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FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN TINGKAT KECEMASAN ORANG TUA TERKAIT HOSPITALISASI ANAK USIA TODDLER DI BRSD RAA SOEWONSO PATI -, Mariyam; Kurniawan, Arif
FIKkeS Vol 1, No 2 (2008): Keperawatan dan Kebidanan
Publisher : FIKkeS

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Abstract

Kecemasan merupakan reaksi emosional yang timbul oleh penyebab yang tidak spesifik yang dapat menimbulkan perasaan khawatir, tidak nyaman dan merasa terancam. Timbulnya kecemasan biasanya didahului oleh faktor-faktor tertentu. Demikian pula kecemasan yang dialami oleh orang tua terkait hospitalisasi anak usia toddler di BRSD RAA Soewondo Pati dipengaruhi oleh faktor usia, jenis kelamin, tingkat pendidikan, status ekonomi, tingkat pengetahuan, lama rawat inap, dan juga oleh perilaku caring perawat. Tuiuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan tingkat kecemasan orang tua terkait hosititalisasi anak usia toddler di BRSD BAA Soewoindo Pati. Jenis penelitian ini adalah explanatory research. Desain penelitian yang digunakan adalah korelasi, dengan rancangan penelitian cross sectional, Jumlah sampel penelitian adatah 26 responden yang mempunyai anak usia toddler (2-3 tahun), dan dirawat di BRSD RM Soewondo Pati dengan perawatan minimal 3x24 iam padatanggal 05 Juli sampai 10 Agustus 2008. Pengambilan sampel penelitian menggunakan teknik quota sampling. Variabel bebas adatah usia, jenis kelamin, tingkat pendidikan, status ekonomi, tingkat pengetahuan, lama rawat inap, dan perilaku caring perawat. Variabel terikat adalah tingkat kecemasan. Analisa datadengan menggunakan uji chi square, fiser exsact test, dan uji pearson product momen. Dari hasil penelitian terhadap faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan tingkat kecemasan orang tua terkait hospitalisasi anak usia toddler di BRSD RM Soewondo Pati, didapatkan bahwa nilai p dari masing-masing variabel penelitian lebih kecil daripada nilai alpha sebesar 0,05 yang secara statistik dapat disimpulkan bahwa ada hubungan yang signifikan antara faktor usia, jenis kelamin, tingkatpendidikan, status ekonomi, tingkat pengetahuan, lama rawat inap, dan perilaku caring perawat dengan tingkat kecemasan. Simpulan penelitian ini: Usia rata-rata responden adalah 30,50 tahun dan didominasi oleh responden perempuan yaitu 20 responden atau 76,9o/o. Tingkat pendidikan responden adatah Sekolah Dasar dan Sekolah Menengah dengan persentase 50%:50%, sedangkan status ekonomi responden terbanyak adalah berpendapatan lebih dari Rp 1.200.000,- sebanyak12orang atau 46,2%. Tingkat pengetahuan responden sama antara pengetahuan kurang dengan pengetahuan baik, masing-masing 12 orang atau 46,2%. Durasi lama perawatan responden rata-rata 170,58 jam, dan 53,8% menyatakan adanya perilaku caring perawat. Berdasarkan hasilpenelitian, asuhan keperawatan diharapkan dapat meminimalkan tingkat kecemasan terkaithospitalisasi.Kata kunci: Hospitalisasi, anak usia toddler (2-3 tahun), dan tingkat kecemasan
ANALISIS PENDAPATAN PETANI KARET LATEKS DI DESA PANGKAL BARU KECAMATAN TEMPUNAK KABUPATEN SINTANG Kurniawan, Arif; Asriati, Nuraini; Khosmas, F Y.
Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran Vol 2, No 3 (2013): Maret 2013
Publisher : Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran

