Kissinger Kissinger
Centre Faculty of Forestry Lambung Mangkurat University in Banjarbaru (South Kalimantan)

Published : 9 Documents
Articles

Found 9 Documents
Search

PENAPISAN SENYAWA FITOKIMIA DAN PENGUJIAN ANTIOKSIDAN EKSTRAK DAUN POHON MERAPAT Kissinger, Kissinger; Zuhud, Evrizal AM.; K, Latifah; Darusman, Darusman; Iskandar, Iskandar
Jurnal Penelitian Hasil Hutan Vol 31, No 1 (2013):
Publisher : Pusat Litbang Keteknikan Kehutanan dan Pengolahan Hasil Hutan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Hutan kerangas merupakan kumpulan vegetasi pohon di hutan hujan tropis, dicirikan antara lain oleh kandungan hara dan keanekaragaman hayati yang rendah, sehingga penggunaan pohonnya menjadi terbatas. Hutan kerangas tersebar luas di Kalimantan (misalnya Kalimantan Selatan). Salah satu jenis pohon yang dapat tumbuh dan berkembang pada kondisi ekstrim adalah merapat (Combretocarpus rotundatus). Daunnya mengandung senyawa kimia tertentu yang mengindikasikan berkemampuan fisiologis menghasilkan bioaktivitas seperti antioksidan. Sebagai konsekuesinya, hal ini diharapkan dapat meningkatkan nilai tambah dari pemanfaatan pohon kerangas. Terkait hal tersebut, pencermatan terhadap kandungan senyawa fitokimia dan pengujian kemampuan antioksidan dilakukan terhadap sampel kering daun merapat yang berasal dari hutan kerangas di Kalimantan Selatan. Awalnya, daun kering diekstrak dengan larutan metanol menghasilkan ekstrak methanol (sampel 1), fraksinasi lanjutan dilakukan dengan kromatografi kolom menggunakan eluent kloroform. Fraksi kloroform yang didapatkan (sampel 2) selanjutnya difraksinasi kembali menggunakan campuran larutan etil asetat-kloroform (dengan proporsi sama), yang menghasilkan sampel 3. Pencermatan fitokimia mengungkapkan bahwa ekstrak metanol mengandung senyawa fitokimia tertentu seperti flavonoid, turunan phenol, hidrokuinon, tanin dan triterpenoid, yang berperan sebagai antioksidan. Ekstrak metanol (sampel 1) menunjukkan aktivitas antioksidan tertinggi dengan memberikan reaksi reduksi terhadap pelepasan radikal bebas oleh Difenil Pikril Hidrazil Hidrat (DPPH) (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl), walaupun penggunaan dari fraksi kloroform (sampel 2) dan fraksi lanjutan etil asetat-kloroform (sampel 3) sangat rendah. Penghambatan radikal bebas dari DPPH pada tingkat 50% (IC 50) oleh ekstrak metanol terjadi pada konsentrasi 21,823 ppm. Sementara itu, vitamin C dan BHT sebagai kontrol aktivitas antioksidan terbentuk lebih efisien pada konsentrasi di bawah 21,823 ppm (berturut-turut pada konsentrasi 6,738 ppm dan 6,279 ppm). Bagaimanapun, nilai IC 50 tersebut memberikan penjelasan kuat bahwa potensi bioaktivitas ekstrak metanol daun merapat dapat digunakan sebagai antioksidan. Kata kunci : Hutan kerangas, jenis pohon merapat, daun, antioksidan, DPPH-pelepas radikal bebas, kontrol antioksidan, vitamin C dan BHT
Bioprospecting of Kerangas Forest as Natural Medicine Material Sources: Screening Phytochemistry Compound of Kerangas Forest Tree Species Kissinger, Kissinger; Yamani, Ahmad; Thamrin, Gusti AR; Muhayyah, Rina
Journal of Wetlands Environmental Management Vol 4, No 2 (2016): July-December, 2016
Publisher : Center for Journal Management and Publication

