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Dampak Kepariwisataan terhadap Erosi di Kawasan Wisata Kaliurang Nurmansyah, Sofiudin; Kusumandari, Ambar; -, Kaharuddin
Jurnal Ilmu Kehutanan Vol 1, No 1 (2007)
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmu Kehutanan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB)

Abstract

Tourism is one alternative of non timber based forest managements however, tourism activities will impact on the tourist areas, both biophysically and socially. The purpose of this research was to study the factors influencing soil erosion rate in tourist area, and to examine the effect of tourist characteristics, e.g. visiting characteristics and tourist activities on erosion rate.The erosion prediction was carried out at tourist areas including Hutan Alam (Natural Forest), Taman Bermain Anak (Play Ground), Taman Wisata Alam (Natural Tourist Park), and Kali Kuning Camping Ground. The Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE) model was applied. Correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between factors influencing soil erosion rate (rainfall erosivity, soil erodibility, slopes, vegetation and conservation practices) and erosion.The research resulted that tourism significantly impacted on erosion at Play Ground, Natural Tourist Park 1, and Kali Kuning Camping Ground, except at Natural Tourist Park 2. The correlation analysis showed that all of the factors influencing soil erosion rate positively affected erosion. The results also showed that the tourist characteristics which influence erosion rate were tourists visiting characteristics and their activities.Keywords: tourism, tourist activities, erosion, impacts.
PENGKLASTERAN EROSI DI SUB DAS NGRANCAH KULONROGO Kusumandari, Ambar; Marsono, Djoko; Sabarnurdin, Sambas; Gunawan, Totok
Jurnal Manusia dan Lingkungan (Journal of People and Environment) Vol 19, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Pusat Studi Lingkungan Hidup Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Penelitian ini dilakukan di Sub DAS Ngrancah yang merupakan daerah tangkapan air Waduk Sermo. Luas wilayah penelitian ini sekitar 2.200 ha. Mayoritas lahan di Sub DAS Ngrancah tergolong kritis yang ditunjukkan oleh tingginya tingkat erosi. Dengan demikian, wilayah ini sangat mendesak untuk dapat dikelola dengan benar agar degradasi lahan dapat dihambat. Untuk memprediksi erosi, diterapkan Model USLE, dengan rumus: A = RKLSCP. Wilayah studi dapat dipilahkan menjadi 77 unit lahan. Sampel tanah diambil dari seluruh unit lahan, demikian pula pengamatan lereng, vegetasi, dan penerapan konservasi tanah. Untuk menganalisis data digunakan analisis kluster. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tingkat erosi bervariasi dari yang paling rendah sebesar 2,54 ton/ha/th sampai dengan yang tertinggi sebesar 489,30 ton/ha/th. Sekitar 68% wilayah studi termasuk dalam kelas erosi sedang dan sekitar 15% wilayah studi termasuk dalam kelas erosi tinggi. Pengklasteran unit lahan secara statistik menunjukkan bahwa pada jarak klaster terpendek terbentuk 8 klaster tingkat erosi. Uji diskriminan menunjukkan bahwa faktor K (erodibilitas) dan P (praktek konservasi tanah dan air) merupakan faktor yang paling dominan untuk terbentuknya klaster-klaster tersebut. Hasil penelitian ini diharapkan bermanfaat dalam merancang teknik konservasi tanah dan air untuk menangani erosi di Sub DAS Ngrancah.
Dampak Kepariwisataan terhadap Erosi di Kawasan Wisata Kaliurang Nurmansyah, Sofiudin; Kusumandari, Ambar; -, Kaharuddin
Jurnal Ilmu Kehutanan Vol 1, No 1 (2007)
Publisher : Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jik.1537

