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An Evaluation of Goverment Policies on The Development of Fisheries in Indonesia

Buletin Ekonomi Perikanan Vol 2, No 3 (1996): Buletin Ekonomi Perikanan
Publisher : Buletin Ekonomi Perikanan

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Abstract

Tujuan pembangunan perikanan adalah pemanfaatan sumberdaya perikanan untuk kesejahteraan dan kemakmuran rakyat banyak. Dalam pelaksanaannya tujuan pembangunan perikanan tersebut dijabarkan dalam beberapa sasaran yang slfatnya bertentangan, sehingga sulit untuk mencapai seluruh sasaran tersebut secara bersamaan. Pemerintah harus memberikan suatu prioritas pembangunan penkanan yang didasarkan pada ketersediaan sumberdaya, teknologl, pendanaan, ekonomi politik dan faktor-faktor kendala yang dihadapi. Pembangunan perikanan selama 1980-1985 yang dipengaruhi oleh kebijakan periode sebelumnya nampak adanya kecenderungan beroroentasi pada pertumbuhan produksi dan ekspor serta kurang memberikan perhatian yang memadai pada aspek keberlanjutan dan pemerataan sosial dari hasil pembangunan perikanan.

Investment Strategy For The Development Of Fisheries Sector In Indonesia: An Application A Dynamics Regional Economics Allocation Model (Dream)

Buletin Ekonomi Perikanan Vol 2, No 2 (1996): Buletin Ekonomi Perikanan
Publisher : Buletin Ekonomi Perikanan

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Abstract

The purpose of this researh is to develop a national investment policy planning model for the Indonesian fisheries sector. The specific objective is to estabilish a develompent strategy for the fisheries sector, with specific attention results from the proposed study will be useful in providing policy directions and indicating magnitude of the investment required for efficient planning of the sector.

Design on Watershed and Coastal Management Policy System: Case Study on Citarum’s Watershed and its Estuary West Java

Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol 32, No 4 (2009): Forum Pascasarjana
Publisher : Forum Pasca Sarjana

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Abstract

The objective of this research is to formulate a specific model of Citarum’s watershed and its coastal management policy.  The method applied in the research is the descriptive method or retrospective through a study case with an approach system.  The multidimensional systematic approach is applied to formulate policies, to develop scenario strategies involving several stakeholders and experts on coastal areas and regional and inter sectors.  The results of the research determine that the economical value relating with the aspects of pollution which in general involves replacement costs indicate impacts of pollution from public activities in the coastal stream in de facto costs Rp 31 billion/year.  The Index Value of a Sustainable Watershed and Coastal Management System (IkB-SIPPDAS) applied in the study area according to a multidimensional Rap-SIPPDAS method for upland, center and downstream area of the Citarum’s Watershed are 38.23; 38.27; and 33.59 respectively in a sustainability scale of     0-100, showing a non-sustainable status.  The analysis result for every dimension of development management indicates that the economical dimension for the upland, middle and coastal part of the Citarum Watershed contains the highest index rate, which amounts up to 88.29.  The index value is categorized ”good” or sustainable with the lowest value in ecology.  The results of the statistics indicates that the Rap-SIPPDAS method is effective enough for application as a method to evaluate the Watershed and Coastal Management System in a specific river stream or a rapid appraisal area.  The selected ideal design of the three scenarios for the watershed management policy and West Java’s Citarum coastal area is the progressive-optimistic scenario stressing the possible future condition to receive maximum support or in other words the scenario is based on the scientific way of thinking and being optimistic about the future.   Key words: watershed, coastal, scenario, system, management, pollutant, policy

Dinamika Perubahan Mangrove Menjadi Tambak dan Total Suspended Solid (TSS) di Sepanjang Muara Berau

Jurnal Biologi Edukasi Vol 3, No 1 (2011): Jurnal Biologi Edukasi
Publisher : Jurnal Biologi Edukasi

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Abstract

The mangrove conversion become fish pond, bareland or others has an impact in water quality. One of water quality parameter is Total Suspended Solid (TSS), increasing TSS means the rising in pollution.  Landsat remote sensing data with multi channels used in studying the dynamic of mangrove – fishpond change and TSS along the Berau waters. Several regions with its variation are used in that dynamic studying.  The TSS algorithm for Berau waters is TSS (mg/l) = 3.3238 * exp (34.099*Red Band) , Red band=the atmospheric reflectance band 2 validated with field data. The result study is the conversion of mangrove become fish pond has the strong indication in the rising TSS .

