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STRATEGI PENINGKATAN KINERJA GABUNGAN PERKUMPULAN PETANI PEMAKAI AIR (GP3A) DI KABUPATEN BOGOR Wahyudi, Bobby; Syaukat, Yusman; Kolopaking, Lala M
Jurnal Manajemen Pembangunan Daerah Vol 6, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Program Studi Manajemen Pembangunan Daerah. Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajemen. IPB

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Abstract

ABSTRACTThis study aimed to obtain Current overview about the implementation of program WISMP in Bogor Regency as study for local government policy-making, by identifying the internal and external factors and formulating strategies for improving the performance of Water User Associations Federation (WUAF) in Bogor Regency.The study was conducted in Bogor Regency, by using primary and secondary data. Problems in this study is how the performance of Water User Associations Federation (WUAF) as Program recipients WISMP I in the first five years has been as planned, How are the WUAF conditions of DI that receiving and DI did not receive WISMP I program in Bogor Regency. The method of analysis used is the Importance Performance Analisys (IPA), Farmers' Income Analysis, SWOT Analysis (Strangths-Weaknesses-Opportunities-Threats) Analysis of Quantitative Strategies and Planning Matrix (QSPM). Results Importance Performance Analisys (IPA) shows there are 6 variables in quadrant A (level of performance), 6 variables in quadrant B (maintain performance), 6 variables in quadrant C (low priority) and 2 variables in quadrant D (likely exaggerated). Based on the results of the study, priority strategies for improving the Water User Associations Federation (WUAF) in Bogor Regency is based on the level of performance and quality aspects of performance WUAF in Bogor Regency by 30% is considered to be enhanced performance. Emphasis strategy by utilizing external opportunities to existing internal weaknesses (WO strategy). The strategy is the first priority is to program management plan participatory irrigation network for increased production and increase the welfare of farmers in Bogor Regency RPJMD with TAS value 8.34.Keywords: Performance, Strategy, WISMP, WUAFABSTRAKPenelitian ini dimaksudkan untuk memperoleh gambaran aktual tentang pelaksanaan program WISMP di Kabupaten Bogor, sebagai bahan pembelajaran untuk pengambilan kebijakan selanjutnya bagi pemerintah daerah, dengan cara mengidentifikasi faktor-faktor internal - ekternal dan merumuskan strategi peningkatan kinerja Gabungan Perkumpulan Petani Pemakai Air (GP3A) di Kabupaten Bogor. Penelitian dilakukan di Kabupaten Bogor, dengan mengunakan data primer dan sekunder. Perumusan masalah dalam kajian ini yaitu bagaimanakah kinerja Gabungan Perkumpulan Petani Pemakai Air (GP3A) penerima Program WISMP I pada lima tahun pertama ini sudah sesuai dengan yang direncanakan, Bagaimanakah kondisi GP3A pada DI yang menerima dan DI tidak menerima Program WISMP I di Kabupaten Bogor. Metoda analisis yang digunakan adalah Importance Performance Analisys (IPA), Analisis Pendapatan Petani, Analisis SWOT (Strangths-Weaknesses-Opportunities-Threats) dan Analisis Quantitative Strategies Planning Matrix (QSPM). Hasil Importance Performance Analisys (IPA) menunjukan ada 6 variabel di kuadran A (tingkat kinerja), 6 variabel di kuadran B (pertahankan kinerja), 6 variabel di kuadran C (prioritas rendah) dan 2 variabel di kuadran D (cenderung berlebihan). Berdasarkan hasil kajian, prioritas strategi peningkatan kinerja Gabungan Perkumpulan Petani Pemakai Air (GP3A) di Kabupaten Bogor didasarkan pada aspek tingkat kinerja dan kualitas kinerja GP3A di Kabupaten Bogor sebesar 30% yang dinilai harus ditingkatkan kinerjanya. Penekanan strategi dengan memanfaatkan peluang eksternal terhadap kelemahan internal yang ada (Strategi WO). Strategi yang menjadi prioritas pertama adalah memprogramkan rencana pengelolaan jaringan irigasi secara partisipatif untuk peningkatan produksi dan peningkatan kesejahteraan petani dalam RPJMD Kabupaten Bogor dengan nilai TAS 8,34.Kata Kunci : GP3A, Kinerja, Strategi, WISMP
PERLAWANAN TERSAMAR ORGANISASI PETANI: SINERGI ANTARA KEPENTINGAN PEMBANGUNAN DAN ABSTRACT KEPENTINGAN GERAKAN SOSIAL Purwandari, Heru; Kolopaking, Lala M; Tonny, Fredian
Jurnal Sodality Vol 6, No 3 (2012): Sodality
Publisher : Departemen SKPM FEMA IPB

