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Alleviation of oxidative stress, carcass fat and plasma cholesterol in broiler chickens consuming antanan (Centella asiatica) and vitamin C Kusnadi, Engkus
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 13, No 1 (2008): MARCH 2008
Publisher : Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development (ICARD)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (124.483 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v13i1.588

Abstract

Oxidative stress (a condition where oxidant -free radical- activity dominates the antioxidant activity) in poultry may be caused by heat stress from high environmental temperature. In this research, antanan (Centella asiatica) and vitamin C was utilized as anti heat-stress agents for broilers. One hundred and twenty male broilers of 2 – 6 weeks of age were kept at 31.98 ± 1.940C poultry house temperature during the day and 27.36 ± 1.310C at night. The treatments consist of two kinds: two levels of vitamin C (0 and 500ppm) and three levels of antanan (0, 5 and 10% of diets). The data colected was analized for variance with a factorial in completely randomized design of 2 x 3 (2 levels of vitamin C, 3 levels of antanan) and continued with contrast-orthogonal test when applicable. The results indicated that the treatments of antanan 5% without vitamin C (A5C0), antanan 10% without vitamin C (A10C0), vitamin C 500ppm without antanan (A0C500), combination of A5 and C500 (A5C500), and combination of  A10 and C500 (A10C500) significantly (P<0.05) decreased the level of liver malonaldehida (MDA), carcass lipid and plasma cholesterol. Key Words: Oxidative Stress, Centella Asiatica, Vitamin C
Supplementation of vitamin C as anti heat-stress agen of broilers Kusnadi, Engkus
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 11, No 4 (2006): DECEMBER 2006
Publisher : Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development (ICARD)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (64.87 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v11i4.533

Abstract

High environmental temperatures may cause heat stress in poultry. This may increase water consumption, decrease feed consumption and in turn, decrease production level.  This experiment was conducted to study the supplementation of vitamin C as anti heat-stress agent of broilers. In this research, were used 72 broilers 21 days old. The treatment are two kinds. The first, two poultry house temperatures (32 and 240C as warm temperature and cool temperature respectively) and second, four levels suplementation of vitamin C (0, 250, 500 and 750 ppm of ration as C0, C250, C500 and C750 respectively). Variables measured are feed consumption, body weigh gain, content of abdominal lipid and feed convertion. The data collected were analized with a split plot design in completelly random design and continued with the contrast-orthogonal test when significantly different The result indicated that vitamin C significantly (P<0.05) increased feed consumption and body weigh gain. The warm temperature significantly (P<0.05) decreased feed consumption and body weigh gain. Feed convertion of C250, C500 and C750 in warm temperature were significantly (P<0.05) lower than C0. The supplementation of 250 ppm vitamin C (C250) was most efective as anti heat-stress agent in broilers kept at warm temperature. Key Words: Vitamin C, Broiler, Heat-Stress
Alleviation of oxidative stress, carcass fat and plasma cholesterol in broiler chickens consuming antanan (Centella asiatica) and vitamin C Kusnadi, Engkus
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 13, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v13i1.588

Abstract

Oxidative stress (a condition where oxidant -free radical- activity dominates the antioxidant activity) in poultry may be caused by heat stress from high environmental temperature. In this research, antanan (Centella asiatica) and vitamin C was utilized as anti heat-stress agents for broilers. One hundred and twenty male broilers of 2 – 6 weeks of age were kept at 31.98 ± 1.940C poultry house temperature during the day and 27.36 ± 1.310C at night. The treatments consist of two kinds: two levels of vitamin C (0 and 500ppm) and three levels of antanan (0, 5 and 10% of diets). The data colected was analized for variance with a factorial in completely randomized design of 2 x 3 (2 levels of vitamin C, 3 levels of antanan) and continued with contrast-orthogonal test when applicable. The results indicated that the treatments of antanan 5% without vitamin C (A5C0), antanan 10% without vitamin C (A10C0), vitamin C 500ppm without antanan (A0C500), combination of A5 and C500 (A5C500), and combination of  A10 and C500 (A10C500) significantly (P<0.05) decreased the level of liver malonaldehida (MDA), carcass lipid and plasma cholesterol. Key Words: Oxidative Stress, Centella Asiatica, Vitamin C
Supplementation of vitamin C as anti heat-stress agen of broilers Kusnadi, Engkus
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 11, No 4 (2006)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v11i4.533

Abstract

High environmental temperatures may cause heat stress in poultry. This may increase water consumption, decrease feed consumption and in turn, decrease production level.  This experiment was conducted to study the supplementation of vitamin C as anti heat-stress agent of broilers. In this research, were used 72 broilers 21 days old. The treatment are two kinds. The first, two poultry house temperatures (32 and 240C as warm temperature and cool temperature respectively) and second, four levels suplementation of vitamin C (0, 250, 500 and 750 ppm of ration as C0, C250, C500 and C750 respectively). Variables measured are feed consumption, body weigh gain, content of abdominal lipid and feed convertion. The data collected were analized with a split plot design in completelly random design and continued with the contrast-orthogonal test when significantly different The result indicated that vitamin C significantly (P<0.05) increased feed consumption and body weigh gain. The warm temperature significantly (P<0.05) decreased feed consumption and body weigh gain. Feed convertion of C250, C500 and C750 in warm temperature were significantly (P<0.05) lower than C0. The supplementation of 250 ppm vitamin C (C250) was most efective as anti heat-stress agent in broilers kept at warm temperature. Key Words: Vitamin C, Broiler, Heat-Stress
Supplementation of vitamin C as anti heat-stress agen of broilers Kusnadi, Engkus
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 11, No 4 (2006): DECEMBER 2006
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v11i4.533