DAMPAK PERUBAHAN KAWASAN HUTAN MENJADI AREAL INDUSTRI BATUBARA TERHADAP KUALITAS AIR DI SEPANJANG DAS BERAU–KALIMANTAN TIMUR

Jurnal Penginderaan Jauh dan Pengolahan Data Citra Digital Vol 8 (2011)
Publisher : Indonesian National Institute of Aeronautics and Space (LAPAN)

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Abstract

The study of landused change: forest area become coal industrial area and its impact in Total Suspended Solid is done by remote sensing data. The different combination channel of remote sensing data are taken to extract landuse and Total Suspended Solid (TSS) spatial information. The supervised classification is used for land used spatial extraction and otherwise for TSS, there is a specifict algorithm; TSS = 3.8926 * exp (31.417*Red Band). The result showed that there was the relationship between landuse change from forest into coal industrial, shrub, paddy field, bareland and settlement area and the dynamic change of TSS along Berau watershed Key word: Total Suspended Solid (TSS), Remote sensing

Analisis Pengaruh Aliran Kas Bebas Positif Dan Negatif, Dividen Dan Leverage Terhadap Nilai Pemegang Saham Studi Kasus: Perusahaan Non Keuangan Yang Terdaftar di Bursa Efek Indonesia Periode 2003 – 2010

Jurnal Ilmiah Ranggagading (JIR) Vol 12, No 1 (2012): Jurnal Ilmiah Ranggagading
Publisher : Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Ekonomi Kesatuan

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Abstract

Free cash flow is viewed as performance parameter that’s more promising because it’s more transparent in presenting operational activity, investment, and company’s funding. Besides those advantages, there are two questions: (1) is the free cash flow able to become determinant against stockholders’ value and (2) are there other factors which affect it? This study took sample from 184 non-finance companies registered at Indonesia Stock Exchange period 2003 – 2010, using double regression analysis method. The result of this study shows that negative free cash flow, dividend, and leverage has significant influence against stockholders’ value.

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TOTAL SUSPENDED SOLID (TSS) AND CORAL REEF GROWTH (CASE STUDY OF DERAWAN ISLAND, DELTA BERAU WATERS)

International Journal of Remote Sensing and Earth Sciences (IJReSES) Vol 10, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : National Institute of Aeronautics and Space of Indonesia (LAPAN)

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Abstract

Total suspended solid (TSS) is one of the water quality parameters and limiting factor affecting coral reef growth. In this study, we used the algorithm of TSS= 3.3238*e(34.099* Green band) (where green band is reflectance band 2) to extract TSS from Landsat satellite data. The algorithm was validated with field data. Water column correction method developed by Lyzenga was used to map coral reef. The result showed that the coral reef area in Berau waters decreased significantly (about 12,805 ha or around 36 % ) from the year of 1979 to 2002. The most coral reef reduced area was detected around Derawan Island (about 5,685 ha). Further, some areas changed into sand dune. TSS concentration around Delta Berau and Derawan Island increased aproximately twice from 15- 35 mg/l in 1979 to 20-65 mg/l in 2002. The increase of TSS concentration was followed by the decrease of coral reef area.

Efisiensi Ekonomi dan Kelayakan Bisnis pada Sistem Budidaya di Pesisir Kabupaten Sidoarjo, Jawa Timur

Jurnal Aplikasi Manajemen Vol 11, No 4 (2013)
Publisher : Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

Abstract: Producing shrimps within ecological carrying capacity and economic feasibility seems to be the goal needed to be achieved in order to bring back Sidoarjo to be one of the biggest districts exporting shrimps. Decision makers, i.e. policy makers and farmers are challenged with the responsibility of planning and conducting aquaculture development in a sustainable way whereby social, ecological and economic goals are simultaneously satisfied. Cobb-Douglas Production Function is one of the methods used to know which input highly affects the shrimp production, continued by Investment Analysis i.e. Discounted Criteria methods that include NPV, Net B/C and IRR to see which system is feasible. As for ecological sustainability, this research uses water quality data translated into Pollution Index as an indicator. And from survey that has been done in Sidoarjo district from May 2013 to October 2013, using Pollution Index analysis show that ponds in Sidoarjo are moderately polluted, the next analysis using regression for Cobb-Douglas Production Function stated that in traditional system production factors that statistically significant arepond area, harvest and pond preparation labour, dissolved oxygen and ammonia. In traditional plus system, pond area, fertilizer, saponin and ammonia seems to be statistically significant. The best shrimp cultivation system would be Traditional Plus Polyculture between shrimp and milkfish that has NPV IDR 6.036.817.617, Net B/C 2,91 and IRR 51% compared to other systems such as Traditional Monoculture, Traditional Plus Monoculture and Traditional Polyculture. Keywords: shrimp farming system, Sidoarjo, pollution index, economic efficiency, business feasibility

