Rilus A Kinseng
Department of Communication Science and Community Development, Faculty of Human Ecology, Bogor Agricultural University

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Dampak Program Bina Desa Terhadap Perilaku Masyarakat di Desa Binaan Kinseng, Rilus A; Diatin, Iis; Fahrudin, Achmad
Buletin Ekonomi Perikanan Vol 2, No 3 (1996): Buletin Ekonomi Perikanan
Publisher : Buletin Ekonomi Perikanan

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Abstract

Since 1992, every forest consession holder has been obliged to carry out a special program in a village or villages in or arround the concession. Bassically, the purpose of the program is to change behavior of the villagers, such as abondaning the practice of shifting cultivation, developing awarness on environment, etc.The main objective of this study is to investigate impacts of the program on the behavior of the villagers in the village where the program has been carried out. This would include agricultural practices and attitude as we/I as way of thinking of the villagers. The later consists of nine dimensions: (a) attitude toward education, (b) universalism, (c) openess, (d) rationality, (e) value orientation, (f) gender, (g) family planning, (h) environmental awarness and (I) farming orientation.The method used in this study was Natural Experiment (Babbie, 1989 : 230). Several component of the behavior were quantified using scoring system.This study reveals that in the domain of the agricutural practices, a quite fundamental change has taken place, that is the switching of the agricultural practices from swidden agriculture to the ·permanent cultivation" system. There is a .significant difference at the level of 95 % in the seven component: attitude toward education, universalism, openess, rationality, value orientation, environmental awarness and the farming orientation. There is no siginficant difference in the gender and family planning issues.
Class Consciousness and Class Conflict in Capture Fishery in Indonesia Kinseng, Rilus A
Journal of Rural Indonesia Vol 1, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Departement of Communication and Community Development

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Abstract

This paper discusses about class structure, and then followed by discussion on class consciousness and class conflict in capture fisheries in Indonesia, taking fishers in Balikpapan, East Kalimantan as the case.  Data were collected from January to September 2006 intermittently, mainly through interviews with fishers, government officials, and NGO activists. This research is a qualitative research. In terms of class structure, there are four classes of fishers found in Balikpapan, East Kalimantan, namely: labour fishers, small scale fishers, intermediate or medium fishers, and large scale or capitalist fishers.  It is argued that class consciousness of the labour fishers has not developed yet. Therefore, labour fisher is only a class in itself, not as a class for itself. There are six factors that contribute to the underdeveloped of the class consciousness of the labour fishers. In terms of class conflict, there is a significant deviation from the pattern of class conflict described by Marx.  In capture fishery, intense and violent conflict more often take place not between the capitalist or owner of the means of production and labour. Instead, it often happens between the small and intermediate with the capitalist fishers. In such a conflict, there is a strong alliance between the owner of the means of production and the labour in both camps or small and intermediate, and capitalist classes. In other word, small and intermediate fishers and their labours unite, on the other hand, capitalists and their labours also unite in this conflict.Keyword: Balikpapan, class structure, class relation, common problem[How to Cite: Kinseng, R. (2013). Class Consciousness and Class Conflict in Capture Fishery in Indonesia. Journal of Rural Indonesia, 1(1), 57-66. Retrieved from http://ejournal.skpm.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ruralindonesia/article/view/37]
Class, Income, and Class Consciousness of Labor Fishers Kinseng, Rilus A; Sjaf, Sofyan; Sihaloho, Martua
Journal of Rural Indonesia Vol 2, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Departement of Communication and Community Development

