Emmy Latifah
Fakultas Hukum Universitas Sebelas Maret

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PELAKSANAAN HARMONISASI PERUNDANG-UNDANGAN NASIONAL Dl BIDANG PERDAGANGAN DENGAN KESEPAKATAN TINGKAT ASEAN MENUJU ASEAN ECONOMIC COMMUNITY Latifah, Emmy
YUSTISIA Vol 75 (2008)
Publisher : YUSTISIA

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Abstract

The objectives ofthis research aretoknow what theIndonesian government havedonetocreatethe harmonization oflaw in trade toward the establisment ofthe ASEAN Economic Community and toknow whatthe obstacles are facedby the Indonesian government to achieve the harmonization of lawin trade toward theestablishment theASEAN Economic Community. The result ofthis research concludes that the endeavors ofthe Indonesian government tocreate the harmonization oflaw in trade are undertaken trough harmonizing the tariffnomenclature; harmonizing the most-favoured nation tariff andharmonizing custom procedures. The obstacles faced by the Indonesiangovernment to achieve the harmonization oflawin tradeare overlapping between the local rule and the national rule; high economic cost candecrease thecompetitiveness ofexport products, theweakness of network system andnational distribution, the decreasing ofinvestment andinfrastructure quality.
E-Contract Dalam Perspektif Hukum Perdagangan Internasional Latifah, Emmy
Syiar Hukum Vol 9, No 3 (2007): Syiar Madani
Publisher : LPPM Unisba

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Perkembangan teknologi membawa efek signifikan terhadap sistem ekonomi global, terutama di bidang hukum perdagangan internasional. Hal itu juga dapat dilihat melalui pertumbuhan e-commerce dan e-contract dalam dunia maya. PBB merespon perkembangan tersebut dengan membuat UNCITRAL Model Law on E-Commerce pada tahun 1996 yang menjadi hal terpenting bagi masyarakat internasional
Liberalisasi Perdagangan Jasa Penerbangan Melalui Kebijakan Open Sky dan Implikasinya Bagi Indonesia Latifah, Emmy
Jurnal Hukum IUS QUIA IUSTUM Vol 18 (2011): Edisi Khusus Vol. 18 Oktober 2011
Publisher : Fakultas Hukum Universitas Islam Indonesia

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The research problems are: first, implementation of open sky policy in the frame of flight service trade liberalization based on Act No. 1 of 2009 on Flight; second, the implication of enactment of open sky policy for Indonesia in the frame of flight service trade.This research is empirical legal research. The data used is primary and secondary data which are analyzed using editing analysis style technique later.This is caused by many factors which are: the government’s lack of preparation in protecting domestic flight industry by not providing clear regulation in determining tariff, the operator’s lack of preparation in conducting flight service, the lack of facility in pursuing open sky. There is economical, social, defense and security implication from the application of open sky policy for Indonesia. However, the most significant implication from these impacts is economy defense, and security implication.
ANALISIS PEMBENTUKAN ASEAN CROSS BORDER INSOLVENCY REGULATION SEBAGAI SOLUSI PERMASALAHAN KEPAILITAN LINTAS BATAS DI ASEAN Damardjati, Respati; Latifah, Emmy; Sudarwanto, Al. Sentot
Privat Law Vol 5, No 1 (2017): JANUARI-JUNI
Publisher : Privat Law

