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Sistem Analisis Pengembangan Usaha Kecil Menengah Agroindustri Jamu di Surakarta

Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture Vol 17, No 1 (2002): March
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

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Abstract

Indonesia sebagai negara yang mempunyai tingkat keanekaragaman hayati tinggi merupakan aset yang mempunyai nilai keunggulan komparatif dalam pengembangan agroindustri jamu. Pengembangan agroindustri jamu merupakan permasalahan yang kompleks yang melibatkan berbagai elemen, bersifat dinamis dan probabilistic, sehingga pendekatan system diperlukan dalam mencapai tujuan tersebut.Pada tulisan ini akan membahas pengembangan agroindustri jamu dengan pendekatan system dengan kajian meliputi; analisis kebutuhan, formulasi permasalahan dan identifikasi system berupa diagram sebab akibat dan diagram input output. Dari hasil analisis dapat disimpulkan bahwa peningkatan pendapatan petani, kelayakan usaha, peningkatan pendapatan asli daerah, peningkatan kesempatan kerja, kelancaran kredit merupakan kebutuhan yang harus dipenuhi.

ANALISIS EVALUASI PROGRAM PENINGKATAN DAN PENGEMBANGAN PERTANIAN PERKOTAAN KOTA SURAKARTA (Studi Kasus di Kecamatan Banjarsari)

Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture Vol 24, No 1 (2009): March
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

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Abstract

This research employed a case study strategy in Banjarsari subdistrict, Surakarta Municipality as one of the area representing target program. It was doing with partsipative evaluation, used by of primary and secondary data. This research result indicate the society target program less precise cause by factor of contiguity personal so make result program walk less success. Institution done evaluation just summarize the aid delivery. Other side society also less holding responsible to efficacy and continueing program, cause nothing reward and punishment from this program.

ANALISIS RANTAI NILAI UBI KAYU (Manihot esculeta crantz) DI KABUPATEN PATI

Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture Vol 31, No 2 (2016): October
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

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Abstract

This study aimed to analyze the value chain mapping, governance, improvement of value chain and marketing margins cassava in Pati regency. The basic method used  descriptive analytical research. The method of determining the location of the research method and the purposive sampling method is done by snowball sampling with 18 respondents. The results showed there are three models of the value chain by five actors, namely farmers, penebas, grinders, realtor, and collectors flour. Value-added activities conducted on cassava farmers, grinders and collectors. While penebas and brokers act as a liaison between value chain actors. Governance cassava value chain is analyzed through three approaches namely coordination structures, rules and regulations, and provider of information and services. The increase in the value chain are identified in several aspects of increase of processes, products, and functions. Enhanced functions effectively needs to be done because it will produce a positive impact on the actors of the value chain. Grinder has a marketing margin of RP 3300 / kg, meaning that most large margin than other players because it has many activities ranging from wet to cassava starch that have added value. While the perpetrators of broker only has a margin of RP 20 / kg for his activities only as an intermediary without any added value from the starch itself.

STUDI KELAYAKAN PENGEMBANGAN USAHA PENGGEMUKAN SAPI POTONG DI KELURAHAN PLESUNGAN KECAMATAN GONDANGREJO KABUPATEN KARANGANYAR

SEPA: Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian dan Agribisnis Vol 13, No 2 (2017): February 2017
Publisher : Sebelas Maret University

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Abstract

Abstract: The study aims to determine the feasibility of developing fattening beefcattle based on market aspects, technical aspects, management aspects, environmentalaspects, financial aspects and business sensitivity. The basic method of research isdescriptive case study technique. The research location is determined by deliberate onfarms H. Wakimin Plesungan Village Gondangrejo District of Karanganyar Regency.The data used are primary data and secondary data. Data analysis market aspects,technical aspects, management aspects, and aspects of the environment carried out bydescriptive method. While the financial aspects of data analysis using the eligibilitycriteria payback period, NPV, IRR, Net B/C, Gross B/C, and sensitivity analysis. Theresults showed: (1) the development of beef cattle fattening farm H. Wakimin based onmarket aspects, technical aspects, management aspects and environmental aspects tobe developed. (2) Analysis of the financial aspects of the show to be developed by theproject life of 10 years with a discount rate of 12% and the inflation rate 5.14%/year.NPV of IDR 237,165,474.00, IRR 44.53%, net B/C 2.83, Gross B/C of 1.06 and a PPfor 2.91 years. (3) The sensitivity analysis shows the maximum limit of the targetreduction Improved Weight Loss Daily (PBBH) of cattle of 16% or minimum PBBH0.84 kg/day. While the maximum limit of feeder cattle prices increase by 11% or IDR44.400.00 per kg of live weight of cattle assuming other costs are fixed.Abstrak : Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui kelayakan pengembangan usahapenggemukan sapi potong berdasarkan aspek pasar, aspek teknis, aspek manajemen,aspek lingkungan, aspek finansial dan sensitivitas usaha. Metode dasar penelitianadalah deskriptif dengan teknik studi kasus. Lokasi penelitian ditentukan secarasengaja di peternakan H. Wakimin Kelurahan Plesungan Kecamatan GondangrejoKabupaten Karanganyar. Data yang digunakan adalah data primer dan data sekunder.Analisis data aspek pasar, aspek teknis, aspek manajemen, dan aspek lingkungandilakukan dengan metode deskriptif. Sedangkan analisis data aspek finansialmenggunakan kriteria kelayakan Payback period, NPV, IRR, Net B/C, Gross B/C, dananalisis sensitivitas. Hasil penelitian menunjukan: (1) pengembangan usahapenggemukan sapi potong di peternakan H. Wakimin berdasarkan aspek pasar, aspekteknis, aspek manajemen dan aspek lingkungan layak untuk dikembangkan. (2)Analisis aspek finansial menunjukkan layak untuk dikembangkan dengan umurproyek 10 tahun dengan tingkat discount rate 12% dan tingkat inflasi 5,14%/tahun.Nilai NPV sebesar Rp 237.165.474,00, nilai IRR 44,53%, net B/C 2,83, Gross B/Csebesar 1,06 dan PP selama 2,91 tahun. (3) Analisis sensitivitas menunjukan batasmaksimum penurunan target Peningkatan Berat Badan Harian (PBBH) sapi sebesar 16% atau PBBH minimum 0,84 kg/hari. Sedangkan batas maksimum peningkatanharga bakalan sapi sebesar 11% atau Rp 44.400,00 per kg berat hidup sapi denganasumsi biaya yang lain bersifat tetap.