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Abstract

There have been debates on the role of class in “influencing” income inequality in contemporary societies.  Some argue that class position is no longer relevant in determing one’s income, while others argue that class still counts.  Therefore, it is very interesting to investigate relations between class structure and income among fishers in Indonesia. Furthermore, Marxian argued that class position will determine class consciousness. Therefore, it is interesting to study the class consciousness of labor fishers in Indonesia. Analyzing relations between class structure and income as well as class consciousness of labor fishers in Indonesia is especially very interesting and important since fishers have a very typical patront-client relationships. Moreover, study of this subject in Indonesia is still limited. This study has three main objectives: first to investigate the class structure of fishers and how this structure has been formed, second to analyse the income of fishers in different class locations, and third to analyze class consciousness of labor fishers. This study uses combination of qualitative and quantitative methods. The study was conducted in Indramayu, West Java in 2013. Our analysis shows that the class structure of fishers consists of four main classes, namely large-scale, medium-scale, small-scale, and labor classes. These classes have been formed through complex and long processes, including the so-called “modernization” programmes promoted by the government.  In term of income, the study shows that there are significant differences of income among fishers in different class locations. The Gini Ratio is very high, that is 0.88. Thus, class structure does influence fishers’ income significantly. Furthermore, this study finds that class consciousness of labor fishers has not fully developed yet. Labor class is a class in itself, but not class for itself. © 2014 Journal of Rural Indonesia [JoRI] IPB. All rights reserved.Keywords: fishers, class structure, income, class consciousnessReceived: 14th October 2014; Accepted: 15th November 2014[How to Cite: Kinseng, R., Sjaf, S., & Sihaloho, M. (2014). Class, Income, and Class Consciousness of Labor Fishers. Journal Of Rural Indonesia, 2(1), 93-104. Retrieved from http://ejournal.skpm.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ruralindonesia/article/view/296]
The Existence of Gampong in the Middle of Changing Community Mahmuddin, Mahmuddin; Kolopaking, Laura M; Kinseng, Rilus A; Wasistiono, Sadu; Saharuddin, Saharuddin
KOMUNITAS: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN SOCIETY AND CULTURE Vol 8, No 1 (2016): Komunitas, March 2016
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v8i1.4967

Abstract

The passage of Act No. 18, 2001 on regional autonomy and followed up with the issuance of Qanun No. 4, 2003 on mukim, and Qanun No. 5, 2003 on gampong and reinforced by UUPA No. 11, 2006 on Acehnese government is a history of social identity of Acehnese society, which has been neglected during the conflict. The regional government has made some breakthroughs and one of the breakthroughs was gampong revitalization through a program called “back to gampong”. The study aims to answer the dynamic of revitalization of gampong institution in the middle of special autonomy implementation and the implementation of Qanun gampong in the administration of gampong institution. The study shows that the implementation of program “back to gampong” encourages the strengthening process of gampong institution as well as weakens the institution itself. The development of gampong that focuses on physical aspect has created coordination gap among officials of gampong institution in planning system and financial management.  The tug in the mechanism of financial development and management at gampong has created a space for the involvement and influence from gampong elite in gampong governance. Non-uniform honorary allocation for gampong governmental apparatus is one of indicators of weak role and function of gampong cultural institution because the previous inherent communal values have been calculated economically.
The Impact of State Intervention on Social Capital of Fishermen Community in Small Islands Anwar, Sakaria J; Kolopaking, Lala M; Kinseng, Rilus A; Hubeis, Aida Vitayala S.
KOMUNITAS: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN SOCIETY AND CULTURE Vol 6, No 2 (2014): Komunitas, September 2014
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v6i2.3304

Abstract

This paper aims to discuss the impact of state intervention on social capital of fishermen community in small islands. The research was conducted in Barrang Lompo Island, Makassar. The data was collected through in-depth interview and limited observation from twelve informants determined by snowball sampling. Questionnaires were also spread to about 40 respondents. The data was then analyzed qualitatively to explain researchs data and facts. The results of the research show that state intervention for the last ten years on small islands communities has impact on various aspects such as the diminishing loyalty and trust among locals to the government. Therefore, the intervention reduce the communitys participation, individually and collectively, in development activities. The situation, in turn, could affect the diminishing political capacity of the locals and government in the implementation of development in the islands. The state intervention, however, strengthened social solidarity, local value practices and the enthusiasm to understand religious values which in turn could tighten the internal bond of a community. This bond can become a potential strength to build communities in small islands.Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk mendiskusikan dampak intervensi negara pada kapital sosial komunitas nelayan di pulau-pulau kecil. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Pulau Barrang Lompo, Makassar. Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui wawancara mendalam dan observasi terbatas dari dua belas informan ditentukan oleh snowball sampling. Kuesioner juga menyebar ke 40 responden. Data tersebut kemudian dianalisis secara kualitatif untuk menjelaskan data penelitian dan fakta. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa intervensi negara selama sepuluh tahun terakhir pada masyarakat pulau-pulau kecil memiliki dampak pada berbagai aspek seperti, mengurangi loyalitas dan kepercayaan di antara penduduk setempat kepada pemerintah. Oleh karena itu, partisipasi mereka, secara individu dan kolektif, dalam kegiatan pembangunan kurang. Ini akan berakibat pada berkurangnya kapasitas politik penduduk setempat dan kapasitas pemerintah dalam pelaksanaan pembangunan pulau. Kendati demikian intervensi negara juga memperkuat solidaritas sosial, praktek nilai lokal dan semangat untuk memahami nilai-nilai agama yang pada gilirannya dapat memperkuat ikatan internal masyarakat. Ikatan ini selanjutnya dapat menjadi kekuatan potensial untuk membangun masyarakat di pulau-pulau kecil.
ANALISIS SEJARAH DAN PENDEKATAN SENTRALISASI DALAM PENGELOLAAN TAMAN NASIONAL BALI BARAT Mahmud, Amir; Satria, Arif; Kinseng, Rilus A
Jurnal Analisis Kebijakan Kehutanan Vol 12, No 2 (2015): Jurnal Analisis Kebijakan Kehutanan
Publisher : Centre for Research and Development on Social, Economy, Policy and Climate Change

