Bina Kurniawan
Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Diponegoro

Published : 71 Documents
Articles

Beberapa Faktor Yang Berpengaruh Terhadap Keluhan Nyeri Punggung Bawah Pada Penjual Jamu Gendong

JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA Volume 4, No. 1, Januari 2009
Publisher : Magister Promosi Kesehatan Undip

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Abstract

Background: Herbal Tonic Beverage Carriers are considered as high risk group of low backpain occurrence due to their activities such as bending position, lifting and carrying heavy loads. This study aims to analyze factors influencing low back pain occurrence among herbaltonic beverage carriers.Method: It was a cross sectional analytical study involved 30 herbal tonic beverage carriers in Geneng Village, Mijen Sub-district, District of Demak. Chi-square and logistic regression were employed as analysis tools.Result: This study found that age (p=0.355), working period (p=1.000), duration of lifting (p=0.433), weight of load (p=0.029) and lifting technique (p=0.628) have no correlation with low back pain occurrence. Multivariate analysis showed that sitting position was the only factor which predicts the occurrence of low back pain. Regarding this finding, it isrecommended for herbal tonic beverage carriers to have a better working position during their works in order to prevent their vertebrae from injury.Keyword : Low back pain, herbal tonic beverage carriers

Hubungan Radiasi Gelombang Elektromagnetik Dan Faktor Lain Dengan Keluhan Subyektif Pada Tenaga Kerja Industri Eletronik GE di Yogyakarta

JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA Volume 3, No. 2, Agustus 2008
Publisher : Magister Promosi Kesehatan Undip

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Abstract

Background: Work place wich use electrical energy causes electromagnetic radiation. Subjective complaint caused by electromagnetic wave radiation and the other factors like work climate, lighting, noisy. The aim of this research was to analyze electromagnetic radiation and the other factors related to employee’s subjective complaint.Method: The research that used is explanatory research, the method that used in this research is the cross sectional approach survey and statistic test that use in analyzed survey. The population consist of 144 employee of TL departement GE electronic industry. Sample based on caracteristic inclution and exclution 34 employee. The Statistic is chi square test.Result: The result of this research shows there are correlation between work climate and noise with subjective complaint. The other factors are time of work, level of radiation, and radius of radiation are not related. The lighting is not related with subjective complaint but the result of measures shows that the lighting out of range.Keywords: subjective complaint, electromagnetic wave radiation, electrical energy.

Faktor Risiko Kejadian Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) pada Wanita Pemetik Melati di Desa Karangcengis, Purbalingga

JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA Volume 3, No. 1, Januari 2008
Publisher : Magister Promosi Kesehatan Undip

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Abstract

Background: Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) is one of work related disease that would be a big problem in industrial health. CTS are related to some factors including Individual, work, and health. About 60% jasmine pluckier in Karangcengis Village show some symptoms of CTS such as painful, numbness, and cramps. CTS case was determined based on NIOSH criteria including the symptoms of CTS, physical diagnosis by phalen test, and the historical occupation. The aim of this research was to show the association between characteristics, repetitive motionfrequency, and health factors with carpal tunnel syndrome among jasmine pluckier in Karangcengis Village, Purbalingga.Method: This research was an explanatory research using cross sectional approach. Sample of this research was the jasmine pluckier comprise of 72 workers selected by non probability convenience sample (accidental sample) method.Result: Statistics test using chi-square test (á =0,05) showed that age (p=1,000), duration of work (p=0,913), years of work (p=0,187), and health factors (p=0,083) had no relation to CTS, but repetitive motion frequency (p=0,013) had relationship with CTS.Keywords: CTS, risk factors, jasmine pluckier.

Hubungan Karakteristik Pekerja Dengan Praktik Penerapan Prosedur Keselamatan Kerja Di PT. Bina Buna Kimia Ungaran

JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA Volume 1, No. 2, Agustus 2006
Publisher : Magister Promosi Kesehatan Undip