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AbstractThis paper purposes to analize the idea for establishing ASEAN cross border insolvency regulation as a solution of cross-border insolvency problem in ASEAN. It is a legal research viewed from descriptive analytic. The result of this paper indicates that the absence of uniformity or harmonization of insolvency law in ASEAN region will inflict some problems which are relating to the procedure of recognition and enforcement of a foreign insolvency. The regulation as a solution of cross-border insolvency in the ASEAN region is expected to become a facilitator for resolving problems and reducing uncertainty in cross-border insolvency cases. ASEAN Cross Border Insolvency Regulations in the form of a model law is the right solution to solve the problems of cross-border insolvency in the ASEAN region.Keyword (s)  :       ASEAN, ASEAN Cross Border Insolvency Regulation, Cross Border InsolvencyAbstrakArtikel hukum ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis gagasan pembentukan ASEAN cross border insolvency regulation sebagai solusi permasalahan kepailitan lintas batas di ASEAN. Jenis penelitian hukum ini adalah penelitian hukum normatif yang bersifat deskriptif. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa tidak adanya keseragaman atau harmonisasi hukum kepailitan di kawasan ASEAN menimbulkan permasalahan yang berkaitan dengan prosedur pengakuan dan pelaksanaan putusan kepailitan asing. Kehadiran sebuah pengaturan hukum sebagai solusi dari permasalahan kepailitan lintas batas di kawasan ASEAN sangat diharapkan untuk dapat menjadi fasilitator dalam menyelesaikan permasalahan dan dapat mengurangi ketidakpastian dalam perkara kepailitan lintas batas. ASEAN Cross Border Insolvency Regulation berupa model law merupakan solusi yang tepat dalam menyelesaikan permasalahan kepailitan lintas batas di kawasan ASEAN.Kata Kunci  : ASEAN Cross Border Insolvency Regulation, Kepailitan Lintas Batas
CORPORATION AS THE ACTORS OF FISHERIES CRIME IN INDONESIA Retno Ningsih, Sri Dwi; Supanto, S.; Latifah, Emmy
Jurnal Dinamika Hukum Vol 18, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.jdh.2018.18.2.2067

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In Indonesia, the Corporation is already recognized as one of the perpetrators of criminal acts in a variety of specific criminal acts and regulations, including in the Fisheries Act. Article 1 paragraph (14) Act No. 31 of the year 2004 jo Act No. 45 of the year 2009 about fisheries States that every person is a person, the individual or Corporation. This research is normative juridical research. The approach used is statute approach.The results showed that in the theory of criminal law, there is some form of the position of the Corporation as the perpetrator of a criminal offence may be subject to iability. The purpose of this study is to examine how the legal position of the Corporation as the perpetrator of the criminal offence of fishing in Indonesia. This research is the normative legal research. The data used are secondary data, while data collection is done through the study of the literature. Data analysis techniques using the deductive approach of law and interpretation.Keywords: corporations, criminal act fisheries
PENGATURAN RULES OF ORIGIN DI INDONESIA DAN MASALAH-MASALAH HUKUM YANG DITIMBULKANNYA Latifah, Emmy
Yustisia Jurnal Hukum Vol 4, No 1: JANUARY-APRIL 2015
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/yustisia.v4i1.8618

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AbstractRules of origin is used to determine the origin of products in order to receive preferential tariff facility. It means that only the products which are from certain countries or certain region that have been bound the preferential trade agreements which entitled on the preferential tariff. Moreover, rules of origin also plays the role to prevent trade deflection. In this context, it becomes the mechanism to preclude import products that do not originate from a particular countries or region through the state which applies the lowest external tariff. Therefore, regulating rules of origin in each country bound the preferential trade agreement is needed. This research examined how Indonesia regulated rules of origin in its national legal order and the legal problems arose from its regulation. Indonesian rules of origin defined limited to technical rule. As a result, Indonesia has the potential to be harmed in international trade traffic. In addition, institutional problem is also a matter of concern. Because Indonesia does not have a special agency dealing with rules of origin, thus it creates difficulty for many parties, not just the perpetrators of international trade, but also the government.Keywords: rules of origin, regulation, legal problems, IndonesiaAbstrakRules of origin adalah mekanisme yang digunakan untuk menentukan asal produk dalam rangka mendapatkan fasilitas tarif preferensial. Hanya produk-produk yang berasal dari negara tertentu yang telah terikat pada satu perjanjian preferensial saja yang dapat menikmati tarif preferensial. Selain itu, rules of origin juga berfungsi untuk mencegah defleksi perdagangan. Dalam konteks ini, rules of origin menjadi mekanisme pencegahan masuknya produk-produk yang bukan berasal dari kawasan tertentu melalui negara yang menerapkan tarif eksternal paling rendah. Oleh sebab itu, pengaturan rules of origin di setiap negara yang terlibat dalam perjanjian perdagangan preferensial sangat diperlukan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaturan rules of origin di Indonesia dan masalah-masalah hukum yang ditimbulkan dari pengaturan tersebut. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Indonesia belum memiliki aturan rules of origin yang bersifat komprehensif. Aturan mengenai rules of origin di Indonesia masih dimaknai sebatas aturan teknis saja. Akibatnya, Indonesia berpotensi untuk dirugikan dalam lalu lintas perdagangan internasional. Selain itu, masalah kelembagaan juga menjadi hal yang perlu diperhatikan. Indonesia belum memiliki lembaga yang khusus menangani rules of origin, sehingga hal ini menyulitkan banyak pihak, tidak saja pihak pelaku perdagangan internasional, tapi juga pihak pemerintah.Kata kunci: rules of origin, pengaturan, masalah hukum, Indonesia.
Eksistensi Prinsip-prinsip Keadilan dalam Sistem Hukum Perdagangan Internasional Latifah, Emmy
PADJADJARAN Jurnal Ilmu Hukum (Journal of Law) Vol 2, No 1 (2015): PADJADJARAN Jurnal Ilmu Hukum (Journal of Law)
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Padjadjaran University