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20886/jakk.2015.12.2.159-172

Abstract

Tata kelola sumberdaya alam terutama kawasan konservasi masih berada di bawah kontrol pemerintah pusat, meskipun pemerintah daerah (provinsi dan kabupaten) juga memiliki peran/kewenangan tertentu di era desentralisasi. Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis sejarah Taman Nasional Bali Barat (TNBB) dan pengelolaannya. Hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa TNBB berasal dari kawasan suaka margasatwa dan pengelolaannya di bawah kewenangan Kementerian Kehutanan di pusat. Di era desentralisasi, pemerintah daerah (provinsi dan kabupaten) memiliki peran seperti dalam perencanaan taman nasional. Pada era ini pula masyarakat dapat memanfaatkan sumberdaya melalui pengembangan pariwisata dan tersedianya zona tradisional bagi nelayan. Bagi nelayan, zonasi 2010 lebih baik daripada zonasi sebelumnya.
Hubungan Partisipasi dalam Program Pemberdayaan UMKM dengan Tingkat Kesejahteraan Peserta Hapsari, Aldina; Kinseng, Rilus A
Jurnal Sains Komunikasi dan Pengembangan Masyarakat [JSKPM] Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Departemen Sains Komunikasi dan Pengembangan Masyarakat, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia, IPB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (272.775 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jskpm.2.1.1-12

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ABSTRACT Empowerment is one of way to increase community’s roles in build community welfare. The success of an empowerment processes cannot be released from the fact that participation of the residents, either as the unity of the system and as an individual that is part a very integrated, and it was very important in the process of dynamic of development.One of the programs the empowerment undertaken by the government at this time is empowerment micro and small entrepreneus who below Pusat Layanan Usaha Terpadu (PLUT).The purpose of this paper is to identify relations umkm participation in the program empowerment an welfare participants. This research uses a quantitative approach with survey methods are supported by qualitative data in the form of in-depth interviews, observation, as well as the analysis of references such as theses, scientific journals, textbooks, articles, monograph, as well as reports on other research results.The result of this research is there is no relationship between the level of participation with community’s welafare.Keywords: welfare, participation, empowerment, UMKM-------------------------------------------------------ABSTRAKPemberdayaan merupakan salah satu cara meningkatkan peran masyarakat dalam memajukan kesejahteraan masyarakat. Keberhasilan suatu proses pemberdayaan tidak dapat dilepaskan dari adanya partisipasi anggota masyarakatnya, baik sebagai kesatuan sistem maupun sebagai individu yang merupakan bagian yang sangat terintegrasi, dan sangat penting dalam proses dinamika pembangunan. Salah satu program pemberdayaan yang dilakukan oleh pemerintah saat ini adalah pemberdayaan UMKM yang berada dibawah Pusat Layanan Usaha Terpadu (PLUT). Tujuan dari tulisan ini adalah untuk menganalisis hubungan partisipasi UMKM dalam program pemberdayaan dan tingkat kesejahteraan peserta. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif dengan metode survey didukung dengan data kualitatif berupa wawancara mendalam, observasi, serta analisis bahan pustaka seperti skripsi, jurnal ilmiah, buku teks, artikel, monograph, serta laporan hasil penelitian lainnya. Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah tidak terdapat hubungan antara tingkat partisipasi dalam program pemberdayaan UMKM dengan tingkat kesejahteraan peserta.Kata Kunci: kesejahteraan, partisipasi, pemberdayaan, UMKM
Dampak Pengembangan Pariwisata dan Sikap Nelayan di Desa Pangandaran Pratama, Elbie Yudha; Kinseng, Rilus A
Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol 9, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Penyuluhan
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Ilmu Penyuluhan Pembangunan, IPB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25015/penyuluhan.v9i1.9853

