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UJI AKURASI PIRANTI SENSOR TRANSDUSER UNTUK MENENTUKAN WAKTU TERJADINYA BERAHI PADA SAPI

Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan Vol 20, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

The success of estrus detection ensure the correct time of insemination so the high conception rate can be resulted. This research was objected to design an electronic equipment as sensor transducer for measuring the change of circular pressure of vaginal wall of the cows. A sensor used was Load cell type M322. The sensor was connected to microcontroller and a display. The results showed that the applied sensor on a stainless steel transducer steak with a diameter of 2.5 cm and length of 40 cm measured a sensitive change of pressure attach it. This sensitivity was tested to measure the change of pressure of different dept of water i.e. 0, 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 cm. Two equations was resulted from this measurement, while a linear regression was Y= -36.412+197.53X a quadratic equation was Y= 253.3+84.09X+5.09X2. The sensor was then applied in estrus beef cow, not estrus beef cow and estrus dairy cow for 10 days. The same pattern was observed in estrus of both beef and dairy cows: a high values were detected in the non estrus phase while during estrus phase the values were in basal. In contrast, anestrus cow showed high value during 10 days observation, and 5 min application of each. In conclusion, this designed estrus detector was possible to be developed toward application in the farmers after some modifications were created. (JIIPB 2010 Vol 20 No 1: 11-21). Key words : sensor transducer, uterine wall pressure, estrus-non estrus cows

PERSEPSI PEMBELAJARAN TENTANG LABORATORIUM KAITANYA DENGAN KEPUASAN MAHASISWA

Jurnal Terpadu Ilmu Kesehatan Vol 2, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Terpadu Ilmu Kesehatan (INTEREST)
Publisher : Jurnal Terpadu Ilmu Kesehatan

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Abstract: Student Perceptions, Satisfaction. The study objective was to determine the relationship of the self-perception of the learning lab laboratory practice learning satisfaction. The research was conducted by quantitative descriptive design with a cross-sectional approach to the 200 students. The statistical test used is the study Fishers exact. The results showed that there is a relationship between students perceptions of satisfaction with the learning lab paktik p value 0.002 < 0.05.Keywords: student perceptions, satisfactionAbstrak: Persepsi Mahasiswa, Kepuasan. Tujuan Penelitian ini adalah mengetahui hubungan persepsi diri tentang pembelajaran laboratorium terhadap kepuasan pembelajaran praktik laboratorium. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan desain deskriptif kuantitatif dengan pendekatan cross sectional terhadap 200 mahasiswa. Uji statistik yang digunakan penelitian ini adalah Fishers exact. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada hubungan antara persepsi mahasiswa dengan kepuasan pembelajaran paktik laboratorium dengan p value 0.002 < 0.05.Kata Kunci: persepsi mahasiswa, kepuasan

KEBERHASILAN INISIASI MENYUSU DINI (IMD) DAN LAMA PEMBERIAN ASI

Jurnal Terpadu Ilmu Kesehatan Vol 1, No 1 (2012): Jurnal Terpadu Ilmu Kesehatan (INTEREST)
Publisher : Jurnal Terpadu Ilmu Kesehatan