Abstract

Impact of Tourism on Soil Erosion in Tourist Area of KaliurangTourism is one alternative of non timber based forest managements however, tourism activities will impact on the tourist areas, both biophysically and socially. The purpose of this research was to study the factors influencing soil erosion rate in tourist area, and to examine the effect of tourist characteristics, e.g. visiting characteristics and tourist activities on erosion rate.The erosion prediction was carried out at tourist areas including Hutan Alam (Natural Forest), Taman Bermain Anak (Play Ground), Taman Wisata Alam (Natural Tourist Park), and Kali Kuning Camping Ground. The Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE) model was applied. Correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between factors influencing soil erosion rate (rainfall erosivity, soil erodibility, slopes, vegetation and conservation practices) and erosion.The research resulted that tourism significantly impacted on erosion at Play Ground, Natural Tourist Park 1, and Kali Kuning Camping Ground, except at Natural Tourist Park 2. The correlation analysis showed that all of the factors influencing soil erosion rate positively affected erosion. The results also showed that the tourist characteristics which influence erosion rate were tourists visiting characteristics and their activities.
Impact of Community Forestry Policy on Farmers in Rinjani Protected Forest Area Nandini, Ryke; Kusumandari, Ambar; Gunawan, Totok; Sadono, Ronggo
JEJAK: Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Vol 9, No 1 (2016): March 2016
Publisher : Semarang State University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jejak.v9i1.6653

Abstract

The aim of this research is to know: (1) the economic conditions of the community forestry (HKm) farmers seen from the income and the poverty level; (2) the social conditions of the HKm farmers seen from the education level and the behavior changes; and (3) the change of social economic conditions of the HKm farmers in 2008-2015. This research is conducted from April to July in 2015 and located in four HKm groups of Rinjani protected forest area (RTK I). The data collection is conducted by the interviews with questionnaire to 102 HKm farmers using the Slovin’s formula with 10% of significant degree. This is implemented in descriptive analysis. The research result shows that: (1) the average income of the HKm farmers is Rp 1,739,677 per month/ha and 59.8% of farmers are above the poverty line; (2) the farmers are increasingly aware of education (there are only 5.9% members of farmer’s family who are uneducated) and the lack of firewood utilization (there are only 23.5% farmers who are still using the firewood); and (3) in the period of 2008 to 2015 the average income of the farmers per month increases at 52,03%; the poverty level decreases at 46.5%, and there is a behavior change in which the dependence on the forest resources in the form of firewood decreasesKey words : community forest, income, poverty, behavior change
Impact of Community Forestry Policy on Farmers in Rinjani Protected Forest Area Nandini, Ryke; Kusumandari, Ambar; Gunawan, Totok; Sadono, Ronggo
JEJAK: Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Vol 9, No 1 (2016): March 2016
Publisher : Semarang State University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jejak.v9i1.7185

Abstract

The aim of this research is to know: (1) the economic conditions of the community forestry (HKm) farmersseen from the income and the poverty level; (2) the social conditions of the HKm farmersseen from the education level and the behavior changes; and (3) the change of social economic conditions of the HKm farmers in 2008-2015. This researchis conducted from April to July in 2015 and located in four HKm groups of Rinjani protected forest area (RTK I). The data collection is conducted by the interviews with questionnaireto 102 HKm farmers using the Slovin’s formula with 10% of significant degree.This is implemented in descriptive analysis. The research result shows that: (1) the average income of the HKm farmers is Rp1,739,677 per month/ha and 59.8% of farmers are above the poverty line; (2) the farmers are increasingly aware of education (there are only 5.9% members of farmer’s family who are uneducated) and the lack offirewood utilization (there are only 23.5% farmers who are still using the firewood); and (3) in the period of 2008 to 2015 the average income of the farmers per month increases at 52,03%; the poverty level decreases at 46.5%, and there is a behavior change in whichthe dependence on the forest resources in the form of firewood decreases
Social and Economic Vulnerability in The Sub-Watershed of Karang Mumus, East Kalimantan Province Endayani, Sri; Sadono, Ronggo; Kusumandari, Ambar; Hartono, Hartono
Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika Vol 25, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor (IPB University)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7226/jtfm.25.2.93