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Abstract

Background : Occupational health and safety procedures have been developed by Environmental Health and Safety Department in PT. Bina Buna Kimia Ungaran Safety procedures were developed in order to control the potential hazards and minimize occupational accidents which caused by human factors. Unfortunately, many workers have neglected tooperate the procedures correctly. This study identifies the relationships between worker’s characteristics such as age, sex, educational level, working period, knowledge, attitudes, and the practice of workers.Method : Thirty eight temporary workers from production section have participated in this study. They were selected using a simple random sampling. A scheduled-structured questionnaire with a face to face interview has been used to collect the data. Meanwhile, anobservation using check lists has also been used to observe worker’s behaviour in operating safety health procedures.Results : The study found that there are no associations between sex, working period and the practice of safety procedure of the respondents. However, age and education level of workers have significant relationships. Likewise, knowledge and attitudes of respondents have alsoassociations with the practice of safety procedures of the respondents. This study suggests that the information of safety procedures including the positive and negative effects of these should be conducted regularly to motivate the workers.Keywords: Worker, occupational health, Safety procedures, Behaviour

Kepatuhan Nahkoda Melakukan Pemeriksaan Boat Berdasarkan Check- list Harian untuk Keselamatan Pelayaran di Perusahaan Pelayaran

JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA Volume 7, No. 2, Agustus 2012
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Promosi Kesehatan Undip

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Abstract

Terdapat penyimpangan prosedur dalam pemeriksaan boat berdasarkan checklist inspeksiyang sudah ada dimana rata-rata nahkoda melakukan pencontrengan checklist tanpamelakukan uji coba alat-alat keselamatan dan mesin di dalam boat. Tujuan penelitian iniadalah untuk mengeksplorasi gambaran tentang perilaku kepatuhan nahkoda di perusahaanpelayaran ini dalam melakukan pemeriksaan boat berdasarkan checklist. Penelitian inimenggunakan metode penelitian kualitatif dengan melakukan wawancara yang mendalamterhadap 11 nahkoda dan wawancara triangulasi yang mendalam kepada seorang MarineSupervisor, seorang Marine Superintendent, dan seorang HSE Personal. Faktor-faktor yangmempengaruhi perilaku kepatuhan secara langsung adalah tingkat pendidikan, pengawasansupervisor, rewards dan punishment.Kata kunci: Nahkoda, Boat, Kepatuhan, Checklist.Skippers’s Compliance In Doing The Boat Inspection Based On Checklist For Safe SailingOperation; There were some incompliance to boat inspection procedure based on the checklistwhere commonly the skippers only tick the checklist without checking the safety equipmentand engine parts. This research aimed to explore the description about compliance’s behaviorof on duty skippers in inspecting the boat based on the checklist in this shipping company.This research utilized qualitative research with in depth interview method to 11 skippers andtriangulation with in depth interview method to a marine supervisor, a marine superintendent,and an HSE personal. Factors that influenced the incompliance’s behavior directly were theeducation background of the skippers, supervision control, and rewads and punishments.Key words: Skipper, Boat, Compliance, Checklist.

Perbedaan Paparan Debu Pada Pekerja Penggilingan Padi Pregolan Desa Jetis Kecamatan Kaliwungu Kabupaten Semarang Sebelum Dan Sesudah Pemasangan Local Exhaust Ventilation

Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 2, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)

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Abstract

The rice milling process gives rise to variety of hazard. Hazard identification in the rice milling in Pregolan Desa Jetis Kecamatan Kaliwungu Kabupaten Semarang shows that there is chemical hazard in the form of grain dust that is included in organic dust. Dust is hazard that negatively affect number one in causing occupational disease. Disease arising due to organic dust, among others, organic dust toxicity syndrome, farmer lung and asthma. Preliminary research in the rice milling in Pregolan Desa Jetis Kecamatan Kaliwungu Kabupaten Semarang shows that the workers often feel uncomfortable and have difficulty breathing while working because of the grain dust. Therefore, the control needs to be done to reduce dust exposure, namely the installation of local exhaust ventilation. The purpose of this research is to analyze the differences of dust exposure to rice milling workers in Pregolan Desa Jetis Kecamatan Kaliwungu Kabupaten Semarang before and after the installation of local exhaust ventilation. This is an experimental research with one group pretest posttest design. The population in this research is measurement results of dust exposure to rice milling workers in Pregolan Desa Jetis Kecamatan Kaliwungu Kabupaten Semarang. The sample of this research is each four measurement results of dust exposure before and after the installation of local exhaust ventilation. Data analysis is conducted by comparing measurement  results  of  dust  exposure before  and  after  the installation  of  local  exhaust ventilation. The results showed that dust exposure after the installation of local exhaust ventilation dropped amounted to 0,5 mg/m3, 0,3 mg/m3 and 2,0 mg/m3. The conclusion is the installation of local exhaust ventilation in rice milling Pregolan Desa Jetis Kecamatan Kaliwungu Kabupaten Semarang can reduce the dust exposure