Analisis Kelayakan Teknis dan Finansial Pengembangan Energi Arus Laut di Selat Madura

Jurnal Aplikasi Manajemen Vol 12, No 3 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

Abstract: The increase number of the user of oil and gas energy will lead to depletion of fossil energy resources, therefore it is important to develop renewable energy sources. Ocean currents energy is one of renewable energy sources which can be developed to fulfill problems of the highly request of energy. The economic of ocean currents study has not been known clearly in the aspect of price and feasibility. Therefore, this research aims to analyze the potential of ocean currents energy development as a power plant in Madura Strait, East Java Province. The analysis methods that were used in this study were oceanographic, technical and benefit cost. Based on the research, Madura Strait has sufficient resource potential to produce energy. Benefit cost analysis shows that ocean currents energy power plant development is financially feasible to be developed for 2 units or more. Keywords: ocean currents energy, ocean currents power plant, feasibility financial, madura strait

ANALISIS BIOEKONOMI DAN OPTIMASI PENGELOLAAN SUMBER DAYA IKAN LAYANG DI PERAIRAN KABUPATEN MUNA SULAWESI TENGGARA (Bioeconomic Analysis and Resource Management Optimization of Mackerel Scad in Muna District, South East Sulawesi)

Marine Fisheries : Journal of Marine Fisheries Technology and Management Vol 6, No 1 (2015): Marine Fisheries - Mei 2015
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

ABSTRACTThe resource utilization of mackerel scad (Decapterus spp.) has been increasing in Muna waters which will be able to reduce the fish stock and if it exceeds the carrying capacity, it will lead to "overfishing". This study aims to determine the level of production, fishing effort and the optimal economic chain, both biologically and economically, so that the management of fish resources in Muna waters can be carried out in a sustainable way. The study was conducted by the case study method. The analysis method used in this research is biotechnic; bioeconomy; static and dynamic optimization apprOAch of Walter-Hilbon (WH) estimation model. The results of the study provide an indicator that the mackerel scad in Muna waters has not experienced "overfishing" both biological and economic. MEY condition that is optimal for economic management will be achieved when the maximum effort as many as 213.734 trips, production amounted to 3.117,61 tons and maximum economic chain at IDR 33.434,41 billion. The amount of fishing effort in MSY condition within the model is 248.342 trips whereas the production amounted to 3.179,35 tons with the economic chain of IDR 32.557,81 billion. Results of biotechnic, bioeconomy, static and dynamic optimization showed that actual production is still below the sustainable production indicated by high production, effort and economic chain. Based on this analysis, the business effort of mackerel scad can be increased from the current fishing effort of 128.496 trips to 213.734 trips that will give the maximum economic chain and management of fish resources sustainably.Keywords: bioeconomic, economic optimization, mackerel scad, resource management-------ABSTRAKPemanfaatan sumber daya ikan layang (Decapterus spp.) yang meningkat di perairan Kabupaten Muna dapat menurunkan stok ikan layang dan apabila melebihi daya dukung, maka akan menyebabkan terjadinya “overfishing”. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan tingkat produksi, upaya tangkap dan rantai ekonomi yang optimal, baik secara biologi dan ekonomi, sehingga pengelolaan sumber daya ikan layang di perairan Kabupaten Muna dapat dilaksanakan secara berkelanjutan. Penelitian dilakukan dengan metode studi kasus. Metode analisis yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah analisis bioteknis, bioekonomi, optimasi statik dan dinamik menggunakan pendekatan model estimasi Walter-Hilbon (W-H). Hasil penelitian memberikan indikator bahwa ikan layang di perairan Kabupaten Muna belum mengalami “overfishing” baik secara biologi (biological overfishing) dan ekonomi (economic overfishing). Dalam kondisi MEY yang merupakan pengelolaan ekonomi optimal, terestimasi effort sebanyak 213.734 trip, produksi sebesar 3.117,61 ton dan rantai ekonomi maksimum yakni Rp 33.434.410.000. Jumlah effort dalam kondisi MSY adalah 248.342 trip, produksi sebesar 3.179,35 ton dan rantai ekonomi sebesar Rp 32.557.810.000. Hasil analisis bioteknis, bioekonomi, optimasi statik dan dinamik menunjukkan produksi aktual masih berada di bawah nilai produksi lestari baik dari produksi, effort dan rantai ekonomi. Berdasarkan analisis tersebut, effort usaha ikan layang dapat ditingkatkan dari upaya aktual sebesar 128.496 trip menjadi 213.734 trip yang akan memberikan rantai ekonomi maksimum dan pengelolaan sumber daya ikan layang secara lestari.Kata kunci: bioekonomi, optimasi ekonomi, pengelolaan sumber daya, ikan layang