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Ide mengenai keadilan telah berkembang seiring perkembangan kehidupan manusia, paradigma, dan nilai-nilai yang dianutnya. Dengan demikian, keadilan dapat diartikan berbeda-beda tergantung pada siapa, kapan, dimana, dan dalam konteks apa keadilan dimaknai. Demikian pula halnya yang terjadi pada sistem hukum perdagangan internasional, prinsip keadilan pada sistem perdagangan internasional yang dilakukan di bawah aturan dan prosedur WTO telah memainkan peran yang penting, terutama dalam kaitannya dengan pendistribusian hak dan kewajiban yang bersifat fundamental dan cara menentukan pembagian keuntungan dari kerja sama sosial yang ada didalamnya. Dalam hal ini prinsip keadilan diperlukan dalam rangka menanyakan apakah keputusan sosial yang dihasilkan oleh WTO benar dan konsisten dengan nilai-nilai yang ada di dalamnya. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa prinsip keadilan yang terdapat dalam aturan WTO mengandung dua makna yaitu makna “the equality of opportunity” dan “keadilan distributif”. Equality of opportunity dapat diwujudkan apabila prinsip reciprocity (timbal balik) ditegakkan baik dalam hal pengurangan hambatan perdagangan, akses pasar, maupun penyelesaian sengketa. Keadilan distributif berarti bahwa perdagangan internasional merupakan sarana untuk mewujudkan hubungan dagang yang saling menguntungkan diantara negara anggota. The Existence of Principles of Justice in International Trade Law System AbstractThe notion of justice has evolved along with the development of human being, paradigms, and their values. Therefore, justice can be interpreted differently, depends on who, when, where, and in what context people define it. It is also the case for the international trade law system. The principle of justice in the international trading system, conducted under the rules and procedures of the WTO, has played an important role; especially in relation to the distribution of obligations and fundamental rights, and the distribution of benefit from social cooperation within. In this case, the principle of justice is needed in order to inquire whether WTO’s social decisions are proper and consistent with the values that exist within The results show that the principle of justice in the WTO rules contains two meanings: “the equality of opportunity” and “the distributive of justice”. The Equality of opportunity can be realized if the reciprocity principle in the context of the reduction of trade barriers, market access, and dispute settlement are enforced. Distributive justice means that international trade is a tool to achieve a mutually beneficial trade among members.Keywords: distributive justice, reciprocity principle, international trade law system, the equality of opportunity, WTO.DOI: https://doi.org/10.22304/pjih.v2n1.a5
Dampak Ketiadaan Pengaturan Kuota Ekspor Hiu Tikus (Alopias Ssp.) di Indonesia Hardiningsih, Wahyu; Purwadi, Hari; Latifah, Emmy
PADJADJARAN Jurnal Ilmu Hukum (Journal of Law) Vol 4, No 3 (2017): PADJADJARAN Jurnal Ilmu Hukum (Journal of Law)
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Padjadjaran University