Abstract

Development of coastal tourism can give directly impact on the social and cultural life of fisherman communities and influence the attitudes of fishermen. This study intend to analyze the impact of tourism development on the social structure and cultural values as well as analyzing the attitudes of fishermen towards the tourism development. The research was conducted in Pangandaran village using survey methods. The results showed that the development of tourism impact on the social structure of fishermen namely the growth of social organization, social stratification, migration and composition of the population, as well as the livelihoods and incomes. Whereas the impact on the cultural value of fishermen include namely the waning tradition of local fishermen, fishermen lifestyle changes, and increased knowledge of fishermen. Fishermen status and income level have a real relationship with the attitude of fishermen, whereas age and education level did not have a real relationship with the attitude of fishermen.Keywords: tourism development, impact towards social structure, impact towards cultural values, and fisherman attitudes
Class and Structural Inequality of fishing communities in Ambon City Attamimi, Gadri Ramadhan; Kinseng, Rilus A; Agusta, Ivanovich
Sodality: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan Vol 6, No 3 (2018): Sodality
Publisher : Departement of Communication and Community Development Sciences, Faculty of Human Ecology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22500/sodality.v6i3.22607

Abstract

Social class is a social phenomenon that often occurs in every social group including the fishing communities. The structural inequality of fishing communities is characterized by the imbalance in ownership of production equipment and income distribution among fishermen. This research was conducted in one of the  Fishermen Village (Negeri) in Ambon City, called Negeri Latuhalat. Type of research used in this study is post-positivism paradigm using qualitative approach supported by quantitative research. The purpose of this research is to analyze the level of imbalance between Ambon City fishermen. The results showed the formation of fishermen social classes which consist of masnait fishermen, tanase fisherman laborer, small fishermen, middle fishermen and tenant fisherman (capitalist). The gini index of fishermen in the research location shows a figure of 0.74, meaning that it shows a high imbalance between fisherman classes. The ratio of kuznets or the average comparison between fishermen received by 33% of the top group of Rp. 8,404,567, - and 25% of the lowest group of Rp. 2.040.000, -. Measurements using the World Bank also show the same thing with the results of gini index measurements that illustrate the portrait of inequality income distribution in the study sites. This condition illustrates that there has been an imbalance between fishermen classes, as much as 75% are only able to receive 8.72% of total income while as much as 25% of tenant fishermen (capitalist) enjoy and control 91.73% of total income.
Cantrang and Poverty Fisherman in Tegal, Central Java -, Rohayati -; Kinseng, Rilus A
Sodality: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan Vol 6, No 3 (2018): Sodality
Publisher : Departement of Communication and Community Development Sciences, Faculty of Human Ecology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22500/sodality.v6i3.19843

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The sea territorial of Tegal City are known to have abundant fishery resources, but fisherman poverty still occurs. The low welfare of fisherman is suspected due to the competition of catching areas and the use of trap fishing tools of cantrang type (seine nets) that can cause poverty of fishermen in Tegal City coastal. In addition, cantrang fishing tools alsi damage other fishing gear such as jarng, pancing, and arad. This study aims to analyze the poverty of fishermen community and known the influence of firsherman cantrang to poverty of fishermen in Tegal City. The research method used is survey method. Poverty analysis of fishermen using poverty line approach through 14 indicators of household poverty, and to known the influence of fisherman cantrang to poverty of fisherman using descriptive analysis approach. The result of the research by using the measurement of poverty line, shows that which include in the group of poor fisherman is fishing rod fisherman. However, based on the measurement of 14 indicantors of poor households, small fishermen who live in Tegal City coastal categorized as less prosperous family. The results also show that the existence of cantrang fisherman not affect the poverty of fishermen because of different fishing areas, cantrang fisherman fishing in  Sumatra and Kalimantan sea while small fishermen do catching around the sea of Tegal City.