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Abstract : This study entitled "Analysis of Farmers Income Rubber Latex in the village of New Niagara District Tempunak Sintang". This study aims to determine the rubber price fluctuations that occurred in the village of New Niagara District Tempunak Sintang. The method used in this research is a qualitative descriptive method of research form document analysis or content analysis. Data was collected through direct observation, direct communication and documentation study. Data collection tool used is the observation sheet, interview guides and notes. The data were analyzed qualitatively. The results of this study showed that the average income of farmers rubber tappers in a month with a vast garden of 1 hectare ± Rp. 2.800.000, -. Factors affecting farmers income is a buyer of rubber tappers, weather and climate, and quality of latex rubber. Efforts to increase farmers income by rubber tappers working out in rubber tapping activities and agricultural intensification and expansion of maintenance and fertilizing trees and increase the land leads elsewhere. From this study it can be recommended that farmers should pay attention to the amount of rubber tappers rubber trees are lush and productive. Keywords : Income, Farmer Rubber, Latex. Abstrak : Penelitian ini berjudul “Analisis Pendapatan Petani Karet Lateks Di Desa Pangkal Baru Kecamatan Tempunak Kabupaten Sintang”. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui fluktuasi harga karet yang terjadi di desa Pangkal Baru Kecamatan Tempunak Kabupaten Sintang. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode deskriptif yang bersifat kualitatif dengan bentuk penelitian analisis dokumen atau analisis isi.  Teknik pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui observasi langsung, komunikasi langsung dan studi dokumentasi. Alat pengumpul data yang dipergunakan adalah lembar observasi, panduan wawancara dan catatan-catatan. Analisis data dilakukan secara kualitatif. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa pendapatan rata-rata petani penyadap karet dalam satu bulan dengan luas kebun 1 hektar ± Rp. 2.800.000,-. Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi pendapatan petani penyadap karet  adalah pembeli, iklim dan cuaca dan kualitas karet lateks. Upaya meningkatkan pendapatan petani penyadap karet dengan cara bekerja di luar kegiatan penyadapan karet dan melakukan intensifikasi dan ekstensifikasi pertanian berupa perawatan dan pemupukan pohon karet dan menambah lahan sadapan di tempat lain. Dari penelitian ini dapat direkomendasikan yaitu petani penyadap karet harus memperhatikan jumlah pohon karet yang subur dan produktif. Kata kunci : Pendapatan, Petani Karet, Lateks.
PEMBUATAN KARBON AKTIF DARI COALITE BATUBARA DAN APLIKASINYA DALAM PENGOLAHAN LIMBAH CAIR INDUSTRI KAIN JUMPUTAN Ramdja, A. Fuadi; Kurniawan, Arif; Ahmad, Syeh
Jurnal Teknik Kimia Vol 15, No 4 (2008): Jurnal Teknik Kimia
Publisher : Jurusan Teknik Kimia, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Sriwijaya

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Indonesia is one of  the countries has big coal reserve on the world, but  the usage just limited to produce briquet and used as fuel at power plant. In other side, the result of  the research showed that the active carbon could be made from organic or anorganic material whose high carbon content. In this case coal is potential to be raw material on carbon active production because it has high carbon content. In this research, the best active carbon is gotten from carbon 125 μm in size, activated with HCl solution with  consetration 0.2 M for 24 hour. Moisture content and iodioum adsorption of the carbon from this reseach have been agreeable on Indonisian Industries Standart No. 0258-88. The application of this active carbon is used to waste water treatment of  the jumputan industry.
STUDI NUMERIK 2-D PENGARUH FREE STREAM TURBULENCE DAN MODIFIKASI TURBULENCE VISCOSITY TERHADAP PERPINDAHAN PANAS ALIRAN CROSSFLOW PADA TUBES ARRAY ALIGNED DAN STAGGERED Kurniawan, Arif; Basuki, Diah Wilis Lestarining
ETHOS (Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengabdian) Vol 6 No.1 (Januari, 2018) Ethos: Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengabdian (Sains & Teknologi)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Bandung