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Abstract: Early Initiation of Breastfeeding (IMD), time to breastfeeding. To find the difference between the success of Early Initiation of Breastfeeding Breastfeeding Lama. This type of research is a descriptive correlational study, namely menjelaska relationships between research variables through hypothesis testing (Notoatmojo, 2002). The method of approach to the time spent in data collection was retrospective. Sampling technique with the purposive sampling is sampling in accordance with certain criteria with the aim of the study. Data analysis used the chi-square with 2 x 2 contingency table, because the measurements using ordinal and ratio scale data. The results showed that there were significant differences between the success of Early Initiation of Breastfeeding duration of breastfeeding. It is shown the results of statistical tests using the chi-square test with a 2x2 contingency table obtained the value P = 0.008, which means that the value is below 0.05 where it is menjukkan that there are significant differences between the success of Early Initiation of Breastfeeding Breastfeeding Lama.Abstrak: Inisiasi Menyusu Dini (IMD), Lama pemberian ASI. Untuk mengetahui perbedaan antara keberhasilan Inisiasi Menyusu Dini terhadap Lama Pemberian ASI. Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian deskriptif korelasional, yaitu menjelaska hubungan antara variable-variabel penelitian melalui pengujian hipotesa (Notoatmojo,2002). Adapun metode pendekatan waktu yang dipakai dalam pengumpulan data adalah retrospektif. Tehnik pengambilan sampel dengan purposive sampling yaitu pengambilan sampel dengan kriteria tertentu sesuai dengan tujuan penelitian. Analisis data yang digunakan yaitu chi-square dengan kontingensi tabel 2 x 2, dikarenakan pengukuran menggunakan skala data ordinal dan ratio. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada perbedaan bermakna antara keberhasilan Inisiasi Menyusu Dini terhadap lama pemberian ASI. Hal ini ditunjukkan hasil uji statistik menggunakan chi-square dengan uji kontingensi table 2x2 didapatkan hasil nilai P=0,008 yang berarti bahwa nilai tersebut dibawah 0,05 dimana hal tersebut menjukkan bahwa ada perbedaan bermakna antara keberhasilan Inisiasi Menyusu Dini terhadap Lama Pemberian ASI.

KECEPATAN INVOLUSIO UTERI PADA IBU NIFAS DENGAN KONSUMSI DAUN UBI JALAR

Jurnal Terpadu Ilmu Kesehatan Vol 3, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Terpadu Ilmu Kesehatan (INTEREST)
Publisher : Jurnal Terpadu Ilmu Kesehatan

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Abstract: involusio uteri, sweet potato leaves, Post Natal . This study aims to determine the relationship of sweet potato consumption with involusio uteri, in the Klaten region BPS. In this study the method used is the method posttest with control group (Posttes Only Control Group Design). This study researchers measured the effect of treatment (intervention) in the experimental group by comparing the group with the control group. The study was conducted in BPM is in the district of Klaten, on February to August 2013. The population in this study were all in the BPM Indarwati postpartum mother, Mranggen Jatinom, Klaten and BPM Siti Sujalmi, Socokangsi, Jatinom, Klaten in June-July 2013. With the sampling methods and criteria purposiv side birth and normal parturition. From the results of the study were 26.7% of respondents intervention group experienced a decrease in the TFU is very good and most of the 70% decline in SFH normally and only a small proportion (3.3%) were abnormal. Lochea expenditure in the intervention group 23.3% lochea result is very good, 70% and 6.7% of normal lochea not good. While the results of the control group 76.6% reduction in the normal TFU, and 16.6% very good, and a 6.6% decrease in TFU is not good. Lochea expenditure in the control group were very good there, that normally locheannya 63.3%, of respondents either did not lochea 36.6%. Puerperal women who consume sweet potato leaves are subjected involusio faster than the theoretical involution and puerperal women involusio in the control group. The conclusion of a study hypothesis can be proved consumption of sweet potato leaves involusio at speeding up the process and there is a relationship between the consumption of sweet potato leaves with involusio.Keywords: involusio uteri, sweet potato leaves, Post NatalAbstrak: involusio uteri, daun ubi jalar, Post nifas Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan konsumsi ubi jalar dengan involusio uteri, di BPS wilayah Klaten. Dalam penelitian ini metode yang digunakan adalah metode posttest dengan Kelompok Kontrol (Posttes Only Control Group Design). Penelitian ini peneliti mengukur pengaruh perlakuan (intervensi) pada kelompok eksperimen dengan cara membandingkan kelompok tersebut dengan kelompok kontrol. Penelitian dilakukan di BPM yang ada di wilayah Kabupaten Klaten, pada bulan Februari sampai dengan Agustus 2013. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah semua Ibu nifas di BPM Indarwati, Mranggen, Jatinom, Klaten dan BPM Siti Sujalmi, Socokangsi, Jatinom, Klaten pada bulan Juni-juli 2013. Dengan metode samping purposiv sampling dan kriteria kelahiran dan nifas normal. Dari hasil penelitian adalah 26,7 % responden kelompok intervensi mengalami proses penurunan TFU sangat baik dan sebagian besar 70% penurunan TFU secara normal dan hanya sebagian kecil yang (3,3%) yang tidak normal. Pengeluaran lochea pada kelompok intervensi hasilnya 23,3% lochea sangat baik ,70% lochea normal dan 6,7% tidak baik. Sedangkan pada kelompok kontrol hasil penurunan TFU normal 76,6%, dan 16,6% sangat baik, dan 6,6% penurunan TFU tidak baik. Pengeluaran lochea pada kelompok kontrol yang sangat baik tidak ada, yang locheannya normal 63,3%, responden lochea tidak baik 36,6%. Ibu nifas yang dengan konsumsi daun ubi jalar sebagian besar mengalami involusio lebih cepat dibandingkan pada teori involusi maupun involusio pada ibu nifas kelompok kontrol. Kesimpulannya hipotesis peneltian dapat dibuktikan konsumsi daun ubi jalar dapat mempercepat proses involusio dan ada hubungan antara konsumsi daun ubi jalar dengan involusio.Kata kunci: involusio uteri, daun ubi jalar, Post nifas