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/jwem.v4i2.54

Abstract

Bioprospecting is an effort to create a value for biodiversity. Bioactivity identification of tree species is an important step to get high economic value from kerangas forest. Screening bioactivity of plants was conducted by ethnobotanical survey and qualitative phytochemistry compound tests. Dried leaves and barks of selected trees from kerangas forest were tested for qualitative phythochemistry compound. Result showed that parts of selected trees from kerangas forest had various phythochemistry compounds. Methanol extract of kerangas tree species have potential bioactivities. There were total of 42 plants located in heath forest, 38 species of which are used by the public as a medicine (90.48%). The number of tree species that are always available in all locations of heath forest are 10 species. There are 8 species of which are commonly used by the community as a medicine. The benefits obtained from 10 species were as analgesic, antibacterial, antidiabetic, anti-plasmodium, and vitality. One species that potentially based on the knowledge society as antidiabetic contained in heath forest is S.belangeran.Bioprospecting is an effort to create a value for biodiversity. Bioactivity identification of tree species is an important step to get high economic value from kerangas forest. Screening bioactivity of plantswas conducted by ethnobotanical[u1] survey and qualitative phytochemistry compound tests. Dried leaves and barks of selected trees from kerangas forest were tested for qualitative phythochemistry compound. Result showed that parts of selected trees from kerangas forest had various phythochemistry compounds. It can be concluded that methanol extract of kerangas tree species have potential bioactivities.[u2]  [u1]spacing [u2]for what, more detail
BIOEKOLOGI AGROFORESTRY KOPI: TUTUPAN VEGETASI DAN POLA TUMBUHAN PENYUSUN AGROFORESTRY KOPI (Coffea sp.) DI KECAMATAN PENGARON KABUPATEN BANJAR KALIMANTAN SELATAN Kissinger, Kissinger; Pitri, Rina Muhayah Noor
EnviroScienteae Vol 13, No 2 (2017): EnviroScienteae Volume 13 Nomor 2, Agustus 2017
Publisher : Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Coffee agroforestry is a pattern of coffee cultivation mixed with other crops of one and two species, as well as more plant species. The objective of this research is to characterize vegetation cover type around coffee agroforestry and plant pattern of coffee agroforestry. The method used in data collection is by design of field observation and focal plant species for data collection about vegetation from coffee agroforestry. Data were analyzed by the descriptive method through narration from the result of data interpretation in tabulation matrix. There are 5 types of vegetation cover in the study sites: rubber plantation, mixed garden/yard garden, open field and shrubs, rice fields and cultivation fields, natural vegetation in riparian and swamp. Coffee crops are widely grown in the form of agroforestry mixed garden and yard garden. Some fruits planted with coffee are dominated by langsat (Lansium domesticum), cempedak (Artocarpus champeden), coconut (Cocos nucifera), and banana (Musa spp.). Based on the bioecological perspective, the diversity of flora contained in coffee agroforestry is very important in maintaining the stability of ecosystems, soil and water conservation, the conservation of animals on the surface and underground of the soil.
SISTEM NILAI DAN SIKAP MASYARAKAT TERHADAP KONSERVASI S. belangeran DARI HUTAN KERANGAS Kissinger, Kissinger; Yamani, Ahmad; Pitri, Rina Muhayah Noor
EnviroScienteae Vol 12, No 2 (2016): EnviroScienteae Volume 12 Nomor 2, Agustus 2016
Publisher : Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Shorea belangeran is one type of tree in heath forest. IUCN red list classifying S. belangeran in the critically endangered. The aim of this study are 1) to analyze the public attitudes towards conservation of S. belangeran, 2) to determine management chosen for S. belangeran in heath forest 3) to develop an implementation strategy of conservation for S. belangeran in  heath forest as material sources of natural medicine. Data collecting of public attitudes conducted by semi-structured interviews on local communities in the field. Identifying the attitude of society through 1) characterizing the value system of the community toward S. belangeran. 