Lilik Kustiyah
Departemen Gizi Masyarakat, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia, Institut Pertanian Bogor

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PENERIMAAN DAN PREFERENSI RUMAH TANGGA DAN JASA BOGA TERHADAP MINYAK GORENG CURAH YANG DIFORTIFIKASI KAROTEN DARI RED PALM OIL (RPO) Marliyati, Sri Anna; Nurmalasari, Tika; Kustiyah, Lilik; Martianto, Drajat
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 7, No 3 (2012): November 2012
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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ABSTRACTThe purpose of this research was to find out acceptance and preference of households and catering to non-branded cooking oil fortified with carotene from Red Palm Oil (RPO). The subjects in this study was 30 people respectively for each households and catering. Data was collected through interviews and discussions using questionnaires. Data of subjects acceptance and preference were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Friedman test. Average cooking oil used by household subjects was 0.185+0.070 kg/day and catering was 3.87+2.46 kg/day. Most households (73.3%) and catering (66.7%) could not accept cooking oil fortified with carotene from RPO due to its colour and aroma. Fortified cooking oil had orange colour and rotten aroma (of odor). More than half of households (66.7%) and catering (63.3%) could not accept the fried product using fortified cooking oil because of its yellow colour. Friedman test showed that there were differences in both subjects acceptance to nonfortified and fortified non-branded cooking oil (p
PENGENDALIAN KADAR GLUKOSA DARAH OLEH TEH HIJAU DAN ATAU TEH DAUN MURBEI PADA TIKUS DIABETES Efendi, Rusman; Damayanthi, Evy; Kustiyah, Lilik; Kusumorini, Nastiti
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 5, No 2 (2010): Juli 2010
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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Diabetes mellitus is degeneratif disease with high prevalence that happens in many countries. Several studies had been done to control diabetes by using green tea, mullberry leaf  tea, and their mixture. The aim of this research was to analyze the influence of the administration green tea, mullbery leaf tea, and their mixtures to blood glucose level of diabetic rats both during 120 minutes after administration. This research had four phases, first to determine the best mullberry leaf tea, second to fourth phases respectively, determine turnover of blood glucose level on normal rats; attempt during 120 minutes on diabetic rats.  The result of research during 120 minutes have showed that blood glucose level on diabetic rats which were administered by green tea, mullberry leaf tea and their mixture is significantly difference with diabetic rats which were administered by water. Blood glucose level at baseline increased at 30th minutes and showed the difference significantly and then until 60th and 120th minutes and relatively stable. During 120 minutes after feed consumption, inhibition of blood glucose level occured increasingly on diabetic rats which were administered by green tea, mullberry leaf tea, and their mixture compared to diabetic rats which were administered by water. Key words:  green tea,  mullberry leaf tea,  polyphenol,  1-deoxynojirimicin,  diabetic rats,                    blood glucose
PERSEPSI, KONSUMSI DAN PREFERENSI MINUMAN BERENERGI Putriastuti, Ratika; Kustiyah, Lilik; Anwar, Faisal
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 2, No 3 (2007): November 2007
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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The aims of this research were to study perception, consumption and preferences of energy drink and also to analyze relationship between content of energy and caffeine in energy drink. This research used cross sectional study design and conducted in Solo (Terminal Tirtonadi, Terminal Kartasuro and Palur). The respondent (36 persons) was chosen by convenience sampling. Method used to analyze energy content was bomb calorimeter, while caffeine obstetrical analysis used spectrophotometer. The respondent consumed Extra Joss (44.4%), Hemaviton Jreng (19.4%), Kuku Bima Energy (13.9%), Kratingdaeng (8.3%), M-150 (5.6%), Hemaviton Energy drink (5.6%) and the rest Fit Up tablet. Reason of consumption is for stamina. The most important attributes selected by respondent were energy adding and activity supporter benefits. Time of working with consumptions (frequency and sum of consumptions) have significant relationship (p
KETAHANAN PANGAN RUMAH TANGGA PETANI SAWAH DI WILAYAH Enclave TAMAN NASIONAL BUKIT BARISAN SELATAN Amirian, .; Baliwati, Yayuk Farida; Kustiyah, Lilik
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 3, No 3 (2008): November 2008 (Edisi Suplemen Ketahanan Pangan)
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The aim of this research was to know the food security of farmer household, based on the availibility of staple food, access to food and  utilization of food of farmer household. The research design was cross-sectional study. The samples were consisted of 35 owner farmer, 12 yeoman, and 13 farmworker. Primary and secondary data was analyzed by Microsoft Excel and SPSS version 13 for windows. The result showed that 48.33% of husband and 78.33% of wife were
AKTIVITAS ANTIOKSIDAN BEKATUL LEBIH TINGGI DARIPADA JUS TOMAT DAN PENURUNAN AKTIVITAS ANTIOKSIDAN SERUM SETELAH INTERVENSI MINUMAN KAYA ANTIOKSIDAN Damayanthi, Evy; Kustiyah, Lilik; Khalid, Mahani; Farizal, Henry
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 5, No 3 (2010): November 2010
