Rantan Krisnan
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Ultrasonography of udder parenchymal tissue of Murrah and Swamp buffalo calves Ulum, Mokhamad Fakhrul; Raudlowi, Hammada; Krisnan, Rantan
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 22, No 2 (2017): JUNE 2017
Publisher : Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development (ICARD)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (97.348 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v22i2.1629

Abstract

The examination of udder through a parameter such as parenchymal tissue (PAR) and mammary fat pads (MFP) can be used to evaluate health status and the development of mammary gland. This research was conducted to evaluate the PAR and MFP of Murrah (n=4) and Swamp (n=4) buffalo heifer calve udder using brightness-mode ultrasonography transcutaneously. Eight buffalo consisted of Murrah (n=4) and Swamp (n=4) buffalo aged of six months old reared at Indonesian Research Institute for Animal Production, Ciawi, Bogor were used this study. Ultrasonography imaging was performed on the udder nipple for the four quarters: left front, left back, right front, and right back. The ultrasonography image was evaluated and then assessed for score, echogenicity and PAR area on MFP. The results showed that sonogram PAR was aniconic to hypoechoic, while the MFP was hypoechoic to hyperechoic. Even though there was a variation in the four quarters of udder, Murrah buffalo calve had the highest (P>0.05) value of score, echogenicity, and PAR area compared to the Swamp buffalo.
The effect of application of tea waste (Camellia sinensis) fermented with Aspergillus niger on broiler Krisnan, Rantan
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 10, No 1 (2005): MARCH 2005
Publisher : Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development (ICARD)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (147.449 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v10i1.470

Abstract

The purpose of this experiment is to find out the effect of Aspergillus niger fermented tea waste (Camellia sinensis) in feed on body weight gain, protein efficiency and percentage of carcass of broiler. The experiment was conducted in a Completely Randomized Design using 100 day old chicks (DOC) Avian CP-707 strain. The animal were devided into five treatments of ration. Each treatment was replicated four times. All dietary treatment were formulated based on fermented tea-waste content, namely: RO (0.0%), R1 (2.5%), R2 (5.0%), R3 (7.5%), and R4 (10.0%). The results indicated that broilers gave the best responses to the R1 (2.5% fermented tea-waste) to all measured parameters. Positive responses also observed in broilers given ration containing fermented tea-waste up to the level 7.5%, however, at the level 10.0% decreased body weight gain, but the protein efficiency and the carcass percentage were equal to the R0 (control ration).   Key Words: Fermented Tea-Waste, Body Weight Gain, Protein Efficiency, Carcass, Broiler
Productivity and Utilization of Leguminous Tree Indigofera zollingeriana on Dry Land Herdiawan, Iwan; Krisnan, Rantan
Indonesian Bulletin of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 24, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (151.589 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/wartazoa.v24i2.1051

Abstract

Indigofera is well known as tarum plant, has about 700 species, including Indigofera zollingeriana. These plants are leguminous species that have high nutrient content and production as well as tolerant to abiotic stresses. This plant originated in tropical Africa, Asia, Australia, and North and South America, then spread to arid zone of Africa and Asia. In early 1900, it was brought by Europeans colonial to Indonesia. Indigofera can grow well at altitudes between 0-2200 m above sea level, with rainfall between 600-3000 mm/year. It can be used as a fodder crop because it has high nutrient content and production. It can be harvested at the age of eight months with an average production of 2,595 kg of fresh biomass/tree, with a total production of fresh approximately 52 tons/ha. Indigofera zollingeriana has crude protein content of 27.60%; neutral detergent fiber (NDF) 43.56%; acid detergent fiber (ADF) 35.24%; calcium (Ca) 1.16%; phosphorous (P) 0.26%; in vitro-dry matter digestibility (IVDMD) 67.50%; organic matter digestibility (IVOMD) 60.32%; 0.08% tannins and 0.41% saponin. Additionally I. zollingeriana is often used as green manure, cover crop in plantation areas, fabric dyeing and therapeutic herbs. Key words: Indigofera zollingeriana, characteristics, usage, dry land
The effect of application of tea waste (Camellia sinensis) fermented with Aspergillus niger on broiler Krisnan, Rantan
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 10, No 1 (2005)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v10i1.470