PENINGKATAN KECEPATAN PENGELUARAN KOLOSTRUM DENGAN PERAWATAN TOTOK PAYUDARA DAN PIJAT OKSITOSIN PADA IBU POST PARTUM

Interest : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Vol 6, No 2 (2017): Interest : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan
Publisher : Interest : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan

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Abstract

Abstract: Totok Payudara, Oxytocin Massage And Colostrum. The purpose of this study was to determine differences in time of leaking colostrums in mothers post partum in doing oxytocin  massage with totok payudara. This study design used is quasi-experimental design with the design Nonequivalent Control Group Design. Reserch conducted at the midwives (BPM) at health centers working area Klaten who were divided into 2 groups, i.e an experimental group consisting of 30 respondens to whom oxytocin massage was given and a control group consisting of 30 responden to whom totok payudara was given. Bivariate data analysis using statistical test used is t –test. Results of the study showed the average time of  leaking colostrums in experimental and control groups were  152,67 minutes and 137,23 minutes. The result of hypothesis test using T-test obtained the value of p= 0.668 (p>0.05). Conclusion: there is no difference time between oxytocin massage and totok payudara to the leaking colostrum Key Word: Totok Payudara, Oxytocin Massage And Colostrum

Distribusi Kasus Leptospirosis di Kabupaten Demak Jawa Tengah

JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA Vol 15, No 2 (2016): Oktober 2016
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Kesehatan Lingkungan

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Title: Distribution of Leptospiosis Incidence in Demak District, Central JavaBackground: Leptospirosis is zoonotic disease caused by Leptospira bacteria and transmitted to human through contact with animal urine into contaminated environment. Demak District is one of the endemic area in Central - Java. The number of cases is fluctuative  over the year 2011-2016 with the peak of 20 cases in 2011, and It decreased at low number in 2016. Many factors may contributed such as water puddle, rat, and behaviour. Nowdays,the information about the distribution and spreading of cases was lacking. The purpose of this study was to describe the leptospiroses incidence based on the epidemiological variable and  spatially in Demak District.Method: It was an observational research using cross sectional design. The subjects were 89 cases over the year 2011-2016. The variables studied consisted of epidemiological variabels (man, place, and time), physical and biological environment factors, and behaviour aspects. Interviews and observation were conducted as the data collection  techniques.The collected data would be analysed descriptively and spatially.Result: The results of this research showed that the lepstospirosis incidence was –suffered more by male (66%) compared to female. Most of them (67,4%) were farmers. The peak of leptospirosis incidence occured in 2011. The existence of water puddle around the house, and drainage functioning as the media where the rat died. There were rats in the house where the cases occured (98,7%). Most of the subjects (66,7%) stated that they did their activities everyday in bare foot. Spatial analysis showed that Mranggen and Karangawen sub district had high numbers of leptospirosis cases.Conclusion: Most of the leptispirosis cases were suffered more by male compared to female and the subjects worked as  farmers. Mranggen and Karangnawen were two districts  with  high incidence of leptospirosis relatively. These areas  held a history as flooding areas in previous time.