2) Disclosure of S. belangeran from kerangas forest. There is four value system toward S. belangeran from heath forest, namely the economic, socio-cultural values, socio-cultural values and religious values. Ethnobotany knowledge of community about the use of S. belangeran is a traditional ecological knowledge. S. belangeran is not only seen in the knowledge of their medicinal properties but more complex includes a trust or confidence. Unfortunately, the system of values in society are not properly transferred to the next generation. The attitude of the community to actively participate in the S. belangeran are weak. The weakness of community attitudes toward S. belangeran and the rupture of value systems of S. belangeran are the issues of conservation that must be resolved.
PERUBAHAN KOMPOSISI JENIS VEGETASI DAN BURUNG SETELAH PENANAMAN KELAPA SAWIT DI LAHAN KERING PELAIHARI KALIMANTAN SELATAN Kissinger, Kissinger; Pitri, Rina Muhayah Noor; Hamdani, Hamdani
EnviroScienteae Vol 12, No 1 (2016): EnviroScienteae Volume 12 Nomor 1, April 2016
Publisher : Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Elais guenensis planting programe have changed land cover and compotition of vegetation and animal.  Vegetation changing by E.guenensis planting becomes multiple effect to other sector. The aims of this research are: to describe changing of  land cover and to know changing of vegetation and aves composition after E.guenensis planting.  Teresterial survey had arranged to collected data. Analyze of data used time series data and matrice tabulation, descriptive and comparison. Land coverage changing caused by E.guenensis planting.  Number of tree species vegetation had been changed from: 33 species to 16 species. Number of aves species had been changed from 21 species to 15 species.  Decreasing number and composition of vegetation had influenced decreasing number and composition of aves. Loosing on variation habitat vegetation types which produce food caused population of aves are limited.
KETAHANAN HIDUP BEBERAPA JENIS TUMBUHAN DI KAWASAN VOID BEKAS TAMBANG BATUBARA Kissinger, Kissinger; Pitri, Rina Muhayah Noor
EnviroScienteae Vol 14, No 1 (2018): EnviroScienteae Volume 14 Nomor 1, April 2018
Publisher : Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The selection of plant species for phytoremediation activities is very important in the conservation of soil, water, plant, and animal life to create a conducive environment within a community or ecosystem. Plant survival is one indication for the selection of phytoremediation plants. This study aims to determine the survival of some plants in void areas of coal mining. Types of plants used are surface water plants species and the edge of void plant species. The plants of surface water area consisting of Kiambang (Salvinia sp.), Enceng gondok (Eichornia crassipes), Genjer (Limnocharis flava), and Kangkung (Ipomoea aquatica). The plants which planted on edge of void were purun tikus (Eleocharis dulcis) and Bamban (Donax canniformis). Time of observation time was 6 months. Data were analyzed using a tabular matrix that contained the percentage of plant life/period time. The growth of the plant is specifically defined according to the color visibility and the development of plant form. The results of the study found that the highest surface survival species were Kiambang (Salvinia sp.) and Kangkung (Ipomoea aquatica). Both of them still survive for 6 months of observation. The growth percentage of these two plants at the end of the observations are 36% and 20% respectively. Enceng gondok (Eichhornia crassipes) has a survival for 4 months. Whole water plant growth was depressed by indications of death, tendencies to yellowish-brownish or blackish, and smaller body parts. Purun tikus (Eleocharis dulcis) and Bamban (Donax canniformis) grown on the edge of voids have a high survival. Both of them showed ≥95% survival at the end of observation time.
PENAPISAN SENYAWA FITOKIMIA DAN PENGUJIAN ANTIOKSIDAN EKSTRAK DAUN POHON MERAPAT Kissinger, Kissinger; Zuhud, Evrizal AM; Latifah, Latifah; Darusman, Darusman; Iskandar, Iskandar
Jurnal Penelitian Hasil Hutan Vol 31, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Penelitian Hasil Hutan
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Hasil Hutan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3959.032 KB) | DOI: 10.20886/jphh.2013.31.1.9-18