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Kuota ekspor merupakan salah satu mekanisme perlindungan ekosistem laut. Banyaknya perburuan Ikan Hiu Tikus (Alopias Ssp.) di Indonesia saat ini karena permintaan pasar yang tinggi, khususnya dari luar negeri. Tingginya permintaan menyebabkan ikan jenis ini masuk ke dalam daftar Convention on International Trade in Endanger Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)  Appendiks II pada tahun 2016. Jika Ikan Hiu Tikus yang merupakan predator puncak pada rantai makanan di laut ini sampai terancam punah, maka ekosistem laut akan mengalami kerusakan parah. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Indonesia belum memiliki perangkat hukum yang memadai terkait dengan penentuan komponen-komponen kuota ekspor Ikan Hiu, khususnya Ikan Hiu Tikus sebagaimana ketentuan yang diatur di dalam CITES. Keadaan ini menimbulkan dampak terhadap kelestarian Ikan Hiu Tikus itu sendiri, kepentingan masyarakat Indonesia, keberlangsungan lingkungan laut dan generasi yang memanfaatkannya, serta berdampak terhadap perdagangan internasional.The Consequencies of an Inexistence of Alopias Ssp Export Quota Regulation In Indonesia AbstractExport quota is one of mechanical ways to protect marine ecosystem. The huge number of Alopias Ssp. hunts has recently been caused by its international trade worldwide. Highly demands of Alopias Ssp. get this species to be listed on Convention on International Trade in Endanger Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)  Appendix II in 2016. When Alopias Ssp. as the top predator have been endangered, the marine ecosystem will come to a serious damage. Research shows that Indonesia does not have yet the regulation on components of export quota of Alopias Ssp. as it is regulated on CITES. This condition has affected the preservation of Alopias Ssp. itself, Indonesians’ interest, marine ecosystem sustainability and the generation taking the benefit of it, also international trade as well.DOI: https://doi.org/10.22304/pjih.v4n3.a9  
The Roles of International Law on Technological Advances Latifah, Emmy; Imanullah, Moch Najib
Brawijaya Law Journal Vol 5, No 1 (2018): Culture and Technological Influence in Regulation
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Universitas Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1238.13 KB) | DOI: 10.21776/ub.blj.2018.005.01.07

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The study focuses on the roles of International Law in responding to the technological advances, particularly examining the International Law as a regulator on emerging technology. The technological advances, especially in the means and method of war and environmental issues, have been contributing to the development of International Law. It is a normative legal research using the secondary data including primary and secondary legal materials. While the primary legal materials consist of all the international agreement related to the development of technology both directly and indirectly, secondary ones included the references having correlation and support to the issues. The technique of analysis data used legal interpretation. The study concludes that as a regulator of technological advances, International Law has a role to play in regulating its development. Many facts showed that International Law has capability to respond to the challenges.  However, the scope and application of International Law is subject to a number of limitations inherent the nature of International Law itself.
PERAN DAN KEDUDUKAN PETANI DALAM SISTEM PERDAGANGAN INTERNASIONAL Imanullah, Moch Najib; Latifah, Emmy; Adistuti, Anugrah
Yustisia Jurnal Hukum Vol 5, No 1: JANUARY-APRIL 2016
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/yustisia.v5i1.8720

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AbstractThis study aims to determine the role and position of farmer in the international trading system today. The development of the international trading system has an impact on the shift of food production system and food security policy which ultimately also has an impact on farmer’s role and position in the global market. Evolution of agricultural structures in any periodization provide a clear description of the role and position of farmers in every era to enter the globalization. The globalization era was shaping a more liberal market system so that the role and position of farmers is becoming increasingly difficult in the international trading system.Keywords: role, position, farmer, international trading system.AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui peran dan kedudukan petani dalam sistem perdagangan internasional dewasa ini. Perkembangan sistem perdagangan internasional berdampak pada pergeseran sistem produksi pangan dan kebijakan ketahanan pangan yang akhirnya juga berdampak pada peran dan kedudukan petani di pasar global. Evolusi struktur pertanian dalam setiap periodesasi memberikan gambaran yang jelas mengenai peran dan kedudukan petani pada setiap masanya hingga memasuki era globalisasi. Era globalisasi membentuk sistem pasar yang lebih liberal sehingga peran dan kedudukan petani menjadi semakin sulit dalam sistem perdagangan internasional.Kata kunci: peran, kedudukan, petani, sistem perdagangan internasional.