Articles

MODEL USAHATANI TERPADU SAYURAN ORGANIK-HEWAN TERNAK (Studi Kasus: Gapoktan Pandan Wangi, Desa Karehkel, Kecamatan Leuwiliang, Kabupaten Bogor, Provinsi Jawa Barat) Maudi, Firza; Kusnadi, Nunung
Forum Agribisnis Vol 1, No 1 (2011): FA Vol 1 No 1 Maret 2011
Publisher : Magister Science of Agribusiness, Department of Agribusiness, FEM-IPB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/fagb.1.1.76-94

Abstract

Agriculture sector in developing country, including Indonesia, faces many problems such as scarcity in productive agriculture land and continuous increase of demand for food.  Karehkel Village - West Java plans to develop integrated farming system (IFS) to address this issues.  The farming system at Karehkel Village integrates organic vegetables, livestock, and produces organic fertilizer and manure.   The purpose of this research is to develop quantitative model of IFS at Desa Karehkel and to determine the economic benefit IFS.  Using the Linear Programming model the optimal solution shows that the farm profit of IFS is higher than the Non-IFS.  The maximum profit can be reached by integrating organic vegetables – waste vegetables – livestock – manure – organic fertilizer (Bokashi).  The optimal solution also indicated that the whole organic fertilizer product  should be sold to the market since the cost per unit of organic fertilizer was relatively high.  Imposing  the organic fertilizer as the  input of organic vegetables farming reduced IFS total profit.
Pengaruh Aksesibilitas Penyuluhan dan Kredit terhadap Efisiensi Usahatani Padi di Jawa Achmad, Muchransyah; Hartoyo, Sri; Mangkuprawira, Tb. Sjafri; Kusnadi, Nunung
Jurnal Trikonomika Vol 11, No 1 (2012): Edisi Juni 2012
Publisher : Jurnal Trikonomika

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Abstract

Production inefficiency usually is analyzed by using two efficiency approaches, technical and allocative efficiency. This study performs direct calculations of the technical efficiency of rice farming in Java by using the stochastic frontier and inefficiency that influence on a model. The data consisted of the 2007 Patanas Data released by the Center for Socio Economic and Agricultural Policy, Agricultural Research and Development Agency, Ministry of Agriculture, conducted in three provinces of West Java, Central Java and East Java that are implemented in several major rice producing districts. The result of this study indicated that the production of paddy rice field in West Java, Central Java and East Java where positively influenced by the extensive paddy fields, the number of seeds used, urea fertilizer and ZA, TSP, KCL and NPK fertilizers as well as the number of labors family and non family. Accessibility factors on education, credit and extension service where significantly affected upon the inefficiency of in the province of West Java, Central Java and East Java.
PENGARUH KEMITRAAN TERHADAP PRODUKSI DAN PENDAPATAN USAHATANI SAYURAN DI KABUPATEN BOGOR Susanti, Susanti; Kusnadi, Nunung; Rachmina, Dwi
Forum Agribisnis Vol 4, No 1 (2014): FA Vol 4 No 1 Maret 2014
Publisher : Forum Agribisnis

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Abstract

The partnership between Gapoktan Rukun Tani and vegetable farmers in Bogor was designed to facilitate farmers in overcoming  the limitations of production inputs, capital, and market certainty. This study compares a one year production and income of vegetables farmers who participate in the partnership to the non participated vegetables farmers in Bogor. Income analysis and R/C ratio analysis show that the partnership has no influence in increasing the farm production and income. In term of average production, income and R/C ratio, the partnership farmer was lower than that of non partnership farmer (0,96%, 0,97%, and 1,03 lower consecutively). However, the partnership farming increases the bargaining power of farmers by getting higher price and market certainty. Another advantage of paticipating in the partnership is higher access to both capital credit and production input.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI KUALITAS KARET PERKEBUNAN RAKYAT (Kasus Perkebunan Rakyat di Kecamatan Tulang Bawang Tengah Kabupaten Tulang Bawang, Lampung) Wiyanto, Wiyanto; Kusnadi, Nunung
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia Vol 1, No 1 (2013): JAI Vol 1 No 1 Juni 2013
Publisher : Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia

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Abstract

This research  compared rubber quality between smallholder rubber farmers in rubber development program village and non-program village. The objectives of the research were to identify cause of low-quality rubber, identify farmer’s efforts to increase rubber quality, to describe and to test relationship between  socioeconomic characteristics of the farmers, technical factors, and rubber quality among them, and to analyze farmer benefit after use of rubber quality technology. Data for the research were generated from 64 respondents randomly from three villages. Descriptive statistics, qualitative analysis, binary logistic regression model, and partial budgets analysis were used in analysing the data. The result of analysis showed that farmers in program village produced lower grade rubber (average 6.13) than farmers in non-program village (average 6.98). The identification result suggest that the causes of low-quality rubber were the use of coagulant other than formic acid, use of additive coagulant and existence of contaminants in coagulump. The empirical result revealed that majority of farmers did efforts to increase rubber quality such as cleaning of collecting pans periodic, keeping of coagulump from contaminants, but just minority of farmer used trained tappers, cleaning of collecting cups before tapping, dissociating types of coagulump and there were no farmers using of formic acid as coagulant. The qualitative analysis and binary logistic regression model indicated relationship between education, family size, membership of farmer institution, participation in social activities and rubber quality at 20% probability level. The partial budgets analysis proved that use of formic acid as coagulant was profitable in program village and non-program village.
KINERJA USAHA PENGGILINGAN PADI, STUDI KASUS PADA TIGA USAHA PENGGILINGAN PADI DI CIANJUR, JAWA BARAT Putri, Tursina Andita; Kusnadi, Nunung; Rachmina, Dwi
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia Vol 1, No 2 (2013): JAI Vol 1 No 2 Desember 2013
Publisher : Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia

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Abstract

It is assumed that government policy to protect farmer’s income by maintaining a high grain price that leads to a high production cost of  rice milling combine with a policy that keeping the rice at relatively low price to protect consumer, causes a low profit of rice milling business. To prove it, multiple case study was conducted to portray the performance of rice milling business by identifying and analyzing the cost and revenue structure of rice milling business. In this study, three types (maklon, non maklon, and combination of both) of rice milling business were selected. The biggest cost of rice milling business is the cost of purchasing grain, while the main revenue derived from rice. The rice milling business can still tolerate a 9.81 persent increase of the grain price. It is equal to the maximum price of grain Rp 4281,93 per kg GKP. While the decline in the price of rice that can still be tolerated is of 10.34 percent that’s referred to a minimum price of rice Rp 8120.00 per kg. The largest proportion of the rice milling business profit is not derived from rice as main product but from the by product such as rice bran, rice husk, broken rice, and groats. Type of businees, price of inputs and outputs, and by-product management would be the key variables that determine the business performance. These variables should be more studied in the future research.
ALOKASI SUMBERDAYA KAWASAN HUTAN RAKYAT KABUPATEN SUKABUMI, JAWA BARAT: PENDEKATAN MULTI-OBJECTIVE PROGRAMMING Fahmi, Innike Abdillah; Winandi, Ratna; Kusnadi, Nunung
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia Vol 1, No 2 (2013): JAI Vol 1 No 2 Desember 2013
Publisher : Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia

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Abstract

The economic and ecological objectives in the development of private forest are conflicting, thus led to deforestation. The objectives of the study were to analyze  factors affecting farmers’s decision in determining for the aim (economic or ecological objectives) of their land management by using logistic regession, and  to analyze resources allocation in private forest that gives the best compromise solution between economic and ecological objectives by multi-objective programming approach and scenarios. The result shows that farmers are still economic oriented in determining the aim of their land management, mostly affected by number of farm household, off-farm income, participation in farmer group meeting, participation in extention meeting and farmer’s experiance in farm factors. Land management scenario that the closest to the target value (Rp 39.907 billion per year) is land management with minimum land area requirement, so that the value received by farmers is Rp 21.038 billion per year. Capital is a limitting factor in optimizing the use of available resources.
ANALISIS DAYASAING DAN DAMPAK KEBIJAKAN PEMERINTAH TERHADAP KOMODITAS KAKAO PTPN VIII KEBUN CIKUMPAY AFDELING RAJAMANDALA BANDUNG Aliyatillah, Fitriyani Mir`ah; Kusnadi, Nunung
Forum Agribisnis Vol 1, No 2 (2011): FA Vol 1 No 2 September 2011
Publisher : Forum Agribisnis