Abstract

High environmental temperatures may cause heat stress in poultry. This may increase water consumption, decrease feed consumption and in turn, decrease production level.  This experiment was conducted to study the supplementation of vitamin C as anti heat-stress agent of broilers. In this research, were used 72 broilers 21 days old. The treatment are two kinds. The first, two poultry house temperatures (32 and 240C as warm temperature and cool temperature respectively) and second, four levels suplementation of vitamin C (0, 250, 500 and 750 ppm of ration as C0, C250, C500 and C750 respectively). Variables measured are feed consumption, body weigh gain, content of abdominal lipid and feed convertion. The data collected were analized with a split plot design in completelly random design and continued with the contrast-orthogonal test when significantly different The result indicated that vitamin C significantly (P<0.05) increased feed consumption and body weigh gain. The warm temperature significantly (P<0.05) decreased feed consumption and body weigh gain. Feed convertion of C250, C500 and C750 in warm temperature were significantly (P<0.05) lower than C0. The supplementation of 250 ppm vitamin C (C250) was most efective as anti heat-stress agent in broilers kept at warm temperature. Key Words: Vitamin C, Broiler, Heat-Stress
Alleviation of oxidative stress, carcass fat and plasma cholesterol in broiler chickens consuming antanan (Centella asiatica) and vitamin C Kusnadi, Engkus
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 13, No 1 (2008): MARCH 2008
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v13i1.588

Abstract

Oxidative stress (a condition where oxidant -free radical- activity dominates the antioxidant activity) in poultry may be caused by heat stress from high environmental temperature. In this research, antanan (Centella asiatica) and vitamin C was utilized as anti heat-stress agents for broilers. One hundred and twenty male broilers of 2 – 6 weeks of age were kept at 31.98 ± 1.940C poultry house temperature during the day and 27.36 ± 1.310C at night. The treatments consist of two kinds: two levels of vitamin C (0 and 500ppm) and three levels of antanan (0, 5 and 10% of diets). The data colected was analized for variance with a factorial in completely randomized design of 2 x 3 (2 levels of vitamin C, 3 levels of antanan) and continued with contrast-orthogonal test when applicable. The results indicated that the treatments of antanan 5% without vitamin C (A5C0), antanan 10% without vitamin C (A10C0), vitamin C 500ppm without antanan (A0C500), combination of A5 and C500 (A5C500), and combination of  A10 and C500 (A10C500) significantly (P<0.05) decreased the level of liver malonaldehida (MDA), carcass lipid and plasma cholesterol. Key Words: Oxidative Stress, Centella Asiatica, Vitamin C
Kadar Gula Darah Sebelum dan Sesudah Melaksanakan Senam Diabetes pada Pasien Diabetes Melitus Tipe II Nugraha, Andri; Kusnadi, Engkus; Subagja, Sigit
Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan (JIK) Vol 9, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan (JIK)

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Abstract

Angka Kejadian diabetes mellitus di Indonesia terus meningkat dan merupakan salah satu penyakit yang paling banyak di derita oleh masarakat Indonesia.Penatalaksanaan diabetes mellitus dengan caralima pilar utama, diantaranya senam diabetes. Tujuan umum penelitian ini adalah mengetahui perbedaan kadar gula darah sebelum dan sesudah melaksanakan senam diabetes pada pasien DM Tipe II di Poliklinik penyakit dalam RSUD dr. Slamet Garut. Senam diabetes adalah latihan fisik aerobik bagi penderita diabetes dengan serangkaian gerakan yang dipilih secara sengaja dengan cara mengikuti irama musik yang dipilih sehingga melahirkan ketentuan ritmis, kontinuitas dan durasi tertentu untuk mencapai tujuan tertentu.Desain penelitian quasi eksperimen.. Teknik pengambilan sampel purposive sampling, dengan jumlah sampelberjumlah24 orang. Dalam penelitian ini dilakukan 2 kali pengukuran gula darah yaitu sebelum (data medrec) dan sesudah melaksanakan senam diabetes.Alat yang digunakannyaGluco Meter.Hasil penelitian didapatkan rata-rata kadar gula darah sebelum senam diabetes  164,50mg/dl dan sesudah senam diabetes 145,13  mg/dl. Hasil uji statistik memperlihatkan bahwa nillai P-value sebesar 0,0005 yang lebih kecil dari nilai α (0,05). Hal ini memberi informasi untuk menolak H0, sehingga disimpulkan terdapat perbedaan kadar gula darah sebelum dan sesudah senam diabetes.Penelitian diharapkan menJadi tambahan informasi untuk tetap menjadwalkan senam yang sudah rutin dilaksanakan.
The Relationship Between Fluid Intake Restrictions and Hemodialysis Adequacy for Chronic Renal Failure Patients During Hemodialysis Treatment In Hemodialysis Unit at Dr. Slamet District General Hospital Kusnadi, Engkus; Wulan, Siti Ratnasari
Jurnal Medika Cendikia Vol 3 (2015): Proceedings International Conference (Culturally Sensitive Intervention in the Deliver
Publisher : STIKes Karsa Husada Garut