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Abstract

This study goal is understanding people movement development that articulated through organization construction. Farmer as social entity faced with structural pressure that obstruct the social transformation movement. According to the facing problems, these are natural when approach that developed by farmer organization is the community development strategy. Production center oriented for the latest 30 years have become the development ideology. Critic toward this paradigm as described above brought in to the community development (CD) approach. Unfortunately CD produce dependence with the elite structure and program, elite domination and effort to integrating farmer to high capital condition. Besides that problem, CD preserve community stability and disappear social change and social movement. Looking to this fact, farmer organization that prepared as case study develop a new paradigm for the community development which more intense to the people center development. This effort can be held with self govern building and farmer authority. Practically; choosing paradigm for people center development strategy. Differentiation between early CD with the CD as the strategy that will be directed to the people center development lie on the result. CD as the strategy is not resulting dependence otherwise achieving access and control to the resources. Those explanation above really want to describe that farmer achieving specific ways to reach organization goals. Paradigm resistance have been doing with the hidden tactic. Concept that founded in this research is disguised resistance. Disguised resistance indicated hidden strategy that used to reach organization agenda. Disguised resistance is the alliance model between maintaining social existence and the effort to the social deconstruction. Resistance have been doing bellow the government development propaganda and doing the redefinition to those propaganda in to the paradigm ways more oriented to the people center oriented. Keywords: Disguised Resistance, Farmer Organization, Farmer Self Govern, Farmer Authority
PERLAWANAN TERSAMAR ORGANISASI PETANI: SINERGI ANTARA KEPENTINGAN PEMBANGUNAN DAN ABSTRACT KEPENTINGAN GERAKAN SOSIAL Purwandari, Heru; Kolopaking, Lala M; Tonny, Fredian
SODALITY: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan Vol 6, No 3 (2012)
Publisher : SODALITY: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan

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Abstract

This study goal is understanding people movement development that articulated through organization construction. Farmer as social entity faced with structural pressure that obstruct the social transformation movement. According to the facing problems, these are natural when approach that developed by farmer organization is the community development strategy. Production center oriented for the latest 30 years have become the development ideology. Critic toward this paradigm as described above brought in to the community development (CD) approach. Unfortunately CD produce dependence with the elite structure and program, elite domination and effort to integrating farmer to high capital condition. Besides that problem, CD preserve community stability and disappear social change and social movement. Looking to this fact, farmer organization that prepared as case study develop a new paradigm for the community development which more intense to the people center development. This effort can be held with self govern building and farmer authority. Practically; choosing paradigm for people center development strategy. Differentiation between early CD with the CD as the strategy that will be directed to the people center development lie on the result. CD as the strategy is not resulting dependence otherwise achieving access and control to the resources. Those explanation above really want to describe that farmer achieving specific ways to reach organization goals. Paradigm resistance have been doing with the hidden tactic. Concept that founded in this research is disguised resistance. Disguised resistance indicated hidden strategy that used to reach organization agenda. Disguised resistance is the alliance model between maintaining social existence and the effort to the social deconstruction. Resistance have been doing bellow the government development propaganda and doing the redefinition to those propaganda in to the paradigm ways more oriented to the people center oriented. Keywords: Disguised Resistance, Farmer Organization, Farmer Self Govern, Farmer Authority
PERLAWANAN TERSAMAR ORGANISASI PETANI: SINERGI ANTARA KEPENTINGAN PEMBANGUNAN DAN ABSTRACT KEPENTINGAN GERAKAN SOSIAL Purwandari, Heru; Kolopaking, Lala M; Tonny, Fredian
Sodality: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan Vol 6, No 3 (2012): Sodality
Publisher : Communication and Community Department, Faculty of Human Ecology

