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Journal : Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan

THE EFFECT OF APUS BAMBOO (Gigantochloa apus) LEAVES INFUSION TO MORTALITY RATE AND MORPHOMETRY OF Haemonchus contortus ADULT WORM IN VITRO Widiarso, Budi Purwo; Nurcahyo, Wisnu; Kurniasih, Kurniasih; Prastowo, Joko
Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 11, No 4 (2017): J. Ked. Hewan
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

This present project was carried out to determine the effect of apus bamboo (Gigantochloaapus )leaves infusion to mortality rate and morphometry of Haemonchus contortus adult worms in vitro. The formulated tools were collected through camera, 3 ml syringe, object glass, deck glass, mortar, drip dropper, waterbath, microscope, stopwatch, counter check, oven, erlenmeyer flask, electric scale, surgical scissor, and pipette. The allocated materials used in this studywere bamboo leaves infusion, Haemonchus contortus adult worms, aquadestilata, ethanol and NaCl 0.62%. The research was firstly concernedwith making 0.1% and 1% apus bamboo leaves infusion. The samples were obtained from Haemonchus contortus collection. Adult worms were obtained directly from abomasum of naturally infected goats that were cut at Animal Slaughter House (RPH). To investigate the matter, mortality rates of adult worms at various doses and times of observation as well as differences in Haemonchus contortus morphometry were analyzed using ANOVA. The findings disclosed that apus bamboo leaves infusion demonstrated a significant difference in the mortality rate of adult worms Haemonchus contortusat various doses and times of observation. This report presented the findings of research that the best dose to increase the mortality of worms was 1% bamboo leaves infusion. Moreover, apus bamboo leaves infusion affected the morphometry of Haemonchus contortus adult worms, especially in body length, cervical papilla width, and spicules length in males, and body length, cervical papilla width, and vulvar length in females.   
MORPHOLOGY AND MORPHOMETRY OF Haemonchus contortus IN GOATS IN YOGYAKARTA, INDONESIA Sambodo, Priyo; Prastowo, Joko; Indarjulianto, Sudarmanto; Kurniasih, Kurniasih
Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 12, No 3 (2018): J. Ked. Hewan
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

This research was carried out to determine the morphology and morphometry of Haemonchus contortus in goats. Adult female parasites were collected from abomasum of naturally infected goats and stored in lactophenol. Images of the parasite were acquired using lucida camera and measurement was performed using Axiovision LE software. Basic characters of the morphology and morphometry of Haemonchus spp. were identified by determining the value of the discriminant function of three parameters on spicule. Vulvar morphology was identified by vulvar flap shape. Data were presented in terms of mean, standard deviation, and percentage. A hundred percent of the parasites were H. contortus with discriminant function value < 0.63. The size of female parasites was longer and wider (25.5-32.6 mm; 0.38-0.63 mm) than that of male ones (17.3-20.0 mm; 0.24-0.33 mm). There were only 2 varieties of vulvar flap, linguiform (81%), and knobbed (19%). There were 5 subclasses identified in the linguiform type, including linguiform A (39%), linguiform B (22%), linguiform C (17%), linguiform I (1%), and a new subclass of linguiform D (2%). Based on the the type of vulvar flap, H. contortus found in goats in Yogyakarta were different to those found in previous researches. The findings could be used in identifying the parasite species in small ruminants.
IN VITRO DEVELOPMENT OF Ascaridia galli EGGS INTO INFECTIVE EGGS AND LARVAE OF STADIUM 2 (L2) Mubarokah, Wida Wahidah; Kurniasih, Kurniasih; Nurcahyo, Wisnu; Prastowo, Joko
Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 13, No 1 (2019): J. Ked. Hewan
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

The study aimed at finding out the development of Ascaridia galli (A. gall) eggs that were given aerator treatment and those without aerator treatment into infective eggs and L2 through in vitro culture. Each treatments has 108,000 eggs assigned to 8 groups of 1,000; 2,000; 3,000; 4,000; 5,000; 6,000; 7,000; and 8,000 eggs, respectively with 3 repetitions. Female A. galli were collected from the small intestinal lumen of naturally infected domestic chickens. The eggs collected from the uterus of adult female A. galli were incubated in sterile aquadest at ambient temperature for 45 days (without aerator) and 25 days (with aerator) to obtain the infective eggs and the L2. The number of the infective eggs and hatched L2 were counted under stereo microscope. Data were analysed descriptively. There were 97.740 eggs (90.5%) in the groups without aerator developed into infective eggs and 77,040 eggs (71.3%) developed into the L2. Meanwhile, there were 101,847 eggs (94.3%) in the groups with the aerator developed into the infective eggs and88.722 eggs (82.15%) hatched L2. It is concluded that the eggs collected from worms uterus had high viability and the aerator application shortened the developing period of the A. galli worms.