Mudrajad Kuncoro
Fakultas Ekonomika dan Bisnis Universitas Gadjah Mada

Published : 21 Documents
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WHY MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY PERSISTED TO CLUSTER SPATIALLY IN JAVA? Kuncoro, Mudrajad
Gadjah Mada International Journal of Business Vol 5, No 2 (2003): May-August
Publisher : Master of Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

This paper attempts to examine which theory is best in explaining the geographic concentration in Java, an island in which most of the Indonesia’s large and medium manufacturing industries have located overwhelmingly. Using the regional specialization index as a measure of geographic concentration of manufacturing industry and pooling data over the period 1991-J996, our econometric analysis integrates the perspectives of industry, region (space), and time. The most striking result is that most of the NCT (Neo-Classical Theory) hypotheses can be rejected. Moreover, most of the findings support the NTT (New Trade Theory) and NEG (New Economic Geography). Our findings suggest that manufacturing firms in Java seek to locate in more populous and densely populated areas to enjoy both localization economies and urbanization economies, as shown by the significance of scale economies and income per capita. The interplay of agglomeration economies is intensified by the imperfect competition of Javas market structure. This paper gives empirical evidence with respect to path dependency hypotheses. This finding supports the NEGs belief that history matters: older firms tend to enhance regional specialization. In addition, the results, as shown by statistical significance of its regional dummy, suggest that most of the specialized industries in Java have better access to infrastructure.
THE GLOBAL ECONOMIC CRISIS AND ITS IMPACT ON INDONESIA’S EDUCATION Kuncoro, Mudrajad
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 26, No 1 (2011): January
Publisher : Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business

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Abstract

This paper will examine to what extent the unprecedented global financial crisis has affected the Indonesia’s economy. The differences between Indonesia’s experience of theglobal financial crisis (GFC) and Asian Financial Crisis (AFC) in 1997–98 will be illuminated. The government’s priority on the development of education— together with achieving quality growth, reducing poverty, creating jobs, improving infrastructure— have accelerated the economic recovery and improved key indicators in education. Despitebudgetary adjustments, the Indonesian government continues to prioritize investment in education. As a result, the GFC has not affected number of students in Indonesiasignificantly. The GFC has not affected the interest of students to get higher education at the Indonesia’s universities. Keywords: global financial crisis, Asian financial crisis investment, economic recovery
EVALUASI PENETAPAN KAWASAN ANDALAN: STUDI EMPIRIS DI KALIMANTAN SELATAN 1993-1999 Aswandi, Hairul M.; Kuncoro, Mudrajad
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 17, No 1 (2002): January
Publisher : Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business

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Abstract

This paper attempts to evaluate government policy to classify a region as a key region (kawasan andalan) with special reference to South Kalimantan province. Using location quotient and logistic regression, we showed that the policy designed and based merely on regional income per capita and key subsector. The policy seems, to ignore the growth of regional income and regional specialisation. Our analysis also suggests that regional classification based on Klassen Typology is a better alternative than that of the ad-hoc “key region”. Key words: kawasan andalan, LQ, logistic regression, Klassen Typology
ADAKAH PENGARUH PERNYATAAN PRESIDEN GUS DUR TERHADAP PERILAKU KURS RP/US$, 1 JANUARI 1999 – 30 APRIL 2002?: STUDI EMPIRIS DENGAN METODE BOX JENKINS (ARIMA) Kuncoro, Mudrajad; Inayah, Hikmah
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 18, No 4 (2003): October
Publisher : Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business

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Abstract

This study attempts to analysis Rupiah/US$ exchange rate using ARIMA (Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average) method. It explores to what extent impacts of political variable, in term of the (former) President Abdurrachman Wachid’s (Gusdur) statement, on the exchange rate fluctuation. Two main sources of data were used: first, daily exchange rates of Rp/US$ over the period of Januari 1st, 1999 to April 30th , 2002; second, media reports on Gus Dur’s statement which comed up every Friday. The empirical results found that yesterday’s exchange rates and trend influenced the current exchange rates significantly, as shown by AR (1) and trend variable. More importantly, depreciation of Rupiah was caused by political (news) variable, especially Gus Dur’s statement. The last indicates the evidence of Friday effect in the case of Rp/US$ during Gus Dur regime.Keywords: ARIMA Method; Autoregressive; Moving Average; News (Gus Dur’s statement); Trend
ADAKAH PERUBAHAN KONSENTRASI SPASIAL INDUSTRI MANUFAKTUR DI INDONESIA, 1976-2001? Kuncoro, Mudrajad
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 19, No 4 (2004): October
Publisher : Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business

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Abstract

Although a number of economists and business strategists have recently become moreinterested in spatial analysis, very few has examined the phenomena of regional clustering in Indonesia using regional data. This paper explores to what extent the unequal geographic distribution of manufacturing activities in Indonesia has persisted or changed over time. The Theil’s entropy index is proved useful to highlight the uneven geographic distribution in Indonesia. First, we find that Indonesia constitutes an extreme case of geographic concentration. Second, the entropy between islands has played a prominent role in explaining the spatial inequality across provinces in Indonesia. Third, the pattern of spatial inequality formed a “U” curve suggesting a period of dispersing manufacturing activity has been replaced by a period of increasing geographic concentration. Fourth, the Chow tests confirm that structural change has occurred from 1985 onwards. Our findings challenge the general consensus in the new economic geography that trade liberalization encourages dispersing manufacturing activity.Key words: geographic concentration, Theil’s entropy, structural shift, trade liberalization.
STRUKTUR, KINERJA, DAN KLUSTER INDUSTRI ROKOK KRETEK: INDONESIA, 1996-1999 Sumarno, Simon Bambang; Kuncoro, Mudrajad
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 18, No 1 (2003): January
Publisher : Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business

