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BUGIS–MAKASSAR SEAMANSHIP AND REPRODUCTION OF MARITIME CULTURAL VALUES IN INDONESIA Lampe, Munsi
Jurnal Humaniora Vol 24, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Sciences

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Abstract

Thisarticle is an initiative to develop the maritime anthropology field of study that up till now is stagnant and tends to be concerned with the surface structure of the maritime cultural phenomena. By application of the concept of reproduction maritime ethos disposition in explaining the navigational experience and maritime interaction of Bugis-Makassar seamen, some of their maritime cultural valuescan be discovered. Attitudes and main values such as knowledge and navigation skills, adaptation with physical environment and socio-culture, water spatial concept, brave and like adventure, hard working and competitive, honest and trustable, loyal and responsible, openness and freedom, strict to attitude and religious, collectivism, etc. which were applied in the trading and sailing activities of the Bugis-Makassar sailors can be understood as maritime cultural values. Indonesia maritime cultural values of Bugis-Makassar are also in the forms of awareness and diversity of values and relationships between ethnic groups and cultures, love to the country, language unity, and nationality. This article isbased on historical annotation of Bugis-Makassar seamenship and field work data from Bira (Bugis region) and Paotere (Makassar region) conducted in six months (from April to September 2010).Keywords: Bugis-Makassar seamen, seamenship experience, maritime culture reproduction.
ANEKA RAGAM PENGETAHUAN LOKAL DAN KREATIFITAS PETANI YANG MENDUKUNG AGROECOPRENEUER RAMAH LINGKUNGAN DI SULAWESI SELATAN Hijjang, Pawennari; Lampe, Munsi; Basir, Muhammad
Sosiohumaniora Vol 16, No 2 (2014): SOSIOHUMANIORA, JULI 2014
Publisher : Universitas Padjadjaran

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Abstract

Indonesia dikenal sebagai negara agraris, tapi ironisnya hampir semua kebutuhan makanan pokokdiimpor. Ini perlu diteliti lebih jauh mengapa fenomena ini terjadi. Isu kerusakan lingkungan dan semakintergerusnya sumber-sumber ekonomi masyarakat seperti biaya produksi dan resiko ber-usahatani semakin tinggiserta ketergantungan petani terhadap penggunaan eksternal input, membuat hasil produksi tidak seimbang denganpengorbanan yang diberikan. Oleh sebab itu penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendiskripsikan pengetahuan lokalpetani, kreatifitas petani yang dapat membentuk karakter petani yang memiliki pola pikir entrepreneurial. Metodeyang digunakan adalah metode kualitatif dengan teknik pengumpulan data wawancara mendalam, observasi,dan fokus group diskusi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pengetahuan lokal diaplikasikan dalam setiapkegiatan pertanian mulai dari penentuan musim dan pemilihan bibit hingga pasca panen dan hasil produksi, untukmembangun petani yang berjiwa agroecopreneur dan arif lingkungan diperlukan akumulasi pengetahuan lokal dankreatifitas petani, baik yang bersumber dari tradisi lokal maupun yang dari luar secara selektif dalam situasi dankondisi yang kondusif melibatkan secara aktif semua unsur stakeholder.Kata Kunci: Pengetahuan Lokal, Kreativitas Petani, Pengembangan, Entrepreneur, Arif Lingkungan
‘Sekolah Lapang Petani’: Membangun Komitmen, Disiplin dan Kretivitas Petani Melalui SLP-PHT Lampe, Munsi
ETNOSIA : Jurnal Etnografi Indonesia Vol. 1 No.1 Juni 2016
Publisher : ETNOSIA : Jurnal Etnografi Indonesia

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Abstract

AbstractAlthough the Green Revolution in Indonesia has shown an increase in theagriculturalproduction, a rapid marginalisation process among the farmers has taken place simultaneously.This article aims to identify the role of Sekolah Lapang Petani (Farmer Field School), which isone of the programs conducted byPengelolaan Hama Terpadu (Integrated Pest Management,IPM). This program is conducted by the government in response to the negative impacts of theGreen Revolution that is consideredto be responsible in deteriorating the local knowledge andthe local wisdom techniques, the power of creative-innovation and the freedom of the farmers.This study was conducted in two different sites in South Sulawesi, namely: Manjalling Village(Gowa) and Soreang Village (Maros). Our informants are those who joined SLP-PHT programin the two locations. They consistof 17 farmers; 5 of them are from Manjalling, while rests arefrom Soreang. We triangulate, in-depth interview, observation, life history, and focus groupdiscussion (FGD) as our data collection methods.The results showed that the implementation of SLP-PHT program in Manjallingand Soreanghas played an important role in the application process of the local knowledge and the farmers’creative-innovative development in agricultural, such as productive, righteousness, adaptive,and environmentally friendly.Keywords: farmer field school, creativity, innovative, plant fertilizer and medicine.
BUGIS–MAKASSAR SEAMANSHIP AND REPRODUCTION OF MARITIME CULTURAL VALUES IN INDONESIA Lampe, Munsi
Humaniora Vol 24, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Science