Abstract

Hutan kerangas merupakan kumpulan vegetasi pohon di hutan hujan tropis, dicirikan antara lain oleh kandungan hara dan keanekaragaman hayati yang rendah, sehingga penggunaan pohonnya menjadi terbatas. Hutan kerangas tersebar luas di Kalimantan (misalnya Kalimantan Selatan). Salah satu jenis pohon yang dapat tumbuh dan berkembang pada kondisi ekstrim adalah merapat (Combretocarpus rotundatus). Daunnya mengandung senyawa kimia tertentu yang mengindikasikan berkemampuan fisiologis menghasilkan bioaktivitas seperti antioksidan. Sebagai konsekuesinya, hal ini diharapkan dapat meningkatkan nilai tambah dari pemanfaatan pohon kerangas. Terkait hal tersebut, pencermatan terhadap kandungan senyawa fitokimia dan pengujian kemampuan antioksidan dilakukan terhadap sampel kering daun merapat yang berasal dari hutan kerangas di Kalimantan Selatan. Awalnya, daun kering diekstrak dengan larutan metanol menghasilkan ekstrak methanol (sampel 1), fraksinasi lanjutan dilakukan dengan kromatografi kolom menggunakan eluent kloroform. Fraksi kloroform yang didapatkan (sampel 2) selanjutnya difraksinasi kembali menggunakan campuran larutan etil asetat-kloroform (dengan proporsi sama), yang menghasilkan sampel 3. Pencermatan fitokimia mengungkapkan bahwa ekstrak metanol mengandung senyawa fitokimia tertentu seperti flavonoid, turunan phenol, hidrokuinon, tanin dan triterpenoid, yang berperan sebagai antioksidan. Ekstrak metanol (sampel 1) menunjukkan aktivitas antioksidan tertinggi dengan memberikan reaksi reduksi terhadap pelepasan radikal bebas oleh Difenil Pikril Hidrazil Hidrat (DPPH) (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl), walaupun penggunaan dari fraksi kloroform (sampel 2) dan fraksi lanjutan etil asetat-kloroform (sampel 3) sangat rendah. Penghambatan radikal bebas dari DPPH pada tingkat 50% (IC 50) oleh ekstrak metanol terjadi pada konsentrasi 21,823 ppm. Sementara itu, vitamin C dan BHT sebagai kontrol aktivitas antioksidan terbentuk lebih efisien pada konsentrasi di bawah 21,823 ppm (berturut-turut pada konsentrasi 6,738 ppm dan 6,279 ppm). Bagaimanapun, nilai IC 50 tersebut memberikan penjelasan kuat bahwa potensi bioaktivitas ekstrak metanol daun merapat dapat digunakan sebagai antioksidan. Kata kunci : Hutan kerangas, jenis pohon merapat, daun, antioksidan, DPPH-pelepas radikal bebas, kontrol antioksidan, vitamin C dan BHT
BIOAKTIVITAS ANTIDIABETES BEBERAPA JENIS POHON LOKAL DARI HUTAN KERANGAS (Andiabetic Bioactivity of some Local Trees Species from Kerangas Forest) Kissinger, Kissinger; Yamani, Ahmad; Thamrin, Gusti AR; NP, Rina Muhayah; Zuhud, Ervizal AM
Jurnal Tumbuhan Obat Indonesia Vol 8, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Tumbuhan Obat Indonesia
Publisher : Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22435/jtoi.v8i1.6395.1-8

Abstract

Bioactivity evaluation of trees species is an important step to get high economic value from Kerangas forest. Screening of plants that had antidiabetic activities was conducted by ethnobotanical survey. Antidiabetic evaluation of plant extracts were performed by α glukosidase inhibitor. Result showed there are three plant exracts from Kerangas forest had anti diabetic activity. The methanol extract of dried bark of Shorea balangeran, Cratoxylum arborescens and Baeckea frutescens inhibited 50% of α glukosidase activity at concentration: 0,816 ppm, 5,234 ppm, 21,796 ppm, respectively, while the IC50 of glukobay: 0,167 ppm. It can be conclude that methanol extract of Kerangas plant species had potential activities as antidiabetic.
Sintesis Dan Karakterisasi Urea-Hidroksiapatit Dengan Variasi Ca(OH)2 Sebagai Kandidat Pupuk Lepas Lambat Hadi, Syahiful; Suryajaya, Suryajaya; Abdullah, Abdullah; Kissinger, Kissinger
EnviroScienteae Vol 15, No 1 (2019): EnviroScienteae Volume 15 Nomor 1, April 2019
Publisher : PS S2 PSDAL PPS ULM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1031.172 KB) | DOI: 10.20527/es.v15i1.6331

Abstract

Urea-hydroxyapatite can be used as fertilizer which was efficient and environmentally friendly. The variation of Ca(OH)2 in the urea-hydroxyapatite’s synthesis and its characterization would provide information for manufacturing slow release fertilizer. The material used were urea (99.5 %); Ca(OH)2; H3PO4 0.67 M and distilled water. The synthesis technique used in this study is bottom-up with Ca(OH)2 variation of 6, 8, 10 and 12 grams. The results of the synthesis with 6 grams of Ca(OH)2  was not able to produce sediment powder. The results of the Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) showed that the urea packaging with hydroxyapatite was better for variations of Ca(OH)2  8 grams and 10 grams. The results of the Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectrometry (EDX) showed more elemental composition in the variation of Ca(OH)2  8 grams and 10 grams which were 35.7 Wt% and 40.4 Wt%. The results of the Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometer (FTIR) showed that the variation of Ca(OH)2  8 gram has a good bonding of urea and hydroxyapatite. The Particle Size Analyzer (PSA) measurement for all samples of urea-hydroxyapatite yielded the particle size of about 0.5–2.5 mm and 10–15 mm for urea and hydroxyapatite, respectively. As a conclusion, the variation of Ca(OH)2  8 grams could be recommended as a reference in the composition of urea-hydroxyapatite fabrication for slow release fertilizer.