kartikasari, Enda Kurnita, Taat Leni Marlina Li Solihah Lina Amelia Maria Inge Lusida Marietta Shanti Maulisa, Ella Monika, Sinar Mulyono Mulyono Mumpuni Etsye Rachmawati Mursal Mursal Muslimah, Rina Mutmainnah Mutmainnah Nasronudin Nasronudin Nendah Kurniasari Novarijah, Syarifah Nurul Fadhilah Nyayu Latifah Husni, Nyayu Latifah Palawi, Ari Radifan, Hadyan Hilman Rafinus Arifin, Rafinus Rahadian, Rikrik Rahmawati, Retno E. Rajes Ikhlas Rosaguna, Rajes Ikhlas Ramadhan, Andrian Ramadhan, Andrian Rani Chairani Retno Handajani Rulianty, Chesil Safitry, Yuwaffy Saharani, Saharani Saptanto, Subhechanis Saptanto, Subhechanis Sastrawidjaja, Sastrawidjaja Shafitri, Nensyana Siti Hawa Soim, S. Sonny Koeshendrajana Sopian Soim, Sopian Supadmi, Tri suzan zefi Tajerin Tajerin Takako Utsumi Tarmidi Tarmidi Triani, Susi Ummir, Badril Utami, Futri Wahyu Widagdo Wulandari, Widyana Yulisti, Maharani Yusuf, Risna