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Thisarticle is an initiative to develop the maritime anthropology field of study that up till now is stagnant and tends to be concerned with the surface structure of the maritime cultural phenomena. By application of the concept of reproduction maritime ethos disposition in explaining the navigational experience and maritime interaction of Bugis-Makassar seamen, some of their maritime cultural valuescan be discovered. Attitudes and main values such as knowledge and navigation skills, adaptation with physical environment and socio-culture, water spatial concept, brave and like adventure, hard working and competitive, honest and trustable, loyal and responsible, openness and freedom, strict to attitude and religious, collectivism, etc. which were applied in the trading and sailing activities of the Bugis-Makassar sailors can be understood as maritime cultural values. Indonesia maritime cultural values of Bugis-Makassar are also in the forms of awareness and diversity of values and relationships between ethnic groups and cultures, love to the country, language unity, and nationality. This article isbased on historical annotation of Bugis-Makassar seamenship and field work data from Bira (Bugis region) and Paotere (Makassar region) conducted in six months (from April to September 2010).Keywords: Bugis-Makassar seamen, seamenship experience, maritime culture reproduction.
ANEKA RAGAM PENGETAHUAN LOKAL DAN KREATIFITAS PETANI YANG MENDUKUNG AGROECOPRENEUER RAMAH LINGKUNGAN DI SULAWESI SELATAN Hijjang, Pawennari; Lampe, Munsi; Basir, Muhammad
Sosiohumaniora Vol 16, No 2 (2014): SOSIOHUMANIORA, JULI 2014
Publisher : Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (164.394 KB)

Abstract

Indonesia dikenal sebagai negara agraris, tapi ironisnya hampir semua kebutuhan makanan pokokdiimpor. Ini perlu diteliti lebih jauh mengapa fenomena ini terjadi. Isu kerusakan lingkungan dan semakintergerusnya sumber-sumber ekonomi masyarakat seperti biaya produksi dan resiko ber-usahatani semakin tinggiserta ketergantungan petani terhadap penggunaan eksternal input, membuat hasil produksi tidak seimbang denganpengorbanan yang diberikan. Oleh sebab itu penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendiskripsikan pengetahuan lokalpetani, kreatifitas petani yang dapat membentuk karakter petani yang memiliki pola pikir entrepreneurial. Metodeyang digunakan adalah metode kualitatif dengan teknik pengumpulan data wawancara mendalam, observasi,dan fokus group diskusi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pengetahuan lokal diaplikasikan dalam setiapkegiatan pertanian mulai dari penentuan musim dan pemilihan bibit hingga pasca panen dan hasil produksi, untukmembangun petani yang berjiwa agroecopreneur dan arif lingkungan diperlukan akumulasi pengetahuan lokal dankreatifitas petani, baik yang bersumber dari tradisi lokal maupun yang dari luar secara selektif dalam situasi dankondisi yang kondusif melibatkan secara aktif semua unsur stakeholder.Kata Kunci: Pengetahuan Lokal, Kreativitas Petani, Pengembangan, Entrepreneur, Arif Lingkungan
PINGGAWA-SAWI NELAYAN BUGIS-MAKASSAR DALAM ANALISIS RELASI INTERNAL DAN EKSTERNAL Lampe, Munsi
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 17, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

