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FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KEJADIAN DERMATITIS KONTAK PEKERJA INDUSTRI TEKSTIL ”X” DI JEPARA Suwondo, Ari; Jayanti, Siswi; Lestantyo, Daru
JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA Vol 6, No 2 (2010): The Indonesian Journal of Public Health
Publisher : JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA

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Abstract

Background: The background of this research is the fact that workers in the textile industry largely does not use personal protective equipment, during working hours but they are always exposed to dyestuffs and color placard substances known that these substances can dissolve the fat under the skin surface so the skin becomes dry, cracked and could even occur vesicles. If the exposure occurred in a long time, the skin may occur thickening (lichenification) or substances can follow the path into the lymph vessels throughout the body and can cause disturbances in systim hormonal and genetic defects resulting in sterility. The purpose of this research is to obtain the relationship between age, years of working period and the use of PPE on the incidence of contact dermatitis in the textile industry in Jepara Troso. Method: It was an observational researchusing cross sectional design. The subjects were selected using purposivesampling. The collected data was analyzed using Spearman Rank test. Result: This research showed that there was highly significant relationship between the duration of work with contact dermatitis incidence (p = 0.038) and there is also a highly significant relationship between age of workers with contact dermatitis incidence (p = 0.025), whereas for longer exposure there was no significant correlation with the number of contact dermatitis incidence (p = 0.476).Conclusion: The duration of working likely had a strong association with the incidence of contact dermatitis. So, it was suggested to all workers for washing hands and feet carefully, especially in the folds of the hands and feet for the remaining dyes or substances, in other that contact dermatitis cases can be prevented.Keywords: dye, contact dermatitis, Troso textile industry.
Perbedaan Tekanan Darah Pada Pekerja Yang Terpapar Panas Di Industri Sale Pisang Suka Senang Kabupaten Ciamis Suwondo, Ari; Lestantyo, Daru; Yulisnawati, Yulisnawati
JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA Volume 3, No. 1, Januari 2008
Publisher : Magister Promosi Kesehatan Undip

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Abstract

Background: Heat stress is one of the physical factors in work environment which become additional risk for labors. The influence of heat stress in peripheral venous dilatation will disturb the balance of blood circulation. Labors that always under heat exposed during workingrequires enough of drinking water and it is better consumed in a little but more frequent. This research purpose is to know difference of blood pressure at worker which heat exposed with difference pattern of drinking water consumption.Method: This research type is Quasi-Experimental, by using One Group Pre and Post Test Design. Amount of samples are 21. Research has done in frying department of traditional banana cake in District of Ciamis . The data analyzed by using paired t-Test.Result: The result of this research indicates that, there is a significant different of blood pressure between workers using drinking pattern I and II (p = 0.0001). As a suggestion for this industry are enlarge the ventilation volume at the roof of building, installing fan with adjustable design, providing comfortable rest room, enough drinking water at the nearest places that can be easily reached by labors.Keywords: Heat Stress, blood pressure, drinking water.
Hubungan Persepsi Suami Tentang Keadaan Kesuburan Istri Pasca Persalinan Dan Dukungan Suami Untuk KB Dengan Rentang Waktu Mulai KB (Studi pada akseptor KB wanita di Kelurahan Lamper Lor Kecamatan Semarang Selatan Kota Semarang Tahun 2006) Ritmasari, Ritmasari; Lestantyo, Daru; Dharminto, Dharminto
JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA Volume 2, No. 1, Januari 2007
Publisher : Magister Promosi Kesehatan Undip

