Yuni Kusmiyati
Jurusan Kebidanan Politeknik Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan Yogyakarta

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Kehamilan Ibu di Usia Muda dengan Perkembangan Emosi Anak Usia 3-5 Tahun di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Sewon II Kabupaten Bantul

Jurnal Kesehatan Ibu dan Anak Vol 11 No 2 (2017): November
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta

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Abstract

The prevalence of emotional and behavioral disorders in preschool children was very high at 34.10%. One of the factors of child'semotional development problem was mother's age when pregnant. . The aim of this study was to determine the relationship ofmaternal pregnancy at a young age with emotional development of children aged 3-5 years. This study used historical cohort design.The subjects were all pregnant mothers in the working area of Puskesmas Sewon II Bantul Yogyakarta in 2012-2014. The sample ofthis study amounted to 74 respondents. The independent variable was an emotional development assessed using the Strength andDifficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) questionnaire. The dependent variable was the age of the mother. External variables that were alsostudied were parenting, number of children, gender of children, education, and parent's income. Data analysis used chi square andlogistic regression. Research shows there was a relationship between pregnancy at a young age with emotional development ofchildren aged 3-5 years. Children aged 3-5 years who were born from mothers who are pregnant at a young age and have 80%chance of experiencing emotional development disorders than adult mothers. For that teenager, family, and health workers to beable to prevent pregnancy young age with health promotion to avoid the occurrence of emotional disturbance of children aged 3-5years.

Extrovert Personality Type and Prolonged Second Stage of Labor

Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Volume 11, Issue 4, May 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

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Abstract

Personality can affect individual’s response that implicate in duration of labor. Previous studies showed relationship between personality and duration of labor. People with extrovert personality type (type A) tend to be more susceptible to stress than introvert personality type (type B). This study aimed to determine correlation between extrovert personality type and prolonged second stage of labor by considering external variables such as maternal education, economy, age and parity. A case control study was conducted on 156 parturient women who fulfilled the inclusion criteria of study, such as in Yogyakarta in 2015. Case samples were 52 women with prolonged second stage of labor and control were 104 women with normal second stage of labor. Purposive sampling method was used. Personality type assessment used type A/B questionnaire of Jenkins Activity Survey. Data analysis used logistic regression. Results showed that 80.8% prolonged second stage of labor occurred in type A mothers and 19.2% in type B mothers. Extrovert personality type had a significant correlation with prolonged second stage of labor (p value = 0.00). Type A mothers have a risk 8.2 times (95% CI: 3.7-18.4) of prolonged second stage of labor than type B mothers after be controlled with economic status, parity, maternal education and age.AbstrakKepribadian dapat memengaruhi respons individu yang dapat berdampak pada proses persalinan lama. Penelitian sebelumnya menunjukkan adanya hubungan kepribadian dengan waktu persalinan. Tipe kepribadian ekstrover (tipe A) cenderung lebih rentan terhadap stres dibandingkan orang dengan tipe kepribadian introvert (tipe B). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan tipe kepribadian ekstrover dan variabel luar (pendidikan, ekonomi, usia ibu dan paritas) dengan persalinan kala II lama. Studi kasus kontrol dilakukan pada 156 ibu bersalin yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi pada tahun 2015 di Yogyakarta. Sampel kasus adalah 52 ibu dengan persalinan kala II lama dan kontrol adalah 104 ibu dengan persalinan kala II normal. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode purposive sampling. Tipe kepribadian dinilai menggunakan kuesioner tipe A/B Jenkins Activity Survey. Analisis data menggunakan regresi logistik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan 80,8% kala II persalinan lama terjadi pada ibu dengan kepribadian tipe Adan 19,2% pada ibu dengan kepribadian tipe B. Tipe kepribadian ekstrover memiliki hubungan signifikan terhadap kala II persalinan lama (nilai p = 0,00). Ibu dengan kepribadian tipe A berisiko 8.2 kali (95% CI: 3,7-18,4) mengalami persalinan kala II lama dibandingkan ibu dengan kepribadian tipe B setelah dikontrol variabel status ekonomi, paritas, pendidikan dan usia ibu.

The Influence of Exclusive Breastfeeding to Emotional Development of Children Aged 48-60 Months

Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Volume 12, Issue 4, May 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

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Abstract

Impaired emotional development is a problem faced by children and this can negatively impact on function, development and readiness of their school. Exclusive breastfeeding is able to meet brain development needs that affect child development. This study aimed to determine correlation between exclusive breastfeeding and emotional development of children aged 48-60 months. This study used historical cohort.The subjects of this study were 7-12-month old infants living in area of Borobudur Primary Health Care Primary Health Care, Central Java Province, Indonesia in 2011-2012. Independent variable of exclusive breastfeeding was when infants received only breast milk without any supplementary food or drink including water since birth until the age of 6 months. Data were obtained from medical records of children. The emotional development was assessed directly by using questionnaires on emotional and mentalproblems. Data analysis used cox regression. This study found that provision of exclusive breast milk was evidently correlated with child’s emotional development. Infants who did not receive exclusive breastfeeding had 2.96 higher risk of having abnormal emotional development than infants who received exclusive breastfeeding. Exclusive breastfeeding greatly influences emotional development of the child.

UTILIZATION OF MULTIMEDIA TO IMPROVE PIT FISSURE SEALANT PRACTICAL SKILL AMONG STUDENTS IN DENTAL NURSING, YOGYAKARTA, INDONESIA

Belitung Nursing Journal Vol 2, No 5 (2016): September-October 2016
Publisher : Belitung Nursing Journal

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Abstract

Background: With an increasing demand of high quality of health services, challenges are addressed to all health providers to improve their skills in providing services to clients. Given that preventive dentistry clinical practice has not been satisfying, providing media as students’ guidelines is necessary.Objective: The study aims to explain the influence of multimedia use in order to improve Pit Fissure Sealant (PFS) practical skills of dental nursing students.Methods: It was a quasi-experimental study with pretest and post-test control group design. Population of the study was selected from dental nursing students in Yogyakarta. A hundred sample was drawn purposively from the population and distributed equally to two groups. The first group was exposed by PFS practice video whilst the second group as control was exposed only by the guidebook.Results: Initially, students in the control group have better PFS practical score compared to their counterpart in the treatment group. Nevertheless, after the exposure of different media, students in the treatment group demonstrated a better post-test score on their PFS practical skills. The statistical analysis certifies that there was a significant difference in the mean score of PFS practical skills of the students before and after the treatment.Conclusion: Video as a new media is able to improve the students’ motivation in learning than any traditional media such as books. It should be noted however, both printed media (guidebooks) and video only provides one way communication. Therefore, designing an interactive media using video where the user can be the sender not only the receiver, can be considered for further research.