Hubungan Intensitas Kebisingan Dengan Gangguan Psikologis Pekerja Departemen Laundry Bagian Washing PT. X Semarang

Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 2, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)

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Abstract

The use of technology in the workplace in terms of facilities and infrastructure will generate noise or unwanted sound that will cause health problems in workers that occupational diseases. The impact of noise on health that occurs in labor could be psychological disorders such as convenience disorders, stress, insomnia, easy emotion, and impaired concentration which can cause accidents. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship of noise intensity with psychological disorders laundry department worker washing part of PT. X Semarang. The design of the study is a cross sectional method with the type of explanatory research and observational approach. The population in this study was the morning shift workers who work at the washing amounted to 110 people, the samples taken were 76 people using purposive sampling technique. The sources was data obtained from the measurement noise and interviews. Based on the research showed that workers experience psychological disorders. The statistical test used the Spearman rank correlation test at α 5% (0,05) showed r = 0,894 with p value = 0,000. It was concluded that there way a relationship with the noise intensity psychological disturbances parts washing laundry department worker PT. X Semarang

Perbedaan Antara Praktek Penggunaan APD Sebelum Dengan Sesudah Sosialisasi Safety Sign Pada Pekerja Sebuah Industri Glasware Di Kota Tangerang

Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 2, No 3 (2014): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)

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Abstract

PT. Culletprima Setia adalah perusahaan yang bergerak dibidang manufacturing glass table ware yang memproduksi barang pecah belah yang prosesnya memiliki tingkat  risiko  yang tinggi. Pada bagian produksi  sering terjadi kecelakaan yang dipengaruhi faktor lemahnya pengetahuan pekerja untuk mengenali tempat  yang berisiko. Keadaan tersebut menjadi masalah apabila tidak adanya safety sign yang berfungsi sebagai media untuk mengingatkan pekerja untuk menggunakan APD pada tempat kerja yang berisiko, sebagai upaya pencegahan secara administratif untuk  meminimalisir risiko di tempat kerja. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh antara sosialisasi pemasangan safety sign terhadap pengetahuan serta praktik pekerja dalam penggunaan  APD. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode penelitian eksperimen semu dengan rancangan penelitian Non Equivalent Control Group.Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah 65 orang dengan dan sampel sebanyak 65 pengambilan sampel dengan metode total sampel. Analisis data  menggunakanWilcoxon signed rank untuk mengetahui perbedaan antara 2 sampel berpasangan. Perbedaan pengetahuan safety sign pada kelompok eksperimen terdapat peningkatan sebesar 63,7% setelah pemberian sosialisasi, sementara pada kelompok kontrol tanpa pemberian sosialisasi terdapat peningkatan 6,3 %. Perbedaan pengetahuan APD pada kelompok eksperimen terdapat perbedaan meningkat setelah pemberian sosialisasi, sementara pada kelompok kontrol tanpa pemberian sosialisasi terdapat perbedaan terjadi penurunan  sebesar 3,2%. Perbedaan pada praktik kelompok eksperimen terdapat peningkatan sebesar 66,6%  setelah pemberian sosialisasi sedangkan pada kelompok kontrol tanpa pemberian sosialisasi terdapat perbedaan terjadi peningkatan sebesar 0,1%. Perusahaan disarankan memberikan pengetahuan tentang K3 secara berkelanjutan, yang di masukan kedalam program pertemuan rutin seperti pada saat brefing produksi bulanan

Analisis Penerapan Alat Pemadam Api Ringan (APAR) Di PT. X Pekalongan

Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 2, No 5 (2014): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)

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Abstract

PT. X Pekalongan is a company that runs in the textile industry, in June 2013 the company got burned. According to the information from employees, the loss because of that fire could be minimized if 25 fire extinguishers were not broke and could be used well.  The purpose of this study is to analyze the application of fire extinguisher at PT. X Pekalongan. The study is using descriptive approach method to describe a situation in an objective way. The method used is descriptive surveys and interviews with observational approach. The results of the 44 fire extinguishers found in the plant area is known that the level of conformity in the application of fire extinguishers companiy already have the 50.2% adjustability and 49.8% discrepancy rate. The discrepancy of fire extinguisher there were position, position sign, height and distance between fire extinguisher. The company is also still less attention for the APAR damage and inspection not been continuously yet.  There were some fire extinguisher that not had the used direction,  there is no protection to easy take off of fire extinguisher. Inspection records was not available yet. Companies should more attention about application of fire extinguisher and organize training for fire extinguisher application or fire prevention training for all employees