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Abstract

This paper attempts to illuminate the dynamics of Indonesia’s clove cigarette industryusing Structure-Conduct-Performance (SCP) paradigm and industrial cluster approach.We employed concentration ratios (CR4, CR8, and IHH) and performance ratios in SCPanalysis. To identify industrial clusters, we used Geographic Information System (GIS) andsome tools of analysis, mainly size and specialization index. The structure of clove cigarette industry suggested that an oligopoly with high concentration has been found, albeit declined slightly over the period 1996-1999. As far as geographic concentration isconcerned, we found that this industy has clustered overwhelmingly in and around Kudus,Kediri, Surabaya, and Malang.Keywords: oligopolistic industry, concentration ratio, cluster
MENGAPA TERJADI GROWTH WITHOUT DEVELOPMENT DI PROVINSI KALIMANTAN TIMUR? Kuncoro, Mudrajad; Idris, Ahmad Nafis
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan: Kajian Masalah Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Vol 11, No 2 (2010): JEP Desember 2010
Publisher : Universitas Muhammdaiyah Surakarta

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Abstract

This study attempts to examine to what extent growth without development has occured in East Kalimantan (Kaltim)? It will use several analyses, in particular regional typology based on economic growth and Gross Regional Domestic Product (GRDP), leading sectors and subsectors, location pattern of those leading sectors and subsectors, and the structural transformation. To analyse the effects of regional autonomy on Kaltim, the data used in this research are divided into two periods: before (1993-2000) and after regional autonomy (2001-2007). By using quantitative-descriptive analyses, our findings find that: first, miningexcavation has persisted to be the major leading sector in Kaltim. Second, leading subsectors in Kaltim comprise forestry, oil and gas, nonoil and gas industry, and wholesale-retail commerce. Third, the leading subsectors tend to despecialize in Kaltim during the implementation of regional autonomy. Fourth, structural transformation does not occur in all kabupaten/kota of Kaltim confirming that Kaltim is a good provincial example for growth without development.
THE GLOBAL ECONOMIC CRISIS AND ITS IMPACT ON INDONESIA’S EDUCATION Kuncoro, Mudrajad
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 26, No 1 (2011): January
Publisher : Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (658.433 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jieb.6278

Abstract

This paper will examine to what extent the unprecedented global financial crisis has affected the Indonesia’s economy. The differences between Indonesia’s experience of theglobal financial crisis (GFC) and Asian Financial Crisis (AFC) in 1997–98 will be illuminated. The government’s priority on the development of education— together with achieving quality growth, reducing poverty, creating jobs, improving infrastructure— have accelerated the economic recovery and improved key indicators in education. Despitebudgetary adjustments, the Indonesian government continues to prioritize investment in education. As a result, the GFC has not affected number of students in Indonesiasignificantly. The GFC has not affected the interest of students to get higher education at the Indonesia’s universities. Keywords: global financial crisis, Asian financial crisis investment, economic recovery
WHY MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY PERSISTED TO CLUSTER SPATIALLY IN JAVA? Kuncoro, Mudrajad
Gadjah Mada International Journal of Business Vol 5, No 2 (2003): May-August
Publisher : Master in Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1987.856 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/gamaijb.5410

Abstract

This paper attempts to examine which theory is best in explaining the geographic concentration in Java, an island in which most of the Indonesia’s large and medium manufacturing industries have located overwhelmingly. Using the regional specialization index as a measure of geographic concentration of manufacturing industry and pooling data over the period 1991-J996, our econometric analysis integrates the perspectives of industry, region (space), and time. The most striking result is that most of the NCT (Neo-Classical Theory) hypotheses can be rejected. Moreover, most of the findings support the NTT (New Trade Theory) and NEG (New Economic Geography). Our findings suggest that manufacturing firms in Java seek to locate in more populous and densely populated areas to enjoy both localization economies and urbanization economies, as shown by the significance of scale economies and income per capita. The interplay of agglomeration economies is intensified by the imperfect competition of Javas market structure. This paper gives empirical evidence with respect to path dependency hypotheses. This finding supports the NEGs belief that history matters: older firms tend to enhance regional specialization. In addition, the results, as shown by statistical significance of its regional dummy, suggest that most of the specialized industries in Java have better access to infrastructure.
MENGAPA TERJADI GROWTH WITHOUT DEVELOPMENT DI PROVINSI KALIMANTAN TIMUR? Kuncoro, Mudrajad; Idris, Ahmad Nafis
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan: Kajian Masalah Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Vol 11, No 2 (2010): JEP Desember 2010
Publisher : Universitas Muhammdaiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/jep.v11i2.323

Abstract

This study attempts to examine to what extent growth without development has occured in East Kalimantan (Kaltim)? It will use several analyses, in particular regional typology based on economic growth and Gross Regional Domestic Product (GRDP), leading sectors and subsectors, location pattern of those leading sectors and subsectors, and the structural transformation. To analyse the effects of regional autonomy on Kaltim, the data used in this research are divided into two periods: before (1993-2000) and after regional autonomy (2001-2007). By using quantitative-descriptive analyses, our findings find that: first, miningexcavation has persisted to be the major leading sector in Kaltim. Second, leading subsectors in Kaltim comprise forestry, oil and gas, nonoil and gas industry, and wholesale-retail commerce. Third, the leading subsectors tend to despecialize in Kaltim during the implementation of regional autonomy. Fourth, structural transformation does not occur in all kabupaten/kota of Kaltim confirming that Kaltim is a good provincial example for growth without development.