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Journal : INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY

Morphological studies of apoptotic HeLa cells death induced by eurycomanone ., Nurkhasanah; Pihie, Azimahtol Hawariah Lope; Latip, Jalifah
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 20 No 4, 2009
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

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Abstract

Eurycomanone is a cytotoxic ingredient found in Eurycoma longifolia Jack. Previous studies have noted its activity against many epithelial cell lines. In this study, eurycomanone had obvious cytotoxic effect on HeLa cells by methylene blue staining assays. After HeLa cells were treated with eurycomanone, typical morphological changes, including cytoplasm shrinkage and decrease of cell volume were observed by light microscope. Chromatin condensation and nuclear fragmentation could be observed by fluorescence microscope after staining with Hoechst 33258 nuclear staining. DNA fragmentation and apoptotic body formation that is characteristic of apoptosis could be determined after treated cells were assayed with TUNEL (terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase mediated d-UTP nick end labeling). The externalization of phosphatidyl serine (PS) could be determined by flow cytometry analysis using Annexin-V/PI double staining. The result suggested that eurycomanone exerted antiproliferative activity on HeLa cells by inducing apoptosis.Key words : eurycomanone, cytotoxic, apoptosis, HeLa
Three resveratrol’s oligomers from the stem bark of H. gregaria (dipterocarpaceae) and their toxicity and citotoxicity ., Sahidin; Hakim, Euis H.; Syah, Yana M.; Juliawaty, Lia D.; Achmad, Sjamsul A.; Latip, Jalifah
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 17 No 3, 2006
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

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Abstract

Three resveratrol oligomers have been isolated from the stem bark of H. gregaria including a resveratrol trimer i.e. α-viniferin (1), and two resveratrol tetramers i.e. vaticanol B (2) and hopeaphenol (3). These structures were determined by spectroscopic evidence including UV, IR, 1H , 13C NMR and compared with that of the reported data in the literatures. Activities of the compounds were determined toward brine shrimp Artemia salina (toxicity) and murine leukemia P-388 cells (cytotoxicity). The compound 1 is the most active against A. salina (LC50 = 49,0 ± 5,8 μg/mL), and the compound 3 has very active level toward murine leukemia P-388 cells (LC50 = 5,7 ± 0,3 μM).Key words : Resveratrol oligomers, H. gregaria, toxicity, and cytotoxicity.