Amitya Kumara
Fakultas Psikologi, Unversitas Gadjah Mada

Published : 42 Documents
Articles

Orientasi Tujuan, Atribusi Penyebab, dan Belajar Berdasar Regulasi Diri Susetyo, Yuli Fajar; Kumara, Amitya
Jurnal Psikologi Vol 39, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

The aims of this research were: (1) to test the difference of self regulated learning based on goal orientation of senior high school students in Yogyakarta, (2) to test difference of self regulated learning based on causal attribution of senior high school students in Yogyakarta, (3) to test difference of self regulated learning based on interaction between goal orientation and causal attribution of high school students in Yogyakarta. Participants were 488 Grade XI students of SMA Negeri ”A” Bantul, SMA Negeri “B” Bantul, SMA Negeri “C” Sanden, and SMA Negeri “D” Bambanglipuro. Data were collected using self regulated learning scale, mastery goal orientation scale, performance goal orientation scale, causal attribution scale of success, and causal attribution scale of failure. The data were analyzed using the technique of analysis of variance. The results suggest that: (1) there is significant difference of self regulated learning based on goal orientation (F=36.814 p=0.000), (2) there is significant difference of self regulated learning based on causal attribution of success (F=31.081 p=0.000), (3) there is significant difference of self regulated learning based on causal attribution of failure (F=21.837 p=0.000), 4) there is significant difference of self regulated learning based on interaction between goal orientation and causal attribution of success (F=2.983 p=0.031), and 5) there is no significant difference of self regulated learning based on interaction between goal orientation and causal attribution of failure (F=2.444 p=0.063) Keywords: self regulated learning, mastery goal orientation, performance goal orientation, causal attribution of success, causal attribution of failure
Bermain Musik Ansambel dan Perilaku Asertif dalam Belajar Sight Reading Evasanti, Nurmia; Kumara, Amitya
Jurnal GAMAJOP Volume 1 No 2 Mei 2015
Publisher : Jurnal GAMAJOP

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Abstract

Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengkaji pengaruh bermain musik ansambel terhadap perilaku asertif dalam belajar sight reading pada siswa lembaga pendidikan musik. Subjek penelitian adalah siswa di lembaga pendidikan musik berada pada grade 1 dan II, memiliki kemampuan membaca not balok yang rendah dan berusia 11-15 tahun. Penelitian dilakukan secara kuasi eksperimen dengan jumlah 16 orang untuk kelompok eksperimen dan 16 orang untuk kelompok kontrol. Bermain musik ansambel dilakukan sebanyak lima kali pertemuan dengan waktu setiap pertemuan 60-75 menit. Desain penelitian menggunakan untreated control group design with pretest and posttest. Perilaku asertif dalam belajar sight reading diukur dengan menggunakan skala perilaku asertif dalam belajar sight reading. Analisis data yang digunakan adalah dengan uji-t. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa bermain musik ansambel dapat meningkatkan perilaku asertif dalam belajar sight reading pada siswa lembaga pendidikan musik, dengan t=3,083 dan p=0,004 (p
MODEL PEMBELAJARAN “ACTIVE LEARNING” MATA PELAJARAN SAINS TINGKAT SD KOTA YOGYAKARTA SEBAGAI UPAYA PENINGKATAN “LIFE SKILLS” Kumara, Amitya
p-ISSN 0215-8884
Publisher : Fakultas Psikologi UGM