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Recently, many foods were identified contain high antioxidant substances such as tomatoes and rice bran. The objectives of this research were to observe their total antioxidant activity values and the effect of intervention of high-antioxidant beverages (tomato juice and rice bran beverage) to total antioxidant activity on breast cyst women patient’s blood serum. Subject consumed each of the beverages for 14 days. Blood samples were taken before the intervention, at the end of tomato juice intervention period and at the end of rice bran beverage intervention period. Total antioxidant activity on serum was determined by DPPH method. The ascorbic acid equivalent antioxidant capacity (AEAC) of rice bran greater than tomato juice is 28.74 mg/100g and 1.87 mg/100g respectively. The total antioxidant activity on serum was decreasing after tomato juice intervention (p>0.05) but the decreasing of it was significantly shown after rice bran intervention (p
FOOD HABIT AMONG ELEMENTARY SCHOOL CHILDREN IN URBAN BOGOR Damayanthi, Evy; Dwiriani, Cesilia Meti; Kustiyah, Lilik; Briawan, Dodik
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 5, No 3 (2010): November 2010
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Food habit strongly predicts individual nutritional status. It is largely influenced by family food habit and family socioeconomic, partly by nutrition education learning in the school.  Objectives of this study were to analyze elementary school children eating habit and examine whether it relates to family socioeconomic and nutritional status. One hundred elementary school children, and their mother, from one school in urban Bogor were chosen purposively according to SIBERMAS Program criteria (i.e. grade 4th and 5th, morning school, having UKS program and not having canteen). Self administered, structured pre-coded questionnaire were used to collect the data. Nutritional status was assessed using weight and height, and body mass index for age (BAZ) and height for age (HAZ) were then calculated using AnthroPlus software developed by WHO (2009). School children were 8-11 years old (mean 9.37 + 0.66 years), more girls (54%), and mostly had normal nutritional status using both indexes (72% for BAZ and 95% for HAZ). School children were commonly from middle class as indicated by father education (sarjana) and mother (senior high school).  Almost all school children (99%) knew breakfast was important and 81% of them ate breakfast. Only 32% school children brought lunch box everyday although 92% stated their habit to bring lunch box to school. Buying snack in school was also common among school children. Generally school children ate rice 3 times a day (2.95 + 0.97) with fish, meat, chicken (2.47 + 1.14), tempe and tofu (2.22 + 1.10), vegetables (2.25 + 0.76) and fruits (2.37 + 1.31). There was a tendency overweight and obese school children eat more rice although statistically not significant.  On average, school children drank milk more than twice daily (2.34 + 0.98), plain water more than 7 glasses daily (7.34 + 4.10), exercise 3 times weekly (3.02 + 2.16) and no difference were observed between nutritional status and family socioeconomics. School children food habit were strongly supported by mother behavior especially in providing breakfast, lunch box and guiding their children in choosing snack food. School children from middle class in urban Bogor had relatively good food habits which were supported by mother behavior. This study found no relationship between family socioeconomic and nutritional status on school children food habit. Key words: food habit, nutritional status, elementary school children.
Mikroenkapsulasi Mineral Besi dan Seng dalam Pembuatan Makanan Tambahan untuk Balita Gizi Kurang Kustiyah, Lilik; Anwar, Faisal; Dewi, Mira
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 16, No 3 (2011): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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As a health problem, prevalence of severe underweight in Indonesia is still high. Riskesdas 2008 indicate that prevalence of severe underweight and underweight in Indonesia are 5.5% and 13.0%, respectively. Effort to overcome that problem are still focused on severe underweight children, so need to anticipate of getting worse of underweight ones of being fell into severe underweight. The aim of this research is to make RUF fortified by encapsulated iron and zinc to overcome underweight balita (under five of age children). First step of this research is making flour from rice, soybean, cassava, sweet potato and taro with proceeded by two kinds of treatment, i.e. physic method (using high temperature and pressure) and soaking in solution of Na2HC03 (1.5% and 2.0%). Drum dryer was applied to dry the ingredient (rice, soybean, cassava, sweet potato and taro) and then milled using disc mill. Microencapsulation of iron and zinc was using arabic gum and maltodextrin (80:20 and 70:30) and concentration of iron or zinc each is 5.0% and 7.5%. Then, assays of stability of microencapsulated iron and zinc, and their bioavailability (in vitro and in vivo). Before mixed with minerals, 12 combinations of flour (3 kinds of tuber x 2 cooking time x 2 concentration of Na2C03) are tested by hedonic test to choose the best preferences of that combination of ingredients of porridge. Based on technical, economical, and technological considerations, and acceptability, mixed of rice, soybean, and sweet potato is selected as based ingredients of porridge. There is no color and odor change or even crystalline forming during more than one month of storing of microencapsulated iron and zinc. Bioavailability (in vitro) of Fe is around 15,48% to 17,05% and Zn is around 6.05% to 6,36%.   Keyword: Ready-to-use food, encapsulated mineral, porridge, underweight balita.