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Background : The main purpose of family planning program is to increase the qualities of the population with birth arrangement, decrease mother mortality rate and neonatal mortality rate, and increase the quality of family planning program itself. Different perception about woman fertility condition after gave birth and not enough support from their husband causing Pasangan Usia Subur (PUS) delay their time to use family planning method. The aim of this research is to detect the correlation between perception about woman fertility condotion after gave birth and support from their husband with the time of using family planning methodat the Lamper Lor Village, Subdistrict Semarang Selatan, Semarang City in the year at 2006.Method : This research type is explanatory research with cross sectional study. The population in this research is all women member’s of family planning program in Lamper Lor Village with the member of 536 people. The sampling obtained 82 people. Method is Simple Random Sampling proportionally. Statistic test Rank Spearman Correlation at significant level 0,05. Result : The result of this research indicates that perception about breast feeding effect is medium perception category (90,20%), perception about age with medium perception level was 50,00%. Husband support for family planning program was 52,40% at medium category. It’s concluded there was correlation between breast feeding effect perception on fertilitycondition after gave birth with range of time to use family planning method (rs=-0,324;ρ=0,003), there was no correlation between age perception on fertility condition after gave birth with duration of time family planning method (rs=-0,009; ρ=0,935), and there was no correlation between husband support in participation to family planning program with range of time to use family planning method (rs=0,175; ρ=0,117).Key words : Breast feeding, Age, Coitus frequency, Range of time to use family planningmethod
Hubungan Karakteristik Pekerja Dengan Praktik Penerapan Prosedur Keselamatan Kerja Di PT. Bina Buna Kimia Ungaran Kurniawan, Bina; Lestantyo, Daru; Murtiningsih, Dewi
JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA Volume 1, No. 2, Agustus 2006
Publisher : Magister Promosi Kesehatan Undip

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Abstract

Background : Occupational health and safety procedures have been developed by Environmental Health and Safety Department in PT. Bina Buna Kimia Ungaran Safety procedures were developed in order to control the potential hazards and minimize occupational accidents which caused by human factors. Unfortunately, many workers have neglected tooperate the procedures correctly. This study identifies the relationships between worker’s characteristics such as age, sex, educational level, working period, knowledge, attitudes, and the practice of workers.Method : Thirty eight temporary workers from production section have participated in this study. They were selected using a simple random sampling. A scheduled-structured questionnaire with a face to face interview has been used to collect the data. Meanwhile, anobservation using check lists has also been used to observe worker’s behaviour in operating safety health procedures.Results : The study found that there are no associations between sex, working period and the practice of safety procedure of the respondents. However, age and education level of workers have significant relationships. Likewise, knowledge and attitudes of respondents have alsoassociations with the practice of safety procedures of the respondents. This study suggests that the information of safety procedures including the positive and negative effects of these should be conducted regularly to motivate the workers.Keywords: Worker, occupational health, Safety procedures, Behaviour
Safe Food Handling Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Food Handlers in Hospital Kitchen Lestantyo, Daru; Husodo, Adi Heru; Iravati, Susi; Shaluhiyah, Zahroh
International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS) Vol 6, No 4: December, 2017
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11591/ijphs.v6i4.10778

Abstract

Hospital food hygiene plays an important role to patient's health. Studies proved that improper practices and lack of knowledge are contributing factors of foodborne diseases. This study was conducted to determine knowledge, attitude and practice of hospital safe food handling in Semarang, Central Java. A cross sectional study was conducted in two general hospitals' kitchen. Data were collected from 60 food handlers through validated questionnaire. Respondents were grouped into two categories: a. Teaching Hospital, and b.Non-teaching Hospital. Data were collected in February-April 2017. Most of food handlers (80%) were graduated from vocational senior high school (SMK). Respondent's age were 28-37 years (36.7%) in average. Most of respondent‟s work experience (85%) was less than 15 years. The result showed that more than 80% of food handlers have good knowledge in safe food handling procedures, good attitude (66%) and good practices (90%). There was no significant difference of knowledge, attitude and practices between two groups. Results strongly emphasize the need of food hygiene training of hospital food handlers. It also suggest that non food handlers such as nurse or kitchen supervisor should involved in the training. Some aspects of food handlers' safety behavior need to be emphasized.
Kelelahan Pada Pekerja Bagian Pengepakan di PT. X Semarang Jamaludin, Jejen; Lestantyo, Daru; Wahyuni, Ida
MEDIA KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA Vol 11, No 1 (2012): MKMI
Publisher : MEDIA KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA

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Abstract

Pengeluaran keringat yang banyak tanpa diimbangi denagn asupan cairan yang cukup akan mengakibatkan dehidrasi yang juga bisa berakibat pada timbulnya kelelahan. Tuiuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis hubungan antara konsumsi cairan dan sodium dengan kelelahan pada pekerja wanita bagian pengepakan PT. X Semarang. Penelitian ini merupakan jenis penelitian explanatory research dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian menggunakan uji korelasi Kendalls Tau dengan taraf signifikansi (ά=0,05, menuniukkan ada hubungan antara konsumsi cairan dengan kelelahan (p=0,001), dan ada hubungan antar akonsumsi Sodium dengan kelelahan (p=0,005). Kata Kunci : konsumsi cairan, konsumsi sodium, kelelahan, pekerja  Relation of Fluid and Sodium Consumption with Fatigue in the Packing Workers on PT X Semarang; Perspiring body without being balanced by adequate fluid intake may cause dehydration which may also cause fatigue against worker. The purpose of this research was to analyze the correlation between fluid and Sodium intake with fatigue on women employees in packaging division PT X Semarang. This research used explanatory research type with cross sectional approach. Based on statistic test result using Kendalls tau test, 5% of level of signification, it showed that there were correlation between fluid consumption and fatigue (p=0,001), and there were correlation between sodium consumption with fatigue (p=0,005). Key words : fluid consumption, sodium consumption, fatigue, workers
Perbedaan Stres Kerja Antara Pekerja Shift I Dan Shift III Bagian Produksi Di PT. Nusantara Building Industries Purbonani, Findi; Lestantyo, Daru; Wahyuni, Ida
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 2, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)

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Abstract

Stres kerja adalah suatu reaksi individu berupa reaksi fisiologis, psikologis dan perilaku yang disebabkan oleh sumber-sumber stres kerja (stressor). Stressor kerja merupakan segala kondisi pekerjaan yang dipersepsikan pekerja sebagai suatu tuntutan kerja. Shift kerja merupakan sebuah pola waktu kerja yang diterapkan perusahaan bagi pekerja, yang dapat dianggap sebagai suatu tuntutan tugas dalam pekerjaan. Shift kerja ternyata memiliki dampak yang cukup besar terhadap kesehatan pekerja. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis perbedaan stres kerja antara pekerja shift I dan shift III bagian produksi di PT. Nusantara Building Industries. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian survey analitik dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Populasi penelitian ini adalah operator mesin di bagian produksi yang bekerja di shift I dan shift III yang berjumlah 196 pekerja. Sampel dihitung dengan rumus sampel minimal dan dengan metode proporsional random sampling didapatkan 32 pekerja pada masing-masing shift I dan shift III. Pengambilan data dilakukan dengan menggunakan kuesioner pengukuran stres kerja. Analisis data menggunakan uji Mann-Whitney dengan taraf signifikansi 5%. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa 56,3% pekerja shift I mengalami stres kerja sedang dan 53,1% pekerja shift III mengalami stres kerja ringan. Hasil uji statistik menunjukkan tidak ada perbedaan stres kerja antara pekerja shift I dan shift III (p-value = 0,548)
Faktor-Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Kelelahan Kerja pada Pekerja Konveksi Bagian Penjahitan di CV. Aneka Garment Gunungpati Semarang Atiqoh, Januar; Wahyuni, Ida; Lestantyo, Daru
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 2, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)