PRODUKTIVITAS SAPI RAMBON DI BANYUWANGI

TERNAK TROPIKA Journal of Tropical Animal Production Vol 7, No 2 (2007): Ternak Tropika
Publisher : Jurusan Produksi Ternak, Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui produktivitas sapi Rambon diKecamatan Glagah Kabupaten Banyuwangi yang meliputi aspek produksi danreproduksi. Penelitian dilaksanakan di Desa Kemiren, Olehsari dan Kampunganyardi Kecamatan Glagah Kabupaten Banyuwangi pada bulan Maret-April 2006.Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah studi kasus. Materi penelitianyang digunakan adalah 59 peternak sapi Rambon dengan jumlah sapi 126 ekor.Data dianalisis secara deskriptif. Komposisi ternak jantan dan betina masing–masing sebesar 20,63 % dan 79,37 %; tingkat kelahiran dan kematian ternakmasing-masing sebesar 23,81 % dan 0,79 %; pertambahan populasi sebesar23,02 %; mutasi ternak yang masuk dan keluar masing-masing sebesar 29,37 %dan 19,05 % antar peternak. Penampilan reproduksi sapi Rambon antara lainmeliputi umur pertama kawin 24,80 ± 2,21 tahun; service per conception untukperkawinan alami, IB dan campuran masing-masing sebesar 1,68 ± 0,95; 1,50 ±0,65 dan 1,40 ± 0,89; calving interval sebesar 12,38 ± 0,59 bulan; estrus postpartum sebesar 60,25 ± 5,66 hari; service post partum 84,48 ± 7,96 hari.Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa produktivitas sapi Rambondalam kategori baik dengan persentase kelahiran 65,22% dari populasi induk;22,81 persen dari total populasi dan persentase kematian 0,79 persen dari totalpopulasi, sehingga diperoleh pertambahan populasi 23,02 persen. Sedangkan dariaspek reproduksi menunjukkan bahwa calving interval berada dalam kondisi ideal.Program untuk meningkatkan angka panenan pedet hendaknya perlu diperhatikanmanajemen reproduksi terutama betina produktif dengan meningkatkan kelahiran.Kata kunci: Produktivitas, Sapi RambonABSTRACTThe study was conducted at the Village Kemiren, Olehsari and Kampunganyar inGlagah District-Banyuwangi Regency from March to April 2006. The Objectives of theresearch were to study about the productivity of Rambon cattle throughout the productionand reproduction performance. Fifty nine farmers who keep 126 head of Rambon cattlewere selected and interviewed using purposive sampling method. Descriptive andstatistical analyses were applied to the data available. It was found that the compositionpercentage of bull and steer were 20,63 and 79,37 percent; the birth percentage of thecattle was 22,81% while the mortality was 0,79%; natural increase was 23,02%; thepercentage of mutation including inside and outside research area were 29,37% and19,05% gradually; the first age for mating was 24,80 ± 2,21 year; service per conceptiontoward natural mating, artificial insemination and combination of both were 11,68 ± 0,95;1,50 ± 0,65 and 1,40 ± 0,89; calving interval was 12,38 ± 0,59 month; estrus post partumwas 60,25 ± 5,66 days; service post partum was 84,48 ± 7,96 days. Based on thestatements above, the conclusion of the study state that the productivity of Rambon cattlewas good. From the study, in order to increase the calf harvest, it is suggested to paymore attention to the reproduction management, especially the productive cows byincreasing natality.Key words: Productivity, Rambon Cattle

Centella asiatica increases B-cell lymphoma 2 expression in rat prefrontal cortex

Universa Medicina Vol 34, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Trisakti University

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Abstract

BACKGROUNDStress is one of the factors that cause apoptosis in neuronal cells. Centellaasiatica has a neuroprotective effect that can inhibit apoptosis. This studyaimed to examine the effect of Centella asiatica ethanol extract on B-celllymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) protein expression in the prefrontal cortex of rats.METHODSAn experimental study was conducted on 34 brain tissue samples from maleSprague Dawley rats exposed to chronic restraint stress for 21 days. Thesamples were taken from following groups: non-stress group K, negativecontrol group P1 (stress + arabic gum powder), P2 (stress + C.asiatica at150 mg/kgBW), P3 (stress + C.asiatica at 300 mg/kg BW), P4 (stress +C.asiatica at 600 mg/kg body weight) and positive control group P5 (stress+ fluoxetine at 10 mg/kgBW). The samples were made into sections thatwere stained immunohistochemically using Bcl-2 antibody to determine thepercentage of cells expressing Bcl-2. Data were analyzed using one wayANOVA test followed by a post - hoc test.RESULTSThere were significant differences in mean Bcl-2 expression between thegroups receiving Centella asiatica compared with the non-stress group andstress-only group (negative control group) (p<0.05). The results werecomparable to those of the fluoxetine treatment group.CONCLUSIONThe Centella asiatica ethanol extract was able to increase Bcl-2 expressionin the prefrontal cortex of Sprague Dawley rats exposed to restraint stress.This study suggests that Centella asiatica may be useful in the treatment ofcerebral stress.