Abstract

The purpose of this experiment is to find out the effect of Aspergillus niger fermented tea waste (Camellia sinensis) in feed on body weight gain, protein efficiency and percentage of carcass of broiler. The experiment was conducted in a Completely Randomized Design using 100 day old chicks (DOC) Avian CP-707 strain. The animal were devided into five treatments of ration. Each treatment was replicated four times. All dietary treatment were formulated based on fermented tea-waste content, namely: RO (0.0%), R1 (2.5%), R2 (5.0%), R3 (7.5%), and R4 (10.0%). The results indicated that broilers gave the best responses to the R1 (2.5% fermented tea-waste) to all measured parameters. Positive responses also observed in broilers given ration containing fermented tea-waste up to the level 7.5%, however, at the level 10.0% decreased body weight gain, but the protein efficiency and the carcass percentage were equal to the R0 (control ration).   Key Words: Fermented Tea-Waste, Body Weight Gain, Protein Efficiency, Carcass, Broiler
Pineapple waste-silages as basal feed for growing Boer X Kacang cross goats Ginting, Simon P; Krisnan, Rantan; Simanihuruk, Kiston
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 12, No 3 (2007)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v12i3.485

Abstract

The study was aimed: 1) to evaluate the effects of using different additives on the quality of pineapple waste-silage (SLN), and 2) to investigate the responses of goats fed with PAS as a basal feed. Pineapple processing wastes include skins and the pulp left after cannery wastes are pressed to extract the juice. Six additive treatments were used in the processing of pressed pineapple wastes, namely 1) urea (5% DM), 2) Urea (2% DM) and cassava meal (3% DM), 3) molasses (5% DM), 4) urea (2.5% DM) and molasses (2.5% DM), 5) fermented-juice lactic acid bacteria (5% DM), and 6) without additives. Fermentation periode were set at 9, 12, 15, 18 and 21 days. The best SLN obtained from those treatments was then used in feeding trials. Twenty male Boer x Kacang crosses with an initial body weight averaging 13.2 ± 1.9 kg were used in this experiment. The animals were allocated to one of the following feed treatments, in DM: A) Grasses (75%) + SLN (25%), B) SLN (75%) + Concentrates (25%), C) SLN (50%) +Concentrate (50%), and D) SLN (25%) + Concentrates (75%). Using molasses as additive material at 5% and 15 days of fermentation period gave the best chemical and physical characteristics of the SLN. Its crude fiber content decreased and it showed the lowest pH (4.7) The silage showed temperature at 280C, and its taste was sour, and no fungi contamination. The DM and OM intakes and DM, OM and N digestibility were not different (P>0.05) between the animals fed 75% Grass/25% CON and 75% SLN/25% CON. When the proportion of concentrates in the rations was increased, the feed intake and digestibility were increase significantly (P<0.05). ADG (71.3 vs 68.8 g) and feed efficiency (11.2 vs 13.4) was similar between the 75% Grass/25% CON and 75% SLN 25% CON groups. ADG increased significantly (P<0.05) when the proportion of concentrates in ration was increased to 50% (82.6 g) or to 75% (89.1 g). N retention was positive in all treatments, and it was increased significantly (P<0.05) as the proportion of concentrates in ration increased. It is concluded that pineapple wastes could be preserved to silages using molasses as additive material. Pineapple waste silage could be used as roughage to substitute grass in ration. When fed with the pineapple waste silage the responses of goats will increase as the proportion of concentrates in the ration increased. Key Words: Pineapple Wastes, Silages, Goats
The effect of combined probiotics with catalyst supplementation on digestion and rumen characteristic in Priangan sheep Krisnan, Rantan; Haryanto, Budi; Wiryawan, Komang G.
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 14, No 4 (2009)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (67.998 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v14i4.305