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Abstract

This article aims to analyse the internal and external relations of Pinggawa-Sawi of Bugis-Makassar fishermen in South Sulawesi which has been persisted since hundred years ago.The shortcoming of ethnography study focusses on connection or coexistence between this traditional socio-economic organization of Bugis-Makassar fishermen and sea fishery modernization (with capitalism spirit) and global market makes the phenomena to be interesting to analyse/explain in the internal and external contexts.The study utilizes the data of Pinggawa-Sawi from the three Bugis-Makassar fishermen villages in South Sulawesi as material namely Sumpang Binangae (Barru), Lappa (Sinjai), and Tamalate (Takalar) which have long time ago respectively developed large scale type of light fishing (bagang rambo), long line tuna fishing (pancing tongkol), and purse seine (Gae). By applying the relational analysis found the four primary relational knots of Pinggawa-Sawi assure its survival in the wider communities and its mutual connection with sea fishery modernization, capitalism, and global market currents. By functioning the primary relational knots, the Pinggawa-Sawi has grown and rooted in the communities and coexisted with continually world economy development. Keywords: the survival of Pinggawa-Sawi, relational analysis, relational coreknots
PERANAN PELAUT DALAM REPRODUKSI WAWASAN KESATUAN GEO-BIO-SOSIAL-BUDAYA MARITIM NUSANTARA: BELAJAR DARI NELAYAN PENGEMBARA BUGIS-MAKASSAR DI SULAWESI SELATAN Lampe, Munsi
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 18, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

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Abstract

Literatures mostly focus on the Indonesian maritime communities discussing the local-traditional institutions, socio-economics, fishing techniques, marine fishery modernization which stressing capitalism and global market, poverty of fishing communities, as well as marine ecosystem destruction. In fact, most of those studies neglect the navigation and maritime interaction of fishermen, which become the key to comprehend the core and characteristics of maritime culture over the world. This article aims to identify and analyze the maritime geobio-socio-cultural insights of the Buginese-Makassarese fishermen within the context of their voyage and interaction with the other fishermen communities in Indonesia. The data were collected selectively from some research reports, especially “Studying the Institution and Maritime Cultural Concept of Buginese-Makassarese, Mandarese, and Butonese Seamans Supporting the Strength of National Integration and Social Harmony” (LP2M Unhas, 2010), in which I participated as coordinator and team member. Froom the new “navigation and reproduction of maritime geo-socio-cultural insights” model, four themes of maritime geo-bio-socio-cultural insights of the Buginese-Makassarese can be identified, namely (1) the insight of geo-bio-climate Nusantara sea, (2) the insight of sea as space with its bio-abiotic resources as opened-closed property/access, (3) the insight of maritime ethnic and culture diversity, and (4) the concept of homeland and maritime nation unity. Keywords: Bugis-Makassar fishermen, reproduction of Nusantara geo-bio-socio-cultural maritime insights, Indonesia Bacaan tentang masyarakat maritim di Indonesia menunjukkan adanya kecenderungan pilihan subjek pada komunitas-komunitas nelayan dengan fokus studi pada aspek-aspek institusi, sosial-ekonomi, teknologi penangkapan ikan, dan modernisasi teknologi perikanan laut (dengan kapitalisme dan pasar global) serta dampak kemiskinan penduduk nelayan dan kerusakan lingkungan. Sayangnya, kajian yang ada cenderung mengabaikan aspek-aspek kepelayaran dan interaksi kemaritimannya yang justru merupakan kunci menemukan inti dan karakteristik umum budaya maritim di dunia. Tulisan ini bermaksud mengidentifikasi dan menganalisis unsur-unsur wawasan kesatuan geo-bio-sosial-budaya maritim ke-Nusantara-an dari nelayan pengembara BugisMakassar dalam konteks pelayaran dan interaksi kemaritimannya dengan lingkungan laut dan kelompok nelayan lainnya di Indonesia. Sumber data untuk penulisan artikel ini diambil secara selektif dari beberapa laporan penelitian, khususnya “Studying the Institution and Maritime Cultural Concept of Buginese-Makassarese, Mandarese, and Butonese Seamans Supporting the Strength of National Integration and Social Harmony” (LPPM Unhas, 2010) di mana penulis terlibat aktif sebagai koordinator maupun anggota tim peneliti. Melalui aplikasi model analisis “navigasi dan reproduksi wawasan geo-bio-sosial-budaya maritim” yang baru, empat tema wawasan budaya maritim ke-Nusantara-an yang dimiliki nelayan pengembara Bugis-Makassar dapat diidentifikasi, yaitu (1) wawasan tentang lingkungan geo-bio-iklim perairan Nusantara, (2) wawasan tentang laut dan isinya sebagai ruang terbuka-tertutup, (3) wawasan tentang keanekaragaman suku bangsa laut dan budaya maritimnya, dan (4) konsep kesatuan Tanah Air dan Bangsa Maritim Nusantara. Kata kunci: kepelautan nelayan pengembara Bugis-Makassar, reproduksi wawasan kesatuan geo-bio-sosialbudaya maritim Nusantara, Indonesia