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Abstract

This study goal is understanding people movement development that articulated through organization construction. Farmer as social entity faced with structural pressure that obstruct the social transformation movement. According to the facing problems, these are natural when approach that developed by farmer organization is the community development strategy. Production center oriented for the latest 30 years have become the development ideology. Critic toward this paradigm as described above brought in to the community development (CD) approach. Unfortunately CD produce dependence with the elite structure and program, elite domination and effort to integrating farmer to high capital condition. Besides that problem, CD preserve community stability and disappear social change and social movement. Looking to this fact, farmer organization that prepared as case study develop a new paradigm for the community development which more intense to the people center development. This effort can be held with self govern building and farmer authority. Practically; choosing paradigm for people center development strategy. Differentiation between early CD with the CD as the strategy that will be directed to the people center development lie on the result. CD as the strategy is not resulting dependence otherwise achieving access and control to the resources. Those explanation above really want to describe that farmer achieving specific ways to reach organization goals. Paradigm resistance have been doing with the hidden tactic. Concept that founded in this research is disguised resistance. Disguised resistance indicated hidden strategy that used to reach organization agenda. Disguised resistance is the alliance model between maintaining social existence and the effort to the social deconstruction. Resistance have been doing bellow the government development propaganda and doing the redefinition to those propaganda in to the paradigm ways more oriented to the people center oriented. Keywords: Disguised Resistance, Farmer Organization, Farmer Self Govern, Farmer Authority
Penggunaan Konsep Rules-In-Use Ostrom Dalam Analisis Peraturan Pembentukan Organisasi Kesatuan Pengelolaan Hutan Suwarno, Eno; Kartodihardjo, Hariadi; Kolopaking, Lala M; Soedomo, Sudarsono
ISSN 0216-0897
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perubahan Iklim dan Kebijakan

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Abstract

Setelah penetapan wilayah KPHL/KPHP oleh Menteri Kehutanan, tahap selanjutnya adalah pembentukan dan operasionalisasi organisasi KPHL/KPHP oleh pemerintah daerah. Pelaksanaan kewajiban tersebut berjalan tersendat dkarenakan terkendala oleh sejumlah hambatan, antara lain oleh peraturan yang kurang memiliki daya dorong dan menyulitkan daerah pada saat implementasinya. Dalam Kerangka Kerja Analisis dan Pengembangan Kelembagaan (IAD-Framework) Ostrom, terdapat konsep aturan-aturan yang digunakan (rules in use) yang dapat digunakan untuk menganalisis isi peraturan dalam hubungannya dengan struktur situasi aksi yang terbentuk pada saat peraturan diimplementasikan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji efektivitas penggunaan konsep rules in use untuk menemukan kelemahan-kelemahan substansial dari peraturan pembentukan organisasi KPHL/KPHP pada tingkat provinsi. Analisis dilakukan terhadap PP No. 6/2007 jo. PP No. 3/2008, Permendagri No. 61/2010, dan PP No. 41/2007, dengan metode analisis substansi peraturan dan umpan balik dari proses implementasinya. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian diperoleh kesimpulan bahwa penggunaan konsep rules in use Ostrom cukup efektif untuk menemukan kelemahan-kelemahan isi suatu peraturan.
Menyelesaikan Konflik Penguasaan Kawasan Hutan Melalui Pendekatan Gaya Sengketa Para Pihak Di Kesatuan Pengelolaan Hutan Lakitan Gamin, Gamin; Kartodihardjo, Hariadi; Kolopaking, Lala M; Boer, Rizaldi
ISSN 0216-0897
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perubahan Iklim dan Kebijakan

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Abstract

Gaya para pihak menghadapi sengketa (conflict style) diperlukan guna penyelenggaraan penyelesaian sengketa yang efektif. Aktor utama dan aktor pendukung serta kepentingan/peran dan pengaruh atau kekuasaan serta hubungannya perlu dipetakan dengan seksama. Apa saja tindakan yang dapat dilakukan untuk menyelesaian konflik berdasarkan gaya para pihak tersebut adalah sesuatu yang perlu dijawab dalam penelitian ini. Dalam penelitian ini gaya para pihak didekati menggunakan analisis gaya bersengketa (AGATA). Studi ini menunjukkan bahwa pihak bergaya sengketa kompromi, akomodasi dan kolaborasi difasilitasi dan dimediasi untuk mengusulkan Hutan Desa, Hutan Kemasyarakatan dan peluang Kemitraan guna mendapatkan legalitas pengeloalan sekaligus pengakuan hutan negara, oleh karena itu penerbitan Ijin Hutan Desa dan Hutan Kemasyarakatan penting dipercepat. Peran pihak luar yang tidak ada hubungan konflik sangat penting untuk memfasilitasi dan memediasi para pihak menuju penyelesaian konflik. Pihak yang berkompetisi perlu dimediasi sehingga gayanya berubah kompromi, akomodasi ataupun kolaborasi. Kalaupun tetap pada gayanya kiranya akan menghasilkan pilihan yang konstruktif untuk memperoleh haknya atas lahan melalui pelepasan kawasan hutan. Pihak yang bergaya menghindar perlu dilakukan komunikasi intensif agar menyadari adanya konflik atau berubah gayanya untuk berkompromi.
Kajian Keterlibatan Masyarakat Desa Hutan Mengembangkan Silvoindustri Biofuel Nyamplung (Calophyllum Inophyllum L) Berkelanjutan Uripno, Bambang; Kolopaking, Lala M; Slamet, R Margono; Amanah, Siti
ISSN 0216-0897
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perubahan Iklim dan Kebijakan