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Abstract

Penelitian ini berkaitan dengan proses pembelajaran yaitu pengembangan belajar aktif pada mata pelajaran sains karena kemampuan siswa dalam bidang sains merupakan salah satu kunci keberhasilan peningkatan kemampuan dalam memasuki dunia teknologi. Menurut Youl (dalam Kompas, 15 Mei 2002), persaingan sains di masa depan sebenarnya tidak dilihat dari berapa besar penguasaan sains oleh suatu negara saat ini, tetapi justru terletak pada usaha mempersiapkan anak-anak agar “melek” sains sejak awal. Tujuan penelitian sebagai berikut: 1)Menyusun profil kesiapan guru, siswa, dan sekolah dalam menerapkan model pembelajaran active learning, 2)Melakukan identifikasi jenis aktivitas kontekstual belajar aktif mata pelajaran sains tingkat SD yang dapat meningkatkan life skills siswa. Penelitian ini melibatkan 3 Sekolah Dasar yaitu SD Ungaran I, SD Masjid Syuhada, SD Pingit, siswa yang terlibat dalam penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas IV. Metode pengambilan data: diskusi kelompok dengan siswa, pengamatan terhadap proses pembelajaran, wawancara mendalam dengan guru. Berdasarkan hasil temuan penelitian dengan menggunakan tiga pendekatan (wawancara, pengamatan, dan dokumentasi) maka dapat disimpulkan sebagai berikut: 1) Guru memahami adanya perbedaan antara kurikulum lama dan kurikulum KBK, baik dari segi materi pelajaran maupun metode pembelajarannya. Namun kenyataan masih ada beberapa kebingungan dalam pelaksanaanya. 2) Jenis pembelajaran kontekstual dan pembelajaran “living skill” menggunakan contoh daur hidup yang sempurna seperti ulat sebagai contoh metamorforsis sempurna, selanjutnya pelajaran “living skill” yang dilatihkan adalah kemampuan mengamati, mengorganisir data, mensistematisir, menganalisis serta melaporkannya dalam bentuk bagan, tabel, disamping itu mengkaitkan dengan ajaran agama. Kata kunci : pembelajaran aktif, living skill
EKSPRESI MENULIS DAN MENGGAMBAR SEBAGAI MEDIA TERAPI Utami, Dian Sari; Kumara, Amitya
p-ISSN 0215-8884
Publisher : Fakultas Psikologi UGM

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Abstract

Children are very vulnerable with their body, especially when they are ill. This condition is so uncomfortable for children to get ill, moreover when they have to hospitalized. Children which in hospitalized condition usually have chronic illness and should be hospitalized for long time. This condition would affects not only their body, but their mind and emotion. Hospitalized would make children getting stress and distress and need to cope. One way to cope is by managing their emotion through writing and drawing as a method to express their emotion. This study used the book as a media to express their emotion called “Pelangi Hatiku”. The qualitative method using in this study is case study. The participants who involved in this case study are 3 children of 8-12 year-old from 2 general hospital in Yogyakarta. Children were interviewed and observed regarding their: (a) understanding of positive and negative emotions, and (b) ways of regulating emotion before and after they using “Pelangi Hatiku” for several times. It was found that the children have understanding of their negative and positive emotions, and able to express them to others. They have four ways to manage their emotions that are necessary for healthy adjustment. Therefore, the book of “Pelangi Hatiku” can be used as a therapy media for hospitalized children. Keywords: hospitalized children, buku “Pelangi Hatiku”, media therapy.
Kinerja Akseleran dalam Rotasi Klinik: suatu Kajian terhadap Pencapaian Kompetensi Klinik Mahasiswa Kedokteran Wardhani, Sri Linuwih Susetyo; Kekalih, Aria; Dwiprahasto, Iwan; Emilia, Ova; Prabandari, Yayi Suryo; Kumara, Amitya
Jurnal Psikologi Vol 41, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Sebagian kecil mahasiswa fakultas kedokteran adalah mahasiswa dengan riwayat pernah mengikuti program akselerasi ditingkat pendidikan dasar dan menengah, dan kelompok ini disebut sebagai akseleran. Akseleran merupakan siswa berbakat dan memiliki inteligensi serta kemampuan akademik yang tinggi, namun, akseleran umumnya imatur baik sosial, emosional maupun fisik. Dengan demikian dapat diprediksi akan mengalami penurunan kompetensi ketika berada pada tahap rotasi klinik. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk melakukan evaluasi kinerja akseleran dalam pencapaian kompetensi di rotasi klinik. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan penelitian campuran, dengan pendekatan kualitatif lebih dominan. Responden penelitian ialah mahasiswa fakultas kedokteran di semester tujuh dan delapan dengan riwayat pernah mengikuti program akselerasi. Hasil penelitian ini mendapatkan bahwa kemampuan dasar akseleran berada pada skala baik dan baik sekali; sikap kerja cukup hingga baik, sedangkan kepribadian pada komponen stabilitas emosi serta daya tahan stres berada pada skala kurang hingga cukup. Nilai median kompetensi klinik akseleran sedikit lebih tinggi dibandingkan non-akseleran, tetapi secara satistik perbedaannya tidak bermakna. Kesimpulan penelitian adalah, kinerja akseleran dalam rotasi klinik cukup baik, namun akseleran menghadapi masalah non-akademik terutama aspek kepribadian yang dapat memengaruhi nilai akademik. Perlu pertimbangan seleksi calon mahasiswa kedokteran terhadap akseleran dengan menggunakan pemeriksaan psikologik untuk menilai kematangan kepribadian. Kata kunci: akseleran, kompetensi klinik, seleksi calon mahasiswa
PENGEMBANGAN MODEL BELAJAR MENGAJAR MATA PELAJARAN IPS SD UNTUK MENDUKUNG IMPLEMENTASI KURIKULUM BERBASIS KOMPETENSI DI PROPINSI SUMATERA SELATAN Purnamaningsih, Esti Hayu; Alsa, Asmadi; Kumara, Amitya
p-ISSN 0215-8884
Publisher : Fakultas Psikologi UGM

