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BENTUK FONOLOGI DAN LEKSIKON DIALEK BAHASA JAWA DESA JOGOPATEN KECAMATAN BULUSPESANTREN KABUPATEN KEBUMEN Kurniawati, Asih
ADITYA - Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Jawa Vol 3, No 2 (2013): ADITYA
Publisher : Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Jawa

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Abstract

ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan variasi bahasa yang berkaitan dengan aspek fonologi dari segi vokal dan konsonan yang terjadi di Desa Jogopaten yang berkaitan dengan aspek leksikon. Dalam penelitian tersebut data diperoleh dengan menggunakan metode pupuan lapangan dilengkapi dengan instrument. Dalam menganalisis data, penulis menggunakan metode padan dan distribusional melalui teknik pasangan minimal. Penjabaran dari penelitian di Desa Jogopaten, penulis lakukan dalam bentuk penyajian hasil analisis data dengan mempergunakan cara yang dikenal sebagai metode penyajian kaidah yaitu yang bersifat informal dan formal. Dari hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa bahasa Jawa di Desa Jogopaten memiliki beberapa persamaan dengan bahasa Jawa dialek Yogyakarta. Dibidang fonologi tampak pada vokal /ǝ, e, o/ seperti [sega] ‘segɔ’ , [karepe] ‘karǝpe], [loro] ‘loro’.   Kata kunci : Fonologi, leksikon, dialek, Jogopaten
ALIH KODE PENYIAR RADIO OZ 94,4 FM BANDARLAMPUNG DAN IMPLIKASINYA TERHADAP PEMBELAJARAN BAHASA INDONESIA DI SMA kurniawati, asih; tarmini, wini; nazaruddin, kahfie
JURNAL KATA (Bahasa, Sastra, Dan Pembelajarannya) Vol 1, No 3 (2013)
Publisher : FKIP Unila

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Abstract

This research discusses about code switching Oz Radio announcer 94,4 FM and the implication of  Indonesian Language teaching in high school. The goal of this research is to describe the forms and the cause of code switching Oz Radio announcer 94,4 FM and the implication if Indonesian Language in high school. The result of the research shows that the code switching phenomena is found for about 161. There are there kind of code switching they are tag switching, intrasentential switching, and intersentential switching. Tag switching is caused by the changing of the situation, influenced by interlocutor, and topic changing. Intrasentential switching is caused by quoting someone’s conversation, topic changing, wants to be assume as a “well-educated person”, influenced by interlocutors that translate it to English, and avoid from the impolite words in Indonesian Language, whereas intersentential switching is caused by quoting someone’s conversations, the changing of the media, wants to be assumed as a “well-educated person”, influenced by the interlocutors that changes to English, topic changing and the third person. Based on the research, code switching can be used as a teaching source for Indonesian Language that gives many benefits, knowledge and the application to the students about the variation usage or language variation that occur by context, so it can make a communicative communication. Keywords: code switching, Oz Radio announcer 94,4 FM
Human Origin Lactobacillus casei Isolated from Indonesian Infants Demonstrating Potential Characteristics as Probiotics in vitro ., Widodo; Taufiq, Tiyas Tono; Aryati, Ety; Kurniawati, Asih; Asmara, Widya
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology Vol 17, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

