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STATUS PUBERTAS DAN ANEMIA PADA REMAJA AWAL LAKI-LAKI DAN PEREMPUAN DI DAERAH ENDEMIK GAKI Latifah, Leny; Nurcahyani, Yusi Dwi; Setyani, Asih
Media Gizi Mikro Indonesia Vol 1, No 3 Des (2010)
Publisher : Media Gizi Mikro Indonesia

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Abstract

Backround: Nutrition problems occurred at every stage of development. Department of Child and Adolescent Health WHO stated that there stilllack of attention on nutrition problems in adolescent stage. Jn the other hands, adolescent is a vulnerable stage because lack of micro nutrition in take, while needed a lot of nutrition due to rapid growth in this stage and menstrual cyclefor girls. Objective: To determine the potential associations between puberty status and anemia among early adolescent in iodine deficient area. Methods: This was a crossectional study, included 120 randomly selectedfirst grade of two junior high schools in the endemic areas of IDD in Temanggung, Central Java. Anemia status was determined by measuring Hemoglobin level in blood sampie and puberty status was obtained through questionnaire. Result: Among the samples, 25 samples (20.8%) were anemics. Girls had 1.55 times chance to had anemia than boys, but statistically not significant (OR: 1.55; 95%CJ; 0.61-3.93). Girls had anemia 1,55 times higher than boys but statistically not significant (OR: 1,55; 95%CJ; 0,61-3,93). Among boys and girls, puberty wasnt related to anemia (OR: 1,31; 95%CJ, 0,53-3.25). Stratified analysis showed that the risk for having anemia among girls who had puberty was 1.5 times higher than girls who hadnt had puberty but statistically not significant (OR: 1,5; 95%CJ; 0,61-3,93). White reversely, boys who had puberty was had lower risk of having anemia, but statisticallynotsignificant(OR: 0.57/; 95%CJ; 0,135-2.422). Conclusion: Puberty status was not related to anemia in early adolescent, but girls who had puberty showed more predisposition to had anemia. Further research needed in later stage of adolescent, especially in girls in iodine endemic area to find out more about relationship between puberty and anemia. Keywords: Anemia, Puberty, Early Adolescent, Jodine Deficiency Disorders Area
HAMBATAN PERKEMBANGAN ANAK BALiTA Di DAERAH ENDEMIK GAKI Ashar, Hadi; Latifah, Leny
Media Gizi Mikro Indonesia Vol 1, No 3 Des (2010)
Publisher : Media Gizi Mikro Indonesia

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Background: First five years is an important period in child development, because in this period is the golden period that will determine subsequent child developmenr. Children in endemic areas iodine deficicncy disorders (IDD) has a risk of iodine deficiency will result in berkurangan IQ points, and disturbing development.Objective: This study aims to obtain constraints on the development ofchildren under live endemic iodine deficiency disorder by age group and type ofbarriers cxperienced growth.Method: The study was descriptive research. The population in this study were children underjive who experience barriers to progress in Magelang District, ages 3 to 60 months were divided in 13 groups according to age development DDTK guidelines.Conclusion: As many as 46.8% of children under .five experiencing barriers to development in less than 12 months of age, and young children in areas of endemic iodine deficiency disorder average experiencing barriers to development almost even lyon thefour aspects of thefive aspects of development.Key words: Development, Firstfive years, Endemic iodine deficiency disorder Background: First five years is an important period in child development, because in this period is the golden period that will determine subsequent child developmenr. Children in endemic areas iodine deficicncy disorders (IDD) has a risk of iodine deficiency will result in berkurangan IQ points, and disturbing development. Objective: This study aims to obtain constraints on the development ofchildren under live endemic iodine deficiency disorder by age group and type ofbarriers cxperienced growth. Method: The study was descriptive research. The population in this study were children underjive who experience barriers to progress in Magelang District, ages 3 to 60 months were divided in 13 groups according to age development DDTK guidelines. Conclusion: As many as 46.8% of children under .five experiencing barriers to development in less than 12 months of age, and young children in areas of endemic iodine deficiency disorder average experiencing barriers to development almost even lyon thefour aspects of thefive aspects of development. Key words: Development, Firstfive years, Endemic iodine deficiency disorder
Dampak Stimulasi Kognitif Disertai Pemberian Garam Beriodium Tiga Bulan terhadap Kecukupan Iodium, Kualitas Lingkungan Pengasuhan dan Perkembangan Kognitif Balita di Daerah Endemik GAKI Latifah, Leny; Ismail, Djauhar; Gamayanti, Indria Laksmi; Prabandari, Yayi Suryo
Media Gizi Mikro Indonesia Vol 5, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Media Gizi Mikro Indonesia