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The heat transfer in single cylinder and tube array is the basis of the concept that practical applications are widely used in the industrial world, such as determining the tube array design aligned or staggered on heat exchangers. The flow regimes characteristic of crossflow  in the tube array is greatly influenced by the value of Reynolds number which is marked by the occurrence of stagnation point phenomenon, shear layer separation and wake formation, while the heat transfer process is influenced by Prandtl number. The heat transfer value is indicated by the average Nusselt number (Nuave) and heat transfer rate (q) parameters. This research uses numerical method 2-D RANS (standard k-e, realizable k-e, and k-ω SST turbulence model)  by varying the value of free stream turbulence with the value of turbulent intensity (Tu) and modifying turbulent viscosity by way of interpreting UDF (user define function).  Based on the results of the research it is known that Tu has an effect on Nuave value, heat transfer rate (q) and staggered tube arrangement is better in case of increase of heat transfer when compared with aligned tube arrangement. Nuave and q staggered tubes array rise respectively for Nuave by 2.9 % to 16.8 % and q of 10.35 % to 10.52 %.
Analisa Perbandingan Performansi Skem Scheduling WFQ (Weighted Fair Queuening) dan PQ (Priority Queuening) pada Jaringan IP (Internet Protocol) M, R Rumani; Kurniawan, Arif; Dewantara, Agung
JSM (Jurnal SIFO Mikroskil) Vol 13, No 1 (2012): Volume 13 Nomor 1 Tahun 2012
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian & Pengabdian pada Masyarakat (P3M) Mikroskil

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Teknologi multimedia menyediakan layanan-layanan baru berupa video, FTP dan HTTP. Dengan meningkatnya penggunaan dan popularitas layanan multimedia saat ini menimbulkan suatu permasalahan yaitu permintaan bandwidth melebihi kapasitas yang disediakan oleh jaringan, yang menyebabkan terjadinya kongesti )kemacetan) dan antrian paket data. Dalam penelitian ini disimulasikan perbandingan antara dua skema penjadwalan yaitu WFQ (Weighted Fair Queueing) dan PQ (Priority Queueing) pada jaringan IP. Mekanisme penjadwalan dan manajemen antrian yang akan disimulasikan adalah paket video, FTP dan HTTP  dengan menggunakan Network Simulator-2 (ns-allinone-2.33) sebagai softwarenya. Parameter-parameter QoS yang dianalisis, adalah throughput, delay, jitter dan packet loss. Berdasarkan simulasi yang telah dilakukan pada penelitian ini didapatkan : pada skenario 1, skema penjadwalan WFQ throughput-nya maksimal 0,064 Kbps, packet loss minimal yaitu 0%, delay terkecil yaitu 26,9258 ms, jitter terkecil 0,220379 ms. Pada skenario 2, ketika aplikasi yang dikirimkan adalah video, kedua skema memilki throughput dan packetloss yang sama yaitu 0,0608 Kbps dan 0%. Saat aplikasi yang dikirimkan adalah FTP dan HTTP kedua skema scheduling adalah sama untuk nilai throughput, packetloss, delay dan jitter masing-masing skema WFQ 1,762 Kbps, 1,2775 %, 59,7648 ms, 1,23053 ms sedangkan skema PQ 1,6792 Kbps, 1,26999 %, 69,6178 ms, 1,63239 ms. Pada skenario 3, untuk penjadwalan WFQ dengan sumber 5, 15, 30 throughput nya 0,128Kbps, 0,064Kbps, 225.875Kbps, 0,0636 Kbps, packet loss-nya yaitu 0%, 0%, 38.46%, dan 0,625% delay 27,09797ms hingga 52,5965ms, jitter 0,22399ms, 1,26147ms, 9,98519ms. Sedangkan pada skenario 4, pengaruh perubahan buffer 25, 100, 1000 skema penjadwalan WFQ throughput maksimal 0,0638667 Kbps, packet loss minimal yaitu 0,625%, delay terkecil yaitu 61,8178ms, jitter terkecil 6,77107 ms. Kata Kunci : Quality of Service, Throughput, Packet Loss, Delay, Jitter.
Deteksi dan Identifikasi Virus pada Umbi Bawang Merah Kurniawan, Arif; Suastika, Gede
Jurnal Fitopatologi Indonesia Vol 9, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Jurnal Fitopatologi Indonesia