Abstract

Changes in land use influence the social and economic characteristics as well as the environmental problems in a sub-watershed. To support the management of a sub-watershed, land use scenarios (biophysics) must be prepared and community involvement level must be improved. So far, the factors used for monitoring and evaluating sub-watershed performance have not been used thoroughly. This research is aimed at finding out the social and economic vulnerabilities tied to the monitoring and evaluation of sub-watershed performance across the sub-districts. This research uses quantitative methods employed to process primary data (biotic: vegetation and settlement, and abiotic: land, climate, geomorphology, and geology), secondary data (community data sourced from the data of BPS; Central Bureau of Statistics) of East Kalimantan Province; in September 2017), and socio-economic data (direct interviews using questionnaires). The primary data were obtained after processing map interpretation and from observation. The results show that high socio-economic vulnerability occurs in areas of high land use vulnerability. Sub-watershed management will be successful if it is done through a "collaborative management" involving all stakeholders. The scenario simulations of this research can be used as reference materials for regional governments in planning, compiling, and implementing the Regional Spatial Plan policies.
Optimalisasi Penggunaan Lahan dengan Sistem Agroforestri dan Pendampingan Pascapanennya di Kelompok Tani Dusun Kemuning, Gunungkidul Kusumandari, Ambar; Irawati, Denny; Soedjoko, Sri Astuti
Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat (Indonesian Journal of Community Engagement) Vol 1, No 1 (2015): September
Publisher : Direktorat Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jpkm.16924

Abstract

Kemuning sub village district is located in Bunder village, Patuk, Gunung Kidul. This area is near by the Bunder forest park and Wanagama Educational Forest. Most of the people live there are farmers. As the soil is relatively unfertile, they prefer to plant trees, so they called as forest community farmers. Among the trees, they plant cassava, peanut, and corn, so it called as agroforestry. In the field, the area seems still has the opportunity that can be added to be planted. Based on this situation, in this project, the optimalization of land use was introduced to ask the farmers to plant the undergrowth species includes: zingiber, kunyit and kencur. This project was started by introducing the agroforestry system, where they can plant together both trees and non trees at the same land. The socialization was done by inviting the farmers to come to the meeting. The advantages of agroforestry was explained to them, and also the post harvesting management to produce the instant zingiber was also trained and demonstrated to the female farmers. This product is also useful for attracting the local tourist who usually come at the week end. The output of this project was the agroforestry demplot can be built in the field, so the farmers can learn and study to develope at their own land. The female farmer can also make the instant zingiber as the healthy drink.
Multidimensional Scaling Approach to Evaluate the Level of Community Forestry Sustainability in Babak Watershed, Lombok Island, West Nusa Tenggara Nandini, Ryke; Kusumandari, Ambar; Gunawan, Totok; Sadono, Ronggo
Forum Geografi Vol 31, No 1 (2017): July 2017
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (503.635 KB) | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v31i1.3371

Abstract

Community forestry in Babak watershed is one of the efforts to reduce critical land area. The aim of this research was to evaluate the level of community forestry sustainability in both of community forest (HKm) and private forest in Babak watershed. Multidimensional scaling (MDS) was used to analyse the level of community forest sustainability based on the five dimensions of ecology, economy, social, institutional, and technology as well as 29 attributes. Leverage analysis was used to know the sensitive attributes of sustainability, while Monte Carlo analysis and goodness of fit was used to find the accuracy of MDS analysis. The result shows that HKm was in moderate sustainability level (sustainability index 54.08%) and private forest was in less sustainability level (sustainability index 48.53%). Furthermore, the ecology and technology in HKm were classified as less sustainable, while the institution and technology in private forest were considered less sustainable. There were 11 sensitive attributes of HKm and 19 sensitive attributes of private forest. The priorities of attribute improvement in HKm include land recovering (the dimension of ecology) and cooperative development (the dimension of technology). In private forest, the priorities of attribute improvement include leadership capacity building (the institutional dimension) and also the use of silviculture intensive and soil conservation (the dimension of technology).
Optimalisasi Penggunaan Lahan dengan Sistem Agroforestri dan Pendampingan Pascapanennya di Kelompok Tani Dusun Kemuning, Gunungkidul Kusumandari, Ambar; Irawati, Denny; Soedjoko, Sri Astuti
Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat (Indonesian Journal of Community Engagement) Vol 1, No 1 (2015): September
Publisher : Direktorat Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jpkm.16924