Abstract

An experiment was carried out to investigate the effect of combined supplementation of probiotics and catalyst on digestion and rumen characteristic in Priangan sheep. The trial was conducted using 16 heads of young male Priangan sheep with average initial weight of 18 kg in completely randomized design with factorial 2x2 and 4 replication. The first factor was two types of probiotics mixed with catalyst supplement, while the second factor was two levels of supplement percentage of catalyst at 0.5 and 1.0% of concentrate. The type of probiotics applied was probion and probiotics of buffaloes rumen microbes. The feeding level was set at 3% of body weight based on dry matter and consisting of forage (King grass) and concentrate at 50:50 ratio. The results indicated a significantly greater fibre digestion value (NDF) and proportion of acetate molar in the group of sheep fed combination of probiotics of buffaloes rumen microbes and catalyst supplement. It was concluded that the recommendation level of the combined rumen microbe probiotics with catalyst supplement in sheep ration was 0.5%. Key words: Probiotic-Catalyst Supplement, Digestibiliy, Rumen Characteristic, Sheep
The Utilization of Indigofera sp as the sole foliage in goat diets supplemented with high carbohydrate or high protein concentrates Ginting, Simon P; Krisnan, Rantan; Sirait, Juniar; ., Antonius
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 15, No 4 (2010)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v15i4.665

Abstract

Indigofera sp is a tree leguminous forage species known to be adaptable to the drought climate and saline soil and so it has potential as alternative feed resource to support the ruminant animal production. This study aimed to study the  responses of goats fed Indigofera sp as the sole foliages in their diets. Twenty male Boer x Kacang crossbred goats  (6 months of age;16 ± 2,1 kg BW) were randomly assigned to four dietary treatments containing fresh or wilted leaves of Indigifera sp. as the sole foliages and supplemented with high carbohydrate (HCC) or protein (HPC)concentrates. Consumable parts i.e. leaves and twigs of about 8 to 10 months of age of Indigofera sp. were harvested by hand plucking every day in the morning. The experiment was a 2 x 2 factorial design arranged in a completely randomized design. The ruminal pH ranged from 6.14-6.85 and were  not affected (P > 0.05) by wilting nor by the type of concentrates. Wilting did not affect (P > 0.05) the concentration of  ruminal NH3-N, but  it was significantly higher (P < 0.05) in HPC group (32.36-32.54 mg dL-1) than those in HCC group(17.94-23.57 mg dL-1). Total VFA concentration were not affected by wilting  nor by the type of concentrates  (P > 0.05). Goats in the HCC group,however,numerically have higher total VFA concentration (178.5-183.75 mmol L-1) than those in the HPC group (142.21-174.64 mmol L-1). The apparent digestibility coeficients  of DM, OM, CP and energy of the diet were not different (P > 0.05) when contained wilted or fresh Indigofera foliage.  Significant increases (P < 0.05)   in the DM and  OM, but not in the CP and energy  apparent digestibility coeficients were observed in the HPC goats. Dry matter intakes were not different (P > 0.05) among dietary treatments, but the ADG of goats in the HCC group (60-63 g d-1) were significantly lower (P < 0.05) than those  of goats in the HPC treatment (80-87 g d-1). Blood glucosa concentration was not affected by wilting nor by type of concentrates (P > 0.05).  BUN was not affected by wilting process, but providing high protein concentrates significantly (P < 0.05) increased the BUN concentration. It is concluded that foliage of Indigofera sp could be used as the sole forage in intensive production of goats. Wilting the foliage prior to feeding seemed to be unnecessary, since this process does not improve the animal productivity in term of daily gain and efficiency of feed utilization. Key Words: Indigofera sp, Supplements,  Ruminal Fermentation, Goats
Productivity and Utilization of Leguminous Tree Indigofera zollingeriana on Dry Land Herdiawan, Iwan; Krisnan, Rantan
WARTAZOA. Indonesian Bulletin of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 24, No 2 (2014): JUNE 2014
Publisher : Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (151.589 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/wartazoa.v24i2.1051

Abstract

Indigofera is well known as tarum plant, has about 700 species, including Indigofera zollingeriana. These plants are leguminous species that have high nutrient content and production as well as tolerant to abiotic stresses. This plant originated in tropical Africa, Asia, Australia, and North and South America, then spread to arid zone of Africa and Asia. In early 1900, it was brought by Europeans colonial to Indonesia. Indigofera can grow well at altitudes between 0-2200 m above sea level, with rainfall between 600-3000 mm/year. It can be used as a fodder crop because it has high nutrient content and production. It can be harvested at the age of eight months with an average production of 2,595 kg of fresh biomass/tree, with a total production of fresh approximately 52 tons/ha. Indigofera zollingeriana has crude protein content of 27.60%; neutral detergent fiber (NDF) 43.56%; acid detergent fiber (ADF) 35.24%; calcium (Ca) 1.16%; phosphorous (P) 0.26%; in vitro-dry matter digestibility (IVDMD) 67.50%; organic matter digestibility (IVOMD) 60.32%; 0.08% tannins and 0.41% saponin. Additionally I. zollingeriana is often used as green manure, cover crop in plantation areas, fabric dyeing and therapeutic herbs. Key words: Indigofera zollingeriana, characteristics, usage, dry land
The Utilization of Indigofera sp as the sole foliage in goat diets supplemented with high carbohydrate or high protein concentrates Ginting, Simon P; Krisnan, Rantan; Sirait, Juniar; ., Antonius
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 15, No 4 (2010): DECEMBER 2010
Publisher : Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development (ICARD)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (77.464 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v15i4.665