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Program Desa Mandiri Energi bertujuan untuk meningkatkan persediaan dan keragaman sumber energi dan peluang perekonomian masyarakat. Nyamplung merupakan tumbuhan yang potensial sebagai bahan baku biofuel atau bahan bakar nabati karena memiliki rendemen minyak tumbuhan yang sangat tinggi dan bukan untuk makanan manusia atau pakan ternak. Biofuel dari nyamplung merupakan inovasi yang perlu dimasyarakatkan. Keterlibatan masyarakat setempat dalam pengembangan silvoindustri biofuel nyamplung, baik sebagai produsen maupun konsumen biofuel, sangat penting. Badan Litbang Kehutanan membangun dua demplot di Desa Buluagung dan di Desa Paputrejo sebagai percontohan pembangunan silvoindustri biofuel nyamplung. Sampai sekarang perkembangan demplot masih menghadapi berbagai persoalan. Metode survei dipergunakan untuk mengumpulkan data dan informasi dari 62 (enam puluh dua) orang responden, yang dipilih dengan purposive sampling. Pengumpulan data dan informasi menggunakan kuesioner, observasi lapangan, dan wawancara mendalam. Konfirmasi data dan informasi dilakukan melalui Forest Group Discussion tingkat desa. Analisis data menggunakan program statistik SPSS untuk mengetahui korelasi Rank-Spearman, dan dilengkapi dengan analisis secara kualitatif. Hasil penelitian memperlihatkan bahwa pembangunan demplot tidak menggunakan pendekatan dan proses partisipatif. Keterlibatan masyarakat desa setempat dalam pengembangan silvoindustri biofuel nyamplung rendah; dan secara nyata dipengaruhi oleh harga biofuel, kematangan inovasi teknologi, peranan demplot dan pendampingan tokoh kunci
Dinamika Peran Sosial Politik Ulama dan Jawara di Pandeglang Banten Muslim, Asep; Kolopaking, Lala M; Dharmawan, Arya H; Soetarto, Endriatmo
MIMBAR (Jurnal Sosial dan Pembangunan) Volume 31, No. 2, Tahun 2015 [Terakreditasi Dikti]
Publisher : Universitas Islam Bandung

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Abstract

Fokus dalam tulisan ini adalah mengkaji peran sosial-politik ulama dan jawara di Pandeglang (Banten). Saat ini, terdapat kecenderungan adanya penurunan dalam peran politik ulama di satu sisi, dan peningkatan yang sangat tinggi dalam peran politik yang dimainkan jawara di sisi lain. Meskipun dalam konstelasi politik lokal jawara mendominasi ulama, tetapi dari sisi aspek kekuasaan sosial ulama masih merupakan aktor yang paling berkuasa dan masih mendominasi jawara. Untuk mengeksplorasi fakta ini, peneliti akan menganalisisnya melalui pendekatan relasi kekuasaan yang mengindikasikan terdapat suatu jenis relasi patron-klien khas antara ulama dan jawara. Dalam penelitian ini, deskriptif kualitatif dipilih sebagai metode penelitian dengan studi kasus sebagai pendekatannya. Beberapa ulama, jawara, sesepuh (tokoh masyarakat), santri dan masyarakat biasa dipilih sebagai informannya melalui teknik key person berdasarkan strategi purposive sampling. Penelitian menemukan suatu relasi patron-klien khas Banten antara ulama dan jawara yang memengaruhi konstruksi relasi kekuasaannya dan konstelasi sosial politik lokal.
STRUKTUR SOSIAL MASYARAKAT NELAYAN KOTA BENGKULU : Kajian Struktural Tentang Kemiskinan Nelayan Kota Be~gkulu (Social Structure of Fisherman Community at Bengkulu City)1 Apriyanty, Henny; S. Alikodra, Hadi; M, Kooswardono; Sutarto, Endriatmo; Kolopaking, Lala M
Jurnal AGRISEP JURNAL AGRISEP VOL 05 NO 1 2006
Publisher : Prodi Agribisnis Jurusan Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Bengkulu