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Abstract

This research aimed to understand: 1) Could The Teachers apply the learning models that maked condusive learning situation so could be implementation media for competence based curriculum 2) were the learning models maked the joyfull learning, stimulated activity and creativity, and stimulated life-skills for students. 3) were the learning models fasilated integration two or more subject maters. The participant of the study were 160 students 4 teachers and head of shcools from the 3rd and 4th SD 17 and SD 23 Kayu Agung, Ogan Komering Ilir; and from the fifth SD Kertapati and SD Plaju Palembang, South Sumatera. The reasearh procedure were followed: 1) Socialitation about the learning models for Teachers, Head of Schools and School supervisors. 2) Teachers were aplied the learning models at the each class. 3) Monitoring aplicability learning models by researher and school supervisor. 4) semi-structured interviewed from researcher to teachers and studets. The Data was analysed with qualitative method. The result showed: 1) The Teachers could apply The Concept Analysis Model, Experiential Learning Model, and the Group Inquary Model that make condusive learning situation and could be implementation media for Competent based curriculum. 2) Applicability the Learning Models make joyfull learning, stimulated activity and creativity, and stimulated life-skills for students. 3) The learning models fasilated integration the IPS with Bahasa Indonesia and PPKn. Keyword: The Competent based Curriculum
Keterlibatan Siswa (Student Engagement) sebagai Mediator Kompetensi Emosi dan Prestasi Akademik Dharmayana, I Wayan; Masrun, -; Kumara, Amitya; Wirawan, Yapsir G
Jurnal Psikologi Vol 39, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

There is a hypothesis that emotional competencies have indirect effects to the academic achievement through school engagement and a higher Academic success requires higher emotional competencies and school engagement. This study aimed to test the hypothesis. It utilized subjects consisting of 417 excellent students. Psychological scale (emotional competence scale), Advanced Progressive Matrices (APM) intelligence test and documen-tations were used for collecting the data. A Structural equation modeling of AMOS 6.0 was applied to analyze the data. The important result of this study supported the hypothesis and affirmed that emotional competence indirectly affects the academic achievement through the school engagement. Based on the result of this research, it was suggested that the efforts and interventions have to include the aspects of emotional competence and school engagement as integral parts of educational program in the school. Keywords: emotional competence, student engagement, academic achievement
PERAN AKTIF ORANGTUA TERHADAP EKSPRESI TULIS ANAK Kumara, Amitya
Jurnal Psikologi Vol 27, No 1 (2000)
Publisher : Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