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Abstract

Cocoa is one of Indonesias export commodities that potential to be developed because the worlds cocoa consumption increases year by year. However, the national cocoa facing various problems, especially the quality is still low. PTPN VIII Cikumpay Afdeling Rajamandala is national plantation that produces cocoa with quality in national standards, so the objectives of this study are to analyze competitiveness of cocoa in PTPN VIII Cikumpay Rajamandala, to analyze government policy effect, to analyze the changing effect of productivity, price of cocoa, and exchange rates of rupiah against competitiveness of the cocoa. The methods of this research are Policy Analysis Matrix (PAM) and sensitivity analysis. The results suggest that cocoa from PTPN VIII Rajamandala have competitiveness because the value of Private Cost Ratio (0.92) and Domestic Resource Cost (0.95) less than one and the value of private and social benefits are positive. The value of NPCO (Nominal Protection Coefficient Output) indicates that government policy is support competitiveness of cocoa, but the value of NPCI (Nominal Protection Coefficient on Inputs) shows that government policy is not support competitiveness of cocoa. Sensitivity analysis indicates that productivity, the price of cocoa, and exchange rate of rupiah affect the competitiveness of cocoa in PTPN VIII Cikumpay Rajamandala. Therefore, to increase productivity and to anticipate price and currency fluctuations in world markets, there should be serious steps such as the role of the government by issuing policies that protect domestic producers so the Indonesian cocoa more competitive.
MODEL USAHATANI TERPADU SAYURAN ORGANIK-HEWAN TERNAK (Studi Kasus: Gapoktan Pandan Wangi, Desa Karehkel, Kecamatan Leuwiliang, Kabupaten Bogor, Provinsi Jawa Barat) Maudi, Firza; Kusnadi, Nunung
Forum Agribisnis Vol 1, No 1 (2011): FA Vol 1 No 1 Maret 2011
Publisher : Forum Agribisnis

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Agriculture sector in developing country, including Indonesia, faces many problems such as scarcity in productive agriculture land and continuous increase of demand for food.  Karehkel Village - West Java plans to develop integrated farming system (IFS) to address this issues.  The farming system at Karehkel Village integrates organic vegetables, livestock, and produces organic fertilizer and manure.   The purpose of this research is to develop quantitative model of IFS at Desa Karehkel and to determine the economic benefit IFS.  Using the Linear Programming model the optimal solution shows that the farm profit of IFS is higher than the Non-IFS.  The maximum profit can be reached by integrating organic vegetables – waste vegetables – livestock – manure – organic fertilizer (Bokashi).  The optimal solution also indicated that the whole organic fertilizer product  should be sold to the market since the cost per unit of organic fertilizer was relatively high.  Imposing  the organic fertilizer as the  input of organic vegetables farming reduced IFS total profit.
DINAMIKA KEBIJAKAN PENGEMBANGAN BIODIESEL BERBAHAN BAKU KELAPA SAWIT INDONESIA Rambe, Khoiru Rizqy; Kusnadi, Nunung; Suharno, Suharno
Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Vol 15, No 3 (2019): Oktober 2019
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (876.549 KB) | DOI: 10.20956/jsep.v15i3.6578

Abstract

Indonesia develops palm oil biodiesel driven by mandatory biodiesel which requires the use of biodiesel as a mixture of fuel oil by 30 percent. However, the development of the biodiesel can cause a trade off CPO for the production of biodiesel and palm cooking oil. The purpose of this study is to analyze the achievement of Indonesia's biodiesel production, and formulate policies for the development of the biodiesel industry with consideration of the balance of the food and non-food sectors. The data used are secondary data obtained from various related agencies such as the Central Bureau of Statistics, Ministry of Agriculture, BAPPEBTI, World Bank and other institutions related to this research which are analyzed by dynamic system models. The results of the analysis show that the development of Indonesian biodiesel has not been able to meet the level of the blending rate according to mandatory biodiesel. Efforts to increase the achievement of the blending rate level can be done by providing biodiesel subsidies. Export duty policy is also needed in an effort to maintain the stability of domestic CPO prices and the price of palm cooking oil. The export duty policy in accordance with Minister of Finance Regulation No. 136 of 2015 is more effectively implemented than Minister of Finance Regulation No. 140 of 2016. Keywords : blending rate, dynamic system, mandatory biodiesel,  policy scenario
PREMIA AND DISCOUNT OF RICE CHARACTERISTICS: THE CASE OF RETAIL MARKET IN BOGOR-INDONESIA Harianto, Harianto; Kusnadi, Nunung; Kholiqoh, Layyinatul
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol. 16 No. 2 (2019): JMA Vol. 16 No. 2, July 2019
Publisher : School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University (SB-IPB)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (455.094 KB) | DOI: 10.17358/jma.16.2.133

Abstract

Rice marketing in Indonesia has undergone significant changes, especially at the retailer level. Rice provided by retailers is increasingly diverse, both in terms of variation and quality. This study is aimed at analyzing the implicit value of various characteristics that are generally used as a reference when consumers buy rice at retailers. The study employed a hedonic price model, which was originally introduced by Lancaster. The data used are primary data from the survey of various types of rice sold by retailers in various locations in urban area of Bogor. The survey was conducted in March 2018. The results showed that the content of rice fragments or minute kernels and off-color rice can discount the price of rice. The estimation results of the model also showed that the length characteristic had a negative influence on the price of rice. Rice producers and traders have the opportunity to increase the price of rice they sold by reducing contents of the minute kernel and off-color rice that can be visually observed by consumers when making the choice of rice to buy.Keywords: consumer preference, implicit price, quality attributes, retail market