Perbedaan Keberhasilan Inseminasi Buatan Menggunakan Semen Beku Dan Semen Cair Menggunakanpengencer Cep-3 + Kuning Telurpada Sapi Persilangan Ongole

TERNAK TROPIKA Journal of Tropical Animal Production Vol 19, No 1 (2018): TERNAK TROPIKA Journal of Tropical Animal Production
Publisher : Jurusan Produksi Ternak, Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract: The purpose of this research was to investigate the successful difference of artificial insemination (AI) using frozen semen and liquid semen with CEP-3 + egg yolk diluent of Ongole Crossbred cow indicated by Non Return Rate (NRR) and Conception Rate (CR). The materials used were 54 heads of cow which selected purposively using some criteria such as healthy, free from any reproduction disorder and having at least sexual desire criteria 3A (red, swollen and warm). This field experiment consisted of direct observation and interview to acquire primary and secondary data. The datas were analyzed descriptively and continued by   Chi-square test. The results showed that the value of NRR was insignificant influenced between the two treatment. The Conception Rate for frozen semen and liquid semen was found 62.96% and 51.85% respectively. The conclusion of this experiment was the successful rate of artificial insemination (AI) using liquid semen with the CEP-3 + 20% egg yolk diluent was lower than artificial insemination using frozen semen. The value of Conception Rate of frozen semen treatment was 62.96% and the liquid semen treatment was 51.85%.

PENGARUH PEMBERIAN MULTIPEL MICRO NUTRIEN (MMN) DITAMBAH EKSTRAK DAUN UBI JALAR DAN TABLET Fe TERHADAP NILAI HEMOGLOBIN IBU HAMIL

Interest : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Vol 4, No 2 (2015): Interest : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan
Publisher : Interest : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan

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Abstract: Multiple MicroNutrients (MMN),Sweet Potato leaf Extract,Tablets Fe,Value hemoglobin. One of the causes of postpartum hemorrhage is anemia., Prevention of anemia in pregnancy can be done by giving iron supplements (FeSO4) and at this time there is a new program that the granting of Multiple Micronutrient Program (MMN) containing multivitamin, iron and folate and improve nutrition. Objective to know the difference in the effect of granting MMN plus extract of sweet potato leaves and fe against maternal hemoglobin values. Research methods: Quasi Experiments with the Control group. The study was conducted in BPM Siti Sujalmi, Socokangsi, Jatinom Klaten, in February and September 2014 Population: all pregnant women who check in BPM Siti Sujalmi, average monthly sample size of 60 people is determined by the Quota sampling is 15 people as treatment group and a control group of 15 people. Sampling was done by accident sampling. Univariate analysis performed to describe the variables that will be studied and performed bivariate analyzes to determine the relationship of independent and dependent variables using t-test using the Pair. The pregnant women who consume MMN tablets coupled with sweet potato leaf extract experienced an average increase in hemoglobin 0.8 g% and pregnant women who consume tablets Fe hemoglobin rose an average of 0.4 g%. The results of the bivariate analysis no effect of MMN tablets plus consumption of sweet potato leaf extract to increase the value of hemoglobin levels in pregnant women (p = 0.001) and there is the effect iron tablet consumption to increase maternal hemoglobin values with values (p = 0.05). Consumption of sweet potato leaf extract statistically more effect on hemoglobin values compared with iron tablet consumption by value (ρ = 0.00). Consumption of MMN tablets coupled with sweet potato leaf extract has more influence on the increase in maternal hemoglobin values compared with iron tablet consumtion