Protein intake and daily activities influence to infant birth weight

International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS) Vol 8, No 1: March, 2019
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

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Abstract

Pregnancy is a crucial period time of life. One of the contributing factors in pregnancy is mother’s nutritional need, one of which is protein intake. A pregnant woman’s protein need must be fulfilled for the health of both mother and baby. A more active lifestyle of a pregnant woman will also induce more baby’s brain development than a less active one. To analyze the correlation between protein intake and daily activity with infant birth weight in third trimester pregnant women. Analytic observational using prospective cohort design.Independent variables are protein intake and daily activities.Protein intake data is acquired from 2x24 hours food recall, daily activity is measured using Baecke questionnaire and infant birth weight is measured using a baby scale.Sample size of this study is 109 women achieved using simple random sampling. Statistic test used was chi square test.Mean number of pregnant women’s protein intake per day is 0,68±0,469gr.Bivariate test result shows a significant correlation between protein intake and infant birth weight(p=0,000) and a sighificant correlation between daily activities and infant birth weight(p=0,000). There is a correlation between protein intake with infant birth weight in third trimester pregnant women; and there is a correlation between daily activity with infant birth weight in third trimester pregnant women.

Financing System For Technology Application In The Management of High Value Horticultural Supply Chain: Case Study of Paprika Greenhouse Financing System In West Bandung Regency, West Java

Journal of S&T Policy and R&D Management Vol 12, No 1 (2014): Journal of S&T Policy and R&D Management
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Perkembangan Iptek, LIPI

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Abstract

Until now, financing is still a problem for most farmers in developing country including    Indonesia, especially for high value commodity such as pepper. Pepper cultivation requires high investment cost due to the necessity of pepper to grow in a greenhouse equipped with drip irrigation installation. Most farmers today utilizes greenhouses with appropriate         technology. Even though favourable, the crop cannot reach optimal productivity. Meanwhile, Indonesian Vegetable Research Institute (Balitsa), cooperating with Wageningen University, has conducted a research to study a greenhouse design, optimal for Indonesian climate. However, the resulted greenhouse requires so high investment cost that most farmers cannot afford. Direct loan from banks is difficult to get because it requires guarantee and financing system, inappropriate with characteristics of farming. Due to that reason, it is necessary to have financing system that can help but does not burden farmers in its payment mechanism. This paper aims to analyze the financing system in supply chain management, capable to solve problems about financing access for small-scale business actor in order to apply a technology capable to increase productivity. This paper is written from the result of action research in Pasirlangu Village, Cisarua Subdistrict, West Bandung Regency. The result shows that the availability of partnerships between farmer groups/cooperation and exporters opens an opportunity for farmers to get loan from bank through guarantee from the exporters, with financing system regulated by exporters to fit the characteristic of pepper farming. The system also involves university as the facilitator.

TIPOLOGY, EFFECTIVENESS, AND PRINCIPAL ELEMENTS IN INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH COLLABORATION: CASE STUDIES OF LIPIS INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH PROJECTS

Journal of S&T Policy and R&D Management Vol 11, No 2 (2013): Journal of S&T Policy and R&D Management
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Perkembangan Iptek, LIPI

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Abstract

This paper aims to present types as well as effectiveness in international research collaboration projects. Sixteen collaborative research projects at LIPI, an Indonesian government R&D institution, operated between 2001-2010 were evaluated. The effectiveness of the project was examined by comparing types and its benefits, and elements associated to the effectiveness of the projects. The research identified seven different types of collaboration and two major benefits which are publication and human resource or institutional capacity building. Meanwhile, a small number of the collaboration projects produced innovation, particularly where the triple helix structure - collaboration between academician, business and government - existed and promoted. Thus, three elements were found to beessential in supporting effective research collaboration: bargaining position; trust based competence; and trust based relationship.

