Lilik Kustiyah
Departemen Gizi Masyarakat, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia, Institut Pertanian Bogor

Published : 26 Documents
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Journal : Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia

Mikroenkapsulasi Mineral Besi dan Seng dalam Pembuatan Makanan Tambahan untuk Balita Gizi Kurang

Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 16, No 3 (2011): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (200.55 KB)

Abstract

As a health problem, prevalence of severe underweight in Indonesia is still high. Riskesdas 2008 indicate that prevalence of severe underweight and underweight in Indonesia are 5.5% and 13.0%, respectively. Effort to overcome that problem are still focused on severe underweight children, so need to anticipate of getting worse of underweight ones of being fell into severe underweight. The aim of this research is to make RUF fortified by encapsulated iron and zinc to overcome underweight balita (under five of age children). First step of this research is making flour from rice, soybean, cassava, sweet potato and taro with proceeded by two kinds of treatment, i.e. physic method (using high temperature and pressure) and soaking in solution of Na2HC03 (1.5% and 2.0%). Drum dryer was applied to dry the ingredient (rice, soybean, cassava, sweet potato and taro) and then milled using disc mill. Microencapsulation of iron and zinc was using arabic gum and maltodextrin (80:20 and 70:30) and concentration of iron or zinc each is 5.0% and 7.5%. Then, assays of stability of microencapsulated iron and zinc, and their bioavailability (in vitro and in vivo). Before mixed with minerals, 12 combinations of flour (3 kinds of tuber x 2 cooking time x 2 concentration of Na2C03) are tested by hedonic test to choose the best preferences of that combination of ingredients of porridge. Based on technical, economical, and technological considerations, and acceptability, mixed of rice, soybean, and sweet potato is selected as based ingredients of porridge. There is no color and odor change or even crystalline forming during more than one month of storing of microencapsulated iron and zinc. Bioavailability (in vitro) of Fe is around 15,48% to 17,05% and Zn is around 6.05% to 6,36%.   Keyword: Ready-to-use food, encapsulated mineral, porridge, underweight balita.

Keterkaitan antara Konsumsi Pangan, Gaya Hidup, dan Status Gizi pada Pegawai Obes dan Normal

Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 18, No 2 (2013): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (197.79 KB)

Abstract

The objective of this study was to analyze the interrelation between food consumption, energy and nutrients intake, lifestyle and socioeconomic status with nutritional status of employees. The observation was carried out on 73 employees of the Bogor Agricultural University, selected purposively. Design of this study was cross sectional. Data was collected by interview using questionnaire and measurement of body weight and height in order to get nutritional status of the subjects. Correlation Rank Spearman and Pearson was used to analyze correlation among 2 variables, and independent samples t-test was used to analyze differences between 2 nutritional status categories. The result showed that there was a significant difference (p<0.05) on gender, level of education, and nutrition knowledge between the samples of normal nutritional status and obesity. There was also significant and positive correlation between education level and the energy and carbohydrate intake; income of family with vitamin A and C intake; knowledge of nutrition with the intake of protein, fruit consumption habits and nutritional status. However, there was a significant and negative correlation between exercise habits with the fat intake. Keywords: consumption, intake, lifestyle, nutritional status, obesity

Keterkaitan antara Konsumsi Pangan, Gaya Hidup, dan Status Gizi pada Pegawai Obes dan Normal

Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 18, No 2 (2013): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (197.79 KB)

Abstract

The objective of this study was to analyze the interrelation between food consumption, energy and nutrients intake, lifestyle and socioeconomic status with nutritional status of employees. The observation was carried out on 73 employees of the Bogor Agricultural University, selected purposively. Design of this study was cross sectional. Data was collected by interview using questionnaire and measurement of body weight and height in order to get nutritional status of the subjects. Correlation Rank Spearman and Pearson was used to analyze correlation among 2 variables, and independent samples t-test was used to analyze differences between 2 nutritional status categories. The result showed that there was a significant difference (p<0.05) on gender, level of education, and nutrition knowledge between the samples of normal nutritional status and obesity. There was also significant and positive correlation between education level and the energy and carbohydrate intake; income of family with vitamin A and C intake; knowledge of nutrition with the intake of protein, fruit consumption habits and nutritional status. However, there was a significant and negative correlation between exercise habits with the fat intake. 

Mikroenkapsulasi Mineral Besi dan Seng dalam Pembuatan Makanan Tambahan untuk Balita Gizi Kurang

Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 16, No 3 (2011): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1085.879 KB)

Abstract

As a health problem, prevalence of severe underweight in Indonesia is still high. Riskesdas 2008 indicate that prevalence of severe underweight and underweight in Indonesia are 5.5% and 13.0%, respectively. Effort to overcome that problem are still focused on severe underweight children, so need to anticipate of getting worse of underweight ones of being fell into severe underweight. The aim of this research is to make RUF fortified by encapsulated iron and zinc to overcome underweight balita (under five of age children). First step of this research is making flour from rice, soybean, cassava, sweet potato and taro with proceeded by two kinds of treatment, i.e. physic method (using high temperature and pressure) and soaking in solution of Na2HC03 (1.5% and 2.0%). Drum dryer was applied to dry the ingredient (rice, soybean, cassava, sweet potato and taro) and then milled using disc mill. Microencapsulation of iron and zinc was using arabic gum and maltodextrin (80:20 and 70:30) and concentration of iron or zinc each is 5.0% and 7.5%. Then, assays of stability of microencapsulated iron and zinc, and their bioavailability (in vitro and in vivo). Before mixed with minerals, 12 combinations of flour (3 kinds of tuber x 2 cooking time x 2 concentration of Na2C03) are tested by hedonic test to choose the best preferences of that combination of ingredients of porridge. Based on technical, economical, and technological considerations, and acceptability, mixed of rice, soybean, and sweet potato is selected as based ingredients of porridge. There is no color and odor change or even crystalline forming during more than one month of storing of microencapsulated iron and zinc. Bioavailability (in vitro) of Fe is around 15,48% to 17,05% and Zn is around 6.05% to 6,36%.