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Fatigue can be influenced by several factors that can come from within the individual as well as of the work environment. CV. Aneka Garment Gunungpati Semarang is informal industry convection with all the sewing workers are women. The purpose of this research is to analyze the related factors of fatigue on sewing workers at CV. Aneka Garment Gunungpati Semarang. This research is explanatory research using cross sectional study design, where population numbers to the workers is 31 people. Sampling method using total sampling. Data analysis using Chi-Square test for normal distribution of data and Rank-Spearman for data not normally distributed. The results showed that most of respondents heavy work fatigue (71%), most of the old ³40 years (71%), the majority of respondents work >10 years (71%), nutritional status of most respondents in the normal category (50.1%), the posture of most respondents work at level 3 (42.1%), and most of the workload between 30 to <60% (42.1%), it means need repairation for workload. Results of statistical tests showed had relationship between age and fatigue (p = 0.0001), there is a relationship between the during work with fatigue (p = 0.0001), there is no relationship between nutritional status with fatigue (p = 0.191), there is a relationship between working posture with fatigue (p = 0.0001), and there is a relationship between the workload with fatigue (p = 0.0001). Business owners should provide additional lighting in accordance with the type of work (lighting meets 1000 Lux) and doing engineering work station (chair) to fit the body size of workers
Faktor-Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Kejadian Dermatitis Kontak Iritan Pada Pekerja Bagian Premix Di PT. X Cirebon Ade Indrawan, Irvan; Suwondo, Ari; Lestantyo, Daru
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 2, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)

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Abstract

Irritant contact dermatitis is a local non-immunologic inflammatory reaction of the skin caused by contact with exogenous or endogenous factors. This disease is characterized by inflammation of the polymorphic skin traits that have broad identification, such as: itching, redness, scaling, vesicles, and crusting papulovesikel. PT X is an industry which is engaged in the production of animal feed in Cirebon City. The production process is divided into several stages, weighing ingredients according to recipe, coarse crushing raw materials, mixing all the ingredients according to recipe, pellet forming and crumble establishment. Before mixing the main ingredient there was a process of weighing chemicals and feed supplement as prescribed in premix company section. The purpose of this research was to analyze the factors associated with the occurrence of irritant dermatitis contact in Premix workers in PT X Cirebon. The type of the research is an observational study with cross sectional approach. The subjects were 40 workers as part of Premix respondents. The results of the chi square test statistic obtained contact with the chemical (p value = 0.0001), years (p value = 1.000), duration of exposure (p value = 0.003), age (p value = 0.003), gender (p value = 0.017), knowledge (p value = 1.000), use of personal protective equipment (p value = 0.369), personal hygiene (p value = 0.689). The conclusion of this study is in contact with chemicals, long exposure, age and gender, associated with the incidence of irritant dermatitis contact. While working life, knowledge, use of personal protective equipment, and personal hygiene are not associated with the incidence of irritant contact dermatitis
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KEJADIAN DERMATITIS KONTAK PEKERJA INDUSTRI TEKSTIL ”X” DI JEPARA Suwondo, Ari; Jayanti, Siswi; Lestantyo, Daru
JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA Volume 6. No. 2. Tahun 2010
Publisher : JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB)

Abstract

Background: The background of this research is the fact that workers in the textile industry largely does not use personal protective equipment, during working hours but they are always exposed to dyestuffs and color placard substances known that these substances can dissolve the fat under the skin surface so the skin becomes dry, cracked and could even occur vesicles. If the exposure occurred in a long time, the skin may occur thickening (lichenification) or substances can follow the path into the lymph vessels throughout the body and can cause disturbances in systim hormonal and genetic defects resulting in sterility. The purpose of this research is to obtain the relationship between age, years of working period and the use of PPE on the incidence of contact dermatitis in the textile industry in Jepara Troso. Method: It was an observational researchusing cross sectional design. The subjects were selected using purposivesampling. The collected data was analyzed using Spearman Rank test. Result: This research showed that there was highly significant relationship between the duration of work with contact dermatitis incidence (p = 0.038) and there is also a highly significant relationship between age of workers with contact dermatitis incidence (p = 0.025), whereas for longer exposure there was no significant correlation with the number of contact dermatitis incidence (p = 0.476).Conclusion: The duration of working likely had a strong association with the incidence of contact dermatitis. So, it was suggested to all workers for washing hands and feet carefully, especially in the folds of the hands and feet for the remaining dyes or substances, in other that contact dermatitis cases can be prevented.Keywords: dye, contact dermatitis, Troso textile industry.