Aditya Putra Kurniawan
Universitas Gadjah Mada

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EKSPRESI EMOSI PADA TIGA TINGKATAN PERKEMBANGAN PADA SUKU JAWA DI YOGYAKARTA: KAJIAN PSIKOLOGI EMOSI DAN KULTUR PADA MASYARAKAT JAWA Kurniawan, Aditya Putra; Hasanat, Nida Ul
Jurnal Psikologi Indonesia Vol 7, No 1 (2010): VOL 7, NO 1 (2010)
Publisher : Jurnal Psikologi Indonesia

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Abstract

Emosi merupakan hasil manifestasi keadaan fisiologis dan kognitif manusia, serta cermin pengaruh kultur budaya dan sistem sosial. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kuantitatif dengan alat pengumpul data Skala Ekspresi Emosi, adaptasi dari Display Role Assessment Inventory (DRAI) untuk mengukur tingkat ekspresi emosi, dengan hipotesis “Ada perbedaan dalam pengekspresian emosi pada tiga tingkatan generasi suku Jawa di Yogyakarta”. Subjek penelitian dipilih dengan metode purposive sampling sejumlah 142 orang meliputi tiga tingkatan perkembangan, yaitu remaja akhir, dewasa awal, dan dewasa tengah. Data dianalisis dengan teknik Anava 1-jalur. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tidak ada perbedaan dalam pengekspresian emosi pada tiga tingkatan usia (F = 1,042 ; p = 0,356;). Disimpulkan bahwa tiga tingkat generasi subjek sama-sama mengekspresikan emosi secara sadar mengikuti etika Jawa. Hasil ini berbeda dengan hasil penelitian lain dengan metode kualitatif yang mampu mengungkap bentuk-bentuk perilaku pada wilayah unconsciousness dalam mengekspresikan emosi.Kata kunci: ekspresi emosi, tiga tingkatan perkembangan (remaja akhir, dewasa awal dan dewasa tengah), kultur JawaEmotion is the product of human physiological and cognitive conditions as well as representing the influence of culture and social system. This research was quantitative using Skala Ekspresi Emosi, adapted from the Display Role Assessment Inventory (DRAI), to measure level of emotional expression with the hypothesis that “There are differences in expressing emotion among three generations of Javanese in Yogyakarta.” The subjects were 142 people that consisted of late adolescents, early adults, and mid-adults and that were selected using a purposive sampling method. The data were analyzed using a one-way Anova technique. The results showed no difference in the expression of emotion among the three groups of subjects. It was concluded that the three generations consciously expressed their emotion following the Javanese ethics. These results differed from the results of another research using a qualitiative methode that seemed to be more sensitive in tapping forms of emotional expression at the unconscious level.Keywords: expression of emotion, three stages of development (late adolescence, early adulthood, and mid adulthood), the Javanese culture
Perbedaan Ekspresi Emosi Pada Beberapa Tingkat Generasi Suku Jawa di Yogyakarta Kurniawan, Aditya Putra; Hasanat, Nida Ul
Jurnal Psikologi Vol 34, No 1 (2007)
Publisher : Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

The objec¬tive of this research is to find whether, there are differences of emotion expression in three generation of Javanese culture in Yogya¬karta. This research is a quanti¬tative study, using Display Rules Assessment Inventory (DRAl). The subjects of this study were late adolescent, early adulthood and middle adulthood who were born and live in Yogyakarta. The result of this research shows, there was no difference of emotion expression in different generation of Javanese culture in Yogyakarta (F = 1,042 ; P = 0,356;). All three generation expressed emotion in the same way. This result describes that three generation categories who have been researched are still in the same norms on display rules of emotion in all situation. The researcher argue that the result is influenced by Javanese culture. The Javanese values of respect and the maintenance of social harmony (rukun) are base on principles of normative and moral guidance for social interaction within both the family and community. The strong emphasis on rukun (social harmony) has marked the typical Javanese as inexpressive, avoiding social and personal conflict. These values virtues contribute to harmonious social integration. Ideal human virtues include obedience to superiors (manut), generosity, avoidance of conflict, understanding of others, and empathy. These moral compo¬nents and values that colourize Javanese society are internalized by the children during the earliest years, and significant forces motivating the childs behaviour later in adulthood. Keywords: Expression emotion, three generation (late adolescent, early adulthood and middle adulthood), Javanese culture.
Perbedaan Ekspresi Emosi Pada Beberapa Tingkat Generasi Suku Jawa di Yogyakarta Kurniawan, Aditya Putra; Hasanat, Nida Ul
Jurnal Psikologi Vol 34, No 1 (2007)
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

The objec?tive of this research is to find whether, there are differences of emotion expression in three generation of Javanese culture in Yogya?karta. This research is a quanti?tative study, using Display Rules Assessment Inventory (DRAl). The subjects of this study were late adolescent, early adulthood and middle adulthood who were born and live in Yogyakarta. The result of this research shows, there was no difference of emotion expression in different generation of Javanese culture in Yogyakarta (F = 1,042 ; P = 0,356;). All three generation expressed emotion in the same way. This result describes that three generation categories who have been researched are still in the same norms on display rules of emotion in all situation. The researcher argue that the result is influenced by Javanese culture. The Javanese values of respect and the maintenance of social harmony (rukun) are base on principles of normative and moral guidance for social interaction within both the family and community. The strong emphasis on rukun (social harmony) has marked the typical Javanese as inexpressive, avoiding social and personal conflict. These values virtues contribute to harmonious social integration. Ideal human virtues include obedience to superiors (manut), generosity, avoidance of conflict, understanding of others, and empathy. These moral compo?nents and values that colourize Javanese society are internalized by the children during the earliest years, and significant forces motivating the child's behaviour later in adulthood. Keywords: Expression emotion, three generation (late adolescent, early adulthood and middle adulthood), Javanese culture.
PERUBAHAN KONSEP MASKULINITAS PESERTA PROGRAM “LAKI-LAKI PEDULI” DI KABUPATEN GUNUNG KIDUL, YOGYAKARTA Kurniawan, Aditya Putra
Insight: Jurnal Ilmiah Psikologi Vol 19, No 2: Agustus 2017
Publisher : Universitas Mercu Buana Yogyakarta

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Abstract

Salah satu dari beberapa tantangan terbesar yang dihadapi pemerintah saat ini dalam meningkatkan kualitas hidup perempuan adalah bagaimana melibatkan peran serta laki-laki. Banyak laki-laki beranggapan jika permasalahan kesehatan perempuan adalah urusan si  perempuan itu sendiri dan tidak berkaitan dengan konsep maskulinitasnya. Padahal konsep maskulinitas yang diadopsi seorang laki-laki akan mempengaruhi bagaimana ia berperilaku dan menjalin relasi dengan perempuan, yang selanjutnya mempengaruhi pula kualitas kehidupan perempuan. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengeksplorasi perubahan konsep maskulinitas dan perilaku para laki-laki peserta Program Laki-laki Peduli, suatu progam yang berupaya meningkatkan keterlibatan laki-laki dalam meningkatkan kualitas hidup perempuan dan anak dengan menyasar perubahan konsep maskulinitas laki-laki yang berkontribusi terhadap ketidaksetaraan gender.  Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah deskriptif kualitatif dengan melibatkan 5 orang laki-laki dan pasangannya yang diwawancarai secara terpisah. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terjadi perubahan konsep maskulinitas dan perilaku dari para subjek laki-laki menjadi sosok yang penyayang terhadap keluarga, meninggalkan cara-cara kekerasan dalam penyelesaian konflik rumah tangga, dan lebih mampu terlibat dalam urusan domestik dan pengasuhan.