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Journal : The Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry Research

Catalytic Desulfurization of Benzothiophene Using Keggin Type Polyoxometalates as catalyst Lesbani, Aldes; Marpaung, Arianti; Verawaty, Marieska; Amalia, Hesti Rizki; Mohadi, Risfidian
The Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry Research Vol 4, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Chemistry Department, The University of Brawijaya

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Abstract

Performance of catalytic desulfurization of benzothiophen (BT) was studied using polyoxometalates as catalyst. Polyoxometalates H3[a-PW12O40] and  H4[a-SiW12O40], have different heteroatom in Keggin structure and catalytic activities. Polyoxometalates H3[a-PW12O40] and  H4[a-SiW12O40] have high crystallinity with homogeneous distribution particles. Desulfurization of BT using polyoxometalates H3[a-PW12O40] and H4[a-SiW12O40] resulted % conversion up to 99% for 3 h reaction time and at temperature 40 oC. Application of polyoxometalates H3[a-PW12O40] and H4[a-SiW12O40] for crude oil desulfurization showed % conversion of 4-88%. The main functional groups of polyoxometalates still retained after catalytic desulfurization indicated the stability of polyoxometalate compounds
Calcium Oxide Catalyst Based on Quail Eggshell for Biodiesel Synthesis from Waste Palm Oil Mohadi, Risfidian; Sueb, Abi; Anggraini, Kiki; Lesbani, Aldes
The Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry Research Vol 7, No 2 (2018): Edition May-August 2018
Publisher : Chemistry Department, The University of Brawijaya

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Abstract

Calcium oxide decomposed from quail eggshell was used as catalyst for biodiesel synthesis from waste palm oil. Prior to being used, the quail eggshell was decomposed at 600-1100 oC to form calcium oxide and it was characterized by X-Ray measurement, FTIR and SEM spectroscopy to analyze the functional groups and the surface morphology, followed by N2 adsorption desorption methods to determine the surface area. The results of X-Ray analysis powder pattern show that the decomposition of quail eggshell at 900 oC gave calcium oxide that has similar characteristic to the standard CaO from Joint Committee of Powder Diffraction Standard (JCPDS). The FTIR spectrum indicated vibration of calcium oxide from quail eggshell have a similar pattern with the calcium oxide of the standard. The SEM analysis showed that morphology of quail eggshell was changed after decomposition at 900 oC and it have the mesoporous structure.  The biodiesel from waste palm oil was synthesized using CaO catalyst from quail eggshell decomposed at 900 oC. The biodiesel product has density of 0.86 g/cm3, viscosity of 5.50 mm2/s, free fatty acid of 0.56 mg/KOH, and iodine number of 60.49 g I2/100g, respectively. All those biodiesel characteristics meet to the biodiesel standard by the Indonesian National Standard (SNI).
Thermal Activated of Indonesian Bentonite as A Low-Cost Adsorbent for Procion Red Removal from Aqueous Solution Taher, Tarmizi; Rohendi, Dedi; Mohadi, Risfidian; Lesbani, Aldes
The Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry Research Vol 7, No 2 (2018): Edition May-August 2018
Publisher : Chemistry Department, The University of Brawijaya

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Abstract

Abundant and inexpensive Indonesian natural bentonite was activated by thermal activation at 500 oC for removal of procion red dye as one of the most used synthetic dye in the traditional songket fabric production around Palembang city. Activated bentonite product was characterized by FT-IR, XRD, and thermal analysis. The adsorption process was conducted in batch adsorption system by applying various adsorption parameter condition including, initial pH condition, contact time, and initial dye concentration. The activated bentonite characterization indicates that during the activation process, the structure of the original bentonite was not changed significantly and the result of the thermal analysis revealed that thermal activation at 500 oC was draining the water content without destructing the silica-alumina framework of bentonite. The adsorption kinetics study shows that the procion red adsorption into the activated bentonite follows the pseudo-second order kinetic model. The isotherm adsorption study revealed that procion red adsorption into activated bentonite adapted the Langmuir adsorption isotherm.