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Abstract

Fisherman community in Bengkulu city which divided into groups based on ethnic and authority of production  asset. Sumberjaya  district is the modern area fishery, the profit sharing system indicates the large imbalance  relatively  in distribution  which  cause  distribution  not  covered  all  out relatively  in eaming distribution. And in Teluk Sepang district which is fishery area, the profit sharing system indicates small imbalance relatively, even still cause distribution which not covered all out. The tightly relationship client patron  has seen clearly  in Sumberjaya district  which make  high dependance  relatively  between owner of production equipment with laborer of ship fisherm8n, hence pONerty will keep existing, while in Teluk  Sepang  district  has not  seen the patron  client  relationship,  however  the pONerty  still  existing because of the limited production tool. Marketing distribution of fish based on kind of fisherman exertion. FIsherman exertion which using ·purseine", "gill ner,  and "trammel net"  chain of marketing to consumer is long precisely.    This matter  is because  of the commodity  which  resulted  is the export  commodity, because  of the commodffy  wich resulted is the  export,  while  kind of fisherman  exertion  which  using·waiing·,  fishing  rod  and"mono  filament", the marketing  chain  is short relatively  because  of the local commodity.  However,  the  existing  long  chain  marketing  cause  narrow  margin  which  received  by fisherman. Key words:  social structure, fisherman and  community 
Partisipasi Pemuda Desa dalam Perkembangan Usaha BUMDES “TIRTA MANDIRI” Kasila, Morni; Kolopaking, Lala M
Jurnal Sains Komunikasi dan Pengembangan Masyarakat [JSKPM] Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Departemen Sains Komunikasi dan Pengembangan Masyarakat, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia, IPB

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Abstract

ABSTRACTVillage-owned enterprises (BUMDes) is an economic institution of village which aims to move the economies of rural community Local community, especially youth of village had the potential to develop businesses from BUMDes because they had creative ideas. The objectives of this research are analyze level of youth participation in BUMDes “Tirta Mandiri”, analyze the factors that determine of youth participation, and analyze relationship of youth participation to  development businesses of BUMDes “Tirta Mandiri”.  This research used quantitative method and supported by qualitative data. Based on data  collection, it was found that, first the highest youth participation is at the stage of implementation, second communication is a factor that has relationship with youth participation. Therefore, good communication between parties in BUMDes “Tirta Mandiri” can facilitate the youth to working together. Third, the high participation of youth give progress to development businesses of BUMDes “Tirta Mandiri” from the institutional side, member capability and market product expansion.Keywords: BEMDes, youth participation  and business development of BUMDes---------------------------ABSTRAKBadan Usaha Milik Desa (BUMDes) adalah sebuah lembaga ekonomi desa yang bertujuan untuk menggerakkan ekonomi masyarakat desa. Masyarakat setempat, khususnya pemuda berpontensi untuk mengembangkan usaha dari BUMDes, disebabkan mereka memiliki ide-ide kreatif. Tujuan penelitian adalah menganalisis tingkat partisipasi pemuda dalam BUMDes “Tirta Mandiri”, menganalisis faktor yang menentukan partisipasi pemuda, dan menganalisis hubungan partisipasi pemuda terhadap perkembangan BUMDes “Tirta Mandiri”. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kuantitatif yang didukung data kualitatif. Berdasarkan data yang dikumpulkan, ditemukan bahwa pertama, partisipasi pemuda dalam BUMDes paling tinggi pada tahap pelaksanaan. Kedua, tingkat komunikasi adalah faktor yang memiliki hubungan terhadap tingkat partisipasi pemuda, sebab komunikasi yang baik antara pihak didalam BUMDes memudahkan pemuda untuk bekerja sama. Ketiga, tingginya partisipasi pemuda memberikan kemajuan terhadap perkembangan BUMDes “Tirta Mandiri” dari segi kelembagaan, kemampuan anggota dan perluasan pasar produk.Kata kunci: BUMDes, partisipasi pemuda dan perkembangan usaha BUMDes