Substitution of Red Bean Flour (Phaseolus vulgaris L) in Producing Porridge for the Baby Foods Damanik, Rizal; Kustiyah, Lilik; Atmojo, Sumali M; Yuliani, Sri
Media Gizi dan Keluarga Vol 24, No 1 (2000): Jurnal Media Gizi dan Keluarga
Publisher : Media Gizi dan Keluarga

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The purpose of this study was to analyze and to compare the level substitute of red bean flour (Phaseolus vulgaris L) in producing porriddge for the baby foods. The level substitutes of flour are from 0%, 10%, 20%, 30% and 40%. The study showed that the 30% substitute has the highest contents in protein (16,37%) and energy (103,4 cal). It is recommended that the baby should eat 165-gram porridge per day to fulfill the nutrient requirement.
PENGARUH INTERVENSI MAKANAN KUDAPAN TERHADAP PENINGKATAN KADAR GLUKOSA DARAH DAN DAYA INGAT ANAK SEKOLAH DASAR Kustiyah, Lilik; Syarief, Hidayat; Hardinsyah, Hardinsyah; Rimbawan, Rimbawan; Suradijono, Sri Hartati
Media Gizi dan Keluarga Vol 30, No 1 (2006): Media Gizi dan Keluarga
Publisher : Media Gizi dan Keluarga

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ABSTRACT. The objective of this study was to analyze the effect of snack intervention on blood glucose level and memory improvement ofelementary schools students, Subjects of this study were 184 students offour (4) elementary schools (grade 6, 5 and 4) at Bogor District, West Java. The study employed a quasi-experimental design and followed experimental procedures to control the subjects food intake and motoric activity during the study period At the day of intervention, both control and interventions subjects were ordered not to have breakfast at home. Interventions subjects were provided with snack (buras, at 10.00 AM) which contained 381.7 kcal energy and 5 g protein, but controls subjects were not. Two types ofpsychological test (word andfigure) were applied twice (at 09.00 and 11.00 AM). Then, at the same time, subjects blood was taken to determine blood glucose, haemoglobin, and hematocrite levels. Interviews with subjects and their mothers were carried out to collect socioeconomic data and dietary intake. Result of the study indicated that snack intervention increased significantly (p<O.OI) blood glucose level (20.8 mgld/) approximately 1 hour after snack given. Blood glucose level significantly (p<O.OI) affected the words and figures memory performance. The higher the blood glucose level the better the memory performance. Keywords: Snack intervention, blood glucose level, memoryperformance, Elementary School Students
HUBUNGAN ASUPAN SERAT DENGAN STATUS GIZI DAN PROFIL LIPID DARAH PADA ORANG DEWASA DISLIPIDEMIA Kustiyah, Lilik; Widhianti, Maya Utami; Dewi, Mira
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 8, No 3 (2013): NOVEMBER 2013
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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ABSTRACTThe objective of this study was to analyze the association of fiber consumption with nutritional status and blood lipid profile in dyslipidemic adults. The design study was cross sectional survey involving 79 subjects. The results showed that there were significant correlations between energy intake with High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and total cholesterol, fat intake with BMI (Body Mass Index), and BMI with Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and total cholesterol (p<0.05). There was no significant correlation between consumption of fiber with nutritional status and blood lipid profile (p>0.05). In conclusion, most of the dyslipidemia subjects were obese. Dyslipidemia subjects should keep their intake of energy and fat in recommended ranges in order not to be obese and keep the BMI in normal range to avoid abnormalities of blood lipid profile.Keywords: blood lipid profile, dyslipidemia, fiber intake, nutritional statusABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis hubungan asupan serat dengan status gizi dan profil lipid darah pada orang dewasa dislipidemia. Desain penelitian ini adalah survei potong lintang dengan subjek penelitian sebanyak 79 subjek. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara asupan energi dengan kolesterol High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) dan kolesterol total, asupan lemak dengan IMT (Indeks Massa Tubuh), dan IMT dengan kolesterol Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) dan kolesterol total (p<0.05). Tidak terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara asupan serat dengan status gizi dan profil lipid darah (p>0.05). Disimpulkan bahwa sebagian besar subjek yang obes mengalami dislipidemia. Subjek penderita dislipidemia sebaiknya menjaga asupan energi dan lemak agar tidak mengalami kegemukan dan menjaga batas IMT normal untuk menghindari abnormalitas pada profil lipid darah.Kata kunci: asupan serat, dislipidemia, profil lipid darah, status gizi