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ABSTRACT International Child Development Steering Group stated that inadequate cognitive stimulation and IDD were two of four risk factors of child developmental failure in developing countries. There were no research found on the impact of cognitive stimulation combined with iodine intervention on child development status. The aim of this study is measuring the effect of parenting based cognitive stimulation combined with low dose salt intervention (30 ± 5 ppm) on child iodine status, home quality of care, and child cognitive development. This was a quasi experimental research, pre test post test with controlled group design, conducted in Pituruh, Purworejo district. The subjects was 76 children 4-5 years old with his mother. Home quality of care data taken with HOME questionnaire, iodine intake indicator taken with Urinary Iodine Excretion, and child cognitive development measured with WPPSI (Weschler Primary and Preschool Scale of Intelligent). Intervention was done in three months.There was no difference on UIE level between intervention and control group before and after the intervention (p>0.05), with the UIE mean in the level of above requirement (254 μg ± 130 μg/L). There was no significant difference in prevalence of insufficient and excessive iodine status before and after the intervention. Result of the analysis on quality of care showed that intervention group showed higher score in home quality of care in the aspects of language stimulation (p<0.05), learning materials (p<0.05), and variety of experience (p<0.05). The enhancement of cognitive development in intervention group was better than in control group, in the aspects of non verbal (p<0.05) and general (p<0.05) cognitive development, and not significant in verbal cognitive development (p>0.05). Three months low dose iodized salt intervention (30 ± 5 ppm) had not changed iodine intake status in under five years old children. Parenting based cognitive stimulation enhanced the aspects in maternal quality of care related to quality of home stimulation relevance with child non verbal cognitive development. It was suggested to optimized maternal parenting quality to enhance child cognitive development in IDD areas. Future research should extend the time of intervention to evaluate the impact of the intervention on child verbal cognitive development, iodine intake and also thyroid status. Keywords: cognitive stimulation, iodized salt, iodine status, cognitive development, under five years children. ABSTRAK International Child Development Steering Group menyebutkan stimulasi kognitif tidak memadai dan GAKI sebagai dua dari empat faktor risiko utama kegagalan perkembangan anak di negara berkembang. Belum diketahui dampak kombinasi intervensi gizi iodium dan stimulasi perkembangan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui dampak stimulasi kognitif berbasis pengasuhan disertai intervensi garam beriodium 30 ± 5 ppm terhadap peningkatan status iodium, kualitas lingkungan pengasuhan, dan perkembangan kognitif anak. Penelitian dilakukan di Kecamatan Pituruh, Kabupaten Purworejo terhadap 76 anak 4-5 tahun beserta ibunya. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan kuasi eksperimental pre test post test with control group design. Pengambilan data kualitas lingkungan pengasuhan dengan HOME, kecukupan iodium dengan EIU, dan kemampuan kognitif anak diukur dengan WPPSI (Weschler Primary and Preschool Scale of Intelligent). Intervensi dilakukan selama 3 bulan. Tidak ada perbedaan tingkat EIU kelompok intervensi dan kelompok kontrol sebelum dan sesudah intervensi (p>0.05), dengan rerata EIU lebih (254 μg ± 130 μg/L). Perubahan proporsi status defisien dan ekses iodium belum menunjukkan perubahan signifikan. Hasil analisis kelompok intervensi menunjukkan skor lebih tinggi dalam kualitas lingkungan pengasuhan pada aspek: stimulasi bahasa (p<0.05), materi belajar (p<0.05), dan variasi pengalaman (p<0.05). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan rata-rata peningkatan kelompok eksperimen lebih baik daripada kelompok kontrol pada kemampuan kognitif non verbal (p<0.05), dan umum (p<0.05). Tidak signifikan pada kemampuan kognitif verbal (p>0.05). Intervensi garam beriodium 30 ± 5 ppm tiga bulan belum mengubah status kecukupan iodium balita. Stimulasi kognitif pengasuhan meningkatkan aspek-aspek kualitas pengasuhan ibu yang relevan dengan peningkatan kemampuan kognitif anak. Disarankan untuk mengoptimalkan program peningkatan kualitas pengasuhan sebagai daya ungkit kemampuan kognitif anak di daerah endemik GAKI, memperpanjang waktu intervensi untuk mengevaluasi pengaruh intervensi pada kemampuan kognitif verbal dan status iodium anak dengan mengukur indikator kadar hormon tiroid. Kata kunci: stimulasi kognitif, HOME, garam beriodium, balita, kemampuan kognitif.
Efektivitas Teknik Permainan Simulasi dengan Menggunakan Media Dart Board untuk Meningkatkan Motivasi Belajar Siswa Kelas VII C SMP Negeri 2 Tegal Siwalan Probolinggo Putri Cahyani, Ninda Ayu; Bariyyah, Khairul; Latifah, Leny
JKI (Jurnal Konseling Indonesia) Vol 3 No 1 (2017): Jurnal Konseling Indonesia
Publisher : Universitas Kanjuruhan Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (590.921 KB) | DOI: 10.21067/jki.v3i1.1975