RANCANG BANGUN MODEL KELEMBAGAAN AGRIBISNIS PADI ORGANIK DALAM MENDUKUNG KETAHANAN PANGAN

Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan: Kajian Masalah Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Vol 14, No 1 (2013): JEP Juni 2013
Publisher : Universitas Muhammdaiyah Surakarta

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Abstract

The aim of this research was to design an institutional model for organic rice agribusiness. Data were collected through interviews and focus group discussion which includes the primary and secondary data. Data analysis methods for organic rice agribusiness institutional development were: system analysis, institutional analysis and interactive analysis. Result of the research indicated that organic rice agribusiness system in Sragen was supported by a strong superstructures. There were Go Organic 2010 program and many policies of Sragen government includes: cultivation, extension, marketing, and certification. Profile community of organic rice agribusiness includes organic rice farmers, farmer groups, associations of farmer groups (gapoktan), extension agents, organic rice farmer associations, organic rice agro-industry companies, government, and consumers. Designing models with the agribusiness system suggested a cluster of industry (industrial cluster) which composed of five subsystems, namely: upstream agribusiness, on farm agribusiness, down stream agribusiness, supporting agribusiness system, and marketing subsystem.

REGIONAL EMPLOYMENT PLANNING GRAND DESIGN

Economic Journal of Emerging Markets Vol 5, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Indonesia

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Abstract

AbstractThe aims of this research are to design employment planning with a proper method, to get a predictionof supply and demand of labor, and to create a planning program in employment developmentin Karanganyar region to increase quality of employment and productivity as well as to raise employmentwelfare. It finds that Karanganyar region has an industrial and agricultural typology andthat industrial sector has a greater regional gross domestic product (RGDP) than province RGDPon average. It also finds that service sector has employment elasticity greater than that of the othersectors and that the agriculture sector experiences aa decrease on employment demand.Keywords: Population, unemployment, employment planningJEL classification numbers : J21, J22, J23AbstrakTujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk merancang perencanaan kerja dengan metode yang tepat,mendapatkan prediksi permintaan dan penawaran tenaga kerja, dan juga membuat perencanaanprogram pembangunan ketenagakerjaan di daerah Karanganyar untuk meningkatkan kualitas pekerjaandan produktivitas serta meningkatkan kesejahteraan tenaga kerja. Studi ini menemukanbahwa wilayah Karanganyar memiliki tipologi industri dan pertanian, dan bahwa sektor industrimemiliki produk domestik regional bruto (PDRB) yang lebih besar dari PDRB rata-rata provinsi.Studi ini juga menemukan bahwa sektor jasa memiliki elastisitas lapangan kerja lebih besar darisektor lain dan bahwa permintaan pekerjaan di sektor sektor pertanian mengalami penurunan.Kata kunci: Penduduk, pengangguran, perencanaan kerjaJEL classification numbers : J21, J22, J23

REGIONAL EMPLOYMENT PLANNING GRAND DESIGN: A CASE STUDY IN KARANGANYAR

Economic Journal of Emerging Markets Volume 5 Issue 1, 2013
Publisher : Universitas Islam Indonesia

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Abstract

AbstractThe aims of this research are to design employment planning with a proper method, to get a prediction of supply and demand of labor, and to create a planning program in employment development in Karanganyar region to increase quality of employment and productivity as well as to raise employment welfare. It finds that Karanganyar region has an industrial and agricultural typology and that industrial sector has a greater regional gross domestic product (RGDP) than province RGDP on average. It also finds that service sector has employment elasticity greater than that of the other sectors and that the agriculture sector experiences aa decrease on employment demand.Keywords: Population, unemployment, employment planningJEL classification numbers: J21, J22, J23AbstrakTujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk merancang perencanaan kerja dengan metode yang tepat, mendapatkan prediksi permintaan dan penawaran tenaga kerja, dan juga membuat perencanaan program pembangunan ketenagakerjaan di daerah Karanganyar untuk meningkatkan kualitas pekerjaan dan produktivitas serta meningkatkan kesejahteraan tenaga kerja. Studi ini menemukan bahwa wilayah Karanganyar memiliki tipologi industri dan pertanian, dan bahwa sektor industri memiliki produk domestik regional bruto (PDRB) yang lebih besar dari PDRB rata-rata provinsi. Studi ini juga menemukan bahwa sektor jasa memiliki elastisitas lapangan kerja lebih besar dari sektor lain dan bahwa permintaan pekerjaan di sektor sektor pertanian mengalami penurunan.Kata kunci: Penduduk, pengangguran, perencanaan kerjaJEL classification numbers: J21, J22, J23