The aim of this experiment was to isolate and identify Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB) from infant faeces and subsequent evaluation of its potential probiotics. LAB was isolated from faeces of infants who consumed breast milk as the only source of diet on L-cysteine-supplemented MRS Agar, and incubated on 37oC for 48 hours. Colonies grew on this media were then identifi ed based on morphological, physiological and molecular approaches. Morphological and physiological identifi cations based on Gram staining, shape, motility, spore formation, catalase, CO2 and NH3 production, and the ability to grow on temperature at 10oC and 45oC. Molecular identifi cation based on the amplifi cation of 16S rRNA gene. The potential application of selected isolates for probiotics was evaluated based on the ability to grow on media with low pH and the addition of 0.5% bile salts, the ability to inhibit the growth of pathogenic Bacillus cereus and Eschericia coli, and in vitroadherence ability. On the basis of morphological, physiological and molecular analysis of 16S rRNA gene, it was concluded that the selected isolate 1AF was a strain of Lactobacillus casei. Evaluation of probiotic in vitro showed that 60.4% of cells were resistant to pH 2.0 for 90 minutes. Survival of isolate 1AF after growing at 0.5% bile salts was 70.8%. The selected isolate 1AF showed the ability to inhibit the growth of Eschericia coli and Bacillus cereus with inhibitory zone of 12.00±1,00 and 15.33±1.53 mm, respectively. In vitro study on the adherence value of isolate to solid plate was found at 46.5%. It is concluded that Lactobacillus casei isolate 1AF is a potential candidate as probiotics and subject to further in vivo evaluation.
TEKNIK PRODUKSI GAS IN-VITRO UNTUK EVALUASI PAKAN TERNAK : Volume Produksi Gas Dan Kecernaan Bahan Pakan Kurniawati, Asih
Jurnal Ilmiah Aplikasi Isotop dan Radiasi Vol 3, No 1 (2007): Juni 2007
Publisher : BATAN

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Abstract

In-vitro teknik produksi gas dapat digunakan untuk prediksi kualitas pakan. Pengaruh penambahan molase sebagai sumber karbohidrat mudah terdegradasi pada pakan sumber protein silase red clover dipelajari dengan menggunakan teknik ini. Dari data yang diperoleh menunjukkan terdapat korelasi positif antara total produksi gas dengan nilai kecernaan pakan (r = 0,96). Korelasi positif antara total produksi gas dengan produksi biomasa mikroba (r = 0,96). Penambahan molase sangat nyata meningkatkan nilai kecernaan bahan kering (P<0,01) meningkatkan bahan kering terdegradasi (P<0,01) dan produksi biomasa mikroba (P<0,01), serta meningkatkan efisiensi nitrogen pakan dalam pembentukan biomasa mikroba (P<0,01) seiring dengan peningkatan jumlah suplementasi. Penambahan 0,3 g molase menunjukan hasil yang tertinggi sementara penambahan 0,15 dan 0,225 molase memberikan hasil yang lebih bail dibanding penambahan 0,0625 molase dan red clover tanpa supelementasi. Dari hasil yang diperoleh dapat disimpulkan bahwa in-vitro teknik produksi gas dapat digunakan untuk evaluasi dan pemilihan bahan pakan untuk ternak.
Effects of Four Essential Oils on Nutrients Digestibility of In Vitro Ruminal Fermentation Kurniawati, Asih; Widodo, Widodo; Artama, Wayan Tunas; Yusiati, Lies Mira
Buletin Peternakan Vol 42, No 2 (2018): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 42 (2) MAY 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

This research was done to study the effect of four essential oils (EOs), as feed additives, on ruminal nutrient digestibility in order to find out candidate of rumen modifier. Those four EOs were destilated from Foeniculum vulgare (Mill), Pinus merkusii (Jungh. & de Vriese), Cymbopogon nardus (L.) Rendle and Melaleuca leucadendra (L.). Their effect on dry matter (DM), organic matter (OM), crude protein (CP) and crude fiber (CF) digestibility were studied using in vitro rumen fermentation technique according to Theodorou method. Data were statistically analysed using analysis of variance factorial 4x5 design. Feed for fermentation substrate consist of Pennisetum purpureum, rice bran and wheat pollard. Essential oil individually was added and mix with substrate to meet the final concentration in fermentation media of 0, 100, 200, 400 and 800 mg/l. P. merkusii, C. nardus and M. leucadendra EOs reduced DM, OM, and CF digestibilities. The decreasing were in line with the increasing of EOs doses. Therefore F. vulgare only reduced CF digestibility. The value of DM, OM and CP digestibilities in fermentation with F. vulgare did not differ from control. CP digestibility differed among EO treatments. In F. vulgare, and P. merkusii, treatments, CP digestibility did not differ from control, whereas overall CP digestibility in C. nardus tended to be higher than control and CP digestibility in M. leucadendra was significantly higher. All EOs addition reduced CF digestibility at all level. CF digestibility in fermentation added 800 mg/l of M. leucadendra EO was slumped to only 14.29% of control. Among four EOs M. leucadendra is the most potent on interrupt rumen feed fermentation whereas P. merkusii and C. nardus in moderate ways and F. vulgare in delicate manner.
Human Origin Lactobacillus casei Isolated from Indonesian Infants Demonstrating Potential Characteristics as Probiotics in vitro Widodo, W.; Taufiq, Tiyas Tono; Aryati, Ety; Kurniawati, Asih; Asmara, Widya
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology Vol 17, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