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Shallot is an important horticultural crop in Indonesia. One of it’s production constraint is viral disease. Dispersal of viruses on shallots may occurre through shallots bulb trading. However, there is not much information regarding viruses infecting shallot bulbs. Laboratory study was conducted to detect and identify viruses associated with shallot. Random sampling was done for several varieties of shallots (Jawa, Biru, Nganjuk, and Brebes varieties) collected from Bantul Districs. Virus detection and identification was based on RT-PCR using specific primer of OYDV, SYSV, SLV, and ShVX followed by sequencing of the nucleotides. RT-PCR was only successfully amplified Shallot yellow stripe virus (SYSV) with size ~749 bp, while other viruses were not detected. Disease incidence of SYSV on Java and Brebes varieties were 60% and 53.3% respectively. Nucleotide sequences of SYSV CP gene showed the highest homology to SYSV from China and South Korea.Key words: RT-PCR, sequencing nucleotides, Shallot yellow stripe virus
PENGARUH STRATEGI CO-BRANDING, BRAND EQUITY TERHADAP PURCHASE INTENTION MELALUI BRAND PREFERENCE Kurniawan, Arif; Suryoko, Sri; Listyorini, Sari
Jurnal Ilmu Administrasi Bisnis Volume 3, Nomor 4, Tahun 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmu Administrasi Bisnis

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In 2003 Daihatsu doing Co-Branding with Toyota to produce two identical products, namely Daihatsu Xenia and Toyota Avanza. Results of Co-Branding makes Daihatsu got many achievements. Daihatsu Xenia including three best-selling MPV in Indonesia, contributing to the Daihatsu Xenia reach above 56% and the contribution make Daihatsu get ranked the two acquisition of the car market in Indonesia. In 2012 Daihtsu Xenia awarded a top brand. This study aims to determine the effect of co-branding strategies, brand equity toward purchase intention through the Brand Preference. This study is included in the explanatory research. Data collection techniques with accidental sampling method with a sample of 100 analyzes conducted qualitatively and quantitatively. Quantitative analysis using validity, reliability test, crosstab, product moment correlation, simple linear regression, coefficient of determination, multiple regression, t test, and path analysis. The results of this study indicate that the strategy of Co-Branding positive effect on brand equity, co-branding strategy positive effect on Brand Preference, Brand Equity positive effect on Brand Preference, Brand Equity positive effect on Brand Preference and Brand Preference positive effect on Purchase Intention. Based on path analysis get information that to improve the Purchase Intention must be done by increasing the effectiveness of co-branding strategy and followed by efforts to increase the brand equity that is able to increase the Brand Preference. Communicate and provide information about products Daihatsu Xenia is interesting as Co-Brand Product Daihatsu-Toyota and innovation should be done so that consumers want to buy, reuse, do not switch to another brand and make the Daihatsu Xenia first choice when buying a MPV.
ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION AS THE IMPACT OF CAPITALIST INTEREST AND THE LACK OF PUBLIC AWARENESS IN SPONGEBOBS LAST STAND MOVIE KURNIAWAN, ARIF
Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa FIB Vol 3, No 10 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Brawijaya

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Kurniawan, Arif. 2014. Environmental Degradation as the Impact of Capitalist Interest andthe Lack of Public Awareness in SpongeBob’s Last Stand Movie. Study Program of English,Universitas Brawijaya.Supervisor: Yusri Fajar, Co-supervisor: Winda Candra Hantari.Keywords: environmental degradation, public awareness, capitalism, SpongeBob’s Last Standmovie.Environmental problems are threatening human life in this world now. Environmentalproblems cause an imbalance between human and nature. One of the environmental problems isenvironmental degradation caused by capitalist interest and lack of public awareness. Theproblem is reflected in SpongeBob’s Last Stand movie as a reflection to the reality now. Thereare two problems to be solved in this study; (1) how capitalist interest results in environmentaldegradation and what the impacts of that interest toward environment; (2) how far the awarenessof people in the movie toward the environment.This study uses ecocriticism as the main theory to analyze this movie. This study alsouses a concept of capitalism and movie studies.The result of the study finds that environmental degradation causes many impacts to thewhole city. In the movie, Plankton as the capitalist builds a highway which crossing JellyfishField as the greenest place in Bikini Bottom. All people approve it without realizing the impactafter that. SpongeBob who disagrees with the highway struggles to stop it but it is vain. Jellyfishas the main occupant of Jellyfish Field take revenge to the whole city because their habitat isdestroyed by them. A great chaos is in the city. Everybody gets the impact for what they havedone.A study about environment is very important and interesting. SpongeBob as an animationmovie has many stories telling about environmental problems. It is good for the next researcherto keep on studying environment from many aspects to find solution for environmental problems.
Kebutuhan Jaminan Kesehatan Masyarakat di Wiliyah Perdesaan Kurniawan, Arif; Intiasari, Arih Diyaning
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Vol. 7 No. 1 Agustus 2012
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