This research was aimed to understand parental role in fifth grade students writing ability. Parent’s devotedly attached of literer was obtain to reveal parent’s attention to the development of their children’s writing ability. Children’s writing ability was obtained through writing tasks on the basis of two kinds of stimuli, serial pictures and audiotaped unfinished story. The subject were 189 fifth grade students of SD Ungaran I, SD Ungaran II, SD Bantul I, SD Cepit I dan SD Cepit IV and SD Karanggondang. The students were given the tasks of writing of both stimuli and the scale to obtain their parent’s devotedly attached of literer. The data was correlated by the means of Pearson’s product-moment, the result shows significant correlation between parental involvement and the quality of children’s writing. Higher correlations appear particulary on the aspects of parental care of leissure times, study times, and the aspect of parents’s provision for literacy facilities, in both groups. Keywords: writing ability
MODEL PEMBELAJARAN “ACTIVE LEARNING” MATA PELAJARAN SAINS TINGKAT SD KOTA YOGYAKARTA SEBAGAI UPAYA PENINGKATAN “LIFE SKILLS” Kumara, Amitya
Jurnal Psikologi Vol 31, No 2 (2004)
Publisher : Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Penelitian ini berkaitan dengan proses pembelajaran yaitu pengembangan belajar aktif pada mata pelajaran sains karena kemampuan siswa dalam bidang sains merupakan salah satu kunci keberhasilan peningkatan kemampuan dalam memasuki dunia teknologi. Menurut Youl (dalam Kompas, 15 Mei 2002), persaingan sains di masa depan sebenarnya tidak dilihat dari berapa besar penguasaan sains oleh suatu negara saat ini, tetapi justru terletak pada usaha mempersiapkan anak-anak agar “melek” sains sejak awal. Tujuan penelitian sebagai berikut: 1)Menyusun profil kesiapan guru, siswa, dan sekolah dalam menerapkan model pembelajaran active learning, 2)Melakukan identifikasi jenis aktivitas kontekstual belajar aktif mata pelajaran sains tingkat SD yang dapat meningkatkan life skills siswa. Penelitian ini melibatkan 3 Sekolah Dasar yaitu SD Ungaran I, SD Masjid Syuhada, SD Pingit, siswa yang terlibat dalam penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas IV. Metode pengambilan data: diskusi kelompok dengan siswa, pengamatan terhadap proses pembelajaran, wawancara mendalam dengan guru. Berdasarkan hasil temuan penelitian dengan menggunakan tiga pendekatan (wawancara, pengamatan, dan dokumentasi) maka dapat disimpulkan sebagai berikut: 1) Guru memahami adanya perbedaan antara kurikulum lama dan kurikulum KBK, baik dari segi materi pelajaran maupun metode pembelajarannya. Namun kenyataan masih ada beberapa kebingungan dalam pelaksanaanya. 2) Jenis pembelajaran kontekstual dan pembelajaran “living skill” menggunakan contoh daur hidup yang sempurna seperti ulat sebagai contoh metamorforsis sempurna, selanjutnya pelajaran “living skill” yang dilatihkan adalah kemampuan mengamati, mengorganisir data, mensistematisir, menganalisis serta melaporkannya dalam bentuk bagan, tabel, disamping itu mengkaitkan dengan ajaran agama. Kata kunci : pembelajaran aktif, living skill
EKSPRESI MENULIS DAN MENGGAMBAR SEBAGAI MEDIA TERAPI Utami, Dian Sari; Kumara, Amitya
Jurnal Psikologi Vol 30, No 1 (2003)
Publisher : Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (294.023 KB)

Abstract

Children are very vulnerable with their body, especially when they are ill. This condition is so uncomfortable for children to get ill, moreover when they have to hospitalized. Children which in hospitalized condition usually have chronic illness and should be hospitalized for long time. This condition would affects not only their body, but their mind and emotion. Hospitalized would make children getting stress and distress and need to cope. One way to cope is by managing their emotion through writing and drawing as a method to express their emotion. This study used the book as a media to express their emotion called “Pelangi Hatiku”. The qualitative method using in this study is case study. The participants who involved in this case study are 3 children of 8-12 year-old from 2 general hospital in Yogyakarta. Children were interviewed and observed regarding their: (a) understanding of positive and negative emotions, and (b) ways of regulating emotion before and after they using “Pelangi Hatiku” for several times. It was found that the children have understanding of their negative and positive emotions, and able to express them to others. They have four ways to manage their emotions that are necessary for healthy adjustment. Therefore, the book of “Pelangi Hatiku” can be used as a therapy media for hospitalized children. Keywords: hospitalized children, buku “Pelangi Hatiku”, media therapy.