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This research is based on the results of observations to students of class VII C SMP Negeri 2 Tegal Siwalan, indicating that 9 students still have low levels of learning motivation. This can hinder the development of students in achieving their goals and can lead to failure of learning. Therefore, the increase in student learning motivation is necessary for students. This study used pre-experimental designs with one group pre-test and post-test design. Subjects used in this study were 9 students from grade VII C SMP Negeri 2 Tegal Siwalan. The sampling technique was done by purposive sampling which only studied the students with low learning motivation. The research instrument used is the scale of learning motivation, anecdotal note, and treatment material that has been tested before the expert given to the subject. Data were analyzed by using Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test. Based on the result of the research shows (1) Student motivation before treatment has low motivation level (2) Student motivation after treatment has increased learning motivation into high category (3) Simulation game technique using to dart board media effectively improves students learning motivation. This means that is simulation game technique using the effective media dart board to improve the learning motivation of the students in grade VII C SMP Negeri 2 Tegal Siwalan Probolinggo.
LAVENDER (LAVANDULA ANGUSTIFOLIA) AROMATHERAPY AS AN ALTERNATIVE TREATMENT IN REDUCING PAIN IN PRIMIPAROUS MOTHERS IN THE ACTIVE FIRST STAGE OF LABOR Karo Karo, Hilda Yani; Pramono, Noor; Wahyuni, Sri; Mashoedi, Imam Djamaluddin; Latifah, Leny
Belitung Nursing Journal Vol 3, No 4 (2017): July-August 2017
Publisher : Belitung Nursing Journal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (189.074 KB) | DOI: 10.33546/bnj.159

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Background: Labor and childbirth is an extremely painful process. Aromatherapy is considered as one of the nonpharmacological methods to reduce labor pain.Objective: To determine the effect of Lavender (Lavandula Angustifolia) aromatherapy on the level of pain in primipara in the first stage of labor.Methods: A quasy-experimental research with pretest and posttest design with control group conducted between October until November 2016. Forthy respondents selected using consecutive sampling, which 20 assigned in each group. a Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) pain scale was used. Paired and independent t-test were used for data analyses.Results: The results showed that the p-value of labor pain after intervention was 0.000 (<0.05), which indicated that there was statistically mean difference of labor pain between intervention (6.10) and control group (4.05) in primipara in the first active stage of labor.Conclusion: The women in the lavender aromatherapy group reported lower intensity of labor pain. The intervention study could be practiced in the community health centers for pregnant women in order for them to apply this healing method.
Upaya Meningkatkan Empati Siswa SMP Muhammadiyah 1 Malang Melalui Penggunaan Teknik Sinema Terapi Latifah, Leny; Susanti, Romia Hari
JKI (Jurnal Konseling Indonesia) Vol 1 No 2 (2016): Jurnal Konseling Indonesia
Publisher : Universitas Kanjuruhan Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (557.737 KB) | DOI: 10.21067/jki.v1i2.2154

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Empathy is an individual reaction consisting of cognitive and affective components of the ability to understand other peoples feelings. Empathy is built on the scope of awareness, so that more and more open to our own emotions, the more skilled in understanding the feelings of others. The subjects were 28 students of class VII and VIII SMP Muhammadiyah 1 Malang. The research objective increase empathy of students through the use of cinema therapy. This research is a Quasi Experiment with using the pattern of pre-test and post-test Group. The instrument used is a student empathy scale, experiment guidelines and observation guidelines. The results showed that (1) pretest of 28 students scored a minimum of 42 and maximum of 97 with a mean score of 70.4, after completing treatment therapy to improve the use of cinema empathy, posttest results indicate a minimum score of 92 and a maximum score of 151 with a mean of 120.8 , the mean difference between pretest and posttest was 50.4. (2) Based on the results of the Wilcoxon test, different values (z) after treatment with before administration of treatment is -2803, so it can be interpreted that the use of cinema therapy effective for improving empathy junior high school students.
DEVELOPMENT OF SELF ADAPTATION GUIDANCE FOR SMK PRAKERIN STUDENT Latifah, Leny
GUIDENA: Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan, Psikologi, Bimbingan dan Konseling Vol 6, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Metro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (192.934 KB) | DOI: 10.24127/gdn.v6i2.565