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Abstract

Restriction of fluid intake is a &nbsp;factor of the hemodialysis adequacy, which is very important in the hemodialysis success therapy for &nbsp;patients with chronic renal failure. The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between fluid intake restriction and &nbsp;hemodialysis adequacy for &nbsp;chronic renal failure patients during hemodialysis therapy. This study used descriptive correlational design. The independent variable was fluid intake restriction and the dependent variable was the hemodialysis adequacy. The sample in this study was 52 patients with chronic renal failure during hemodialysis therapy in hemodialysis units dr.Slamet Garut Hospital. The result showed that most of patient (73.1%) had appropriate fluid restriction. Out of this number, 78.9% was adequate and 21.9% was inadequate. The rest (26.9%) was inappropriate fluid restriction. Out of this number, 42.9% was adequate and 57.1% was inadequate. The contingenci coefesien test showed p.value = 0.012 which was less than ? (0.05). Thus, H0 was rejected and it can be concluded that there was a significant relationship between fluid intake restriction and hemodialysis adequacy. For nurses in Hemodialysis Unit dr. Slamet Garut, the result &nbsp;can be used to promote health education using banner as a media, so that the patients and families can enhance their attention about fluid intake that consumed by the patient.
Pengaruh Pemberian Antanan (Centella asiatica) sebagai Penangkal Cekaman Panas dalam Ransum Broiler yang Mengandung Hidrolisat Bulu Ayam Kusnadi, Engkus
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak Universitas Padjadjaran Vol 7, No 1 (2007)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24198/jit.v7i1.2234

Abstract

Penelitian telah dilaksanakan untuk mempelajari pengaruh pemberian antanan (Centella asiatica) sebagai penangkal anti stress dalam ransum ayam broiler yang mengandung hidrolisat bulu ayam. Pada penelitian ini menggunakan 81 ekor broiler umur 10 hari. Terdapat dua macam perlakuan yang diberikan. Perlakuan pertama adalah tiga level kandungan antanan (0, 5, dan 10% kandungan antanan dalam ransum). Perlakuan kedua adalah tiga level tepung bulau (0, 4,8%, dan 9,6% tepung bulu dalam ransum). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa 5% kandungan antanan dalam ransum cenderung meningkatkan konsumsi pakan dan pertambahan berat badan, dan 4,8% kandungan tepung bulu dalam ransum tidak menurunakn konsumsi pakan dan pertambahan berat badan. Pemberian antanan dan tepung bulu menurunian kandungan lemak abdomen dan usus.Kata kunci: Cekaman panas,  Centella asiatica, tepung bulu
Pengaruh Penambahan Pegagan (Centella asiatica) dan Vitamin C terhadap Kandungan Hemoglobin dan Hematokrit Darah Ayam Broiler yang Mengalami Cekaman Panas (Effect of pegagan (Centella asiatica) and Vitamin C on Blood hemoglobin and Hematocrite of Heat-S Kusnadi, Engkus
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak Universitas Padjadjaran Vol 7, No 2 (2007)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24198/jit.v7i2.2248

Abstract

Penelitian ini dilaksanakan untuk mempelajari pengaruh pegagan (Centella asiatica) dan vitamin C terhadap hemoglobin dan hematokrit darah ayam broiler yang mengalami cekaman panas. Penelitian ini menggunakan 120 ekor broiler jantan umur 2 – 6 minggu, temperatur kandang dipertahankan 31.98 ± 1.94 0C pada siang hari dan 27.36 ± 1.31 0C  pada malam hari. Perlakuan yang diberikan adalah 0% (K), 5% (P5), 10% (P10) kandungan pegagan dalam pakan, 500 ppm vitamin C dalam air minum (C), dan kombinasi 5% pegagan dan 500 ppm vitamin C (P5C), dan kombinan 10% pegagan dengan 500 ppm vitamin C (P10C). Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa perlakuan-perlakuan P5, P10, C, P5C dan P10C nyata meningkatkan hemoglobin dari 6,8 g/dL  menjadi  7,5; 7,8;   8,0; 8,2 dan  8,5 g/dL dan hematokrit darah dari 19,4% menjadi 23,4%,  25,4%,  24,3%, 24,1%,  dan 27,1%, berturut-turut.  Hal ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa pemberian sebanyak 5% pegagan sangat efektif sebagao anti cekaman panas pada ayam broiler.Kata kunci: Centella asiatica, vitamin C, cekaman panas, broiler