The aim of this experiment was to isolate and identify Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB) from infant faecesand subsequent evaluation of its potential probiotics. LAB was isolated from faeces of infants who consumedbreast milk as the only source of diet on L-cysteine-supplemented MRS Agar, and incubated on 37oC for 48hours. Colonies grew on this media were then identifi ed based on morphological, physiological and molecularapproaches. Morphological and physiological identifi cations based on Gram staining, shape, motility, sporeformation, catalase, CO2 and NH3 production, and the ability to grow on temperature at 10oC and 45oC.Molecular identifi cation based on the amplifi cation of 16S rRNA gene. The potential application of selectedisolates for probiotics was evaluated based on the ability to grow on media with low pH and the additionof 0.5% bile salts, the ability to inhibit the growth of pathogenic Bacillus cereus and Eschericia coli, and in vitroadherence ability. On the basis of morphological, physiological and molecular analysis of 16S rRNA gene, itwas concluded that the selected isolate 1AF was a strain of Lactobacillus casei. Evaluation of probiotic in vitro showed that 60.4% of cells were resistant to pH 2.0 for 90 minutes. Survival of isolate 1AF after growing at0.5% bile salts was 70.8%. The selected isolate 1AF showed the ability to inhibit the growth of Eschericia coli and Bacillus cereus with inhibitory zone of 12.00±1,00 and 15.33±1.53 mm, respectively. In vitro study on theadherence value of isolate to solid plate was found at 46.5%. It is concluded that Lactobacillus casei isolate 1AFis a potential candidate as probiotics and subject to further in vivo evaluation.
Konsumsi, Kecernaan Nutrien, Perubahan Berat Badan dan Status Fisiologis Kambing Bligon Jantan dengan Pembatasan Pakan Suwignyo, Bambang; Wijaya, Ulil Amri; Indriani, Rieska; Kurniawati, Asih; Widiyono, Irkham; Sarmin, Sarmin
Jurnal Sain Veteriner Vol 34, No 2 (2016): Desember
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan Universitas Gadjah Mada bekerjasama dengan PB PDHI

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Abstract

This study were aimed to determine the dry matter and organic matter intake, nutrients digestibility, body weight gain and physiological status of male Bligon goats treated with feed restriction. Six Bligon goats average age of 12 months and an average body weight of 23.6 kg were fed 40% of peanut raughages (rendeng) and 60% concentrate. Goats were divided into two (2) treatment groups. Control goat treatment were fed diets based on dry matter (DM) requirements 3.5% of body weight, and feed restriction goat treatment were fed diets with 50% reduction of DM requirement. Feed restriction was conducted for 35 days. The variables measured were dry matter (DM) and organic matter (OM) intake, total digestibility nutrient (TDN) intake, body weigh gain, dry matter (DM) and organic matter (OM) digestibility, rectal temperature, respiration frequency, and heart rate. Data were analyzed by independent samples T-test. The results showed that the feed restriction significantly decreasedconsumption of DM (676.07 ± 14.76 into 372.30 ± 53.08) and OM (639.38 ± 15.89 into 349.88 ± 49.35), consumption of TDN (461.60 ± 10.23 into 253.99 ± 36.17), DM digestibility (74.39 ± 1.60 into 71.27 ± 0.89) and OM digestibility (79.42 ± 1.54 into 76.34 ± 0.24), but had no significant effect on body  temperature, respiration frequency and heart rate (pulsus) of male Bligon goat. Value of ADG was 55.24 g/day (P0) then increased to 131.43 g/day when the feed was filled back. A feed restriction up to 50% decreased goat production performance, but did not interfere with the health status of livestock (can be indicated from physiological status of goat still in the normal range).