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Jaminan kesehatan adalah salah satu cara untuk mengurangi beban pembiayaan kesehatan yang dikeluarkan masyarakat. Sebagian besar masyarakat perdesaan di Kabupaten Banyumas yang mempunyai tingkat kemampuan membayar pelayanan kesehatan rendah belum mempunyai jaminan kesehatan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis kebutuhan jaminan dan faktor-faktor yang memengaruhi kesehatan masyarakat daerah. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian observasional dengan desain studi cross sectional. Populasi penelitian adalah seluruh kepala keluarga diKabupaten Banyumas dengan jumlah sampel 130 orang. Metode analisis yang digunakan meliputi analisis univariat, bivariat, dan multivariat. Penelitian menemukan bahwa sebagian besar masyarakat Kabupaten Banyumas (72,3%) membutuhkan jaminan kesehatan daerah (Jamkesda).Terdapat hubungan antara pendidikan, pengetahuan, pendapatan, dan keyakinan terhadap mutu pelayanan kesehatan serta pola pembiayaan kesehatan dengan kebutuhan Jamkesda. Persepsi berpengaruh terhadap tarifpelayanan kesehatan dengan kebutuhan Jamkesda. Persepsi terhadap tarif pelayanan kesehatan merupakan variabel yang berpengaruh terhadap kebutuhan Jamkesda.Kata kunci: Kebutuhan, pembiayaan kesehatan daerah, jaminan kesehatanAbstractHealth insurance is one of the ways to reduce the burden of health financing issued by the society. Most communities in Banyumas district living in rural areas do not have health insurance. Rural communities in Banyumas district have low ability to pay health care services. The aim of this study isto analyze the health insurance needs of local communities and the factors that affect the public health insurance need of the area. This study is an observational study with survey research methods. This study used cross sectional approach. The study population was all households in Banyumas district.The research sample consisted of 130 people. Retrieval research data used a questionnaire instrument. Analysis of research data used univariate, bivariate, and multivariate. The research was conducted in Banyumas district. Most people in Banyumas district (72,3%) required regional health insurance. The result showed no relationship between education, knowledge, income, beliefs in health care quality and patterns of health financing in local communities needs of health insurance. The result showed the influence perceptions of health care rates with the health insurance needs of local communities. Perceptions of health care is a variable rate which affects the health insurance needs of local communities.Keywords: Needs, district health financing, health insurance
PERENCANAAN SISTEM PENYEDIAAN AIR BERSIH PDAM KOTA SALATIGA Kurniawan, Arif; Priyanto, Agus; Suripin, Suripin; Salamun, Salamun
JURNAL KARYA TEKNIK SIPIL Volume 3, Nomor 4, Tahun 2014
Publisher : Jurusan Teknik Sipil Fakultas Teknik Universitas Diponegoro

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PDAM water supply services Salatiga still faced with various technical, financial and institutional problems. To overcome these problems we need a strategy of how to remedy the problems based on technical, financial and institutional aspects. With these strategies, it’s expected, the water services to the community can be improved, in order to get access and reduction of water loss up to 25% can be achieved the target of 85% services. Evaluation results so that the availability of the technical aspects of water sources Salatiga urban areas do not meet the minimum water needs up to 10 years, coverage is still low,the leakage rate is still high and the condition of the existing transmission and distribution pipelines still need to be addressed .While a better performance of PDAM Salatiga needs take a few strategies releted to finance and management techniques.