Abstract

Kemuning sub village district is located in Bunder village, Patuk, Gunung Kidul. This area is near by the Bunder forest park and Wanagama Educational Forest. Most of the people live there are farmers. As the soil is relatively unfertile, they prefer to plant trees, so they called as forest community farmers. Among the trees, they plant cassava, peanut, and corn, so it called as agroforestry. In the field, the area seems still has the opportunity that can be added to be planted. Based on this situation, in this project, the optimalization of land use was introduced to ask the farmers to plant the undergrowth species includes: zingiber, kunyit and kencur. This project was started by introducing the agroforestry system, where they can plant together both trees and non trees at the same land. The socialization was done by inviting the farmers to come to the meeting. The advantages of agroforestry was explained to them, and also the post harvesting management to produce the instant zingiber was also trained and demonstrated to the female farmers. This product is also useful for attracting the local tourist who usually come at the week end. The output of this project was the agroforestry demplot can be built in the field, so the farmers can learn and study to develope at their own land. The female farmer can also make the instant zingiber as the healthy drink.
PERUBAHAN KUALITAS LINGKUNGAN PADA HUTAN KEMASYARAKATAN DI DAERAH ALIRAN SUNGAI BABAK, PULAU LOMBOK (Environmental Quality Changes in Community Forests in the Babak River Basin, Lombok Island) Nandini, Ryke; Kusumandari, Ambar; Gunawan, Totok; Sadono, Ronggo
Journal Penelitian Kehutanan FALOAK Vol 3, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Penelitian Kehutanan Faloak
Publisher : Balai Penelitian Dan Pengembangan Teknologi Hasil Hutan Bukan Kayu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (544.546 KB) | DOI: 10.20886/jpkf.2019.3.1.43-50

Abstract

Kegiatan Hutan Kemasyarakatan (HKm) di Daerah Aliran Sungai (DAS) Babak telah dilakukan sejak tahun 2007 dan memperoleh ijin usaha pengelolaan hutan kemasyarakatan (IUPHKm) pada tahun 2010. Tidak dapat dipungkiri bahwa HKm memberikan pengaruh terhadap kualitas lingkungan, baik kualitas lingkungan biofisik, ekonomi dan sosial. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui perubahan kualitas lingkungan pada kegiatan HKm di DAS Babak dalam kurun 2007-2015, baik lingkungan biofisik, ekonomi dan sosial. Penelitian dilakukan pada tahun 2015-2016 pada HKm di DAS Babak. Data biofisik diperoleh dari survei lapangan dan data sekunder. Data ekonomi dan sosial diperoleh dengan wawancara terhadap 102 responden yang dipilih melalui teknik purpossive sampling. Analisis data biofisik dilakukan dengan menggunakan Soil and water analysis tool (SWAT), sedangkan data ekonomi dan sosial dianalisis secara deskriptif kualitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa dalam kurun 2007-2015 terdapat perubahan kualitas lingkungan pada HKm di DAS Babak. Perubahan kualitas biofisik ditunjukkan oleh penurunan limpasan dan erosi; kualitas ekonomi ditunjukkan oleh peningkatan pendapatan dan penurunan jumlah kemiskinan; sedangkan peningkatan kualitas sosial ditunjukkan oleh perubahan perilaku dalam pemanfaatan sumberdaya hutan. Dengan demikian, keberadaan HKm di DAS Babak dapat dikembangkan untuk memperbaiki kualitas lingkungan biofisik, ekonomi dan sosial.