Evaluasi Sistem Manajemen Keselamatan Dan Kesehatan Kerja (SMK3) Di Perusahaan Industri Baja

Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 2, No 4 (2014): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)

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Abstract

K3 is an activitiy to ensure and protect the safety and health of workers through prevention of occupational accidents and occupational diseases. One of prevention accident method is by SMK3. SMK3 process should begin with good planning so that the application is fits with the policies and objectives expected. Steel company industry has already applied SMK3 which arranged in company management system, but in implementation SMK3 was not applied fully yet. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the application of planning K3 in steel company industry. This study uses qualitative research with observational approach. Informants in this study were employees of company who involved  in planning K3. Instrument in this study were manual of interview and observation sheet. Based on the result of indepth interviews and observations, it showed that SMK3 implementation in company not fit fully  yet with PP RI nomor 50 tahun 2012, there were some things that have not been completed, which are training and competence planning for employees , explanation of the responsibility and authority for employees level, and procedure of the responsibility changes

Co-Authors - Ekawati - Fathimah - Ghaniysara Akrimna Fiddaraini, Akrimna Ari Suwondo Ayun Sriatmi Baju Widjasena Besar Tirto Husodo Chandra Manik, Chandra Danang Alfriandi Legowo, Danang Alfriandi Daru Lestantyo Dewi Murtiningsih Dhito Hadi Kristianto, Dhito Hadi Dine Wahyu Prima, Dine Wahyu Dini Anggraeni Novitasari, Dini Anggraeni Ekawati -, Ekawati Ekawati Ekawati Evi Sondang Sidabutar, Evi Sondang Faddila Purna Dewi, Faddila Purna Febri Indra Pratama, Febri Indra Ferri Kristiyanto Fitri Rizki Adzhani, Fitri Rizki Fitria Ciptaningsih Fyka Ferziandhani, Fyka Grandis Harini Sambada, Grandis Harini Gultom, Theresia Hardianti Handi Gupita Bayuwega, Handi Gupita Hanifa Maher Denny, Hanifa Maher Helmi Tri Wahyuadi, Helmi Tri Herlinda Lidyawati, Herlinda Husnan Khair, Muhammad Dyas Ida Wahyuni Ifan Zanuar Ashary, Ifan Zanuar Ika Fitriyana, Ika Intan Dwi Cahyani, Intan Dwi Ismi Elya Wirdati, Ismi Elya Jihantama, Zalffarona Kusuma Damayanti Santoso, Kusuma Damayanti Laksana, Ni'matun Faizah Lambang Aryanto, Lambang Lanti Annistyaningrum, Lanti Lena Tresnawati, Lena Lintang Setyowati, Lintang Luthfan Firdani Martini Martini Maulana Said Handayana, Maulana Said Mayrika Pratiwi H Minati Karimah, Minati Mohammad Afief, Mohammad Muhammad Faizal Reza Ferdiniko, Muhammad Faizal Reza Muhammad Zaefani Aedy, Muhammad Zaefani Muthia Ayuningtyas, Muthia Nadya Eka Febrina, Nadya Eka Nener Desta Windafasa, Nener Novi Yuliani, Novi Noviastuti, Theresia Kartika Nugraheni, Marina Nurcahyo Adinugroho Oktaviani Lety Rani, Oktaviani Lety Prakoso, Dionisius Indra Pramasari, Adhinda Lili Prasetyo, Erwan Henri Qirana, Muhammad Qifran Radita Mahendra, Radita Rhevi Dayana Sari, Rhevi Dayana Rinto B Rizqa Desi Amalia, Rizqa Desi Rosiana Agustin, Rosiana Sari Eka Wahyuni Shabira Noviandini, Shabira Siswi Jayanti Sri Hartati Suroto Suroto Tampubolon, Angel Rumiris Sabathini Vita Insani Saragih, Vita Insani Wahyu Mariyanto Wulandari, Verlina Intan Yohana Riswa Dwiastuti, Yohana Riswa Yuliani Setyaningsih Zaeanina, Fatwa Faizah Zahroh Shaluhiyah Zainal Abidin Suery, Zainal Abidin