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Journal : Jurnal Teknologi Laboratorium

PENGGUNAAN BERBAGAI KONSENTRASI EKSTRAK ETHANOL DAUN RAMBUTAN (Nephelium lappaceum L.) TERHADAP MORTALITAS LARVA Culex quinquefasciatus Lestari, Dwi; Nuryati, Anik; Nuryani, Siti
Jurnal Teknologi Laboratorium Vol 3 No 1 (2014): Maret 2014
Publisher : POLTEKKES KEMENKES YOGYAKARTA

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Abstract

Mosquitoes are insects which are responsible in transmission process of many diseases in humans and animals. One type that is often found is Culex quinquefasciatus. Culex quinquefasciatus mosquitoes serve as vectors of disease filariasis and chikungunya. the mosquitos prevention that uses synthetic insecticide affects the negative side for the environment. Natural insecticide is the safe way that can be used as insecticide.Rambutan’s leaves contain compounds of saponin and tanin, it be used for larvacide’s.This research aims to find out about ethanol extract of rambutans leaves that can be used for larvacide, the impact, the influence of ethanol extract of rambutans leaves towards larva mortality and the effective concentrate in the researchThis research is quasi experimental with Post Test Control Group Design. The concentrate extract of rambutans leaves that is used is 0.025%, 0.05%, 0.1%, 0.2%, 0.4%,and 0.8% with duration 24 hours. Then, it is counted the amount of dead larvae. Then, the result is analyzed statically using Anova One Way and linear regression.The result showed that the percentage of the death of larva Culex quinquefasciatus in concentrate 0.025%, 0.05%, 0.1%,0.2%,0.4%, and 0.8% each of them are 77%,86%,87%,95%,98%,and 100%. The result of Anova One Way showed that the significant value is 0.000 (<0.05) which means that there is an impact of using rambutans leaves extract towards larva mortality Culex quinquefasciatus.The use of Ethanol extract can cause the mortality of larva Culex quinquefasciatus.