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Self adaptation is individual skill to react effectively in social connection environment individual in a place. The training guidance self adaptation in prakerin is developed for make counselor easier in the school for give service optimally and prepares students well before prakerin. Research subject is 11 grade of SMK PGRI Pakisaji Malang. The purpose of the research is produce training project self adaptation SMK student in prakerin place. Test effectiveness is done with one group pre-test post test planning. The instrument which is used is self project scale in prakerin with grain validity ≥ 0,3 and reliability alpha Cronbach 0,882. The result of the research show that (1) the project that is developed has complete acceptability and, (2) it has improve of effectively self adaptation SMK student in prakerin place.  
Efektivitas Teknik SLA (Structured Learning Approach) untuk Meningkatkan Penyesuaian Diri Siswa Prakerin di Lingkungan Universitas Kanjuruhan Malang Latifah, Leny
JKI (Jurnal Konseling Indonesia) Vol 1 No 1 (2015): Jurnal Konseling Indonesia
Publisher : Universitas Kanjuruhan Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (641.859 KB) | DOI: 10.21067/jki.v1i1.858

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The development of technology that so fast and orientation nasional-internasional broad organization, requires employement has high competence. The organization of employement certainly create a new situation and put school graduates to be able to conform to the situation change. Self Adjustment is constantly interaction between individuals with him, with others, and with the environment. Self Adjustment, help students become happy and Able to devote attention and affection to the people. On the other hand , when individual unable to meet suit in work environment and he will experience conflict the inner and not optimal to his advantage. Structured Learning Approach is an approach learn structured developed based on theoretical social learning and modification behavior. This study used an experimental research design which aims to determine the effectiveness of SLA in increasing self adjustment in the working environment for students Prakerin in groups. Research subjects is 14 students prakerin at the university of kanjuruhan. The instrument used self adjustment scale developed by researchers.The research results show that (1) the average value of the pretest students before training is 32.07, (2) The average value of posttest students after the training 103.79, (3) 14 respondents have higher scores after the training than before the training, (4) the average increase after post-test was 7.50 with a significance level of 0.001.
THORAX MULTI-SLICE COMPUTER TOMOGRAPHY (MSCT) EXAMINATION TECHNIQUE IN THE CASE OF MEDIASTINUM TUMOR AT RADIOLOGY INSTALATION OF SEMARANG DISTRICT GENERAL HOSPITAL Mayasari, Ike; Sukmaningtyas, Hermina; Wibowo, Ardi Soesilo; Santjaka, Aris; Anwar, M. Choerul; Latifah, Leny
Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health

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Background: Thorax Multi-slice computer tomography (MSCT) scan examination requires contrast medium to image the difference in density with the surrounding tissue. The contrast images is largely determined by the volume of contrast, injection rate and injection methods. Thorax CT scan is performed by slice thickness of 5-10 mm. Meanwhile, it should use the routine slice thickness of 10 mm. Slice thickness of 8-10 mm of coronal and sagittal images require reconstruction by thin slices of 1-1.5 mm and subsequently by applying 3D. Aims: This is to analyse the volume of contrast and slice thickness used in the examination of tumor mediastinum by thorax MSCT examination. Methods: This research used descriptive qualitative design with case study approach, described and explained systematically, related to the procedure of Thorax MSCT examination technique in the case of mediastinum tumor with 3 samples of 3 patient and assessment performed by three radiologist as respondents. Results: This study indicates the success of the use of proper contrast of 80 cc and slice thickness of 2-3 mm to observe lesions of mediastinal tumor. Conclusion: Thorax MSCT examination in the case of mediastinum tumor should use contrast 80 cc and slice thickness of 2-3 mm to observe lesions of mediastinal tumor and coronal and sagittal axial slices, because the sagittal slice can show the lymphadenopathy enlargement so that the mediastinum tumor is clearly visible. The print out or filming results should be included the MPR or 3D to show the presence or absence of bone destruction and metastases. 
THE DESIGN OF RADIOLOGY VIEWING BOX USING POTENTIOMETER SYSTEM Diartama, Anak Agung Aris; Suswaty, Susy; Priantoro, Win; Sudiyono, Sudiyono; Sugiyanto, Sugiyanto; Anwar, Muhammad Choiroel; Latifah, Leny; Santjaka, Aris; Amri, Faisal; Mulyantoro, Donny Kristanto
Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health

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Background: In the process of work to gain the maximum results, a radiologist needs a viewing box tool to read radiographs. Aims: to create a viewing box tool by using a potentiometer system. Methods: This study used applied research method by creating and using the design of viewing box tool by using a potentiometer system and testing the viewing box tool created by using a Lux meter and 15 respondents consisting of five radiologists and 10 radiographers who should fulfill the questionnaire form. Results: The mean of viewing box illumination reached 220 lux. The results of the questionnaire showed that 100% radiologist gave an A (excellent) and expressed that the viewing box tool created could be used properly and 90% radiographers provided an A (excellent) and expressed that the viewing box tool created could be used properly, while 10% radiographer gave a value of B (moderate). Conclusion: viewing box tool created could be used properly and obtained optimal results as a tool in reading radiographs. Potentiometer system contained in the viewing box was very helpful in reading radiographs because it allowed to adjust the light intensity according to user needs.