Abstract

Indigofera sp is a tree leguminous forage species known to be adaptable to the drought climate and saline soil and so it has potential as alternative feed resource to support the ruminant animal production. This study aimed to study the  responses of goats fed Indigofera sp as the sole foliages in their diets. Twenty male Boer x Kacang crossbred goats  (6 months of age;16 ± 2,1 kg BW) were randomly assigned to four dietary treatments containing fresh or wilted leaves of Indigifera sp. as the sole foliages and supplemented with high carbohydrate (HCC) or protein (HPC)concentrates. Consumable parts i.e. leaves and twigs of about 8 to 10 months of age of Indigofera sp. were harvested by hand plucking every day in the morning. The experiment was a 2 x 2 factorial design arranged in a completely randomized design. The ruminal pH ranged from 6.14-6.85 and were  not affected (P > 0.05) by wilting nor by the type of concentrates. Wilting did not affect (P > 0.05) the concentration of  ruminal NH3-N, but  it was significantly higher (P < 0.05) in HPC group (32.36-32.54 mg dL-1) than those in HCC group(17.94-23.57 mg dL-1). Total VFA concentration were not affected by wilting  nor by the type of concentrates  (P > 0.05). Goats in the HCC group,however,numerically have higher total VFA concentration (178.5-183.75 mmol L-1) than those in the HPC group (142.21-174.64 mmol L-1). The apparent digestibility coeficients  of DM, OM, CP and energy of the diet were not different (P > 0.05) when contained wilted or fresh Indigofera foliage.  Significant increases (P < 0.05)   in the DM and  OM, but not in the CP and energy  apparent digestibility coeficients were observed in the HPC goats. Dry matter intakes were not different (P > 0.05) among dietary treatments, but the ADG of goats in the HCC group (60-63 g d-1) were significantly lower (P < 0.05) than those  of goats in the HPC treatment (80-87 g d-1). Blood glucosa concentration was not affected by wilting nor by type of concentrates (P > 0.05).  BUN was not affected by wilting process, but providing high protein concentrates significantly (P < 0.05) increased the BUN concentration. It is concluded that foliage of Indigofera sp could be used as the sole forage in intensive production of goats. Wilting the foliage prior to feeding seemed to be unnecessary, since this process does not improve the animal productivity in term of daily gain and efficiency of feed utilization. Key Words: Indigofera sp, Supplements,  Ruminal Fermentation, Goats
The effect of application of tea waste (Camellia sinensis) fermented with Aspergillus niger on broiler Krisnan, Rantan
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 10, No 1 (2005): MARCH 2005
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (147.449 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v10i1.470

Abstract

The purpose of this experiment is to find out the effect of Aspergillus niger fermented tea waste (Camellia sinensis) in feed on body weight gain, protein efficiency and percentage of carcass of broiler. The experiment was conducted in a Completely Randomized Design using 100 day old chicks (DOC) Avian CP-707 strain. The animal were devided into five treatments of ration. Each treatment was replicated four times. All dietary treatment were formulated based on fermented tea-waste content, namely: RO (0.0%), R1 (2.5%), R2 (5.0%), R3 (7.5%), and R4 (10.0%). The results indicated that broilers gave the best responses to the R1 (2.5% fermented tea-waste) to all measured parameters. Positive responses also observed in broilers given ration containing fermented tea-waste up to the level 7.5%, however, at the level 10.0% decreased body weight gain, but the protein efficiency and the carcass percentage were equal to the R0 (control ration).   Key Words: Fermented Tea-Waste, Body Weight Gain, Protein Efficiency, Carcass, Broiler